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  • 1
    ISSN: 0268-2575
    Keywords: emulsion swelling ; additives ; HLB value ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Control of the swelling of two different liquid emulsion membrane systems for separation of lactic acid was examined. The major disadvantages of swelling are dilution of the separated product and emulsion breakage. Several additives including liquid paraffin, cyclohexanone and n-decanol were investigated with respect to both emulsion swelling and lactic acid separation rate. If swelling is a function of surfactant concentration, the swelling increases with the quantity of the hydrophilic part in the surfactant. Therefore, a surfactant with a low hydrophilic/lipophilic balance (HLB) value should be used to reduce the swelling. The use of Span 85 (HLB = 1·8) as co-surfactant achieved the objective in the case of a tri-n-octylamine/Span 80 system.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    The @Anatomical Record 235 (1993), S. 453-460 
    ISSN: 0003-276X
    Keywords: Hepatic mesenchyme ; Portal areas ; Hemopoiesis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Eosinophilic granulopoiesis was investigated in human fetal liver during intrauterine life from 5 to 34 weeks of gestation. Eosinophilic granulocytes were observable for the first time at 5 weeks in the hepatic laminae and were frequently found in the late embryonic period around the large vessels and in the mesenchyme adjacent to the liver. Eosinophilic granulopoiesis increased gradually in the hepatic laminae (P 〈 0.01) after 20 weeks of gestation and in the portal areas (P 〈 0.05) after 16 weeks of gestation. The proportions of each cellular differentiation stage were relatively constant during fetal life, but a greater number of mature eosinophils were observed in the portal areas. Eosinophilic granulopoiesis was evident in all the hepatic tissue components, but developed more actively in portal areas than in hepatic laminae during intrauterine life. Eosinophilic granulopoiesis preceded both erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis in the human embryonic liver. Although the latter two occurred mainly in the hepatic laminae, eosinophilic granulopoiesis developed more actively in the portal areas, where it exhibited increasing activity along with the development of the component cells. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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