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  • Springer  (1,652,890)
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  • 1
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    Berlin : Springer
    Notes: This is a series title, single volumes see link below.
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  • 2
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    Berlin : Springer
    Keywords: Biotechnology / methods
    Notes: This is a series title, single volumes see link below.
    ISSN: 1940-607X
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  • 3
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Pharmacology
    Notes: This is a series title, single volumes see link below.
    ISSN: 1940-6053
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  • 4
    Keywords: Cell Biology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Purinergic Signaling -- Knock-out and Knock-in Mouse Models to Study Purinergic Signaling -- Agonists and Antagonists for Purinergic Receptors -- Homology Modelling of P2X Receptors -- Using RNA Interference for Purinoceptor Knock Down in vivo -- Developmental Expression of Ectonucleotidase and Purinergic Receptors Detection by Whole Mount in situ hybridization in Xenopus Embryos -- Histochemical Approach for Simultaneous Detection of Ecto-nucleotidase and Alkaline Phosphatase Activities in Tissues -- Flow Cytometry of Membrane Purinoreceptors -- Studying Purinoceptor Cell-surface Expression by Protein Biotinylation -- Multimeric Ionotropic Purinoceptor Detection by Protein Cross-linking -- Multimeric Purinoceptor Detection by Bioluminiscence Resonance Energy Transfer -- Application of Fluorescent Purinoceptor Antagonists for Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer Assays and Fluorescent Microscopy -- Detection of Extracellular ATP in the Tumor Microenvironment, using the pmeLUC Biosensor -- Using Amperometric, Enzyme-Based Biosensors for Performing Longitudinal Measurements of Extracellular adenosine 5-triphosphate in the Mouse -- Fluorescent Labeling and Quantification of Vesicular ATP Release using Live Cell Imaging -- Using FRET-based Fluorescent Sensors to Monitor Cytosolic and Membrane-proximal Extracellular ATP levels -- ATP Measurement in Cerebrospinal Fluid Using a Microplate Reader -- P2X Electrophysiology and Surface Trafficking in Xenopus oocytes -- Heterologous Expression and Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors in HEK293 Cells -- Recording P2X Receptors Using Whole Cell Patch Clamp from Native Monocytes and Macrophages -- Automated Planar Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors -- Controlling Engineered P2X Receptors with Light -- Intracellular Calcium Recording after Purinoceptor Activation Using a Video-microscopy Equipment -- Assays to Measure Purinoceptor Pore Dilation -- Detection of Inflammasome Activation by P2X7 Purinoceptor Activation by Determining ASC Oligomerization -- Measuring Leukocyte Migration to Nucleotides -- Assessment of Cell Adhesion after Purinoceptor Activation
    Abstract: This volume aims to cover all major methodological aspects of research into purinergic signaling and to provide a foundation for studying them at molecular, biochemical, pharmacological, and physiological levels. Chapters guide readers through current knock-out and knock-in mouse models, in silico modeling, knock down purinoceptor expression, bioluminiscence resonance energy transfer, enzyme-based biosensors, recording P2X receptor electrophysiology, controlling P2X receptors by optogenetics, inflammasome activation, leukocyte migration, and cell adhesion. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Purinergic Signaling: Methods and Protocols will provide a sound basis for molecular, cellular, and physiological research into purinergic signaling in health and disease and will spark interest in this fascinating signaling process among researchers in many different and unrelated disciplines
    Pages: XII, 360 p. 82 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997176
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  • 5
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Cell Biology ; Bioinformatics ; Biology—Technique ; Systems Biology ; Biological systems ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Cell Biology ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Biological Techniques ; Systems Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Workflows and Components of Bioimage Analysis -- Measurements of Intensity Dynamics at the Periphery of the Nucleus -- 3D Quantitative Colocalisation Analysis -- The NEMO Dots Assembly: Single-Particle Tracking and Analysis -- Introduction to MATLAB: Image Analysis & Brownian Motion -- Resolving the process of Clathrin Mediated Endocytosis Using Correlative Light & Electron Microscopy (CLEM)
    Abstract: This Open Access textbook provides students and researchers in the life sciences with essential practical information on how to quantitatively analyze data images. It refrains from focusing on theory, and instead uses practical examples and step-by step protocols to familiarize readers with the most commonly used image processing and analysis platforms such as ImageJ, MatLab and Python. Besides gaining knowhow on algorithm usage, readers will learn how to create an analysis pipeline by scripting language; these skills are important in order to document reproducible image analysis workflows. The textbook is chiefly intended for advanced undergraduates in the life sciences and biomedicine without a theoretical background in data analysis, as well as for postdocs, staff scientists and faculty members who need to perform regular quantitative analyses of microscopy images
    Pages: X, 170 p. 69 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9783030223861
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  • 6
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Experimenting with Trinucleotide Repeats: Facts and Technical Issues -- Fast Assays to Detect Interruptions in CTG.CAG Repeat Expansions -- Tracking Expansions of Stable and Threshold Length Trinucleotide Repeat Tracts In Vivo and In Vitro Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Quantifying Replication Fork Progression at CTG Repeats by 2D Gel Electrophoresis -- Genetic Assays to Study Repeat Fragility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Genetic Screens to Study GAA/TTC and Inverted Repeat Instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Monitoring Double-Strand Break Repair of Trinucleotide Repeats Using a Yeast Fluorescent Reporter Assay -- Analysis of Trinucleotide Repeat Stability by Integration at a Chromosomal Ectopic Site -- Experimental System to Study Instability of (CGG)n Repeats in Cultured Mammalian Cells -- Assessing Triplet Repeat Expansions in Human SVG-A Cell Culture -- The Isolation and Analysis of the CGG-Repeat Size in Male and Female Gametes from a Fragile X Mouse Model -- In Vitro Synthesis and RNA Structure Probing of CUG Triplet Repeat RNA -- FISH Protocol for Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Cells -- Real Time Videomicroscopy and Semi-Automated Analysis of Brain Cell Culture Models of Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion Diseases -- Primary Cultures of Pure Embryonic Dorsal Root Ganglia Sensory Neurons as a New Cellular Model for Friedreich’s Ataxia -- GFP Reporters to Monitor Instability and Expression of Expanded CAG/CTG Repeats -- Gene Therapy for Huntington's Disease Using Targeted Endonucleases
    Abstract: This detailed book contains techniques to explore the unusual properties of the peculiar microsatellites known as trinucleotide repeats. Beginning with technical challenges raised by secondary structure-forming repeats and their propensity to contract and expand over time, the book continues with genetic screens in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, experimental systems to study trinucleotide repeat instability in human cells, dedicated experimental systems in appropriate cell types, as well as gene therapy approaches using the CRISPR-Cas family of endonucleases. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Trinucleotide Repeats: Methods and Protocols serves as a valuable aid to experts and newcomers alike who seek to investigate this fascinating and ever-expanding field of study
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 65 illus., 53 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997848
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  • 7
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Practical Guide to Live-Cell Imaging of Meiosis in Arabidopsis -- Whole-Mount Immunolocalization Procedure for Plant Female Meiocytes -- How to Perform an Accurate Analysis of Metaphase I Chromosome Configurations in Autopolyploids of Arabidopsis thaliana -- Cytological Characterization of Arabidopsis arenosa Polyploids by SIM -- Targeted Analysis of Chromatin Events (TACE) -- Whole Mount Immuno-FISH on Arabidopsis Meiocytes (WhoMI-FISH) -- Using Genome In Situ Hybridization (GISH) to Distinguish the Constituent Genomes of Brassica nigra and B. rapa in the Hybrid B. juncea -- Preparing Maize Synaptonemal Complex Spreads and Sequential Immunofluorescence and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization -- Cytological Techniques to Study Cytomixis in Plant Male Meiosis -- Analysis of Meiosis in Non-Model Tropical Plants: The Case of Carica papaya Linn -- Analytical Methodology of Meiosis in Auto- and Allopolyploid Plants -- Multi-Colored Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization to Assess Pairing Configurations at Metaphase I in Brassica Hybrids -- Surface Spreading Technique in Plant Meiocytes for Analysis of Synaptonemal Complex by Electron Microscopy -- Quantification of Synapsis using Immunolocalization in Embedded Nuclei of Lolium -- Following the Formation of Synaptonemal Complex Formation in Wheat and Barley by High Resolution Microscopy -- Chromatin Immunoprecipitation of Meiotically Expressed Proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana Flowers -- Isolating Male Meiocytes from Maize and Wheat for “-omics” Analyses -- How to Study the Proteomes and Phosphoproteomes of Anther and Pollen -- Rice Female Meiosis: Genome-Wide mRNA, Small RNA and DNA Methylation Analysis during Ovule Development -- Quantification of Recombination Rate and Segregation Distortion by Genotyping and Sequencing of Single Pollen Nuclei -- Identifying and Isolating Meiotic Mutants in Polyploid Brassica Crops -- A Cytological Analysis of Wheat Meiosis Targeted by Virus-Induced Gene-Silencing (VIGS) -- Induction and Characterization of Diploid Pollen Grains in Arabidopsis thaliana -- Analysis of Pollen Grains by Immunostaining and FISH in Triticeae Species -- Analysing Somatic DNA Repair in Arabidopsis Meiotic Mutants -- A Modular Tray Growth System for Barley -- In planta Delivery of Chemical Compounds into Barley Meiocytes – EdU as Compound Example
    Abstract: This volume looks at the latest techniques used by the meiosis research community to study plant meiosis. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts: Part One discusses cytological and imaging approaches to study meiosis and chromosome dynamics in Arabidopsis (in both diploid and polyploid backgrounds); Part Two talks about using cytological methods to study meiosis in other plant species; Part Three focuses on molecular and biochemical approaches to look at plant meiosis; and Part Four explores further procedures and experiments that are helpful in learning more about plant meiosis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Plant Meiosis: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 405 p. 76 illus., 66 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998180
