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  • Springer  (1,292)
  • Nature Publishing Group (NPG)  (158)
  • Blackwell Science Pty  (34)
  • Macmillian Magazines Ltd.  (21)
  • 1
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Cytology ; Oncology ; Biochemistry, general ; Cell Biology ; Cancer Research ; Springer Nature Living Reference
    Description / Table of Contents: A. Analytical and Structural Approach - Technical Description for Analyzing Glycan Structures (Reviewed by Yoshiki Yamaguchi): Overview -- EMARS -- Development of glycan array -- Development of glycan array -- Development of glycan array -- Development of glycan array -- Automated programmable one-pot synthesis of glycans -- Lectin array -- Lectin-glycan interaction based on glycan array data -- Glycoform-specific protein staining by lectin and antibody -- Glycosaminoglycans analysis -- Mass analysis -- Mass analysis -- IGOT-lectin capture -- Membrane electrophoresis -- HPLC nucleotide-sugar analysis -- Capillary electrophoresis -- HPLC PA-sugar -- Congenital disorders of glycosylation, analytical aspect -- Quality control of pharmaceutical products and biosimilars -- NMR -- NMR -- STD-NMR -- Conformational analysis of glycans and glycoproteins -- Glycolipid LC-MS -- MALDI-MS -- MALDI-MS -- Sulfoglycolipids -- GAG array -- X-ray -- REMD simulation -- MD simulation and computational screening -- B. Glycoinformatics - New Approach for Informatics and Databases for Glycoscience (Reviewed by Kiyoko F. Aoki-Kinoshita): Informatics overview -- MIRAGE project -- RINGS -- JCGGDB -- UniCarb-DB -- CIRES -- GLYCOSCIENCES.de -- CSDB, Plant and Bacterial Carbohydrate Structure Database -- MonosaccharideDB -- GlycomeDB -- GlycoEpitope -- SugarBindDB -- GLYCAM -- CAZy -- 3D Lectines -- C. Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of Glycans - Chemical and Enzymatic Methods of Glycan Synthesis (Reviewed by Yasuhiro Kajihara and Peter Seeberger): Overview -- Chemical synthesis of glycans -- Chemical synthesis of glycans -- Chemical synthesis of glycans -- Synthesis of homogeneous glycoproteins -- Synthesis of homogeneous glycoproteins -- Synthesis of homogeneous glycoproteins -- Synthesis of homogeneous glycoproteins -- Synthesis of homogeneous glycoproteins -- Glycopeptide/glycoprotein synthesis -- Gangliosides synthesis -- Specific Glycosylation -- Furanoside chemistry -- Glycoside synthesis -- Carbohydrate Library Synthesis -- Development of sugar array -- Development of sugar array -- Development of sugar array -- Automated synthesis -- Automation in glycan synthesis -- GPI chemical synthesis -- Oligosialic acid synthesis -- Synthesis of sulfated glycans -- Synthesis of sulfated glycans -- Synthetic antitumor vaccines -- Synthetic carbohydrate antigens for HIV Vaccine Design -- Chemical approach in biology and disease -- Glycoenzyme inhibitors -- Glycoenzyme inhibitors -- Glycoenzymes in glycan analysis and synthesis -- Endo-enzymes -- Oxazoline derivatives -- Large-scale enzymatic synthesis of glycans with cofactor regeneration -- Large-scale enzymatic synthesis of glycans -- Chemoenzymatic synthesis -- Chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparins -- Chemoenzymatic synthesis of glycoproteins -- Multivalent glycan synthesis -- Biosynthesis of A and B blood group -- Glycosyltransferase structures -- Structural biology of oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) -- Chemoenzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides and cancer and bacterial vaccines -- Neoglycoprotein and oligosaccharide synthesis -- Chemoenzymatic synthesis of glycoconjugates -- Synthesis of O-glycosylated proteins -- D. Imaging of Glycans - New Techniques for Imaging Glycans (Reviewed by Yasuhiro Kajihara and Chi-Huey Wong): Molecular probes for glycosylation: overview Imaging by Click Chemistry -- Imaging by Click Chemistry -- Imaging by Click Chemistry -- Chemical tools to detect Helicobacter pylori -- Enzymatic imaging -- PET imaging -- Glycoprotein imaging -- E. Neuroglycobiology - The Role of Glycans in Neurobiology and Neuroscience (Reviewed by Kenji Kadomatsu): Neuroglycobiology overview -- Neurochemistry and developmental neurobiology -- Glycans in neurobiology -- Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) -- GAGs -- Polysialic acid -- Polysialic acid -- Glycolipids sialidase -- HNK-1 -- Ganglioside -- Single molecule imaging -- Glycolipid -- Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) -- HSPG -- N-glycans and glial cells
