hepatic plasma membranes
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Apo C-III plays an important role in the metabolism of plasma triglyceride, which can delay the catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins by interfering with apo E-mediated receptor clearance of remnant particles from plasma. The mechanism of the interference has not yet been defined. To further explore the role of apo C-III, we first injected mice with 125I-apo C-III. The measurement of radioactivity showed that liver took up 3.3-10 fold as much radioactivity as other organs such as heart, spleen, lung, kidney, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, and muscle. This was confirmed by incubating the tissue homogenates of the organs with 125I-apo C-III that the radiolabeled apo C-III specifically bound to only hepatic homogenate. To investigate which subcellular part or parts of hepatic cells play the role of binding to apo C-III, hepatic cell components of nucleus, mitochondria, microsomes and plasma membranes were then incubated with 125I-apo C-III. The radiolabeled apo C-III could specifically bind to only hepatic plasma membranes. Finally hepatic plasma membranes were purified to study the characteristics of the specific binding with apo C-III. Addition of increasing concentration of 125I-apo C-III to human hepatic plasma membranes revealed saturable binding to membranes with a Kd of 0.31±0.07 μmol/l. The maximum specific binding capacity was 1.74±0.45 μ apo C-III/mg membrane protein. In competition studies using unlabeled apo C-III and isolated lipoproteins HDL, LDL and VLDL, only apo C-III and VLDL effectively competed with 125I-apo C-III for membrane binding. The binding of 125I-apo C-III to human liver plasma membranes was Ca2+-independent, and was abolished when plasma membranes were treated with trypsin. The characteristics of 125I-apo C-III binding to mouse liver plasma membranes were similar to those of human liver plasma membranes with the exception of a binding maximum of 1.52±0.39 μapo C-III/mg membrane protein. We conclude that apo C-III exhibits high-affinity binding to hepatic plasma membranes, which is saturable, reverse and specific.
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