The triple-angiokinase inhibitor nintedanib is an orally available, potent, and selective inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis by blocking the tyrosine kinase activities of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 1–3, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)- α and - β , and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1–3. Nintedanib has received regulatory approval as second-line treatment of adenocarcinoma non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in combination with docetaxel. In addition, nintedanib has been approved for the treatment of idiopathic lung fibrosis. Here we report the results from a broad kinase screen that identified additional kinases as targets for nintedanib in the low nanomolar range. Several of these kinases are known to be mutated or overexpressed and are involved in tumor development (discoidin domain receptor family, member 1 and 2, tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TRKA) and C, rearranged during transfection proto-oncogene [RET proto oncogene]), as well as in fibrotic diseases (e.g., DDRs). In tumor cell lines displaying molecular alterations in potential nintedanib targets, the inhibitor demonstrates direct antiproliferative effects: in the NSCLC cell line NCI-H1703 carrying a PDGFR α amplification (ampl.); the gastric cancer cell line KatoIII and the breast cancer cell line MFM223, both driven by a FGFR2 amplification; AN3CA (endometrial carcinoma) bearing a mutated FGFR2; the acute myeloid leukemia cell lines MOLM-13 and MV-4-11-B with FLT3 mutations; and the NSCLC adenocarcinoma LC-2/ad harboring a CCDC6-RET fusion. Potent kinase inhibition does not, however, strictly translate into antiproliferative activity, as demonstrated in the TRKA-dependent cell lines CUTO-3 and KM-12. Importantly, nintedanib treatment of NCI-H1703 tumor xenografts triggered effective tumor shrinkage, indicating a direct effect on the tumor cells in addition to the antiangiogenic effect on the tumor stroma. These findings will be instructive in guiding future genome-based clinical trials of nintedanib.