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  • Blackwell Scientific Publications  (28)
  • Springer-Verlag  (12)
  • Academic Press  (6)
  • 1990-1994  (46)
  • 1985-1989
  • 1970-1974
  • 1992  (46)
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  • 1990-1994  (46)
  • 1985-1989
  • 1970-1974
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rHuTNF) is a cytokine, with some antitumor activity, released by stimulated monocytes-macrophages. In vivo and in vitro cytotoxicity studies testing the effectiveness of rHuTNF alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic agents have been carried out. We have evaluated the direct cytotoxic effect of rHuTNF on a human epithelial ovarian cancer cell line in vitro (A2774), alone or in combination with Etoposide (VP16) or Doxorubicin (Doxo), some topoisomerase II (Topo II) targeted drugs, or in combination with Cisplatin (CDDP), a not Topo II interactive drug. Our results suggest that rHuTNF is directly cytotoxic and that it is also able to induce a potentiation of VP16- or Doxo-cytotoxicity, but it is unable to potentiate CDDP-cytotoxicity. These data represent a reasonable basis for combining rHuTNF with Topo II inhibitors within phase I studies. The combination regimen could be tested in ovarian cancer patients.
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  • 2
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Recently, suggestions have been made that a ‘rapid-onset’ type of cervical cancer is emerging. Evidence for this entity is based on the diagnosis of invasive cervical carcinoma within 2 or 3 years of a ‘normal’ Pap smear. Analysis of 237 patients presenting to our unit between November 1986 and July 1990 with the histologic diagnosis of invasive carcinoma of the cervix revealed 51 patients (21.5%) who reported having had a ‘normal’ Pap smear within 2 years of diagnosis. Strenuous efforts were made to verify and retrieve these smears in an attempt to isolate a group of ‘rapid-onset’ cancers. Despite the patients’ claim to the contrary, there was no record of a smear being performed in 15 patients (29%). The slides of six patients could not be located either due to lack of laboratory co-operation or because the slides had been destroyed: four of these patients had very early adenocarcinomas. The slides of 30 patients were retrieved and reviewed: 16 slides reported as negative contained cells consistent with either invasive carcinoma or carcinoma in-situ; four cases had virtually no cellular material on the slide; four cases contained atypical cells but requests for further material were not followed-up. Six patients had previously been treated for pre-invasive lesions over a range of 3–18 years. We found no case of invasive carcinoma in a patient with a confirmed adequate negative smear within 2 years of diagnosis. At most, six patients (2.52%) could have had ‘rapid-onset’ cancers but this could not be confirmed as these slides could not be reviewed. In summary, this study suggests that in our patient population, ‘rapid-onset’ cervical carcinoma is rare.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A clinicopathologic analysis of 70 patients treated by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy following primary radical surgery has been undertaken. Clinical stage at presentation was IB (58 patients) and IIA (12 patients). Thirty-five patients (50%) had squamous carcinoma, 23 (33%) had adenosquamous carcinoma, 9 (13%) had adenocarcinoma and 3 (4%) had an undifferentiated neoplasm. The reasons for further treatment were: (i) pelvic lymph node metastases (PLNM), 35 (50%); (ii) inadequate central clearance (ICC), 13 (18%); (iii) recurrent disease (RD), 17 (24%); (iv) others, 5 (8%) cases. Sixty-seven patients had radiotherapy, one of whom also received adjuvant chemotherapy, three patients had chemotherapy alone, and 12 patients received chemotherapy for recurrence following radiotherapy. The 5-year survival in the above referral groups were: (i) 66%; (ii) 62%; (iii) 12%. The site of relapse following treatment was primarily pelvic in groups 2 (ICC) and 3 (RD) and extrapelvic in group 1 (PLNM). Of the histologic parameters studied the only factor of statistical significance in predicting outcome in this group who are recognized to have a generally poor prognosis was the presence of parametrial extension (P = 0.0066). Six cases (9%) developed complications following therapy, lymphoedema being the most common (66%).