    Abstract: The aim of the book is to provide a succinct overview of the current status of glycoscience from both basic biological and medical points of view and to propose future directions, in order to facilitate further integrations of glycoscience with other fields in biological and medical studies. Glycans (carbohydrate oligomers) are the so-called “building blocks” of carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins and lipids and play major roles in many biological phenomena as well as in various pathophysiological processes. However, this area of glycoscience has been neglected from the research community because glycan structures are very complex and functionally diverse and as compared to proteins and nucleic acids simple tools for the amplification, sequencing and auto-synthesis of glycans are not available. Many scientists in other fields of research have now realized that glycosylation, i.e. the addition of glycans to a protein backbone, is the most abundant post translational modification reactions and is an important field of research and sometimes they require a glycobiology and/or glycochemistry approach to be used. It is still difficult, however, for non-expert researchers to use these techniques. This book will provide numerous but simple overviews of current topics and protocols for the experiments. The book is aimed at university students and above, including non-experts in the field of glycoscience
    Pages: Approx. 1200 p. 540 illus., 240 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9784431548362
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  • 2
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Bioinformatics ; Biomedicine ; Human Genetics ; Bioinformatics ; Biomedicine general ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I: Overview.-℗ History of DNA Sequencing Technologies -- Clinical Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: A Brief Review -- Part II: The Technologies and Bioinformatics -- Methods of Gene Enrichment and Massively Parallel Sequencing Technologies -- Sequence Alignment, Analysis, and Bioinformatics Pipelines -- Protein Structural Based Analysis for Variant Interpretation of Missense Variants at the Genomics Era: Using MNGIE Disease as an Example -- Algorithms and Guidelines for Interpretation of DNA Variants -- Part III: Application to Clinical Diagnostics -- NGS-based Clinical Diagnosis of Genetically Heterogeneous Disorders -- Molecular Diagnosis of Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG) -- NGS Improves the Diagnosis of X-Linked Intellectual Disability (XLID) -- NGS Analysis of Heterogeneous Retinitis Pigmentosa -- Next Generation Sequencing of the Whole Mitochondrial Genome -- Application of Next-Generation Sequencing of Nuclear Genes for Mitochondrial Disorders -- Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis Using Next Generation Sequencing -- Part IV: Compliance with CAP/CLIA Regulations -- Guidelines and Approaches to Compliance with Regulatory and Clinical Standards: Quality Control Procedures and Quality Assurance -- Validation of NGS-based Test and Implementation of Quality Control Procedures -- Frequently Asked Questions about the Clinical Utility of Next Generation Sequencing in Molecular Diagnosis of Human Genetic Diseases -- Index
    Abstract: In recent years, owing to the fast development of a variety of sequencing technologies in the post human genome project era, sequencing analysis of a group of target genes, entire protein coding regions of the human genome, and the whole human genome has become a reality.℗ ℗ Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) or Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) technologies offers a way to screen for mutations in many different genes in a cost and time efficient manner by deep coverage of the target sequences.℗ This novel technology has now been applied to clinical diagnosis of Mendelian disorders of well characterized or undefined diseases, discovery of new disease genes, noninvasive prenatal diagnosis using maternal blood, and population based carrier testing of severe autosomal recessive disorders.℗ This book covers topics of these applications, including potential limitations and expanded application in the future.℗ ℗ ℗ ℗
    Pages: : digital.
