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  • Candida albicans  (2)
  • dermatophytes
  • 1990-1994  (2)
  • 1994  (2)
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  • 1990-1994  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; Cell surface hydrophobicity ; Cell wall ; Clinical strains ; Protein and mannoprotein antigens
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Characterization of common cell surface-bound antigens inCandida albicans strains, particularly those expressed in the walls of mycelial cells might be useful in the diagnosis of systemic candidiasis. Hence, antigenic similarities among wall proteins and mannoproteins fromC. albicans clinical serotype A and B isolates, were studied using polyclonal (mPAbs) and monoclonal (MAb 4C12) antibodies raised against wall antigens from the mycelial form of a commonC. albicans serotype A laboratory strain (ATCC 26555). Zymolyase digestion of walls isolated from cells of the different strains studied grown at 37°C (germination conditions), released, in all cases, numerous protein and mannoprotein components larger than 100 kDa, along with a 33–34 kDa species. The pattern of major antigens exhibiting reactivity towards the mPAbs preparation was basically similar for all the serotype A and B isolates, though minor strain-specific bands were also observed. The immunodeterminant recognized by MAb 4C12 was found to be absent or present in very low amounts inC. albicans isolates other than the ATCC 26555 strain, yet high molecular weight species similar in size (e.g., 260 kDa) to the wall antigen against which MAb 4C12 was raised, were observed, particularly in wall digests from serotype A strains. Cell surface hydrophobicity, an apparently important virulence factor inC. albicans, of the cell population of each serotype B strain was lower than that of the corresponding serotype A counterparts, which is possibly due to the fact that the former strains exhibited a reduced ability to form mycelial filaments under the experimental conditions used.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; Opportunistic pathogen ; Pyrimidine salvage pathway ; Uracil phosphoribosyltransferase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This paper describes for the first time the partial purification and properties of uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (UPRTase) from the yeastCandida albicans. UPRTase was purified 38 fold by acid precipitation, DEAE-Sephacel chromatography and ultrafiltration. Further purification of UPRTase was unsuccessful due to the labile nature of the enzyme and the failure in obtaining satisfactory stabilizing conditions. SDS-PAGE suggested that the enzyme exists as a dimer of two dissimilar subunits with molecular masses of 47 and 38 kDa. The pH optimum for phosphoribosylation was about 7.5 and the optimal Mg++ concentration was 2 mM. The kinetics of the enzymes for its substrates, uracil and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) were determined by measuring initial enzyme velocities over a wide range of concentrations of either substrate at different fixed concentrations of the second substrate. Graphic analysis of the data by Hanes-Woolf plots indicated that the reaction is indistinguishable from a double displacement reaction. ‘Ping pong’ mechanism has been previously reported for other phosphoribosyltransferases. The enzyme has a low affinity for its substrates (K m=70.5 and 186 µM for uracil and PRPP, respectively) as compared with those ofE. coli and baker's yeast. Inhibition studies indicate that 5-fluorouracil acts as an alternative substrate for UPRTase with 1.6 times higher specific activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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