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  • 1
    Keywords: Microbial ecology ; Evolution (Biology) ; Wildlife management ; Microbial ecology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: This book summarizes current advances in our understanding of how infectious disease represents an ecological interaction between a pathogenic microorganism and the host species in which that microbe causes illness. The contributing authors explain that pathogenic microorganisms often also have broader ecological connections, which can include a natural environmental presence; possible transmission by vehicles such as air, water, and food; and interactions with other host species, including vectors for which the microbe either may or may not be pathogenic. This field of science has been dubbed disease ecology, and the chapters that examine it have been grouped into three sections. The first section introduces both the role of biological community interactions and the impact of biodiversity on infectious disease. In turn, the second section considers those diseases directly affecting humans, with a focus on waterborne and foodborne illnesses, while also examining the critical aspect of microbial biofilms. Lastly, the third section presents the ecology of infectious diseases from the perspective of their impact on mammalian livestock and wildlife as well as on humans. Given its breadth of coverage, the volume offers a valuable resource for microbial ecologists and biomedical scientists alike
    Pages: XVI, 317 p. 33 illus., 15 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319923734
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  • 2
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Microbial ecology ; Marine Sciences ; Microbiology ; Microbial ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: This book discusses how aquatic microbial communities develop interactive metabolic coordination both within and between species to optimize their energetics. It explains that microbial community structuration often includes functional stratification among a multitude of organisms that variously exist either suspended in the water, lodged in sediments, or bound to one another as biofilms on solid surfaces. The authors describe techniques that can be used for preparing and distributing microbiologically safe drinking water, which presents the challenge of successfully removing the pathogenic members of the aquatic microbial community and then safely delivering that water to consumers. Drinking water distribution systems have their own microbial ecology, which we must both understand and control in order to maintain the safety of the water supply. Since studying aquatic microorganisms often entails identifying them, the book also discusses techniques for successfully isolating and cultivating bacteria. As such, it appeals to microbiologists, microbial ecologists and water quality scientists
    Pages: XIII, 351 p. 100 illus., 38 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030167752
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  • 3
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    Cham : Springer International Publishing
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Ecosystems ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Marine Sciences ; Freshwater ; Life sciences ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Marine & Freshwater Sciences ; Ecosystems ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Towards a unified understanding of evolution, habitat and niche -- Defining the concept of a species physiological boundaries and barriers -- Microbes and the fossil record - selected topics in paleomicrobiology -- Endolithic microorganisms and their habitats -- The snotty and the stringy: energy for subsurface life in caves -- Microbiology of the deep continental biosphere -- Microbiology of the deep subsurface geosphere and its implications for used nuclear fuel repositories -- Life in hypersaline environments -- Microbes and the arctic ocean
    Abstract: This volume summarizes recent advances in environmental microbiology by providing fascinating insights into the diversity of microbial life that exists on our planet. The first two chapters present theoretical perspectives that help to consolidate our understanding of evolution as an adaptive process by which the niche and habitat of each species develop in a manner that interconnects individual components of an ecosystem. This results in communities that function by simultaneously coordinating their metabolic and physiologic actions. The third contribution addresses the fossil record of microorganisms, and the subsequent chapters then introduce the microbial life that currently exists in various terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Coverage of the geosphere addresses endolithic organisms, life in caves and the deep continental biosphere, including how subsurface microbial life may impact spent nuclear fuel repositories. The discussion of the hydrosphere includes hypersaline environments and arctic food chains. By better understanding examples from the micro biosphere, we can elucidate the many ways in which the niches of different species, both large and small, interconnect within the overlapping habitats of this world, which is governed by its microorganisms
    Pages: XV, 381 p. 63 illus., 36 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319280714
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  • 4
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    Cham : Springer International Publishing
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Microbial ecology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Microbiology ; Plant physiology ; Animal Physiology ; Life sciences ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Animal Physiology ; Plant physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Symbiotic associations: all about chemistry -- Phage conversion and the role of bacteriophage and host functions in regulation of diphtheria toxin production by Corynebacterium diphtheriae -- Syntrophic growth of Symbiobacterium in association with free-living bacteria -- The mechanism of symbiotic nitrogen fixation -- Antimicrobials and the natural biology of a bacterial-nematode symbiosis -- The role of symbionts in the evolution of termites and their rise to ecological dominance in the tropics -- Diverse bacteriophage roles in an aphid-bacterial defensive mutualism -- Symbiotic Streptomyces provide antifungal defense in solitary wasps -- Watersipora subtorquata and the possible role of its associated microbes – an attempt to explain the extraordinary invasion success of this marine bryozoan species -- Animal-Symbiodinium symbioses: foundations of coral reef ecosystems.-Fiat lux: the squid-vibrio association as a model for understanding host-microbe associations
    Abstract: This volume summarizes recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that produce successful symbiotic partnerships involving microorganisms. It begins with a basic introduction to the nature of and mechanistic benefits derived from symbiotic associations. Taking that background knowledge as the starting point, the next sections include chapters that examine representative examples of coevolutionary associations that have developed between species of microbes, as well as associations between microbes and plants. The authors conclude with a section covering a broad range of associations between microbes and invertebrate animals, in which they discuss the spectrum of hosts, with examples ranging from bryozoans and corals to nematodes, arthropods, and cephalopods. Join the authors on this journey of understanding!
