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  • 1960-1964  (569)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 12 (1960), S. 97-100 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 12 (1960), S. 141-144 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 12 (1960), S. 111-123 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The morphology of the pseudoparasitic life phase (continuous shake culture) of several dermatophytes is described. There was a strong resemblance between the forms developing in the early stages of this phase and those of the parasitic phase as found in clinical lesions. Propagation of the organisms mainly took place by the breaking up of hyphae into numerous arthrospores. During the later stages of development, however, structures not found in the parasitic phase appeared but which resembled those found in the saprophytic phase (stationary culture). This was especially true forE. floccosum, T. violaceum andT. schoenleini. The complete absence of microconidia in all species, and of spirals inT. mentagrophytes andE. floccosum was noted. In addition to the different rates of growth certain microscopic features, most pronounced withT. violaceum, T. schoenleini andE. floccosum, seemed to permit differentiation of the various species in their pseudoparasitic life phase.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 12 (1960), S. 159-162 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Isolierung von pathogenen Pilzen aus schwer kontaminiertem Material waz bis jetzt schwierig. — Hirn-Herz — Infusion Medium, das 30 I.E. Penicillin and 40 I.E. Streptomycin enthält, ist als das beste Medium für die Isolierung pathogener Fungi gefunden worden. Bessere Resultate sind erzielt worden wenn Achromycin anstatt von Penicillin und Streptomycin verwendet wurde.
    Notes: Summary The isolation of pathogenic fungi from heavily contaminated material has always been difficult uptil now. Brain Heart Infusion medium containing 30 units of penicillin and 40 units of streptomycin has been found to be the best medium for the isolation of pathogenic fungi. Better results have been obtained by using Achromycin in place of penicillin and streptomycin.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 12 (1960), S. 349-359 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Grunderfordernisse der Ernährung eines Stammes vonGymnoascus reessii sind festgestellt worden. Das Wachstum war an der trockenen Gewichtsgrundlage gemessen. Der optimale Nährboden für das Wachstum bestand in 5% Maltose, 2% KNO3, 0.2% K2HPO4, 0.2% MgSO4. 7HO2, 1 mg% Adenine, 1 mg% Uracil, 1 mg% Guanine, 5 mg% Xanthine, 0.8 mg% Biotin und 0.2 mg% Pyridoxine. Eine Anfangsbreite der Ph von 5.0–8.0 erlaubte ein optimales Wachstum.
    Notes: Summary The fundamental nutritional requirements of one strain ofGymnoascus reessii were established. Growth was measured on a dry weight basis. The optimum medium for growth consisted of 5% maltose, 2% KNO3, 0.2% K2HPO4, 0.2% MgSO4.7H2O, 1 mg% adenine, 1 mg% uracil, 1 mg% guanine, 5 mg% xanthine, 0.8 mg% biotin and 0.2 mg% pyridoxine. An initial Ph range of 5.0–8.0 was found to permit optimum growth.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary The authors were able to isolate from the superficial layers of the soil,Ctenomyces interdigitalis (Epidermophyton interdigitale, Epidermophyton Kaufmann-Wolf). The morphological macro- and microscopical features of the cultures, as well as those of the experimental lesions, obtained by inoculation in man and animal, proved that the isolated fungus was reallyCtenomyces interdigitalis and notCtenomyces mentagrophytes orTrichophyton (Achorion)quinckeanum. The isolated strain caused a dysidrosis of the palm. The patient, a woman 34 years old, infected herself by scooping with her left hand the earth mixed with dead (withered) leaves which were found in a watering pond. The authors did not find, up to now in the literature, any mention about the presence of this dermatophyte in the soil, which would be proved by direct investigation, although its presence in this medium was accepted by those who observed tinea pedis developing after the contact of the feet with the earth.