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The efficacy and toxicity of a combination of carboplatin and cyclophosphamide (CC) were studied in a group of 76 patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival were compared with a historical group of 65 patients treated with CAP-5 (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, cisplatin). Subjective toxicity was compared by the measurement of TWiST, the Time Without Symptoms of Disease or Treatment. Of 75 evaluable patients treated with CC, 18 (24%) had a pathologically complete remission (pCR), and 31 (41%) a partial remission (PR). CC led to leukopenia grade III in 38% and grade IV in 3% of 421 treatment cycles. Thrombocytopenia grade III was seen after 7% and grade IV after 2% of cycles. Treatment delay occurred in 11.5% and dose reduction in 21% of cycles. Nephro- or neurotoxicity did not occur. After a median follow-up of 18 months, the median PFS was 24 months and the overall survival was 25 months. Median duration of TWiST was 22 versus 10 months after CAP-5 (P 〈 0.01). Compared with historical controls, treatment with CC is equivalent to CAP-5. It is free of nephro- and neurotoxicity, but is more myelosuppressive. Quality of life, measured by TWiST, is significantly better during CC. As a consequence of its equivalent efficacy, but lower subjective toxicity, carboplatin should replace cisplatin in treating patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
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  • 5
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    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center, Suite 208, Cambridge MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The medical records of 45- patients with intraoperative diagnosis of borderline or low malignant potential (LMP) ovarian tumor were reviewed to identify factors affecting intraoperative management. The correlation between gross and histologic staging was examined, as was the complication rate following surgery. Patient age and presence of qualifying pathologic terms on frozen section diagnosis were the only important factors relating to performance of surgical procedure. Surgical complications were closely associated with non-conservative surgery. Thirteen of 14 (92.8%) patients with significant complications had a hysterectomy. These 14 patients had staging procedures at essentially the same rate as the entire population. Thirteen of 45 patients (28.8%) thought to have LMP by frozen section had a different diagnosis on permanent review; 5 were benign and 8 were frankly malignant, confirming the limitations of frozen section in the diagnosis of LMP ovarian tumor. Of 40 with LMP or frankly malignant tumors 5(12.5%) were upstaged based on unsuspected histopathologic findings. These results indicate the need for a standard approach to staging in patients who are suspected to have an LMP ovarian tumor and should encourage the performance of conservative surgery when appropriate.
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  • 6
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    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center, Suite 208, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) allows complete histologic assessment of cervical neoplasia. However, selective colposcopically directed punch biopsy followed by local ablation allows the possibility of inappropriate local ablation of early invasive lesions missed at punch biopsy. The onus of accurate diagnosis lies on the colposcopist. We have studied 1143 patients managed with loop diathermy and identified 35 invasive squamous carcinomas and 9 invasive adenocarcinomas. The data show that the cut-off for accurate colposcopic detection of invasive squamous lesions is not breach of the basement membrane but invasion up to a depth of 1 mm. On the other hand, colposcopy is an unreliable guide for the diagnosis of early adenocarcinoma. Diagnosis based on loop excision allows accurate, rational individualization of management for the unexpected diagnosis of colposcopically occult early invasive disease whilst retaining the logistic benefits of a ‘see and treat’ policy.
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  • 7
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    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center, Suite 208, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Two cases of cervical carcinoma and two cases of normal ectocervical epithelium with a squamous signet-ring cell component are presented. In one carcinoma the vacuolization was so prominent that it partially obliterated the epithelial pattern of the tumor. Paraffin specimens were studied with a panel of histo- and immunohistochemical stains and by electron microscopy. The vacuoles of the squamous signet-ring cells did not contain glycogen, mucopolysaccharides or masses of intermediate filaments. The findings are discussed in relation to possible human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The true nature and possible clinicopathologic implications of the squamous carcinoma with signet-ring cells remain to be established, but the phenomenon may cause diagnostic difficulties, especially in biopsy specimens.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A patient with a stage Ia vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (〈 1 mm invasion) is reported in which an inguinal recurrence one and a half years after partial radical vulvectomy and superficial inguinal lymph node sampling was noted. After the initial biopsy showing a tumor invading 0.3 mm into the stroma, residual tumor could not be shown in the vulvectomy specimen nor in the superficial lymph nodes. A review of the literature indicates that this is only the second reported case of stage Ia vulvar carcinoma with lymph node metastases.