    Pages: XII, 315 p. 47 illus., 24 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319280684
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  • 5
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Aquatic ecology ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Plant Pathology ; Animal Physiology ; Life sciences ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Animal Physiology ; Plant Pathology ; Freshwater & Marine Ecology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: How well do surrogate hosts serve as model systems for understanding pathogenicity -- Host-symbiont relationships: understanding the change from guest to pest -- Opportunistic infections in elasmobranchs -- Bacterial opportunistic pathogens of fish -- Fungal secondary invaders of fish -- Opportunistic pathogens of marine mammals -- Opportunistic pathogens of terrestrial plants -- Non-spore-forming bacterial entomopathogens – their toxins, hosts and the environment: why be a pathogen -- Opportunistic infections of avians -- Opportunistic algae, fungi, and ichthyosporea associated with mammalian livestock disease -- Opportunisitic pathogens of humans
    Abstract: This volume focuses on those instances when benign and even beneficial relationships between microbes and their hosts opportunistically change and become detrimental toward the host. It examines the triggering events which can factor into these changes, such as reduction in the host’s capacity for mounting an effective defensive response due to nutritional deprivation, coinfections and seemingly subtle environmental influences like the amounts of sunlight, temperature, and either water or air quality. The effects of environmental changes can be compounded when they necessitate a physical relocation of species, in turn changing the probability of encounter between microbe and host. The change also can result when pathogens, including virus species, either have modified the opportunist or attacked the host’s protective natural microflora. The authors discuss these opportunistic interactions and assess their outcomes in both aquatic as well as terrestrial ecosystems, highlighting the impact on plant, invertebrate and vertebrate hosts
    Pages: XII, 357 p. 27 illus., 15 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319281704
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  • 6
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Medical Microbiology ; Health Promotion ; Microbiology ; Environmental Health ; Life sciences ; Microbiology ; Medical Microbiology ; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ; Environmental Health ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preventing infectious diseases in spacecraft and space habitats -- Bacterial resistance to hospital disinfection -- Disinfection of microbial aerosols -- The role of the indigenous gut microbiota in human health and disease -- Buruli ulcer: Case Study of a Neglected Tropical Disease -- Coccidioidomycosis: increasing incidence of an 'orphan' disease in response to environmental changes -- Antibiotic resistant environmental bacteria and their role as reservoirs in disease -- Population dynamics, invasion and biological control of environmentally growing opportunistic pathogens -- Of ducks and men - ecology and evolution of a zoonotic pathogen in a wild reservoir host
    Abstract: This volume focuses on blocking disease transmission and the ecological perspective of pathogens and pathogenic processes. The chapters on blocking transmission cover the environmental safety of space flight, biocides and biocide resistance, as well as infection control in healthcare facilities. The book also offers insights into the ecological aspects of infectious disease, introducing the reader to the role of indigenous gut microbiota in maintaining human health and current discussions on environmentally encountered bacterial and fungal pathogens including species that variously cause the necrotizing skin disease Buruli ulcer and coccidioidomycosis. Further, it explores the influenza A virus as an example for understanding zoonosis. It is a valuable resource for microbiologists and biomedical scientists alike
    Pages: XII, 286 p. 36 illus., 21 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319606163
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