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  • 8
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; RNA-ligand interactions ; Protein Science ; Protein-Ligand Interactions ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Predicting Protein-Protein Interactions using SPRINT -- Automated Extraction and Visualization of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks and Beyond: A Text Mining Protocol -- Construction of Functional Protein Networks using Domain Profile Associations -- Reconstruction of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks using Homology-Based Search: Application to the Autophagy Pathway of Ageing in Podospora anserina -- Predicting Interacting Protein Pairs by Co-Evolutionary Paralog Matching -- A Web-Based Protocol for Inter-Protein Contact Prediction by Deep Learning -- Visual Analysis of Protein-Protein Interaction Docking Models using COZOID Tool -- Path-LZerD: Predicting Assembly Order of Multimeric Protein Complexes -- Embedding Alternative Conformations of Proteins in Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Informed Use of Protein-Protein Interaction Data: A Focus on the Integrated Interactions Database (IID) -- Generation and Interpretation of Context-Specific Human Protein-Protein Interaction Networks with HIPPIE -- Explore Protein-Protein Interactions for Cancer Target Discovery using the OncoPPi Portal -- Perform Pathway Enrichment Analysis using ReactomeFIViz -- De Novo Pathway Enrichment with KeyPathwayMiner -- De Novo Pathway-Based Classification of Breast Cancer Subtypes -- Vienna Graph Clustering -- On TD-WGcluster - Theoretical Foundations and Guidelines for the User -- An Introductory Guide to Aligning Networks using SANA, the Simulated Annealing Network Aligner
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques that study interactions between proteins in different species, and combines them with context-specific data, analysis of omics datasets, and assembles individual interactions into higher-order semantic units, i.e., protein complexes and functional modules. The chapters in this book cover computational methods that solve diverse tasks such as the prediction of functional protein-protein interactions; the alignment-based comparison of interaction networks by SANA; using the RaptorX-ComplexContact webserver to predict inter-protein residue-residue contacts; the docking of alternative confirmations of proteins participating in binary interactions and the visually-guided selection of a docking model using COZOID; the detection of novel functional units by KeyPathwayMiner and how PathClass can use such de novo pathways to classify breast cancer subtypes. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary hardware- and software, step-by-step, readily reproducible computational protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Protein-Protein Interaction Networks: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 97 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998739
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  • 9
    Keywords: Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Genetics and Genomics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Quarter Century and the PCR Applied Techniques and the Fields of Use Are Still Increasing in Numbers -- Parameters for Successful PCR Primer Design -- MIQE-Compliant Validation of MicroRNA Biomarker Signatures Established by Small RNA Sequencing -- Enhanced Probe-Based RT-qPCR Quantification of MicroRNAs Using Poly(A)tailing and 5' Adaptor Ligation -- A Novel System to Discriminate HLA-C mir148a Binding Site by Allele-Specific Quantitative PCR -- Detection of Yellow Fever Virus by Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) -- Evaluation of the Abundance of Fungi in Wastewater Treatment Plants Using Quantitative PCR (qPCR) -- Early Detection of Fungal Plant Pathogens by Real-Time Quantitative PCR: The Case of Diplodia sapinea on Pine -- A General Protocol for Accurate Gene Expression Analysis in Plants -- Gene Expression Analysis in Bacteria by RT-qPCR -- Detection and Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells by Quantitative Real-Time PCR -- Molecular Monitoring of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia -- Normalization in Human Gliomas Tissue -- qPCR Applications for the Determination of the Biological Age -- QuantStudio™ 12K Flex OpenArray® System as a Tool for High-Throughput Genotyping and Gene Expression Analysis -- Digital PCR and the QuantStudio™ 3D Digital PCR System
    Abstract: This book expands upon the useful first edition by exploring classic Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) techniques as well as a number of recently developed applications. With the changes in instrumentation due to technological advances and the development of new reagents to fulfill ethical and legal issues, the qPCR field is now an up-to-date technology that indeed is widely used in research and clinical diagnostics. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Revised and authoritative, Quantitative Real-Time PCR: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide to this expanding and vital field of study
    Pages: XIII, 235 p. 70 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998333
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  • 10
    Keywords: Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Integrative Biomarkers in Stroke -- Vascular-Related Biomarkers of Ischemic Stroke -- Generation and Applicability of Genetic Risk Scores (GRS) in Stroke -- Neuroplasticity Biomarkers in Experimental Stroke Recovery -- Methods of Mitochondrial and Redox Measurements in Ischemic Stroke -- Blood Biomarkers for Stroke Differentiation -- Laser-Capture Micro-Dissection for Measurement of Angiogenesis after Stroke -- Blood-Borne Biomarkers of Hypertension Predicting Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke -- RNA Gene Expression to Identify the Etiology of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The Biomarkers of Acute Stroke Etiology (BASE) Study -- Neurotoxicity Biomarkers Assays Development -- Glutamate Receptor Peptides as Potential Neurovascular Biomarkers of Acute Stroke -- Antibodies to NMDA Receptors in Cerebral and Spinal Cord Infarctions -- Impaired Retinal Vasoreactivity as an Early Marker of Stroke Risk in Diabetes -- Imaging Biomarkers: Keys to Decision Making in Stroke -- Neuroimaging Methods for Acute Stroke Diagnosis and Treatment -- Ultrasound Assessments of Risk for TIA and Stroke in Vascular Surgery -- Preoperative and Intraoperative Markers of Cerebral Ischemia -- Time is Brain: the Prehospital Phase and the Mobile Stroke Unit -- Acute Clinical Intervention and Chronic Management of Cerebral Vascular Accident -- Trends in Biomarkers Development for Stroke
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest data on recent achievements in new and emerging technologies for stroke biomarkers and innovations in stroke assessment. The topics discussed in this book explore the role of upcoming biomarkers in different types of stroke, and explores techniques that will allow researchers to be more effective when approaching clinical management and patient care. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to ensure successful results in the laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Stroke Biomarkers is a valuable resource for both experimental and clinical scientists interested in expanding their knowledge in the field of stroke research
    Pages: XVII, 425 p. 80 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493996827
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  • 11
    Keywords: Antibodies ; Pharmacology ; Antibodies ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of the Current ADC Discovery Landscape -- Pushing the Envelope: Advancement of ADCs Outside of Oncology -- Conjugations to Endogenous Cysteine Residues -- Site-Specific Conjugation to Cys-Engineered THIOMAB™ Antibodies -- Transglutaminase-Mediated Conjugations -- Click Chemistry Conjugations -- Utilizing Solid-Phase to Enable High-Throughput, Site-Specific Conjugation and Dual Labeled Antibody and Fab Conjugates -- Bridged Cysteine Conjugations -- Antibody Conjugations via Glycosyl Remodeling -- ADC Analysis by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Two-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography Coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of ADCs -- Drug Loading and Distribution of ADCs after Reduction or IdeS Digestion and Reduction -- Analysis of ADCs by Native Mass Spectrometry -- High Resolution Characterization of ADCs by Orbitrap LCMS -- Conjugation Site Analysis by MS/MS Protein Sequencing -- Conjugation Site Analysis of Lysine-Conjugated ADCs -- Characterization of ADCs by Capillary Electrophoresis -- Characterization of the Primary Structure of Cysteine-Linked Antibody-Drug Conjugates using Capillary Electrophoresis with Mass Spectrometry -- Purification of ADCs by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Detection and Removal of Small-Molecule and Endotoxin Contaminants in ADC Preparations -- Physical Stability Studies of Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) Under Stressed Conditions -- Biophysical Methods for Characterization of Antibody Drug Conjugates -- Determination of ADC Cytotoxicity in Immortalized Human Cell Lines -- LC/MS Methods for Studying Lysosomal ADC Catabolism -- Assessing ADC Plasma Stability by LC/MS Methods -- Determination of ADC Concentration by Ligand-Binding Assays
    Abstract: This volume looks at key methodologies that are commonly used across antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) programs. The chapters in this book cover topics such as conjugations to endogenous cysteine residues; click chemistry conjugations; antibody conjugations via glycosyl remodeling; analysis of ADCs by native mass spectrometry; characterization of ADCs by capillary electrophoresis; LC/MS methods for studying lysosomal ADC catabolism; and determination of ADC concentration by ligand-binding assays. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Antibody-Drug Conjugates: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource that aims to lower the €œáctivation barrieŕ€ when undertaking a new discipline, and provides a ́€œtoolbox́€ for the next generation of ADC scientists
    Pages: XI, 373 p. 138 illus., 109 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493999293
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  • 12
