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  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Sports Medicine ; Behavioral Sciences ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Neuropsychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Sports Medicine ; Behavioral Sciences ; Neuropsychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Foreword -- 1. Posture and Locomotion -- 2. Spatially Oriented Behaviour -- 3. Cognitive and Psychomotor Performance -- 4. Impact of Micro- and Hyper-Gravity on Neurovestibu-lar Issues of Fish
    Abstract: This volume of the series SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences describes findings from space and accompanying ground research related to spatial orientation, posture and locomotion, cognition and psychomotor function. The results are not only of importance to health and performance of astronauts during their space mission, but also impact people on Earth, especially in the ageing societies of the Western countries. The space environment produces mismatches between sensory inputs from canal and otolith afferents which are difficult to study in humans, and are therefore studied in the fish model. Brain and vestibular organ of fish are analyzed under altered gravitational conditions; particularly weightlessness and structural failures as well as malfunctions in different inner ear components are investigated and discussed. The book is aiming at students, engineers and scientists in space and aging research, as well as psychology, neurosciences and sensory motor research
    Pages: XII, 86 p. 12 illus., 6 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319682013
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  • 2
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Neurosciences ; Human Anatomy ; Astronautics ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Neurosciences ; Anatomy ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction (Blottner, Felsenberg, Belavy, Salanova) -- Bone (Belavy, Felsenberg) -- Intervertebral Discs (Belavy) -- Human Skeletal Muscle: Principles of Adaptation (Belavy) -- Myofascial Support System (Blottner) -- Skeletal Muscle Fibers and Cell Signalling (Blottner, Salanova) -- Neuromuscular Synapse: New Vistas (Blottner, Felsenberg, Belavy, Salanova) -- Outlook - Future aims to study neuromusculoskeletal system function and adaptation (Blottner, Felsenberg, Belavy, Salanova). ℗
    Abstract: The book provides fundamental new insights in the structure and function of the healthy ℗ NeuroMuscular system. Recent findings suggest that the musculoskeletal system that supports movement control on Earth is controlled by unique principles of structural, biochemical and molecular characteristics. Mechanical loading by working against normal gravity helps to support principal structures in bone, muscle and associated subcellular scaffold components. Disuse or immobilization of the body in bed rest on Earth or in microgravity in Space result in considerable loss of bone, muscle and force with downregulation of neuromuscular activity resulting in impaired performance control. The goal is to develop exercise prescriptions to maintain postural control in normal life, aging and rehabilitation on Earth as well as for an adequate human performance management in Space
    Pages: XIV, 92 p. 34 illus., 30 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319122984
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  • 3
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Cell Biology ; Microbiology ; Plant science ; Botany ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Life sciences ; Cell Biology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Microbiology ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Gravity Sensing, Graviorientation and Microgravity -- Chapter 2: Methods for Gravitational Biology Research -- Chapter 3: Gravitaxis in Flagellates and Ciliates -- Chapter 4: Gravitropism in Tip-Growing Rhizoids and Protonemata of Characean Algae -- Chapter 5: Gravitropism in Fungi, Mosses and Ferns -- Chapter 6: Gravitropism in Higher Plants: Cellular Aspects -- Chapter 7: Gravitropism in Higher Plants: Molecular Aspects -- Chapter 8: Bioregenerative Life Support Systems in Space Research
    Abstract: This book summarizes what is currently known about gravity sensing and response mechanisms in microorganisms, fungi, lower and higher plants; starting from the historical eye-opening experiments from the 19th century up to today’s extremely rapid advancing cellular, molecular and biotechnological research. All forms of life are constantly exposed to gravity and it can be assumed that almost all organisms have developed sensors and respond in one way or the other to the unidirectional acceleration force,this books shows us some of these different ways. The book is written for plant biologists and microbiologists as well as scientists interested in space and gravitational biology
    Pages: XVII, 122 p. 36 illus., 24 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319938943
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  • 4
    Keywords: Medicine ; Neurosciences ; Biomedical Engineering ; Neurology ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Neuropsychology ; Biomedicine ; Neurosciences ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Neurology ; Neuropsychology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction: Sensory Motor Physiology -- Spatial orientation, vestibulo-oculomotor research and space motion sickness -- Posture and locomotion -- Sensorimotor coordination -- Mental performance and cognition -- Nervous system development in microgravity -- Outlook: Space research and technology benefitting life on Earth
    Abstract: This monograph describes the findings of spaceflight research related to spatial orientation, sensorimotor coordination and mental function. Exposed to the microgravity conditions of spaceflight, the human experiences a variety of physiological and psychological problems, which are presented here. Recent findings of sensory motor research in space are depicted and their benefits for life on earth discussed. The examination of the vestibulo-oculomotor system for example has led to the development of innovative devices for the measurement of three-dimensional eye and head movements. These devices are currently employed in Earthbound applications such as eye laser surgery. The book is written for students and researchers in neurosciences, biomedical engineering, for neurologists and psychologists as well as for persons wanting to know more about biomedical research in space and its application on earth
    Pages: XIV, 74 p. 52 illus., 34 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319599335
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  • 5
