Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Prior studies of two series of segmented polyurethanes based on 2, 4 toluene cliisocyanate (2, 4 TDI) or 2, 8 TDI, butanediol, and a 1000 molecular weight polytetramethyleneoxide (PTMO-1000) soft segment revealed a rapid increase in soft segment glass transition temperature (Tg) with increasing urethane content in the 2, 4 TDI series. The change in Tg couldbe correlated with estimates of hard segment-soft segment phase mixing obtained by infrared analysis of the urethane NH and carbonyl bands. In the present paper, the infrared data have been reevaluated using improved procedures for resolving the carbonyl band into H-bonded and nonbonded components, and the relation between the estimated extent of phase mixing and Tg has been reexamined. The transition behavior in an extensive series of related polymers has also been determined, including 2, 4 TDI arid 2, 6 TDI samples with PTMO2000 as well as polybutyleneadipate (PBA-1000 and PBA-2000) soft segments. The results indicate the effectiveness, of increased soft segment molecular weight in promoting phase segregation, imply that much greater phase mixing occurs in polyester than polyether samples, suggest that anchoring the ends of the soft segments has only a small effect on Tg, and provide some evidence that H-bonding not only increases Tg but can also impede soft segment crystallization.
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