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  • 9
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    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center, Suite 208, cambridge, MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Refractory lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia characterize a paraneoplastic syndrome observed in advanced gynecologic cancer, as illustrated by a patient with a large malignant mixed Mullerian tumor. Massive infusions of sodium bicarbonate and glucose failed to reverse her metabolic abnormalities, and the patient suffered a rapidly fatal course. The biochemical basis for this metabolic complication is reviewed, including how medical intervention can lead to iatrogenic exacerbation of the metabolic imbalance.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This review summarizes investigations dealing with the sexual functioning of women with gynecological cancer. A critical review of methods of investigation and results is presented and an outline for future research. The literature review is preceded by a short theoretical introduction on cancer and sexual behavior relevant to the conceptualization and assessment of sexual functioning under these circumstances. The review is concluded by some guidelines to help patients and partners cope with sexual problems after treatment of gynecological cancer.
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  • 11
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Amplification and/or increased expression of the HER-2/neu oncogene has been reported to occur in ovarian tumors and possibly to correlate with biologic behavior and prognosis. The frequency with which amplification is reported to occur is quite variable ranging from 0–30% in different series and this variability is probably accounted for by technical and methodologic factors. The variability and lack of reproducibility has raised questions about the usefulness of assessing amplification of the HER-2/neu oncogene and in particular its clinical relevance. In this study by using strict criteria for amplification and using multiple controls we could demonstrate unequivocal amplification of the HER-2/neu oncogene by Southern blot analysis in only 11% of malignant ovarian tumors. The potential pitfalls with the techniques used to detect HER-2/neu oncogene amplification and overexpression are reviewed and possible ways to overcome some of the problems are suggested.
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  • 12
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In recent years, borderline epithelial tumors of the ovary have been investigated by morphometric techniques to allow for a differential diagnosis from benign and malignant neoplasms. In order to enhance this discriminant power, we have applied a new analytical procedure to the evaluation of the nuclear shape in epithelial ovarian tumors. Sixty nuclei of benign ovarian serous neoplasms, 60 nuclei of serous borderline tumors and 60 nuclei of serous carcinomas (18 cases in all) were examined using the software system SAM (Shape Analytical Morphometry). The morphometric procedure consisted of three different phases: (i) extraction of nuclear fundamental curve: this is a function curve giving the smoothing of the original contour by two parametric equations (separately for x and y values as dependent variables); (ii) evaluation of nuclear contour irregularities by Fourier analysis; (iii) evaluation of nuclear shape asymmetry by SAE (Shape Asymmetry Evaluator): this is the ratio between the length of a segment of a parabola interpolating the original curve points and a straight line joining its extremities for a 180° barycentric rotation according 10° steps. All the obtained independent parameters were submitted to statistical analysis. Nuclei of borderline tumors showed dimensional parameters which were intermediate between those of benign and malignant tumors. Both the asymmetry and the irregularities of nuclear contour were greatest in carcinomas.
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  • 13
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    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Between 1970 and 1990, 160 patients with malignant non-dysgerminomatous ovarian germ cell tumors have been treated at our own institution. Primary therapy failed in 42 of these patients, who constitute the basis for this study. Seventeen patients had stage I disease, 5 stage II, 17 stage III, and 3 stage IV. Histologic type included 13 immature teratomas, 8 endodermal sinus tumors, and 21 mixed germ cell tumors. Primary therapy for 14 patients was surgery alone, for 23, surgery plus chemotherapy, for 2, surgery plus radiotherapy and for 3, all three modalities. Median progression-free survival from initial diagnosis lasted 6.8 months (range, 0.9–24 months). Thirty-four patients received chemotherapy as part of salvage; 5/11 (45%) who received VAC are disease-free, and 6/11 (55%) who received cisplatin combinations are disease-free. When primary VAC failed, 3/7 (43%) were salvaged with cisplatin combinations. When primary cisplatin combinations failed, 2/5 (40%) were salvaged. Twelve of the 42 patients (29%) are currently alive disease-free. Primary treatment failure was attributed to surgery alone for 14 patients (7 because of misdiagnosis), radiotherapy for 5, and toxicity for 1. Of the 22 patients who failed chemotherapy, 12 did so because of a suboptimal regimen, 3 because of possible dose-intensity problems, one because of non-compliance, and 6 for unexplained reasons. Patients with ovarian germ cell tumors have an excellent probability of cure with aggressive primary therapy, but successful salvage may be difficult when primary treatment fails.
