Publication date: 2 July 2018 Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Volume 501, Issue 4 Author(s): Feng Tian, Jiwei Wang, Haifeng Sun, Jianbo Yang, Peng Wang, Songlin Wan, Xuejin Gao, Li Zhang, Jieshou Li, Xinying Wang Parenteral nutrition (PN) is one of the basic therapies for patients with intestinal failure; however, hepatic steatosis associated with PN limits the long-term use of PN. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been used to improve clinical outcomes of patients receiving PN; however, the mechanisms by which n-3 PUFAs ameliorate hepatic steatosis remain unclear. In the present study, C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to three treatment groups, namely, enteral nutrition (EN), n-3 PUFAs, and n-6 PUFAs. Additionally, MK 886 was used to inhibit PPAR-α. After 7 days of intervention, mice were sacrificed, and liver tissue and serum samples were collected. Results from liver weight and liver triglyceride measurements and Oil Red O staining showed that n-3 PUFAs significantly reduced the liver triglyceride levels. In addition, treatment with n-3 PUFAs resulted in a greater decrease in serum triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels compared to n-6 PUFAs. The key enzymes involved in FA oxidation, namely, PPAR-α and CPT-1α, were significantly restored at both the mRNA and protein levels in the n-3 PUFAs group. However, the benefits of n-3 PUFAs in improving serum and liver TG levels were abolished when the PPAR-α/CPT-1α pathway was blocked by MK 886. The results of this study indicated that n-3 PUFAs ameliorated the PN-associated hepatic steatosis by activating the PPAR-α/CPT-1α pathway. The present study provided a reliable scientific basis supporting the potential beneﬁcial effects of n-3 PUFAs for improving hepatic steatosis in patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition.
Chemistry and Pharmacology