    ISBN: 9781461470014
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  • 3
    Call number: QZ200:504
    Pages: xix, 180 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 9780387693200
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  • 4
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Biomedicine ; Human Genetics ; Molecular Medicine ; Biomedicine general ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1: Overview -- The Clinical Spectrum of Nuclear DNA-Related Mitochondrial Disorders -- Biochemical and Molecular Methods for the Study of Mitochondrial Disorders -- Part 2: Genes Involved in Mitochondrial DNA Biogenesis and Maintenance of Mitochondrial DNA Integrity -- Mitochondrial Disorders Associated with the Mitochondrial DNA Polymerase g: A Focus on Intersubunit Interactions -- Alpers-Huttenlocher Syndrome, Polymerase Gamma 1, and Mitochondrial Disease -- Deoxyguanosine Kinase -- 〈i〉MPV17〈/i〉-Associated Hepatocerebral Mitochondrial DNA Depletion Syndrome -- Mitochondrial DNA Multiple Deletion Syndromes, Autosomal Dominant and Recessive (POLG, POLG2, TWINKLE and ANT1) -- Defects in Mitochondrial Dynamics and Mitochondrial DNA Instability -- Depletion of mtDNA with MMA: 〈i〉SUCLA2〈/i〉 and 〈i〉SUCLG1〈/i〉 -- 〈i〉RRM2B〈/i〉-Related Mitochondrial Disease -- Part 3: Complex Subunits and Assembly Genes -- Complex Subunits and Assembly Genes: Complex I -- Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complex II -- Mitochondrial Complex III Deficiency of Nuclear Origin: Molecular Basis, Pathophysiological Mechanisms and Mouse Models -- Mitochondrial Cytochrome 〈i〉c〈/i〉 Oxidase Assembly in Health and Human Diseases -- Part 4: Mitochondrial Protein Translation Related Diseases -- Mitochondrial Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases -- Mitochondrial Protein Translation Related Disease: Mitochondrial Ribosomal Proteins and Translation Factors -- Disorders of Mitochondrial RNA Modification -- Part 5: Others -- Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiencies.-〈b〉 〈/b〉Nuclear Genes Causing Mitochondrial Cardiomyopathy -- Mitochondrial Diseases Caused by Mutations in Inner Membrane Chaperone Proteins -- Index
    Abstract: Mitochondrial cytopathies are mutations in the inherited maternal mitochondrial genome, or the nuclear DNA-mutation. Mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders (RCD) are a group of genetically and clinically heterogeneous diseases, due to the fact that protein components of the respiratory chain are encoded by both mitochondrial and nuclear genomes and are essential in all cells.℗ In addition, the biogenesis, structure and function of mitochondria, including DNA replication, transcription, and translation, all require nuclear encoded genes.℗ Since mitochondria are present in every cell, every tissue, mitochondrial disorders usually affects multiple organs. 〈i〉Mitochondrial Disorders Caused by Nuclear Genes 〈/i〉discusses the〈i〉 〈/i〉biochemical, molecular, clinical, and genetic aspects〈i〉 〈/i〉of complex dual genome mitochondrial disorders. Chapters include genes involved in mitochondrial DNA biogenesis and maintenance of mitochondrial DNA integrity, complex subunits and assembly genes, and mitochondrial protein translation related diseases
    Pages: XII, 369 p. 32 illus., 20 illus. in color. : digital.