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  • 14
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy is the current standard chemotherapy for the management of advanced stage, epithelial ovarian cancer. However, correlation has been demonstrated previously between dose intensity and response for cisplatin, but not for the other cytotoxic drugs commonly used. We treated 46 consecutive, newly diagnosed patients following standard debulking laparotomy with cisplatin 60 mg m−2 every 2 weeks for a total of 8 cycles. Survival and toxicity were compared with those of a similar cohort of 24 consecutive, newly diagnosed patients treated with cisplatin 75 mg m−2 plus cyclophosphamide 600 mg m−2 every 4 weeks for 6 cycles, at the same institution immediately prior to the current cohort. The single-agent cisplatin cohort received a mean relative cisplatin-equivalent dose intensity of 1.43 compared with a received mean relative cisplatin-equivalent dose intensity of 0.88 in the combination chemotherapy cohort, a 62.5% increase in the cisplatin dose intensity. At 2 years, 69% of the patients receiving single-agent cisplatin were alive, compared with 38% of the group receiving the combination chemotherapy (P = 0.014). Alopecia (P 〈 0.00001) and myelosuppression (P 〈 0.0000001) were markedly less in the patient group receiving single-agent cisplatin. There was no significant difference in the incidence of neurotoxicity (P = 0.28) or nephrotoxicity (P = 0.38) between the two patient groups. In summary, relatively dose intensive, single-agent cisplatin given in a biweekly schedule for the first-line management of advanced stage, ovarian cancer produced a survival advantage compared with the previous combination cyclophosphamide/platinum combination chemotherapy. This novel therapy takes one-third less time to complete and causes fewer side effects than the current standard of combination cyclophosphamide and cisplatin.
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  • 15
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT), a rare variant of gestational trophoblastic disease, was first described in 1976. PSTT is usually seen in young women, generally treated by hysterectomy, and is associated with a 20% fatality rate. The development of metastases secondary to PSTT is associated with an extremely poor prognosis. Metastatic PSTT has generally been resistant to chemotherapy although one complete and some partial responses have been noted previously. We report a case of a complete chemotherapeutic response in a patient with pulmonary metastases.
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  • 16
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    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center,Suite 208, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Between October 1988 and March 1991, 23 ovarian cancer patients with progressive disease whilst receiving second- or third-line polychemotherapy received subcutaneously 3.6 mg Goserelin, a GnRH analogue, at monthly intervals until further tumor progression. Four patients (17.4%) achieved partial response, 7 patients (30.4%) had stable disease and 12 patients (52.2%) showed further tumor progression. Median time to tumor progression was 8.5, 5.3 and 2.1 months, respectively (Mantel test, P = 0.0003). Ten out of 11 patients who showed partial response or no change had grade 2 or grade 3 tumors. We conclude that Goserelin shows evidence of antitumor activity also in grade 2 and grade 3 ovarian carcinoma. It offers a therapeutic alternative to a group of patients, in whom we usually terminate cytotoxic treatment.
