Analysis of variance
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Heritability estimated from sire family variance components, ignoring dams, pools conventional paternal and maternal half sib estimates, in a way which is biased upward, and sub-optimal for minimizing the sampling variance. Standard error of a sire family estimate will be smaller than that of the equivalent paternal half sib estimate, but not as small as that of an estimate obtained by optimal pooling of paternal and maternal half sib estimates. If only additive genetic variance components are significant, the bias may be removed by use of a computed average genetic relationship for sire families, in place of a nominal R = 0.25. Average genetic relationship may be computed from mean and variance of dam family size within sire families. If dominance, epistatic, or maternal components are significant, this simple correction is not appropriate. In situations likely to be encountered in large domestic species such as sheep and cattle (dam family size small and uniform) bias will be negligible. The method could be useful where cost of dam identification is a limiting factor.
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