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  • Aneurysma  (3)
  • Cu/Zn SOD  (2)
  • Key words Gonococci  (2)
  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCSA.06.02 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: ultrasound ; registration ; aneurysm ; Ultraschall ; Neuronavigation ; Aneurysma ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCP 026 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: image registration ; free form deformation ; aneurysm ; Registrierung ; freie Deformation ; Aneurysma ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCSA.06.01 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: aneurysm ; imaging ; coregistration ; Aneurysma ; Bildgebung ; Koregistrierung ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1433-0407
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter ALS ; Neurogenetik ; Exzitatorische Aminosäuren ; Cu/Zn-SOD ; Key words Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; Neurogenetics ; Excitatory amino acids ; Cu/Zn SOD
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary At presently, the etiology and pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are unknown. In recent years, the genetic background of hereditary motor neuron diseases has been partly defined. In particular, these advances represent an opportunity to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of the familial and sporadic forms of ALS and thus provide a basis for rational therapeutic approaches. In this article, recent findings on the pathogenesis of the familial form of ALS and their implications for the sporadic form are discussed.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Die Ätiologie und Pathogenese der amyotrophen Lateralsklerose (ALS) bleibt weitgehend ungeklärt. In den zurückliegenden Jahren sind bei den genetisch bedingten Varianten dieser Erkrankung wichtige Fortschritte bei der Identifizierung ihrer molekularbiologischen Grundlagen gemacht worden. Diese Fortschritte berechtigen zu der Hoffnung, daß es in Zukunft gelingt, die Pathogenese der familiären, aber auch der sporadischen Formen der Erkrankung zu erhellen und damit rationalen Therapieansätzen weiter den Weg zu bereiten. Im Rahmen dieser Übersichtsarbeit soll sowohl auf die vorliegenden Befunde bei der familiären Form der ALS (fALS) als auch auf die mögliche Bedeutung dieser Befunde für pathogenetische Vorstellungen bei der sporadischen Form der ALS (sALS) eingegangen werden.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Gonococci ; aniA ; Pan1 ; Nitrite reductase ; Anaerobiosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The aniA gene of Neisseria gonorrhoeae encodes an outer membrane lipoprotein which is strongly induced when gonococci are grown anaerobically in vitro in the presence of nitrite. Database searches with the amino acid sequence derived from the aniA structural gene revealed significant homologies to copper-containing nitrite reductases from several denitrifying bacteria. We constructed an insertional mutation in the aniA locus of strain MS11 by allelic replacement, to determine whether this locus was necessary for growth in oxygen-depleted environments, and to demonstrate that AniA was indeed a nitrite reductase. The mutant was severely impaired in its ability to grow microaerophilically in the presence of nitrite, and we observed a loss in viability over several hours of incubation. No measurable nitrite reductase activity was detected in the aniA mutant strain, and activity in the strain with a wild-type locus was inducible. Finally, we report investigations to determine whether AniA protein is involved in gonococcal pathogenesis.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Gonococci ; Pilli ; Transcription ; Anaerobiosis ; Growth phase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The type-4 pilus of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a dominant surface antigen which facilitates adhesion to host target cells, an essential event in gonococcal infection. pilC2 encodes a 110-kDa protein involved in pilus assembly, pilus-mediated adherence to human epithelial cells in culture and natural competence for DNA transformation. Luciferase activity directed from a chromosomal pilC2::luxAB transcriptional fusion was reduced approximately 4-fold when cells were grown anaerobically. We observed a concomitant reduction in gonococcal piliation by electron microscopy and a reduction in the ability to adhere to ME-180 human epithelial cells when bacteria were grown in the absence of oxygen. Furthermore, we present evidence for growth-phase regulation of the gonococcal pilC2 gene in Escherichia coli, and show that all sequences necessary for growth-phase regulation are contained on a 121-bp pilC2 fragment. Expression from the minimal pilC2 fragment fused to lacZ in single-copy in E. coli was induced 2-fold when cells entered stationary phase. Surprisingly, induction does not require rpoS, the gene, which encodes the starvation-induced sigma factor RpoS. In summary, we have demonstrated that pilC2 is both positively and negatively regulated at the level of transcription. This regulation is most probably relevant to physiological conditions within the human host which influence gonococcal infections.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1459
    Keywords: Key words Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; Cu/Zn SOD ; EAAT2 ; AMPA ; Neurolathyrism ; Riluzole
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It is well accepted that excitotoxic mechanisms contribute to the pathogenesis of acute neuronal death in stroke, epilepsy, or brain trauma. It is less widely acknowledged that excitotoxic mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic neurological disorders, in particular neurodegenerative diseases. However, evidence is accumulating that this mechanism is indeed part of the pathogenesis of late-onset neurodegenerative diseases. One of the clinical examples may be amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a disease in which antiexcitotoxic strategies have neuroprotective effects in both, an established animal model and in man. In addition, there is accumulating neuropathological, pathobiochemical and pathophysiological evidence which indicates that excitotoxic mechanisms are part of the pathogenesis of the human disease and consequently part of the mechanisms explaining selective vulnerability (“pathoclisis”) in the human motor system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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