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  • 17
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Seventy-one patients with stage IIb-IVa cervical cancer were entered on a randomized trial comparing standard pelvic radiotherapy vs. 3 cycles of combination chemotherapy with cisplatin, vinblastine and bleomycin followed by pelvic radiotherapy. Four out of 34 patients randomized to PVB followed by radiotherapy received no PVB and a further 3 patients had only one or 2 cycles of chemotherapy prior to radiotherapy due to drug-related toxicity or progressive disease. After a median follow-up of 3.1 years, no significant difference in survival has emerged between the two randomized groups. However, a difference in the pattern of relapse is emerging with a relatively reduced frequency of systemic relapse in patients receiving chemotherapy prior to local radiotherapy compared to radiotherapy alone. Tumor response was seen following PVB treatment and prior to radiotherapy in 47% of patients. Overall the tumor response rate following completion of radiotherapy was 89% in those treated by radiotherapy and 94% after PVB+radiotherapy. Thirty-three percent of patients randomized to radiotherapy alone relapsed first at a distant (extra pelvic site), and only 18% of patients randomized to initial PVB followed by radiotherapy relapsed systemically initially. When results are presented according to treatment actually given, these trends in patterns of treatment failure are magnified. No treatment-related deaths were reported, and there was no excess of complications with pelvic radiotherapy in the group who had received prior PVB chemotherapy.
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  • 18
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The immunohistochemically detectable expression of CA-125 and CEA in ovarian tumor tissue from 187 patients was related to corresponding preoperative serum levels. A strong positive association between tissue expression and the serum level of both the CA-125 and CEA antigens was found in cases of invasive epithelial ovarian carcinoma. However, this relationship was absent for CA-125 in borderline cases and patients with benign ovarian tumors, although the antigen frequently was detectable in them. The presence of ascites could be verified in 3 of 10 cases with benign CA-125 negative tumors, but elevated CA-125 levels in serum. ‘False negative’ CA-125 levels were found in 6 borderline and 7 true invasive carcinoma cases despite positive tissue staining. Eight of those patients had limited stage I disease. The data suggests that although the tissue expression of the CA-125 and CEA antigens in invasive ovarian carcinoma has an important influence in the corresponding serum level, compartment barriers and low cell turnover in benign, and to a lesser extent borderline, cases result in low serum levels. In addition, other factors influence serum levels of CA-125, such as secondary peritoneal response with or without ascites, which may cause ‘falsely elevated’ CA-125 results in benign disease.
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  • 19
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The incidence of cervical cancer in Greenland is one of the highest in the world. This is in accordance with known epidemiologic risk factors, in particular of sexual lifestyle and tobacco smoking. Yet a recent study of cervical smears from randomly selected Greenlandic women failed to demonstrate any elevated prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV), of which particularly HPV types 16 and 18 are assumed to play a role in the development of cervical dysplasia and carcinoma. Another oncogenic virus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is known to be widespread in the Greenlandic population and the virus has been reported to infect the female genital tract. We therefore used the polymerase chain reaction to examine paraffin-embedded tissues of cervical carcinomas from 11 indigenous Greenlandic women and, for comparison, also cervical carcinoma tissues from 11 Danish patients, for EBV, HPV 16 and HPV 18 DNA sequences. None of the 22 cervical tissues contained EBV DNA. Six Greenlandic and five Danish carcinomas harbored HPV 16 DNA, and one carcinoma of each group was HPV 18-positive. In conclusion, cervical carcinoma is not associated with EBV infection. Further, the oncogenic HPVs are probably encountered at the same rate in carcinomas from Greenland and from Denmark.
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  • 20
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Sixty-three patients under the age of 50 years who were long-term survivors following radiotherapy for cervical cancer and had been placed on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) were identified. The median age at treatment was 37 years and the mean delay from treatment to the initiation of HRT was over 15 months. Fifteen of the 63 patients had experienced vaginal bleeding attributable to the effects of HRT on persisting endometrial tissue. The significance of this is discussed.
