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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The paramyxovirus SV5 was originally detected in monkey tissues6 and has never been associated with any human disease. It has been isolated from a number of human sources7'8, however, including the bone marrows of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients9'10. Subsequent studies, using monoclonal ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Systemic administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) caused a rapid and long-lasting reduction of both 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopamine, DA) and noradrenaline (NA) in mouse brain, as observed histo- and neurochemically. The depleting effects were more pronounced after repeated MPTP administration and the most marked reductions were observed after 2 × 50 mg MPTP/kg s.c., when DA in striatum and NA in frontal cortex were reduced by 〉 90% 1 week after MPTP. Mice with such catecholamine depletions were markedly sedated and almost completely immobilized. The behavioural syndrome after MPTP resembled that seen after reserpine, a monoamine-depleting drug. MPTP also caused a long-lasting reduction of catecholamine uptake in striatal DA and cortical NA nerve terminals and reduced tyrosine hydroxylase activity in these regions. There was no evidence that MPTP caused any marked DA and NA cell body death. MPTP given acutely transiently elevated serotonin levels. The results are compatible with a neurotoxic action of MPTP on both DA and NA nerve terminals. The nigro-striatal DA and the locus coeruleus NA neurone systems appeared to be most susceptible. Synthesis and utilization of residual striatal DA and cortical NA were increased, as often observed in partially denervated monoamine-innervated brain regions. Both DA and NA showed a gradual recovery, which took months to become complete and may have been related to a regrowth of catecholamine nerve terminals.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: A novel design for an airborne NOy converter was implemented, characterized in the laboratory, and used extensively for in situ tropospheric and stratospheric measurements of total reactive nitrogen (NOy). During field deployments, the converter is mounted outside the aircraft fuselage, avoiding the need for an inlet line. In flight, the converter can be calibrated by the addition of standard gases close to the sample inlet, compensating for any changes in the instrument sensitivity caused by changing operating conditions. The system has been used successfully during several Stratosphere Troposphere Experiments by Aircraft Measurements campaigns in the lowermost stratosphere and upper troposphere for the measurement of total reactive nitrogen. The detection limit of the system is approximately 100 pptv for 10 s integrated data (2σ). The precision, deduced from the reproducibility of the in-flight calibrations, is 7% and the accuracy is about 30%. Laboratory studies demonstrate that interference from HCN, NH3, and CH3CN is negligible for background conditions. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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