    Keywords: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Tour de Herpes: Cycling through the Life and Biology of HSV-1 -- Vaccines for Herpes Simplex: Recent Progress Driven by Viral and Adjuvant Immunology -- Herpes Simplex Virus Growth, Preparation, and Assay -- Engineering HSV-1 Vectors for Gene Therapy -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1)-Based Amplicon Vectors -- HSV-1 Amplicon Vectors as Genetic Vaccines -- oHSV Genome Editing by Means of galK Recombineering -- Rescue, Purification, and Characterization of a Recombinant HSV Expressing a Transgenic Protein -- CRISPR/Cas9-Based Genome Editing of HSV -- Latent/Quiescent Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Genome Detection by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) -- Oligonucleotide Enrichment of HSV-1 Genomic DNA from Clinical Specimens for use in High-Throughput Sequencing -- HSV Mutant Generation and Dual-Detection Methods for Gaining Insight into Latent/Lytic Cycles In Vivo -- Phenotypic and Genotypic Testing of HSV-1 and HSV-2 Resistance to Antivirals -- Using Primary SCG Neuron Cultures to Study Molecular Determinants of HSV-1 Latency and Reactivation -- Characterization of Extracellular HSV-1 Virions by Proteomics -- Analysis and Sorting of Individual HSV-1 Particles by Flow Virometry -- Isolation/Analysis of Extracellular Microvesicles from HSV-1-Infected Cells -- Conformational Change in Herpes Simplex Virus Entry Glycoproteins Detected by Dot Blot -- BioID Combined with Mass Spectrometry to Study Herpesvirus Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Infected Primary Neurons for Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Transmission Immuno-Electron Microscopy of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Infected Dorsal Root Ganglia Neurons Sectioned in Growth Plane -- Multi-Fluorescence Live Analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Replication -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of HSV-1 Glycoproteins for Structure Determination -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of Full-Length HSV-1 gB for Structure Determination -- The Use of Microfluidic Neuronal Devices to Study the Anterograde Axonal Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 -- A Model of In Vivo HSV-1 DNA Transport using Murine Retinal Ganglion Cells -- The Murine Intravaginal HSV-2 Challenge Model for Investigation of DNA Vaccines
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a discussion of new and updated methods used to study the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), along with a look at the latest developing technologies such as next generation sequencing, CRISPR/Cas9 engineering, and the use of BioID to identify protein-protein interactions. Chapters cover topics such as the biology, life cycle, and current state of antiviral and vaccine development for HSV-1; protocols on growing viruses in cell culture and manipulating viral DNA; design and application of HSV-1 vectors for cancer- and gene-therapy; and structural analyses, microscopy, proteomics, and testing of antivirals. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Herpes Simplex Virus: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for immunologists, and molecular and cell biologists. This book will also be useful for researchers who wish to initiate molecular and/or cellular-based approaches to study HSV
    Pages: XIV, 457 p. 60 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998142
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  • 13
    Keywords: Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Bacteriology ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Bacteriology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Plasmid DNA Isolation and Visualization: Isolation and Characterization of Plasmids from Clinical Samples -- Isolation and Visualization of Plasmids from Gram-Positive Bacteria of Interest in Public Health -- Detection, Isolation, and Characterization of Plasmids in the Environment -- Bacteriophage Isolation and Characterization: Phages of Escherichia coli -- Detection and Characterization of Transposons in Bacteria -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Antibiotic Selection -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Fluorescent Reporters -- Methods to Quantify DNA Transfer in Enterococcus -- Quantifying and Characterizing Distributive Conjugal Transfer in Mycobacterium smegmatis -- Spectrophotometric Assays to Quantify the Activity of T4SS ATPases -- Identification of Relaxase-DNA Covalent Complexes and DNA Strand Transfer Reaction Products by Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis -- First Biochemical Steps on Bacterial Transposition Pathways -- Natural Transformation in Escherichia coli -- Integron Identification in Bacterial Genomes and Cassette Recombination Assays -- Methods to Identify and Analyze Vesicle-Protected DNA Transfer -- Measuring Plasmid Stability in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Methods for the Analysis and Characterization of Defence Mechanisms against Horizontal Gene Transfer: CRISPR Systems -- The Mobilome: Metagenomic Analysis of Circular Plasmids, Viruses, and Other Extrachromosomal Elements -- Identifying Conjugative Plasmids and Integrative Conjugative Elements with CONJscan -- PlasmidFinder and In Silico pMLST: Identification and Typing of Plasmid Replicons in Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) -- MOBscan: Automated Annotation of MOB Relaxases -- Plasmid Typing and Classification -- Plasmid Reconstruction from Next-Gen Data: A Detailed Protocol for the Use of PLACNETw for the Reconstruction of Plasmids from WGS Datasets -- Statistical Analysis of Accessory Genome -- Inferring Horizontal Gene Transfer with DarkHorse, Phylomizer, and ETE Toolkits -- Methods to Study Fitness and Compensatory Adaptation in Plasmid-Carrying Bacteria -- A Broad Host Range Plasmid-Based Roadmap for ssDNA-Based Recombineering in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Conjugative Assembly Genome Engineering (CAGE)
    Abstract: This book focuses on technologies used to study horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in prokaryotes. Beginning with a section on the detection and isolation of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), the volume continues with sections concentrating on the analysis of conjugation, transformation, and transduction in HGT as well as a series of methods to analyze the adaptation and evolution of MGEs, with special attention paid to bioinformatics tools. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Horizontal Gene Transfer: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to the further study of this pervasive, all-important mechanism of genetic originality
    Pages: XV, 413 p. 62 illus., 52 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998777
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  • 14
    Keywords: Proteins  ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Protein Science ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Protein Nanotechnology -- Protein Expression in the Baculovirus-Insect Cell Expression System -- Peroxiredoxin Proteins as Building Blocks for Nanotechnology -- Formation of Amphipathic Monolayers from Fungal Hydrophobin Proteins -- ATP Synthase: Expression, Purification, and Function -- Molecular Superglues: Discovery and Engineering Orthogonalization -- Production of Multicomponent Protein Templates for the Positioning and Stabilization of Enzymes -- Adding Function to Protein Scaffolds -- Virus-Derived Nanoparticles -- Strategies for Increasing Protein Stability -- Generation of High Affinity Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles for Protein Recognition via a Solid-Phase Synthesis Protocol -- Nanotechnology with S-Layer Proteins -- Preparation of Proteins and Macromolecular Assemblies for Cryo-Electron Microscopy -- Atomic Force Microscopy of Proteins -- Native Protein Mass Spectrometry -- Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis of b-Casein Nanocarriers -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Proteins
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with updated approaches and techniques used to study protein nanotechnology and the future of nanomaterial compositions. This book is organized into Three Parts: Part One looks at recombinant protein expression in insect cells, and methods to produce molecular motors, molecular superglues, and protein templates; Part Two explores functionalization strategies and ways to incorporate functional protein components into nanodevices; Part Three discusses various instrumental techniques used to study protein nanostructures. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Protein Nanotechnology: Protocols, Instrumentation, and Applications, Third Edition is a valuable resource for any researchers looking to expand their knowledge in this evolving field
    Pages: XIII, 331 p. 84 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998692
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  • 15
    Keywords: Molecular Biology ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Sixty Years of Drug Discovery for Type 2 Diabetes: Where Are We Now? -- Practical Considerations for In Vivo Studies -- Nutritional Models of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus -- Cheminformatics in the Identification of Drug Classes for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes -- Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) for Illumina HISeq using Solution-Based Capture -- Gene Expression Mining in Type 2 Diabetes Research -- Pathways Enrichment Analysis of Gene Expression Data in Type 2 Diabetes -- Diagnostic Genetic Testing for Monogenic Diabetes and Congenital Hyperinsulinemia -- The Isolation and Purification of Rodent Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans -- Characterization of Islet Leukocyte Populations in Human and Murine Islets by Flow Cytometry -- Analysis of Histone Modifications in Rodent Pancreatic Islets by Native Chromatin Immunoprecipitation -- Quantification of Pancreatic Islets: Using Image Analysis Tools -- The Measurement of Calcium Signaling In Beta Cell Lines using Epifluorescence and Confocal Microscopy -- Nitric Oxide and Redox State Measurements in Pancreatic Beta Cells -- Primary Adipocytes as a Model for Insulin Sensitivity -- Assessing Islet Transplantation Outcome in Mice -- The Measurement of Insulin Secretion using Pancreas Perfusion in the Rodent
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous editions with updates on the commonly used techniques and analysis used by clinicians and scientists to study diabetes. The chapters in this book cover topics such as nutritional models of type 2 diabetes mellitus; the isolation and purification of rodent pancreatic islets of Langerhans; nitric oxide and redox state measurements in pancreatic beta cells; and primary adipocytes as a model for insulin sensitivity. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Type 2 Diabetes: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for all researchers who are interested in learning more about this important and evolving field
    Pages: X, 300 p. 50 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998821
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  • 16
