Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • 1975-1979  (659)
Collection
Publisher
Years
Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: In EMG biofeedback it has been suggested that covariation in tension levels between a trained and untrained muscle increases with continued training of the target muscle. Predictions of this sort are in contrast to the notion of response generalization which would predict decreased covariation between trained and untrained muscles with continued training. This study examined covariation between facial and forearm EMG levels during facial EMG biofeedback, and evaluated changes in such covariation which occurred with continued facial EMG training. Two groups of individuals were trained either to increase or to decrease facial muscle tension in 3 laboratory sessions during which simultaneous measures of facial and forearm EMG were obtained at 1-min intervals. Comparison of facial EMG measures for these groups with those for a third, noncontingent control group revealed bidirectional conditioned effects for each training session. Some covariation between forearm and facial EMG was apparent for all groups. However, examination of change in covariation across sessions revealed that covariation decreased for groups receiving facial muscle training, whereas covariation levels exhibited by the noncontingent feedback group remained stable. This finding was consistent with the concept of response generalization but not with the notion of muscle tension generalization as employed in EMG biofeedback.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: The classically conditioned cardiac response to electric shock was examined in five groups of 10 rats each. Twenty trials were presented each day for 10 days with either a 1 mA, 2 mA, 3 mA, 4 mA, or 5 mA subcutaneous shock as the unconditioned stimulus (US). Data were evaluated with reference to a general theory of autonomic activity termed Response Constancy theory. A mathematical derivative of the theory is a significant negative correlation between prestimulus levels and change scores, i.e. the Law of Initial Values. The theory predicts that degree of control exerted by a stimulus is reflected by the ability of the stimulus to produce a particular level of activity. Decreasing variability of conditioned heart rate was monotonically related to US intensity throughout, and negative correlations between prestimulus levels and change scores were observed in all groups. Magnitude of decelerative change was an inverted U-shaped function of US intensity in acquisition, and a monotonic function of US intensity at asymptote.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: The influence of autonomic innervation on stress-induced cardiomyopathy and heart rate changes was analyzed by selective removal of parasympathetic and sympathetic myocardial inputs. Squirrel monkeys with bilateral cervical vagotomy or β-adrenergic receptors blocked by propranolol were studied in shock stress and restraint situations. Because propranolol reduced stress-induced lesions and tachycardia, enhanced sympathetic β-receptor activity was considered responsible for these effects in intact monkeys. No role for increased parasympathetic activity in myocardial pathology was indicated. Enhanced sympathetic activity was also implicated by lesions and tachycardia of vagotomy monkeys. However, vagotomy alone induced myocardial pathology and confounded the effects of shock stress. Stress-induced cardiac arrest in both vagotomy and propranolol monkeys was observed. An imbalance of either autonomic input was suggested to be responsible for this dysfunction. Thus, autonomic innervation was involved in stress-induced cardiomyopathy and heart rate changes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: The present experiment employed a between-subjects design (N=75) to investigate the effects of auditory stimulus intensity on a number of aspects of the skin conductance response (SCR) and the skin potential response (SPR). The primary predictions were that the electrodermal orienting response (OR) would be characterized by SCRs with relatively fast recovery times and positive SPRs, while the defense response (DR) would consist of SCRs with relatively slow recovery times and negative SPRs; SCR habituation differences as a function of stimulus intensity were also expected. Subjects received 12 presentations of a 1000 Hz tone of 45, 60, 75, 90 or 105 dB. Stimulus rise time was 30 msec and the duration 2 sec. The results provided no evidence for the differentiation of electrodermal ORs and DRs, and the effects of stimulus intensity were confined largely to differences in SCR magnitude; all groups displayed SCR habituation. The data from the first trial were examined using several multivariate procedures, and these results are discussed in terms of Sokolov's (1963) distinctions between ORs and DRs and in terms of Edelberg's (1973) model of electrodermal activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: Different patterns of lateralization of hemispheric function in the male and female brain have been proposed to account for sex differences in performance of linguistic and visuo-spatial tasks. The present experiment was designed to determine whether task-related asymmetries in suppression of the alpha rhythm differed between the sexes. Bilateral EEGs were recorded from 5 male and 5 female subjects while they performed 3 verbal-numeric and 3 visuo-spatial tasks. The proportion of right hemisphere alpha activity differed between these tasks for the male group but not for the female group. This result suggests a sex-related difference in degree of lateralization of hemispheric function, with males having a more strict segregation of function.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: In the first of two experiments four visual evoked potential (VEP) measures of augmenting-reducing were made consecutively within a single test session on each of 10 student volunteers, on whom palmar skin conductance, taken as an index of arousal, was also monitored continuously. Regression slopes relating VEP amplitude to stimulus intensity for any given individual were found to vary considerably over the session, some subjects changing from augmenting to reducing (or vice versa) during testing. Further analysis of the within-subject data indicated that shifts in augmenting-reducing were related to changes in skin conductance level (SCL) and to the range of SCL over which individuals were operating in relation to the group. Thus, subjects in the high SCL range shifted toward relative reducing as their conductance level increased and those in the low SCL range toward relative augmenting. These effects were exactly replicated in a second experiment using a further 10 subjects and a virtually identical procedure. It was concluded that augmenting-reducing is partly state-dependent, though in a manner which is systematic enough to warrant its further investigation in studies focusing on the dynamic aspects of stimulus modulation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Psychophysiology 16 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1469-8986
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...