Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The electronic structures of the π-π type complexes of pyridine with boron trihalides have been studied by means of IEHMO calculation. The results indicate that BX3(X = F, Cl, Br, I) tends to react with C5H5N in a planar configurations against the plane of C5H5N. The most stable configurations of complexes are at 60° of orientation angle ϕ for X = Cl, Br, I, but at 0° for X = F. A linear relationship between In Eb, the logarithm of rotation potential barriers, and the radii of halogen atoms r0 has been observed, and has been deduced from Morse potential function. In the complex, the donating properties of BX3 have an increase from X = F to I, and BF3 functions as an acceptor, but the others as donors. It has been shown that every energy level of the complex is corresponding to that of the donor or the acceptor, which we have discussed by the perturbation theory. The bonds between D and A appear essentially as π-π type but not pure.
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