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  • 21
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    Electronic Resource
    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The prevalence of malignant peritoneal cytology in patients with International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (1971) stage I endometrial carcinoma and its predictive value for recurrence of disease following hysterectomy were analyzed by numerically pooling the crude results of independent studies. Malignant cytology occurred in 8.3, 12.1 and 15.9% of patients with grade 1, 2 and 3 histology, respectively, and in 7.6% and 17.2% of patients with superficial and deep myometrial invasion, respectively. Prevalence was heterogeneous in the groups with grade 1 histology, grade 2 histology and superficial invasion, and homogeneous in the groups with grade 3 histology and deep invasion. This, together with a technical false positive rate of approximately 5% in the diagnosis of malignant cytology, suggests that the pooled values of prevalence for the low grade and superficially invasive groups may be overestimated. Malignant cytology was strongly associated with disease recurrence (pooled odds ratio of 4.7 with a 95% confidence interval of 3.5–6.3). Qualitative review of the literature suggests that this is largely due to the association of malignant cytology with other adverse prognostic factors which dominate the clinical course of the disease. In the absence of other adverse prognostic factors, the true prevalence of malignant cytology is low. This limits the clinical utility of cytology as an independent predictor of either overall recurrence or site of recurrence. Routine adjuvant treatment of patients with malignant cytology is therefore not justified.
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  • 22
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: To evaluate the efficacy of computed tomography (CT) in 175 patients scheduled to undergo surgery for a suspected ovarian mass, we compared preoperative CT findings with the findings at surgery and histology. At surgery, 115 patients were found to have epithelial ovarian malignancies (20 stage 1, 7 stage II, 50 stage III and 38 stage IV) while 60 had benign pelvic tumors. CT findings were suggestive of malignancy in 4 (7%) of 60 patients with benign tumors and suggestive of benign disease in 3 (3%) of 115 patients with malignant ovarian tumors; 30% of all scans were inconclusive. The sensitivity of CT for predicting pelvic or para-aortic lymph node involvement in 42 patients who underwent lymphadenectomy was 62 and 70%, respectively; the specificity was 100%. The results of this series suggest that the routine use of CT in the preoperative evaluation of patients does not seem justified.
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  • 23
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    238 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This paper addresses the role of endocervical curettage (ECC) as an adjunct of colposcopic evaluation of patients with abnormal cervical cytology. In a meta-analysis of literature data the contribution of ECC to the diagnostic accuracy of colposcopic examination and in the predictive value with regard to the final histologic diagnosis is discussed. The clinical impact of the application of ECC appears to be limited. Figures suggest a reduction in underdiagnosis of (micro)carcinoma in patients with satisfactory colposcopy and an increase of predictive value in diagnosis of invasive disease in unsatisfactory colposcopy.
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  • 24
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In a prospective study the immunohistochemically detectable tissue expression of the antigens CA-125 and CEA in 112 epithelial ovarian carcinomas and 23 borderline tumors was related to histologic features of the tumor and to patient survival. The CA-125 antigen was expressed mainly in non-mucinous tumors, with no evident association between histologic grade and immunoreactivity. CEA was expressed in mucinous tumors regardless of tumor grade. Flow cytometric DNA analysis was performed on fresh frozen tissue in a subgroup of 60 cases. There was no association between DNA ploidy or S-phase fraction and the CA-125 or CEA antigen expression. Tumor stage, size of residual tumor masses after surgery and DNA ploidy had independent associations with patient survival in multivariate log-rank analysis of prognostic factors. However, there was no association between the CA-125 or CEA antigen expression and patient survival. Thus, in ovarian carcinoma the expression of the CA-125 and CEA antigens seems to be independent of the inherent malignant potential of the tumor epithelium, while DNA analysis provides valuable prognostic information.