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Proteins  ; Human Genetics ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Screening, Post-SELEX Optimization and Application of DNA Aptamers Specific for Tobramycin -- Affitins: Ribosome Display for Selection of Aho7c-based Affinity Proteins -- cDNA Display: A Stable and Simple Genotype–phenotype Coupling Using a Cell-free Translation System -- cDNA Display of Disulfide-containing Peptide Library and in vitro Evolution -- Rapid Antigen and Antibody-like Molecule Discovery by Staphylococcal Surface Display -- Restriction-free Construction of a Phage-presented Very Short Macrocyclic Peptide Library -- In Vitro Maturation of a Humanized Shark VNAR Domain to Improve Its Biophysical Properties -- Antibody Phage Display: Antibody Selection in Solution Using Biotinylated Antigens -- Assessing Antibody Specificity in Human Serum Using Deep Sequence-coupled Biopanning -- Isolation of Antigen-specific VHH Single Domain Antibodies by Combining Animal Immunization with Yeast Surface Display -- Selection and Characterization of Anti-idiotypic Shark Antibody Domains -- Simplifying the Detection of Surface Presentation Levels in Yeast Surface Display by Intracellular tGFP Expression -- Methods for Construction of Yeast Display Libraries of Four-Domain T-cell Receptors -- Isolation of Tailor-made Antibody Fragments from Yeast-displayed B-Cell Receptor Repertoires by Multiparameter Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting -- Isolation of Anti-Hapten Antibodies by Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting of Yeast-Displayed B-Cell Receptor Gene Repertoires -- Rapid Generation of Chicken Immune Libraries for Yeast Surface Display -- Ligand Engineering via Yeast Surface Display and Adherent Cell Panning -- Simultaneous Soluble Secretion and Surface Display of Proteins in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Using Inefficient Ribosomal Skipping -- Chemical Modification of the Yeast Cell Surface Allows the Switch between Display and Soluble Secretion of Full-length Antibodies -- Advanced Establishment of Stable Recombinant Human Suspension Cell Lines Using Geno-Phenotype Coupling Transposon Vectors -- Mammalian Surface Display Screening of Diverse Cystine-Dense Peptide Libraries for Difficult to Drug Targets -- Engineering Antibodies on the Surface of CHO Cells -- Single B Cell Cloning and Production of Rabbit Monoclonal Antibodies
    Abstract: This volume aims at providing state-of-the-art protocols detailing ribosome display, cDNA display, phage display, yeast surface display, and mammalian display. Chapters guide readers through methods and protocols on in vitro methods over prokaryotic display systems, lower eukaryotes, and mammalian cells. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of all necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Genotype Phenotype Coupling aims to provide an overview of current technologies in this exciting and continuously evolving field
    Pages: XII, 445 p. 86 illus., 61 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998531
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  • 17
  • 18
    Call number: WN180:015
    Pages: xii, 120 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 9783030397517
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    WN180:015 on loan
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  • 19
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Snake- and Spider-Venom-Derived Toxins as Lead Compounds for Drug Development -- Analytics for Bioactivity Profiling of Complex Mixtures with a Focus on Venoms -- Venom Collection from Spiders and Snakes: Voluntary and Involuntary Extractions (“Milking”) and Venom Gland Extractions -- Production and Purification of Recombinant Toxins -- RNA-Sequencing of Snake Venom Glands -- Exploring Toxin Evolution: Venom Protein Transcript Sequencing and Transcriptome-Guided High-Throughput Proteomics -- Three-Dimensional Structure Determination of Peptides using Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- Determining the Structures of the Snake and Spider Toxins by X-Rays -- MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometric Profiling of Spider Venoms -- Methods for Evaluation of a Snake Venom Derived Disintegrin in Animal Models of Human Cancer -- Cell-Based Adhesion Assays for Isolation of Snake Venom's Integrin Antagonists -- Using C. elegans to Study the Effects of Toxins in Sensory Ion Channels In Vivo -- Measurements of Cell Death Induced by Snake and Spider’s Venoms and Derived Toxins -- Using Toxins in Brain Slice Recordings -- High-Throughput Calcium Imaging Screen of Toxins’ Function in Dissociated Sensory Neurons -- Synthesizing and Expressing Native Ion Channels
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques and protocols, across various biological disciplines, used to study snake and spider peptide toxins. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts and cover topics such as the use of toxins in drug development; analysis of bioactivity of complex mixtures like venom; extraction of venom glands and the production of toxins; characterization of toxins from the RNA level to the peptide structure; and the determination of the toxin’s biological function. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Snake and Spider Toxins: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 293 p. 46 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998456
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  • 20
    Keywords: Botany ; Plant genetics ; Plant Sciences ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Low-Cost High-throughput Method for Plant Genomic DNA Isolation -- Cereal Genomics Databases and Plant Genetic Resources in Crop Improvement -- Integrated Genomic Strategies for Cereal Genetic Enhancement: Combining QTL and Association Mapping -- Sequencing and Assembling Genomes and Chromosomes of Cereal Crops -- Cost-effective Profiling of Mutator Transposon Insertions in Maize by Next-generation Sequencing -- Relative Expression Analysis of target genes by using Reverse transcription-Quantitative PCR -- DNA Methylation and Transcriptomic Next Generation Technologies in Cereal Genomics -- Genome-wide Identification of Regulatory DNA Elements in Crop Plants -- Genome-wide Profiling of Histone Modifications with ChIP-seq -- Whole-genome Bisulfite Sequencing and Epigenetic Variation in Cereal Methylomes -- Genome-wide Identification of Allele-Specific Gene Expression in a Parent€‘óf€‘Órigin Specific Manner -- Analysis of Epigenetic Modifications during Vegetative and Reproductive Development in Cereals using Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) -- Cereal Circular RNAs (circRNAs): An Overview of the Computational Resources for Identification and Analysis -- Emerging Genome Engineering Tools in Crop Research and Breeding -- CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Targeted Mutagenesis in Wheat Doubled Haploids -- Genetic Transformation of Protoplasts Isolated from Leaves of Lolium temulentum and Lolium perenne -- Agrobacterium Transformation in the Rice Genome -- In vivo Phosphorylation: Development of Specific Antibodies to Detect the Phosphorylated PEPC Isoform for the C4 Photosynthesis in Zea mays
    Abstract: The objective of this volume is to detail current technologies associated with cereal genomics, providing a valuable resource for researchers working in breeding and molecular crop improvement programs. Chapters guide readers through high-throughput DNA extraction protocols, crop genetic resources, meta-Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) analysis, association mapping, next-sequencing generation, transposable element-associated variation, transcriptomics analysis, epigenetic variation, identification of imprinted genes, noncoding RNAs (circular RNAs), genome editing technologies, and post-translational protein phosphorylation.Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Cereal Genomics: Methods and Protocols to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XI, 247 p. 30 illus., 21 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998654
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  • 21
    Keywords: Bacteriology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Bacteriology ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Clinical, Epidemiologic, and Laboratory Aspects of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections -- Rapid Methods for Detection of MRSA in Clinical Specimens -- Immunofluorescence Microscopy for the Detection of Surface Antigens in Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus -- Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec (SCCmec) Analysis of MRSA -- Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Typing of Staphylococcus aureus Strains -- Spa Genotyping of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates -- Multilocus Sequence Typing of Staphylococcus aureus -- Genetic Manipulations of Staphylococcal Chromosomal DNA -- Genetic Manipulation of MRSA using CRISPR/Cas9 Technology -- RNA-seq Identification of Target Genes Mediated by Regulators of Staphylococcus aureus -- Application of Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis in Identification of Factors Responsible for Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus -- Identification of Virulence Determinants during Host-Pathogen Interaction using Tn-Seq Technology -- Metabolomic Profiling of Staphylococcus aureus -- Determining Impact of Growth Phases on Capacity of Staphylococcus aureus to Adhere to and Invade Host Cells -- Preclinical Models and Methodologies for Monitoring Staphylococcus aureus Infections using Noninvasive Optical Imaging -- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection and Treatment Options -- Animal Models for Drug Development for MRSA
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with an update on the latest techniques used for the detection, genotyping, and investigating pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in vivo. The methods covered in this book mostly focus on routine clinical diagnosis, surveillance, research, and practice for treatment of patients infected by multi-drug resistant S. aureus. The book also covers the epidemiology of MRSA, molecular typing approaches, clinical treatment of MRSA infections, and animal models of drug discovery. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Informative and cutting-edge, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Protocols: Cutting-Edge Technologies and Advancements, Third Edition is a valuable resource for researchers looking to set up new methods to study S. aureus, and will also be very useful for technicians and scientists working on other bacterial pathogens
    Pages: XI, 268 p. 35 illus., 27 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998494
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  • 22
    Keywords: Immunology ; Cytology ; Immunology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: High Dimensional Immunophenotyping with Fluorescence-based Cytometry: A Practical Guidebook -- Immunophenotyping by Mass Cytometry -- Fluorescent Cell Barcoding for Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping using Dried and Lyophilized Reagents -- Guidelines for Gating Flow Cytometry Data for Immunological Assays -- Strategies and Techniques for NK Cell Phenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Human B Lymphocytes in the Blood and in the Adipose Tissue -- Multiparametric Flow Cytometry Analysis of Naïve, Memory, and Effector T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Regulatory T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Innate Lymphoid Cells -- Enumeration of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells in Peripheral Blood and Bone Marrow by Flow Cytometric Analysis -- Immunophenotyping of Circulating Endothelial Cell and Endothelial Microparticles -- Rare Event Phenotyping and Molecular Characterization: Circulating Tumor Cells -- Quality Control of Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Myeloid Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia -- Clinical Flow Cytometry Testing in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest collection of immunophenotypic techniques and applications used in research and clinical settings. Chapters in this book cover topics such as constructions of high dimensions fluorescence and mass cytometry panels; fluorescence barcoding; using dried or lyophilized reagents; and immunophenotypic examples of specific cell types. The book concludes with a discussion on the critical roles of quality control and immunophenotyping in the clinical environment. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Immunophenotyping: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researchers, clinician, or scientist interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 356 p. 94 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493996506
