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  • 1
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Animal behavior ; Morphology (Animals) ; Human Physiology ; Neurosciences ; Behavioral Sciences ; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology ; Human Physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction, Materials and Methods, and References -- Chapter 2: List of Structures -- Chapter 3: The Degu Brain Atlas -- Chapter 4: SG-eye Operation Manual -- Index of Structures and Abbreviations
    Abstract: This is the first digital atlas of the degu brain with microscopic features simultaneously in Nissl sections and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As an experimental animal model, the degu contributes to a variety of medical research fields in diabetes, hyperglycemia, pancreatic function, and adaptation to high altitude, among others. Recently the degu has gained increasing importance in the field of neuroscience, particularly in studies evaluating the relationship between sociality and cognitive brain functions, and in studies pertaining to the evolutional aspects of the acquisition of tool-use abilities. Furthermore, aging-related brain dysfunction in humans can be studied using this animal model in addition to mammals with much longer lifespans. This brain atlas is constructed to provide histological and volume-rendered information simultaneously, fitting with any spatial coordination in brain positioning. It can be a useful guide to degus as well as to other rodents for studies of brain structures conducted using MRI or other contemporary examination methods with volume-rendering functions
    Pages: IX, 144 p. 198 illus., 144 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9784431566151
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  • 2
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Human Physiology ; Morphology (Animals) ; Toxicology ; Animal behavior ; Neurosciences ; Human Physiology ; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Behavioral Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Editors -- Contributors -- Acknowledgement -- Chapter 1 -- Introduction -- Materials and Methods -- Histology -- MRI -- Nomenclature -- List of Brain Structures in Hierarchical Order -- Index of Abbreviations -- Bibliographic References -- Chapter 2 -- Horizontal Series of Images with Neurosurgical Plane (based on the actual data) -- Chapter 3 -- Coronal Series of Images with Neurosurgical Plane (reproduced from the brain model) -- Chapter 4 -- Parasagittal Series of Images with Neurosurgical Plane (reproduced from the brain model) -- Chapter 5 -- Omnidirectionally Sliceable Planes (reproduced from the brain model) -- A. Modified Horizontal Slices -- B. Modified Coronal Slices -- C. Modified Parasagittal Slices -- Index
    Abstract: The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a New World monkey, is increasingly becoming popular world-wide in a variety of biomedical studies as a primate model of human neuro-psychiatric and biological disorders, particularly through gene manipulation technologies. This book provides accurate, comprehensive, and convenient references from combined Nissl-stained sections and magnetic resonance (MR) images of the marmoset brain. The original volume-rendered digital models are web-accessible and freely rotatable in three dimensions using any coordinate system, and as such we expect them to be useful across disciplines and anatomical interests. The combined Nissl stained and MR images were obtained from the same marmoset, thus allowing cross-modality matched references for multiple uses. This book depicts 86 horizontal series of images along the neurosurgical plane (based on the actual data), with more accuracy and resolution than the web-based digital models. From this brain model, we reconstructed 32 Coronal Series and 10 Parasagittal Series of images along the neurosurgical plane. In addition, to fully utilize the freely rotatable nature of the brain model, this atlas depicts 3 omni-directionally sliced planes that best illustrate the visual, somatosensory, and motor projection systems across the neuraxis. These datasets comprise the fundamentals of the whole database of Japan’s national marmoset project (Brain/MINDS supported by MEXT and AMED, Japan), which is headed by one of the editors, Hideyuki Okano
    Pages: XI, 388 p. 282 illus., 281 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9784431566120
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  • 3
    Keywords: Medicine ; Neurosciences ; Behavioral Sciences ; Animal Physiology ; Biomedicine ; Neurosciences ; Behavioral Sciences ; Animal Physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I Evolution of the Brain -- 1 An overview of brain evolution: lobe-finned fish vs ray-finned fish -- 2 The Origins of the Bird Brain: Multiple Pulses of Cerebral Expansion in Evolution -- 3 The evolution of mammalian brains from early mammals to present-day primates -- 4 Developmental sequences predict multiple types of increased intra-connectivity in evolution: a comparative analysis of developmental timing, gene expression, neuron numbers, and diffusion MR tractography -- Part II Evolution of Cognition -- 5 The Evolution of Cognitive Brains in Non-mammals -- 6 Evolution of Cognitive Brains: Mammals -- 7 On the Matter of Mind: Neural Complexity and Functional Dynamics of the Human Brain -- 8 Behavioural, cognitive, and neuronal changes in the acquisition of tool use -- 9 Great ape social attention -- 10 Evolution of vocal communication: From animal calls to human speech -- 11 Integration Hypothesis: A Parallel Model of Language Development in Evolution -- Part III Evolution of Emotion -- 12 Evolution of the emotional brain -- 13 Evolutionary origin of empathy and inequality aversion
    Abstract: This book presents a new view on the evolution of the brain, cognition, and emotion. Around a half-century ago, Professor Harry Jerison published a seminal book entitled Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. Since then, there has been a series of dramatic methodological and conceptual changes which have led to many new insights into the understanding of brain evolution and cognition. This book is particularly focused on three significant aspects of such changes. First, taking advantage of a new integrated approach called evolutionary developmental biology or Evo/Devo, researchers have started to look into vertebrate brain evolution from the developmental perspective. Second, comparative neuroanatomists have accumulated a large amount of information about the brains of diverse animal groups to refute the old-fashioned idea that vertebrate brains evolved linearly from non-mammals to mammals. Third, comparative behavioral studies have demonstrated that sophisticated cognition and emotion are not unique to some primates but are also found in many non-primate and even non-mammalian species. This work will appeal to a wide readership in such fields as neuroscience, cognitive science, and behavioral science
    Pages: X, 299 p. 76 illus., 25 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9784431565598
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