    Keywords: Engineering ; Biotechnology ; Proteins ; Regenerative Medicine ; Tissue Engineering ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Engineering ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Biotechnology ; Crystallography and Scattering Methods ; Protein Science ; Regenerative Medicine/Tissue Engineering ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: This book summarizes the early successes, drawbacks and accomplishments in cell biology and cell biotechnology achieved by the latest projects performed on the International Space Station ISS. It also depicts outcomes of experiments in tissue engineering, ℗ cancer research and drug design and reveals the chances that research in Space offers for medical application on Earth. This SpringerBriefs volume provides an overview on the latest international activities in Space℗ and gives an outlook on the℗ potential of biotechnological research in Space in future. This volume is written for℗ ℗ students and researchers in Biomedicine, Biotechnology and Pharmacology and may specifically be of interest to scientists with focus on protein sciences, crystallization, tissue engineering, drug design and cancer research
    Pages: XV, 109 p. 36 illus., 15 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319640549
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  • 6
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Immunology ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Immunology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Immune system in evolution -- The immune system and man – environment interaction from the clinical and from fundamental research perspectives -- The effects of Space and Space like conditions on Immune functions from the clinical and from fundamental perspective -- The upcoming venues: Individualized preventive or therapeutic measure, - In vitro and in vivo tools to measure the efficacy of such measures -- Summary
    Abstract: This book gives insight into the mechanism of the immune system and the influence of the environment on earth. Further, the book explains the changes that occur in our immune system in the absence of gravity and their fundamental consequences. Several limiting factors for human health and performance in microgravity have been clearly identified as an unacceptable risk for long-term and interplanetary flights. Serious concerns arose whether spaceflight-associated immune system dysfunction ultimately precludes the expansion of human presence beyond Earth's orbit. The immune system has undergone many evolutionary steps to cope with a new and changing environment, but `space` has not been evolutionary experienced before. Through endocrine orchestration of cell functions, cell to cell communications and intracellular mechanisms the human body and his immune system have an enormous capacity to adapt and react to altered environmental conditions. Thus, the special sensitivity to altered gravity renders the immune system an ideal biological model system to understand if and how gravity on Earth is required for the normal function of cells and cellular networks. It is one of the most fundamental challenges to find out, if our organism and our cellular machinery are able to live and to adequately perform without the gravity field of Earth. The book is written for immunologists and researchers in human physiology under normal and stressfull conditions
    Pages: XVII, 127 p. 15 illus., 13 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319414669
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  • 7
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Neurosciences ; Public Health ; Sports Medicine ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Sports Medicine ; Neurosciences ; Public Health ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Motor skills -- Adaptation of cartilage to immobilization -- Influence of Weightlessness on Aerobic Capacity, Cardiac Output and Oxygen Uptake Kinetics -- Enhancing mental health: Effects of exercise on social well-being and social ill-being -- Neurocognitive and neuro-affective effects of exercise
    Abstract: This volume of the Series SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences summarizes the newest finding in the field of mental health and physiological exercise in Space. Currently two major challenges are impacting human health in the western societies, one being a move towards a sedentary society, the second one being longevity. Both have a considerable impact on physical as well as mental health. Space life science research helps to understand the underlying degenerative physiological and neuro-psychological processes as living in space, living in microgravity can be regarded as a time lapse of the sedentary and aging human being. Translational research of the past years has shown that exercise can be regarded as a key factor to counteract physical and mental deconditioning in space, guaranteeing a holistic approach to health and a benefit to the socio-demographic changes of our society. The book is written for scientists in biomedicine, more specific in aging research, sports physiology and neurosciences
    Pages: XVII, 108 p. 19 illus., 11 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319295718
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  • 8
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Hematology ; Respiratory organs / Diseases ; Aerospace engineering ; Astronautics ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Hematology ; Pneumology/Respiratory System ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: General Introduction -- The Cardiovascular System in Space -- Red Blood Cells in Space -- Oxygen Transport in Space -- Countermeasures
    Abstract: This book comprehensively describes the physiological changes and consequences that occur in humans during spaceflight. It specifically explains the adaptations of the cardiovascular and the respiratory system. Specific changes occurring after 10, 20 or more days in space are presented. Furthermore, the book explains various effective countermeasures that are required upon return of the astronauts to Earth. The book is a must-have for all biomedical and clinical researchers in the field of cardiovascular biology and respiration, and a fascinating reading for all interested laymen, who wish to understand a bit more about spaceflight research and technology
    Pages: XV, 74 p. 25 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319332260
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  • 9
    Keywords: Human Physiology ; Astronautics ; Cell Membranes ; Botany ; Neurosciences ; Human Physiology ; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics ; Membrane Biology ; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics ; Plant Sciences ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: This volume of the series Space Life Sciences provides insights into the latest findings of gravity research and the effect of gravity on biological systems, specifically on a cellular and molecular level. It starts by explaining the underlying physics of gravity and presenting some novel ideas on the basic principles of gravity perception. It then goes on to discuss how, in response to gravity perception, secondary messengers such as calcium and hydrogen peroxide, might control responses further downstream, like gene and protein expression and modulation. Further, it describes the consequences for animal and plant cells as well as for metabolism. Written by experts in the field, this book is a valuable resource for students and researchers in biochemistry, medicine and biomedicine, wanting to gain a solid understanding of membrane biology, secondary messenger function and gene and protein expression, specifically in the context of gravity
    Pages: XIV, 94 p. 61 illus., 27 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030005962
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