Key words: Myocardial perfusion imaging
Single-photon emission tomography
Coronary artery disease
Electron beam computed tomography
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. We compared technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography (SPET) (MPS) and electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) in order to assess their respective value in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). 99mTc-MIBI SPET (stress-resting) and EBCT studies were performed in 51 patients with suspected CAD who underwent coronary angiography (CAG). CAG showed that of the 51 patients, 36 had coronary stenosis ≥50% while 15 had normal results. A moderate positive rank correlation was found between coronary calcification detected by EBCT and MPS score (r s=0.5283, P〈0.01). The concordance between EBCT and MPS for the evaluation of CAD was 72.5% (37/51). The sensitivity of EBCT in detecting CAD in 51 patients was comparable to that of MPS (81% vs 94%, NS). However, the accuracy of EBCT was lower than that of MPS (78% vs 94%, P〈0.025). As regards the detection of individual coronary artery disease, there was no significant difference in sensitivity between EBCT and MPS (65% vs 75%, NS); however, the specificity and accuracy of EBCT were lower than those of MPS (specificity: 77% vs 95%, P〈0.005; accuracy 71% vs 85%, P〈0.005). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MPS in detecting single-vessel disease were higher than those of EBCT (sensitivity: 86% vs 42%, P〈0.025; specificity: 96% vs 70%, P〈0.025; accuracy: 93% vs 61%, P〈0.005). However, no significant differences in the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MPS and EBCT were found in respect of multivessel disease. In conclusion: 99mTc-MIBI myocardial perfusion SPET and EBCT provide different information in the assessment of CAD. The sensitivity of EBCT for the detection of CAD is comparable with that of MPS; however, the specificity and accuracy of EBCT are lower than those of MPS. More reliable results will be obtained if both myocardial perfusion SPET and EBCT are performed.
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