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  • 23
    Keywords: Cytology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Simple Method of Generating 3D Brain Organoids Using Standard Laboratory Equipment -- Clinically-Amendable Defined and Rapid Induction of Human Brain Organoids from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Organoid Assay of Human Cancer Stem Cells -- Construction of Thymus Organoids from Decellularized Thymus Scaffolds -- Expansion of Human Airway Basal Stem Cells and Their Differentiation as 3D Tracheospheres -- Human Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) Generation, Culture, and Differentiation to Lung Progenitor Cells -- Organoid Culture of Lingual Epithelial Cells in a Three-Dimensional Matrix -- Generation of Functional Kidney Organoids In Vivo Starting from a Single-Cell Suspension -- Efficient Culture of Intestinal Organoids with Blebbistatin -- Isolation and Culture of Adult Intestinal, Gastric, and Liver Organoids for Cre-Recombinase-Mediated Gene Deletion -- The Three-Dimensional Culture of Epithelial Organoids Derived from Embryonic Chicken Intestine -- New Trends and Perspectives in the Function of Non-Neuronal Acetylcholine in Crypt-Villus Organoids in Mice -- Derivation of Intestinal Organoids from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Use as an Infection System -- Murine Colonic Organoid Culture System and Downstream Assay Applications -- Intestinal Organoids as a Novel Tool to Study Microbes-Epithelium Interactions -- The Isolation, Culture, and Propagation of Murine Intestinal Enteroids for the Study of Dietary Lipid Metabolism -- Oncogenic Transformation of Human-Derived Gastric Organoids -- Intestinal Crypt Organoid: Isolation of Intestinal Stem Cells, In Vitro Culture, and Optical Observation -- Human Intestinal Enteroids: New Models to Study Gastrointestinal Virus Infections -- Study Bacterial-Host Interactions Using Intestinal Organoids -- Disaggregation and Reaggregation of Zebrafish Retinal Cells for the Analysis of Neuronal Layering -- Antibody Uptake Assay in the Embryonic Zebrafish Forebrain to Study Notch Signaling Dynamics in Neural Progenitor Cells In Vivo -- Scaffold-Based and Scaffold-Free Testicular Organoids from Primary Human Testicular Cells -- Use of a Super-Hydrophobic Microbioreactor to Generate and Boost Pancreatic Mini-Organoids -- Tissue Engineering of 3D Organotypic Microtissues by Acoustic Assembly -- Cell Microencapsulation in Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogel Microspheres Using Electrohydrodynamic Spraying -- Gastrointestinal Epithelial Organoid Cultures from Post-Surgical Tissues -- Drug Sensitivity Assays of Human Cancer Organoid Cultures
    Abstract: This detailed volume addresses the challenge of how to instruct stem/early progenitor cells to progress through appropriate steps to generate functional 3-dimensional organs, one of the outstanding issues in regenerative medicine. The field of organoids is geared towards defining and demonstrating the in vitro conditions that achieve this goal. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Organoids: Stem Cells, Structure, and Function serves as an aid to researchers working in this vital area of research
    Pages: XV, 363 p. 72 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493976171
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  • 24
    Keywords: Cytology ; Metabolism ; Cell Biology ; Metabolomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single Cell Metabolomics by Mass Spectrometry -- dentification of Metabolites in Single Cells by Ion Mobility Separation and Mass Spectrometry -- Analysis of Lipids in Single Cells and Organelles using Nanomanipulation-Coupled Mass Spectrometry -- Development of Pico-ESI-MS for Single-Cell Metabolomics Analysis -- Single-Probe Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Metabolites in Single Cells -- Applications of MicroArrays for Mass Spectrometry (MAMS) in Single Cell Metabolomics -- Laser Capture Microdissection – Liquid Vortex Capture – Mass Spectrometry Metabolic Profiling of Single Onion Epidermis and Microalgae Cells -- Single Cell Analysis by High-Resolution Atmospheric-Pressure MALDI MS Imaging -- A MALDI-MS Methodology for Studying Metabolic Heterogeneity of Single Cells in a Population -- Sample Preparation and Analysis of Single Cells using High Performance MALDI FTICR Mass Spectrometry -- Toward Single Cell Molecular Imaging by Matrix-Free Nanophotonic Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry -- Compact Quantum Dots for Quantitative Cytology -- Ambient Lipidomic Analysis of Single Mammalian Oocytes and Preimplantation Embryos using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) Mass Spectrometry -- Spatial Mapping of Cellular Metabolites using DESI Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry -- Open-Source Software Tools, Databases, and Resources for Single Cell and Single Cell-Type Metabolomics -- Ten Major Future Challenges in Single Cell Metabolomics
    Abstract: This volume explores the latest techniques and workflow for the analysis of single cells metabolism. The chapters in this book cover topics such as the development of mass spectrometry-based single cell approaches, Pico-ESI-MS for single-cell metabolomics analysis; laser capture microdissection; ambient single cell metabolite profile (DESI and LAESI); and MALDI-MS methodology, quantum dots for quantitative cytology to study metabolic heterogeneity of single cells. Written in the highly successful I series format, the chapters consist of introductions to the topic, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step guidelines, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and authoritative, Single Cell Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researcher and scientist interested in learning more about this field
    Pages: XI, 226 p. 74 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998319
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  • 25
    Unknown
    New York, NY : Springer
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The Challenge of Accidental Awareness during General Anesthesia -- Impact of Anesthetics on Brain Electrical Activity and Principles of pEEG-Based Monitoring during General Anethesia -- Perioperative Monitoring of Autonomic Nervous Activity -- Monitoring Cerebral Oximetry by Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) in Anaesthesia and Critical Care: Progress and Perspectives -- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Intraoperative Awareness -- Mechanisms of Action of Inhaled Volatile General Anesthetics: Unconsciousness at the Molecular Level -- Intravenous Hypnotic Agents: From Binding Sites to Loss of Consciousness -- Pharmacological Considerations for the Use of General Anesthetics in the Elderly -- Propofol Effects in Breast Cancer Cell Progression: Evidences from In Vitro Studies -- Postoperative Cognitive Function following General Anesthesia in Children -- The Challenge of Opioid-Free Anesthesia -- New Insights into the Pharmacology of Dexmedetomidine and Open Issues for Neurosurgical Procedures -- Transgenic Mouse Models, General Anesthetics and Alzheimer Disease: Findings from Preclinical Studies -- The Biochemical Basis of Delirium -- Postoperative Delirium and Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
    Abstract: This book explores several aspects of the research in the field of general anesthesia, including mechanisms of action of inhaled and intravenous hypnotic agents; the anesthetics-induced neurotoxicity in children and elderly; features and physiopathology of postoperative cognitive side effects; and findings from preclinical research focused on the recognition of potential links between anesthetics and cancer cell biology. Furthermore, chapters in this book cover technical topics such as preoperative monitoring of autonomic nervous activity; EEG based monitoring of general anesthesia; monitoring cerebral oximetry by near infrared spectroscopy; pharmacological issues of anesthesia interest; and optimization of perioperative course through the latest techniques such as the opioid-free anesthesia. Finally, this book offers a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion on the phenomenon of general anesthesia awareness and its potential psychological sequelae. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, General Anesthesia Research is a valuable resource for novice and expert anesthesiologists who want to learn more about the important advances made in this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 256 p. 15 illus., 14 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998913
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  • 26
    Keywords: Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics -- LC-MS Spectra Processing -- Isotopic Distributions -- Retention Time Prediction and Protein Identification -- Comparing Peptide Spectra Matches Across Search Engines -- Calculation of False Discovery Rate for Peptide and Protein Identification -- Methods and Algorithms for Quantitative Proteomics by Mass Spectrometry -- Interpretation of Tandem Mass Spectra of Posttranslationally Modified Peptides -- Solution to Dark Matter Identified by Mass-tolerant Database Search -- Phosphoproteomics Profiling to Identify Altered Signaling Pathways and Kinase-targeted Cancer Therapies -- Mass Spectrometry Based Characterization of Ub- and UbL-modified Proteins -- Targeted Proteomics as a Tool for Quantifying Urine-based Biomarkers -- Data Imputation in Merged Isobaric Labelling-based Relative Quantification Datasets -- Clustering Clinical Data in R -- Review of Issues and Solutions to Data Analysis Reproducibility and Data Quality in Clinical Proteomics -- Review of Batch Effects Prevention, Diagnostics, and Correction Approaches -- Using the Object-oriented PowerShell for Simple Proteomics Data Analysis -- Considerations in the Analysis of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry Data
    Abstract: The aim of this new edition is to provide detailed information on each topic and present novel ideas and views that can influence future developments in mass spectrometry-based proteomics. In contrast to the previous editions, this third edition aims to provide the most relevant computational methods, focusing on computational concepts. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Mass Spectrometry Data Analysis in Proteomics, Third Edition to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: X, 445 p. 136 illus., 94 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997442
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  • 27