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  • 25
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Serum levels of the tumor associated antigens CA125, CASA, OSA and MSA were determined preoperatively in a non-consecutive series of patients with: invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (OC, n = 87), ovarian tumors of low malignant potential (LMP, n = 9), benign adnexal masses (BAM, n = 48) and other peritoneal and pelvic malignancies (n = 48). In addition, serum levels of CASA, OSA, and MSA were determined in 3477 asymptomatic well women. Ninety-eight percent of the asymptomatic women had CASA levels 〈 6.0 U ml−1, OSA levels 〈 5.5 U ml−1 and MSA levels 〈 80.0 U ml−1. Serum CA125 levels were〉 35 U ml−1 in 89% of OC, in 44% of LMP, and in 23% of BAM. Serum CASA levels were〉 6.0 U ml−1 in 58% of OC, in 0% of LMP, and in 0% of BAM. Serum OSA levels were〉 5.5 U ml−1 in 61% of OC in 0% of LMP and in 4% of BAM. Serum MSA levels were〉 80.0 U ml−1 in 56% of OC, in 11% of LMP, and in 10% of BAM. When cut-off levels were set to exclude all patients with BAM, the best discrimination from OC using a single assay was achieved using CASA (58%). However, a combination of CASA and CA125 gave positive levels in 69% of OC at levels which precluded BAM. All markers were also elevated in some colon cancers, cervical cancers, uterine cancers and other peritoneal malignancies. A combination of CA125 and CASA levels, obtained preoperatively may assist the general gynecologist in avoiding potentially difficult oncologic surgery.
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  • 26
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The relatively high incidence of amplification and overexpression of the neu (c-erb B2/HER-2) oncogene in breast cancer, and its association with poor prognosis, particularly in node negative patients, may allow identification of patients who require aggressive therapy to prevent an early relapse. It’s association with ovarian cancer, however, is less well defined than in breast cancer. An ELISA for the c-neu proto-oncogene related protein, p185, has been developed recently using the monoclonal antibodies NB3 and TA1. In the first study of it’s kind, we assayed serum samples from patients with primary epithelial ovarian cancer for circulating c-neu p185. Elevated levels were found in 21/178 (11.8%) patients. No correlation was found between serum levels and either the presence or volume of tumor, when assessed either after primary or at second-look surgery. A change in c-neu p185 levels did not correlate with response to chemotherapy. When subjected to univariate and multivariate analyses together with other known prognostic factors, serum c-neu p185 was not a significant predictor of progression-free survival or overall survival. Although c-neu p185 may be involved in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer, it’s assay in serum has no value in prognosis or monitoring.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 27
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Three Cambridge Center, Siute 208, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The prognostic value of the volume-weighted mean nuclear volume (MNV) was investigated retrospectively in 100 ovarian cancer patients with FIGO-stage IB–II (n = 51) and stage III–IV (n = 49) serous tumors. No association was demonstrated between the MNV and the survival or between the MNV and two of five additional parameters: age and amount of residual tumor. However, both in stage IB–II and stage III–IV carcinomas, the MNV increased significantly with increasing tumor grade and DNA-index. Furthermore, FIGO-stage IB–II patients had significantly smaller nuclei than patients with stage III–IV disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 28
    Unknown
    Boston : Academic Press
    Call number: B086:85
    Keywords: Markov processes
    Pages: xxi, 565 p. : ill.
    Edition: Transferred to digital printing 2008
    ISBN: 9780122839559
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  • 29
    Call number: QZ266.6:23
    Keywords: Thermotherapy ; Hyperthermia, Induced ; Tumor / Therapie
    Pages: ix, 84 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 3540545603
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  • 30
    Unknown
    Berlin : Springer-Verlag
    (NMR, 28)  
    Call number: 05-MET-15:68/3
    Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    Pages: vi, 190 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 3-540-55029-1
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  • 31
    Unknown
    Berlin : Springer-Verlag
    (NMR, 27)  
    Call number: 05-MET-15:68/2
    Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    Pages: x, 296 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 3-540-55022-4
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  • 32
    Call number: QZ1Z:32/85
    Keywords: Generative organs, Female / Cancer ; Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology ; Tumor / Gynäkologie
    Pages: xi, 378 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 3540529551
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  • 33
    Unknown
    Boston : Blackwell Scientific Publications
    Call number: 08-BIOCH AGG
    Keywords: Cytokines / Handbooks, manuals, etc ; Cytokines / handbooks
    Pages: : ill.
    ISBN: 0865421838
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  • 34
    Unknown
    San Diego : Academic Press
    Call number: 04-BCH:192
    Keywords: Proteins / Analysis ; Biochemistry
    Pages: 544 p.
