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  • 1
    Cambridge ; : Cambridge University Press,
    Call number: D120:005
    Description / Table of Contents: "Ordinarily, responsible conduct of research (RCR) 'training' consists of lectures accompanied by generic exercises on 'core' topics. Research Ethics takes a novel, philosophical approach to the RCR and the teaching of moral decision-making. Part I introduces egoism and explains that it is in the individuals own interest to avoid misconduct, fabrication of data, plagiarism and bias. Part II takes up contractualism and covers issues of authorship, peer review and responsible use of statistics. Part III introduces moral rights as the basis of informed consent, the use of humans in research, mentoring, intellectual property and conflicts of interests. Part IV uses two-level utilitarianism to explore the possibilities and limits of the experimental use of animals, duties to the environment and future generations, and the social responsibilities of researchers. This book replaces mind-numbing rote exercises with an adventure in moral imagination and is an essential guide for graduate students in all disciplines"--
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: xv, 292 p. : , ill. ; , 24 cm.
    ISBN: 9780521187084 (pbk.)
    Language: English
    Note: Machine generated contents note: Introduction; Part I. Protect my Interests: 1. Report misconduct; 2. Avoid plagiarism; 3. Beware intuition; 4. Justify decisions; Part II. Promote our Interests: 5. Articulate reasons; 6. Write cooperatively; 7. Protect manuscripts; 8. Clarify statistics; Part III. Respect Strangers' Rights: 9. Inform subjects; 10. Mentor inclusively; 11. Recognize property; 12. Reveal conflicts; Part IV. Honor All Interests: 13. Treat humanely; 14. Preserve environments; 15. Cultivate responsibility; Conclusion.
    Location: D120
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Biodiversity and conservation 4 (1995), S. 827-837 
    ISSN: 1572-9710
    Keywords: ethics ; environment ; holism ; individualism ; extensionism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Environmental ethics consists of a set of competing theories about whether human actions and attitudes to nature are morally right or wrong. Ecocentrists are holists whose theory locates the primary site of value in biological communities or ecosystems and who tend to regard actions interfering with the progress of an ecosystem toward its mature equilibrium state as prima facie wrong. I suggest that this form of ecocentrism may be built on a questionable scientific foundation, organismic ecology, and that a better scientific foundation for environmental ethics may be found in individualistic neo-Darwinian population biology. However, the latter approach probably requires a corresponding shift away from ethical holism and toward approaches locating value primarily in individuals. I call such environmental ethicists ‘extensionists’ and briefly outline an extensionist environmental ethic.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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