    Keywords: Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Laboratory animals ; Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Animal Models ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Combining BrdU-Labeling to Detection of Neuronal Markers to Monitor Adult Neurogenesis in Hydra -- Reverse Genetic Approaches to Investigate the Neurobiology of the Cnidarian Sea Anemone Nematostella vectensis -- Generating Transgenic Reporter Lines for Studying Nervous System Development in the Cnidarian Nematostella vectensis -- Immunostaining and In Situ Hybridization of the Developing Acoel Nervous System -- Immunostaining of the Embryonic and Larval Drosophila Brain -- Non-Fluorescent RNA In Situ Hybridization Combined with Antibody Staining to Visualize Multiple Gene Expression Patterns in the Embryonic Brain of Drosophila -- Analysis of Complete Neuroblast Cell Lineages in the Drosophila Embryonic Brain via DiI Labeling -- Flybow to Dissect Circuit Assembly in the Drosophila Brain: An Update -- Live Cell Imaging of Neural Stem Cells in the Drosophila Larval Brain -- CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing to Study Nervous System Development in Drosophila -- The Red Flour Beetle as Model for Comparative Neural Development: Genome Editing to Mark Neural Cells in Tribolium Brain Development -- A Protocol for Double Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry for the Study of Embryonic Brain Development in Tribolium castaneum -- Immunohistochemistry and Fluorescent Whole Mount RNA In Situ Hybridization in Larval and Adult Brains of Tribolium -- X-Ray Microscopy of the Larval Crustacean Brain -- Immunolocalization of Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators in the Developing Crayfish Brain -- Immunostainings in Nervous System Development of the Nematode C. elegans -- Methods in Brain Development of Molluscs -- A Simple Method to Identify Ascidian Brain Lineage Cells at Neural Plate Stages Following In Situ Hybridization -- Spawning Induction and Embryo Micromanipulation Protocols in the Amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum -- In Situ Hybridization and Immunostaining of Xenopus Brain -- Morpholino Studies in Xenopus Brain Development -- Sensitive Multiplexed Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization Using Enhanced Tyramide Signal Amplification and Its Combination with Immunofluorescent Protein Visualization in Zebrafish -- Live Morphometric Classification of Sensory Neurons in Larval Zebrafish -- Immunohistochemistry and In Situ Hybridization in the Developing Chicken Brain -- Gene Silencing in Chicken Brain Development -- Transplantation of Neural Tissue: Quail-Chick Chimeras -- Immunohistochemistry and RNA In Situ Hybridization in Mouse Brain Development -- The Cre/Lox System to Assess the Development of the Mouse Brain -- In Utero Electroporation to Study Mouse Brain Development
    Abstract: This book provides a thorough introduction to widely used techniques for the study of the intersection between developmental biology and neuroscience, an exceptional area to address and investigate impacting biological questions. The fully updated volume examines cutting-edge techniques on a representative range of animals, including widely used genetic model systems, such as the fruit fly, zebra fish, chicken, and mouse, as well as non-canonical experimental systems opened up through the advent of genome editing. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and up-to-date, Brain Development: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide for researchers interested in utilizing recent technical advances in molecular genetics for the study of the brain
    Pages: XIV, 527 p. 116 illus., 96 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997329
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  • 28
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of Important Enzymes Involved in Nitrogen Assimilation of Plants -- Methods for Measuring Nitrate Reductase, Nitrite Levels, and Nitric Oxide from Plant Tissues -- Measurement of Nitrate Reductase Activity in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Leaves under Different Conditions -- Fluorimetric-Based Method to Detect and Quantify Total S-Nitrosothiols (SNOs) in Plant Samples -- Measurement of S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase Activity in Plants -- Expression Analysis of Important Genes Involved in Nitrogen Metabolism under Hypoxia -- Enzymatic Conversions of Glutamate and γ-Aminobutyric Acid as the Indicators of Plant Stress Response -- Using Different Forms of Nitrogen to Study Hypersensitive Response Elicited by Avirulent Pseudomonas syringae -- Using Foldscope to Monitor Superoxide Production and Cell Death during Pathogen Infection in Arabidopsis under Different Nitrogen Regimes -- Methods for Estimation of Nitrogen Components in Plants and Microorganisms -- A Precise Method for Analysing Nitrogen Use in Foxtail Millet -- Methods for Isolation and Characterization of Nitrogen Fixing Legume-Nodulating Bacteria -- Detection and Quantification of Nitrifying Bacteria using Real-Time PCR -- Extracellular Matrix Proteome: Isolation of ECM Proteins for Proteomics Studies
    Abstract: This volume explores several different aspects of nitrogen metabolism, ranging from nitrogen uptake to assimilation. The chapters in this book cover topics such as measurement of activities of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (i.e., nitrate reductase); measurement of nitric oxide, nitrite and ways to detect the N content in plants and microbes; characterization of root nodule bacteria (RNB); and techniques to perform proteomics of Extracellular Matrix (ECM). Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants: Methods and Protocols is a valuable tool for novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 178 p. 41 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997909
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  • 29
    Call number: ERW
    Edition: 17. Aufl.
    ISBN: 9783834825728
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    ERW in acquisition
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  • 30
    Call number: QZ267:516(7) ; M100:670 ; M100:671
    Keywords: Neoplasms / drug therapy
    Pages: xxi, 815 p.
    Edition: 7. Aufl.
    ISBN: 9783662514191
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    QZ267:516(7) available
    M100:670 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
    M100:671 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
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  • 31
    Unknown
    Cham : Springer
    Call number: QZ266:355
    Pages: xxiv, 326 p. : illl.
    ISBN: 9783030388614
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  • 32
    Keywords: Cytology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Detecting Cellular Senescence in Reprogramming -- DNA Damage In situ Ligation followed by Proximity Ligation Assay (DI-PLA) -- Reactive Oxygen Species Detection in Senescent Cells -- Cellular Identification and Quantification of Senescence-associated β-Galactosidase Activity in vivo -- Relative Human Telomere Length Quantification by Real-time PCR -- Assessing Functional Roles of the Senescence-associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP) -- Measuring the Inflammasome in Oncogene-induced Senescence -- Alarmin Detection in Senescent Cells -- IMR90 ER:RAS: A Cell Model of Oncogene-induced Senescence -- Genotoxic Stress-induced Senescence -- A Multi-parametric Assay to Evaluate Senescent Cells -- A Novel Quantitative Method for the Detection of Lipofuscin, the Main Byproduct of Cellular Senescence, in Fluids -- Measurement of Metabolite Changes in Senescent Cells by Mass Spectrometry -- Quantification of Autophagy during Senescence -- Quantification of Aneuploidy in Mammalian Systems -- Identification of Genomic Alterations Through Multi-Level DNA Structural Analysis -- Mouse Models of Accelerated Cellular Senescence -- Methods to Quantify the NF-kB Pathway during Senescence
    Abstract: This book describes current methods for the identification and characterization of the major hallmarks of senescent cells. Chapters focus on the high heterogeneity of the senescence phenotypes, and techniques to induce and identify specific senescence programs. Additional chapters describe cellular and mouse models in which is possible to study the complex cell and non-cell autonomous functions of senescent cells. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biologyseries format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Cellular Senescence: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XII, 253 p. 45 illus., 38 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989317
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  • 33
    Keywords: Immunology ; Medical virology ; Immunology ; Virology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Overview of Direct Acting Antiviral Drugs and Drug Resistance of Hepatitis C Virus -- Similarities and Differences between HCV Pseudoparticle (HCVpp) and Cell Culture HCV (HCVcc) in the Study of HCV -- Hepatitis C Virus Database and Bioinformatics Analysis Tools in the Virus Pathogen Resource (ViPR) -- Establishment of Replication-competent HCV Strain with Minimum Modifications -- Full-length Open Reading Frame Amplification of Hepatitis C Virus -- InFusion Cloning for the Generation of Biologically Relevant HCV Chimeric Molecular Clones -- Production and Purification of Cell Culture Hepatitis C Virus -- Embryonic or Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Hepatocellular Systems for HCV Culture -- Molecular Identification of Transmitted/Founder Hepatitis C Viruses and their Progeny by Single Genome Sequencing -- A Cell Culture Model for Persistent HCV Infection -- Expression Cloning of Host Factors Required for the HCV Replication Cycle -- Application of Deep Mutational Scanning in Hepatitis C Virus -- Studying the Hepatitis C Virus-induced Epigenetic Signature after Cure with Direct-acting Antivirals -- Measuring Hepatitis C Virus Envelopment by using a Proteinase K Protection Assay -- Membrane Fusion Assays for Studying Entry Hepatitis C Virus into Cells -- Functional Characterization of Apolipoproteins in the HCV Life Cycle -- Live Cell Imaging of Hepatitis C Virus Trafficking in Hepatocytes -- Cloning and Analysis of Authentic Patient-derived HCV E1/E2 Glycoproteins -- Simultaneous Quantification of Hepatitis C virus Envelope Glycoproteins E1 and E2 by Dual-color Fluorescence Immunoblot Analysis -- Overcoming Challenges of Hepatitis C Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Production in Mammalian Cells -- Monitoring of Interferon Response Triggered by Cells Infected by Hepatitis C Virus or Other Viruses upon Cell-cell Contact -- Complement Regulation and Immune Evasion by Hepatitis C Virus -- Direct ex vivo Functional Analysis of HCV-specific T Cells -- ­Simultaneous Analysis of HCV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells by Multi-color Flow Cytometry -- Probing the Antigenicity of HCV Envelope Glycoproteins by Phage Display Antibody Technology. -Isolation of HCV Neutralizing Antibodies by Yeast Display -- Detection of Antibodies to HCV E1E2 by Lectin-Capture ELISA -- In vitro Neutralization Assay using Cultured Hepatitis C Virus -- Standardized Method for the Study of Antibody Neutralization of HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpp) -- Detection of Antigen-specific CD8+ T Cells in the Livers of HCV Core Transgenic Mice -- Mice with Chimeric Human Livers and Their Applications -- Mouse Models for Studying HCV Vaccines and Therapeutic Antibodies
    Abstract: This volume details the most updated concepts and experimental protocols developed by leading researchers in the field. Chapters guide readers through methods on bioinformatics tools, hepatitis c virus(HCV) cloning, culture, and purification, HCV life cycle, host immune responses, and small animal models. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Hepatitis C Virus Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XIX, 508 p. 75 illus., 47 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989768
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  • 34
    Unknown
    Heidelberg : Springer
    Call number: QH442:222 ; ERW
    Keywords: Genetic Techniques