    ISBN: 9781461437222
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0703
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The main aim of the present project is to study the feasibility of using different trophic organisms for evaluating the toxicity of dredged sediments arising in Hong Kong. A total of eight sediment samples (duplicate samples collected from four selected sites: Kowloon Bay, Tsing Yi, Chek Lap Kok, and Double Haven) of Hong Kong coastal waters were analyzed for the total concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn, total organic carbon, acid volatile sulfides, simultaneously extracted metals, redox potential, and 12 organic micropollutants. The sediment elutriates were also analysed for the various metal concentrations, as well as contents of ammonia-N, nitrate, total sulfide, sulfate, and total organic carbon. Elutriate Sediment Toxicity Tests (ESTT) were also conducted, using two microalgae (Skeletonema costatum, a diatom and Dunaliella tertiolecta, a flagellate), juvenile shrimp (Metapenaeus ensis) and juvenile fish (Trachinotus obtaus). Two commercially available tests using bacteria (Microtox Test and Toxi-Chromotest) also were employed to test both the solid phase and elutriates of the sediments. The results of Microtox test on the solid phase, and bioassay tests using diatom on the sediment elutriate, especially the former, were correlated significantly (p 〈 0.05) with a number of physico-chemical properties of sediments and elutriates. It is recommended that a combination of a liquid-phase bioassay using diatom and a solid-phase bioassay using Microtox test should be used for screening a large number of sediment samples. However, the presence of ammonia in the sediments containing a high content of organic matter seemed to interfere the detection of contamination impacts.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-773X
    Keywords: principal component analysis ; sequential extraction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Abstract When increasing numbers of principalcomponents are extracted by using the sequentialmethod proposed in [1] by Banour and Azimi-Sadjadi, the accumulated extractionerror will become dominant and affect the extractionsof the remaining principal components. To improvethis, we suggest that the initial weight vector forthe extraction of the next component should beorthogonal to the eigensubspace spanned by the alreadyextracted weight vectors. Simulation results showthat both the convergence and the accuracy of theextraction are improved. Our improved method is alsocapable of extracting full eigenspace accurately.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1476-5535
    Keywords: Keywords: hEGF; plasmid pSLT; ytl2-incR stabilization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A plasmid stabilization system, active in high copy-number plasmids, was cloned from the large resident plasmid, pSLT, of Salmonella typhimurium. The ytl2 gene, together with a 249-bp region (termed incR) downstream of the gene, imparted 〉104-fold stability to a pBR322-based plasmid. The ytl2-incR region was then used to stabilize a recombinant plasmid carrying the human epidermal growth factor gene (with the Escherichia coli K-12 ompA signal sequence), behind the lacUV5 promoter. In shake flask tests to optimize expression of human epidermal growth factor, loss of recombinant plasmid was 〈1% when growth (both before and after induction with isopropyl-β-d-galactopyranoside) took place even in the absence of antibiotic selection, and the specific activity of secreted human epidermal growth factor was ca 20 μg per 108 cells at harvest, compared to a figure of ca 3 μg per 108 cells when a comparable plasmid, but devoid of the ytl2-incR region, was employed, as outgrowth of plasmid-free cells after induction severely compromised the specific activity of the secreted product.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: MR imaging—MR cholangiopancreatography—Pancreaticobiliary system—Gadolinium-DTPA—Oral negative contrast agent.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: We investigated the feasibility of using intravenous magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent as a gastrointestinal oral negative contrast agent to null the bowel signal during MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Methods: In the first part of the study, a phantom study was performed to select the optimal concentration of MR contrast agent to be used as an oral negative contrast agent in MRCP. In the second part of the study, 23 consecutive patients suffering from different pancreaticobiliary diseases were imaged with a single-shot fast spin-echo pulse sequence. The data acquisition was started without oral contrast agent and then repeated with oral contrast agent. From the MR images taken with and without oral contrast agent, the gallbladder, cystic duct, common bile duct, and pancreatic duct were assessed and graded by two radiologists. Results: The oral contrast agent was tolerated well by all patients. In all patients the high signal intensity from the intestinal fluid was completely suppressed. The depictions of the gallbladder and cystic duct were slightly and moderately improved, respectively, whereas the depictions of the common bile duct and pancreatic duct were markedly improved by the oral contrast agent administration. Conclusion: Diluted intravenous MR contrast agent can be an effective and safe oral negative contrast agent in eliminating signal intensity of the gastrointestinal tract, thus improving the depiction of the biliary system in MRCP.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Keywords: Schistosomicides ; hycanthone ; oxamniquine ; praziquantel ; RNA synthesis ; drug resistance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The schistosomicides, hycanthone, oxamniquine and praziquantel, were found to inhibit the in vitro RNA synthesis using isolated hamster liver nuclei. Preincubation of the nuclei with these drugs revealed that the inhibitory effect of oxamniquine was irreversible and progressed with time, whereas that of hycanthone and parziquantel was reversible. On the other hand, hycanthone and praziquantel have a high affinity for DNA but oxamniquine does not. The data indicate that the mechanism of inhibition by oxamniquine is different from that of hycanthone and praziquantel.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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