    ISBN: 0-12-058756-4
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  • 35
    Call number: QZ241:3(2)/5
    Keywords: Odontogenic tumors / Histopathology ; Odontogenic Tumors / classification ; Odontogenic Tumors / pathology
    Notes: Rev. ed. of: Histological typing of odontogenic tumours, jaw cysts, and allied lesions / J.J. Pindborg, I.R.H. Kramer, in collaboration with H. Torloni. 1971.
    Pages: x, 118 p. : ill. (some col.)
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 354054142X
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  • 36
    Call number: QZ200:9(4, 2.rev.)
    Keywords: Tumors / Classification ; Neoplasms / classification ; Tumor / Klassifikation
    Notes: At head of title: UICC, International Union against Cancer.
    Pages: xx, 217 p.
    Edition: 4th ed., 2nd revision.
    ISBN: 3540173668
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  • 37
    Call number: QH212.E4:42
    Keywords: X-ray microscopy / Congresses ; Microscopy / instrumentation ; Microscopy / methods ; X-Ray / congresses
    Pages: xvi, 491 p. : ill. (some col.)
    ISBN: 3540536051
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  • 38
    Call number: QZ200:13(3). 2.rev.)
    Keywords: Neoplasms / classification ; Tumors / Classification ; Cancer / Classification ; DKFZ-publications
    Notes: Guide to: TNM classification of malignant tumours / edited by P. Hermanek and L.H. Sobin. 4th, fully rev. ed., 1987.
    Pages: xiv, 359 p. : ill.
    Edition: 3rd ed., 2nd revision.
    ISBN: 3540177213
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  • 39
    Unknown
    San Diego : Academic Press
    Call number: 0330:10
    Keywords: Pharmaceutical chemistry ; Bioorganic chemistry ; Molecular pharmacology ; Drugs / Design ; Chemistry, Organic ; Chemistry, Pharmaceutical ; Drug Design ; Pharmacokinetics ; Pharmakologie / Molekularbiologie ; PHARMKOLOGIE / INTERAKTION
    Pages: xiv, 422 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 0126437300
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  • 40
    Unknown
    London : Academic Press
    Call number: 04-DIFF:69b ; ATV-VET:113b ; ATV-VET:113
    Keywords: Mice / atlases ; Embryology / atlases ; Fetal development / atlases ; Mice / embryology
    Pages: xvi, 512 p.
    ISBN: 0-12-402035-6
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  • 41
    Unknown
    San Diego : Academic Press
    Call number: A0700:1
    Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster / Genetics ; Genome
    Notes: Rev. ed. of: The genetic variations of Drosophila melanogaster / D.L. Lindsley and E.H. Grell. 1968.
    Pages: viii, 1133 p., [8] leaves of plates
    ISBN: 0124509908
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  • 42
    Call number: 09-MA:793
    Keywords: Stochastic integrals ; Martingales (Mathematics) ; Stochastic differential equations ; DIFFERENTIALGLEICHUNG / STOCHASTISCH
    Pages: x, 302 p. : ill.
    Edition: 2nd corr. print.
    ISBN: 0387509968
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  • 43
    Call number: 04-HIS:105
    Keywords: Endocrine glands / Atlases ; Endocrinology, Comparative / Atlases
    Notes: Translation of: Naibunpi-kikan no atlas; editor, Hideshi Kobayashi.
    Pages: xii, 307 p. : ill. (some col.)
    ISBN: 0387531580
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  • 44
    Unknown
    San Diego : Academic Press
    Call number: 04-ZELL:325
    Keywords: Centrosomes
    Pages: xii, 368 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 0123947707
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  • 45
    Call number: 08-ONK ELL
    Keywords: Genital Neoplasms, Female / radionuclide imaging ; Radioimmunodetection ; Tumor Markers, Biological
    Pages: vi, 171 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 3540544542
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  • 46
    Call number: 05-MET-15:68/1
    Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    Pages: v. 〈1 〉 : ill.
    ISBN: 3540545476
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