    ISBN: 9783642346934
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  • 35
    Keywords: Biological models ; Science / Philosophy ; Endangered ecosystems ; Botany ; Systems Biology ; Philosophy of Science ; Ecosystems ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- The Basics -- Is there anything new under the sun? -- Instability as the core of emergence -- Emergence and modularity in life sciences and beyond -- The emergence of sustainability -- From modules to emergent holistic properties in living organisms -- Modularity versus emergence: How to cope with complexity in whole plant physiology? -- Emergence in biomimetic materials systems -- Roots of complexity in the self-referential genetic code -- Brains emerging: on modularity and self-organization of neural development in vivo and in vitro -- Plants: Unitary organisms emerging from integration and self-organization of modules -- Ecology: Ecosystems and biodiversity -- Ultimate Integration -- Emergent properties and stability in hierarchical bio-systems: there is no privileged level of causation -- Emergence and sustainment of humankind on Earth: the categorical imperative -- Gaia – a holobiont-like system emerging from interaction
    Abstract: This book focuses on modules and emergence with self-organization in the life sciences. As Aristotle observed so long ago, the whole is more than the sum of its parts. However, contemporary science is dominated by reductionist concepts and tends to neglect the non-reproducible features of complex systems, which emerge from the interaction of the smaller units they are composed of. The book is divided into three major parts; the essays in part A highlight the conceptual basis of emergence, linking it to the philosophy of science, systems biology and sustainability. This is subsequently exemplified in part B by applying the concept of emergence to various biological disciplines, such as genetics, developmental biology, neurobiology, plant physiology and ecology. New aspects of emergence come into play when biology meets the technical sciences, as revealed in a chapter on bionics. In turn, part C adopts a broader view, revealing how the organization of life follows a hierarchical order in terms of scalar dimensions, ranging from the molecular level to the entire biosphere. The idea that life is primarily and exclusively shaped by processes at the molecular level (and, in particular, by the information encoded in the genome) is refuted; rather, there is no hierarchy with respect to the level of causation in the cross-talk between the levels. In the last two chapters, the evolutionary trend toward ever-increasing complexity in living systems is interpreted in terms of the Gaia hypothesis sensu Lovelock: the entire biosphere is viewed as a functional unit (or ‘holobiont-like system’) organized to develop and sustain life on Earth
    Pages: XIV, 279 p. 62 illus., 46 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030061289
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  • 36
    Keywords: Morphology (Animals) ; Evolution (Biology) ; Paleontology  ; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Paleontology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Evolution of Chordate Cardiopharyngeal Muscles and the Origin of Vertebrate Head Muscles -- Early Vertebrates and the Emergence of Jaws -- Cranium, Cephalic Muscles, and Homologies in Cyclostomes -- Heads, Jaws and Muscles in Chondrichthyans Actinopterygians: Head, Jaws and Muscles -- Sarcopterygian fishes, the “lobe-fins” -- Diversity of Heads, Jaws, and Cephalic Muscles in Amphibians -- Evolution, Diversity, and Development of the Craniocervical System in Turtles with Special Reference to Jaw Musculature -- An Integrative View of Lepidosaur Cranial Anatomy, Development and Diversification -- The Skull and Head Muscles of Archosauria -- The Origin and Evolution of Mammalian Head Muscles, with Special Emphasis on the Facial Myology of Primates and Modern Humans
    Abstract: The vertebrate head is the most complex part of the animal body and its diversity in nature reflects a variety of life styles, feeding modes, and ecological adaptations. This book will take you on a journey to discover the origin and diversification of the head, which evolved from a seemingly headless chordate ancestor. Despite their structural diversity, heads develop in a highly conserved fashion in embryos. Major sensory organs like the eyes, ears, nose, and brain develop in close association with surrounding tissues such as bones, cartilages, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. Ultimately, this integrated unit of tissues gives rise to the complex functionality of the musculoskeletal system as a result of sensory and neural feedback, most notably in the use of the vertebrate jaws, a major vertebrate innovation only lacking in hagfishes and lampreys. The cranium subsequently further diversified during the major transition from fishes living in an aquatic environment to tetrapods living mostly on land. In this book, experts will join forces to integrate, for the first time, state-of-the-art knowledge on the anatomy, development, function, diversity, and evolution of the head and jaws and their muscles within all major groups of extant vertebrates. Considerations about and comparisons with fossil taxa, including emblematic groups such as the dinosaurs, are also provided in this landmark book, which will be a leading reference for many years to come
    Pages: XIV, 303 p. 95 illus., 59 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319935607
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  • 37
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Biotechnology ; Biochemistry ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Applied Microbiology ; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology ; Biochemistry, general ; Microbial ecology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Genomic View of the Catabolism of Aromatic Compounds in Pseudomonas -- A Genomic View of the Catabolism of Short Chain Alkanes -- Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Enzyme Structures and Catalytic Mechanisms -- Aerobic Degradation of Chloroaromatics -- Aerobic Degradation of Gasoline Ether Oxygenates -- Aerobic Degradation of Halogenated Aliphatics -- Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Methane Monooxygenase -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of Fe-S Cofactors -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of Flavin Cofactors -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of haem-iron Prosthetic Groups -- Computational Framework for Integration of Lipidomics Data into Metabolic Pathways -- Degradation of Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and Dimethylsulfide (DMS) -- Degradation of Rubber/Polyisoprene -- Diversity and Common Principles in Enzymatic Activation of Hydrocarbons: An Introduction -- Energetic and Other Quantitative Aspects of Microbial Hydrocarbon Utilization: An Introduction: -- Enzymes for Aerobic Degradation of Alkanes in Bacteria -- Enzymes for Aerobic Degradation of Alkanes in Yeasts -- Evolution of New Catabolic Functions Through Gene Assembly by Mobile Genetic Elements -- Experimental Evolution of Novel Regulatory Activities in Response to Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals -- Functional Gene Diversity, Biogeography, Dynamics -- Genetic Features and Regulation of n-Alkane Metabolism in Bacteria -- Genetic Features and Regulation of n-Alkane Metabolism in Yeasts -- Genetic Features of Methylotrophs -- Genetics and Functional Genomics of Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons: An Introduction -- Genetics and Molecular Features of Bacterial Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and Dimethylsulfide (DMS) Transformations -- Genetics of Biphenyl Biodegradation and Co-Metabolism of PCBs -- Genetics of Rubber/Polyisoprene Degradation -- Genetics and Ecology of Isoprene Degradation -- Genomic View of Mycobacterial High Molecular Weight Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Degradation -- Global Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons in Aquatic Systems -- Global Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons in Terrestrial Systems -- Global Consequences of the Microbial Production and Consumption of Inorganic and Organic Sulfur Compounds -- Key Features of Aerobic Hydrocarbon Biodegrader Genomes -- Lipid Degradation - Lipid Cycles -- Lipolytic Enzymes from Bacteria -- Lipolytic Enzymes from Yeasts -- Metabolism of Steroids -- Oxidative Inactivation of Ring-Cleavage Extradiol Dioxygenases: Mechanism and Ferredoxin-Mediated Reactivation -- Pathways for the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Bacteria -- Phylogenomics of Aerobic Bacterial Degradation of Aromatics -- Physiology and Biochemistry of the Aerobic Methane Oxidizing Bacteria -- Potential for Microbial Interventions to Reduce Global Warming -- Rational Construction of Bacterial Strains with New/Improved Catabolic Capabilities for the Efficient Breakdown of Environmental Pollutants -- Regulation of the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Bacteria -- Regulation of the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Yeast -- Stereochemistry of Hydrocarbon-transforming Enzyme Reactions -- Structure-Function Relationships and Engineering of Haloalkane Dehalogenases -- Transcriptional Control of the TOL Plasmid Pathways
    Abstract: This book describes the biochemistry and genetics of aerobic degradation of hydrocarbons and lipids by bacteria and yeasts, as well as the functional genomics of the best-known microorganisms involved in these processes. It forms part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology Series, a definitive resource of current knowledge on the diverse aspects of the interactions of microbes with hydrocarbons and lipids. Chapters are mainly focused on the new discoveries of recent years. It is aimed to scientists and others interested in different aspects of the microbiology of hydrocarbons
    Pages: 149 illus., 43 illus. in color. eReference. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319504186
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  • 38
    Keywords: Immunology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis -- 2. Pleural Tuberculosis -- 3. Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis -- 4. Hepatobiliary and splenic tuberculosis -- 5. Lymphatic Tuberculosis -- 6. Bone and Joint Tuberculosis -- 7. Tuberculous Spondylodiscitis -- 8. Tuberculous Meningitis -- 9. Tuberculous Encephalitis -- 10. Spinal tuberculosis -- 11. Genitourinary Tuberculosis -- 12. Cardiovascular Tuberculosis -- 13. Cutaneous Tuberculosis -- 14. Tuberculosis of Eye -- 15. Infection control in extrapulmonary TB -- 16. Tuberculosis in the ICU
    Abstract: This book brings awareness to a neglected condition that is nevertheless prevalent world-wide. Much focus is justly given to pulmonary tuberculosis, one of the key medical scourges of humanity, but this disease also often manifests itself in organs outside of the lungs. There is however a surprising lack of information available on extrapulmonary TB, which this book aims to remedy. Specifically, research, as well as epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment options, are discussed in detail by an international list of experts. This comprehensive product serves as a valuable resource to numerous fields of medicine due to the presence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis throughout the human body