    Notes: Résumé Les auteurs ont réussi à isoler, de la terre, leCtenomyces interdigitalis (Epidermophyton interdigitale, Epidermophyton deKaufmann-Wolf). Les caractères morphologiques, macro- et microscopiques des cultures, ainsi que ceux des lésions expérimentales, obtenues par son inoculation à l'homme et à l'animal, ont précisé qu'il s'agissait bien duCtenomyces interdigitalis et non duCtenomyces mentagrophytes ou duTrichophyton (Achorion)quinckeanum. La souche isolée avait provoqué une dysidrose palmaire chez une femme âgée de 34 ans. La malade s'est contaminée en creusant, de sa main gauche, la terre mélangée à des feuilles mortes qui se trouvait dans une bouche d'arrosage. D'après la littérature consultée, il semble que ce dermatophyte n'a pas été isolé, directement, jusqu'à présent, des couches superficielles du sol, bien que sa présence dans ce milieu fut admise par nombre d'auteurs qui ont vu l'Epidermophytie plantaire se développer après le contact, des pieds nus, avec la terre.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 13 (1960), S. 25-32 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die tropische Lage von Venezuela schafft eine günstige Bedingung für die Entwicklung von Pilzen und trägt zu einer vielfältigen Pathologie bei, in welcher eine grosse Anzahl dieser Pilze die Ursache ist. Alle bekannten, systematischen, tiefen Mykosen sind im Gebiete von Venezuela gefunden worden. Untersuchungen der Hautempfindlichkeit gegen Histoplasmin und die Analyse der Herkunft der Fälle von Histoplasmosis und Paracoccidioidomycosis zeigen, dass beide Infektionen im Lande weit verbreitet sind und dass sie vorzugsweise in feuchten Gegenden mit Laubvegetation vorzufinden sind, während Coccidioidomycosis in trockenen Gegenden mit einer vorzugsweise xerophyten Vegetation, mit mangelndem Regen, im Nordwesten des Landes, nahe dem Centralen Norden vorkommt.Histoplasma capsulatum ist von verschiedenen Böden gezüchtet worden, unter anderem, im Boden einer Höhle, wo mehrere Ausflügler die Infektion erworben haben. Es war möglich in diesen Fällen primärer Lungeninfektion festzustellen, dass die Inkubation zwischen 8 und 16 Tagen liegt, und dass in einem der Fälle die Erscheinung der Hautsensibilität zu Histoplasmin 18 Tage nach der Infektion erfolgte. In den meisten Fällen von Chromoblastomykosis ist die ursächliche Pilzspecies eine andere, als diejenige, die in anderen Gegenden gefunden worden ist. Sie ist reichlich vorhanden in trockenen Gegenden mit einer xerophyten Vegetation. Eine “Nationale Koordinierende Kommission für die Untersuchung von Pilzerkrankungen” ist gegründet worden, um die Aufklärung der mannigfaltigen Probleme, die die Mykosen hervorgerufen haben, zu erleichteren und um das Interesse für die Medizinische Mykologie im Lande zu fördern.
    Notes: Summary The tropical situation of Venezuela is a favorable condition to the development of fungi and contributes to the varied pathology in which numerous species are the agents. All the known deep human mycoses have been found on the Venezuelan territory. Studies of skin sensibility to histoplasmin and the analysis of the origin of cases of histoplasmosis and paracoccidioidomycosis indicate that both are very frequent in our country and are found preferentially in humid places of leafy vegetation, while coccidioidomycosis is limited to a dry area with predominant xerophyte vegetation and scarce rain fall, located in the northwestern region of the country, near the central North.Histoplasma capsulatum has been isolated from soils, among them the one of a cave where several excursionists had acquired the infection. It has been possible to pinpoint in these cases of primary pulmonary infection that the incubation period oscillated between 8 and 16 days and in one of them the appearance of the skin sensitivity to histoplasmin could be observed 18 days after the exposure to the fungus. In the most part of cases of chromoblastomycosis the agent is a different species from those frequently found in other countries and it seems to be abundant in dry regions with xerophyte vegetation. A “National Coordinating Commission for the Study of Mycoses” has been established in order to facilitate the elucidation of diverse problems that mycoses brought up and to stimulate the interest in medical mycology in the country.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 13 (1960), S. I 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary The Autor describes and systematically determines a new species of helicosporous fungi (Helicosporina Veronae, n. sp.), found in Lazio in Eucalyptus soils. The morphological characters refer to the reproductive and vegetative organs in artificial mediums.
    Notes: Riassunto L'A. descrive e determina sistematicamente una nuova specie diHelicosporina (Helicosporina Veronae n. sp.), rinvenuta nel Lazio in terreni coltivati ad eucalitto. I caratteri tassonomici riguardano gli organi vegetativi e riproduttivi ottenuti in substrati artificiali.
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