    Pages: VIII, 208 p. 7 illus., 1 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030047443
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  • 39
    Keywords: Immunology ; Microbiology ; Medical virology ; Immunology ; Medical Microbiology ; Virology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Activity-based protein profiling – enabling multimodal functional studies of microbial communities -- Activity-Based Protein Profiling Methods to Study Bacteria: The Power of Small-Molecule Electrophiles -- Opportunities and Challenges in Activity-Based Protein Profiling of Mycobacteria -- Activity-Based Protein Profiling at the Host–Pathogen Interface -- Chemical Proteomic Profiling of Protein Fatty-Acylation in Microbial Pathogens -- How to Target Viral and Bacterial Effector Proteins Interfering with Ubiquitin Signaling -- ABPP and Host–Virus Interactions -- Activity-Based Protein Profiling for the Study of Parasite Biology -- Deciphering T Cell Immunometabolism with Activity-Based Protein Profiling -- Small-Molecule Inhibitors of PARPs: From Tools for Investigating ADP-Ribosylation to Therapeutics -- Development of Activity-Based Proteomic Probes for Protein Citrullination -- Recent Advances in Activity-Based Protein Profiling of Proteases -- Opportunities for Lipid-Based Probes in the Field of Immunology -- Activity-Based Protein Profiling of Non-ribosomal Peptide Synthetases -- Target Identification of Bioactive Covalently Acting Natural Products -- Applications of Reactive Cysteine Profiling
    Abstract: This volume provides a collection of contemporary perspectives on using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) for biological discoveries in protein science, microbiology, and immunology. A common theme throughout is the special utility of ABPP to interrogate protein function and small-molecule interactions on a global scale in native biological systems. Each chapter showcases distinct advantages of ABPP applied to diverse protein classes and biological systems. As such, the book offers readers valuable insights into the basic principles of ABPP technology and how to apply this approach to biological questions ranging from the study of post-translational modifications to targeting bacterial effectors in host-pathogen interactions
    Pages: X, 417 p. 115 illus., 70 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030111434
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  • 40
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Biomedical Engineering ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Microbial ecology ; Applied Microbiology ; Regenerative Medicine/Tissue Engineering ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. The Dawn of Novel Biotechnological Applications of Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- Chapter 2. Strategy for biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkonates polymers/copolymers and their application in drug delivery -- Chapter 3. Applications of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and its metabolites as transporters for bioactive molecules -- Chapter 4. Polyhydroxyalkanoates applications in antimicrobial agents' delivery and wound healing -- Chapter 5. Polyhydroxyalkanoates applications in Drug Carriers -- Chapter 6. Applications of polyhydroxyalkanoate based nanovehicles -- Chapter 7. Memory enhancers -- Chapter 8. Novel Biocontrol Agents: Short Chain Fatty Acids And More Recently, Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- Chapter 9. Potential Therapeutic Applications of Polyhydroalkanoates and Their Composites as Anti-microbial Agents -- Chapter 10. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) – Applications in Wound Treatment and as Precursors for Oral Drugs -- Chapter 11. Exploiting Polyhydroxyalkanoates for Tissue Engineering -- Chapter 12. CH4-based polyhydroxyalkanoate production: a step further towards a sustainable bioeconomy -- Chapter 13. Applications of PHA in Agriculture -- Chapter 14. Polyhydroxyalkanoates in Packaging -- Chapter 15. Approaches for Enhancing Extraction of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates for Industrial Applications -- Chapter 16. Nanofibers from polyhydroxyalkanoates and their applications in tissue engineering
    Abstract: This book presents the latest research on the uses of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), introducing readers to these natural, biodegradable polyesters produced by microorganisms, their functions and applications. The individual chapters discuss the various potentials of these bioplastics, which offer an attractive alternative to non-biodegradable plastics. The book also describes the diverse medical and biomedical applications of PHAs, including their use as drug carriers, memory enhancers, and biocontrol agents, and examines their role in creating a more sustainable economy – which is the need of the hour
    Pages: XII, 420 p. 42 illus., 34 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811337598
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  • 41
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Cytology ; Invertebrates ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Cell Biology ; Invertebrates ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Molecular Basis for Oxidative Stress Induced by Environmental Toxicants in Nematodes -- Molecular Basis for Reduced Lifespan Induced by Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Roles of Oxidative Stress Related Molecular Signals in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of MAPK Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Insulin and the Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Development Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Cell Death and DNA Damage Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Metabolism Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Protective Response Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of G-Protein Coupled Receptors and Ion Channels and the Downstream Cytoplasmic Signals in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Discussion on Specificity of Molecular Signals in Response to Certain Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Epigenetic Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Strategies to Screen and to Identify New Genetic Loci Involved in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Molecular Basis for Adaptive Response to Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Molecular Basis for Transgenerational Toxicity Induction of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses
    Abstract: This book will focus on the molecular basis of oxidative stress induced by toxicants or stresses and various molecular signalling pathways in regulating the toxicity of toxicants or stresses in Caenorhabditis elegans. It will also cover the discussion on the aspects of response signals, G-protein coupled receptors and ion channels, specific molecular signals, and epigenetic signals involved in the regulation of toxicity from toxicants or stresses. The molecular basis for adaptive response for transgenerational toxicity of environmental toxicants or stresses will be further discussed. Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a classic model animal with well-described genetic and developmental backgrounds based on the study of life science, and has been further successfully and widely used in both toxicity assessment and toxicological study of various environmental toxicants or stresses. Based on related available data, this book aims at providing a systematic understanding of the knowledge system of molecular toxicology in C. elegans
    Pages: XVIII, 447 p. 285 illus., 211 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811336331
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  • 42
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Neurosciences ; Radiology, Medical ; Neurology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Neurosciences ; Diagnostic Radiology ; Mathematical and Computational Biology ; Neurology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Multifractal study of EEG signal of subjects with Epilepsy and Alzheimer’s -- Chapter 3. Multifractal Approach for Quantification of Autonomic Deregulation due to Epileptic Seizure with ECG data -- Chapter 4. Multifractal Analysis of Electromyography data.-Chapter 5. Multifractal study on Parkinson’s and Huntington diseases with human gait data -- Chapter 6. Multifractal correlation study between posture and autonomic deregulation using ECG and blood pressure data -- Chapter 7. Appendix
    Abstract: This book primarily focuses on the study of various neurological disorders, including Parkinson’s (PD), Huntington (HD), Epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Motor Neuron Diseases (MND) from a new perspective by analyzing the physiological signals associated with them using non-linear dynamics. The development of nonlinear methods has significantly helped to study complex nonlinear systems in detail by providing accurate and reliable information. The book provides a brief introduction to the central nervous system and its various disorders, their effects on health and quality of life, and their respective courses of treatment, followed by different bioelectrical signals like those detected by Electroencephalography (EEG), Electrocardiography (ECG), and Electromyography (EMG). In turn, the book discusses a range of nonlinear techniques, fractals, multifractals, and Higuchi’s Fractal Dimension (HFD), with mathematical examples and procedures. A review of studies conducted to date on neurological disorders like epilepsy, dementia, Parkinson’s, Huntington, Alzheimer’s, and Motor Neuron Diseases, which incorporate linear and nonlinear techniques, is also provided. The book subsequently presents new findings on neurological disorders of the central nervous system, namely Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease, by analyzing their gait characteristics using a nonlinear fractal based technique: Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA). In closing, the book elaborates on several parameters that can be obtained from cross-correlation studies of ECG and blood pressure, and can be used as markers for neurological disorders
    Pages: XX, 182 p. 77 illus., 51 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811335525
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  • 43
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Biotechnology ; Biochemistry ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Applied Microbiology ; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology ; Biochemistry, general ; Microbial ecology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: AcetylCoA Synthesis and Regulation -- AcetylCoA Synthesis and Role in Bacteria -- Autophagy in Stationary Phase of Growth -- Bacterial Sphingolipids -- Cell-contact-dependent Outer Membrane Exchange in Myxobacteria -- Contributions of Membrane Lipids to Bacterial Cell Homeostasis Upon Osmotic Challenge -- Dynamic Membrane Structure: Function Analysis by Means of Chemical Probes -- Evolution of Hydrophobic Storage Polymers -- Evolution of Lipids -- Evolution of Membranes -- Fatty Acid Synthesis and Regulation -- Fatty Acids: Introduction -- Formation of Bacterial Glycerol-based Membrane Lipids: Pathways, Enzymes, Reactions -- Formation of Fatty Acids -- Formation of Hopanoids -- Formation of Isoprenoids -- Formation of Lipochitin Oligosaccharide Signaling Molecules -- Functional Roles of Individual Membrane Lipids in Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotic Microbes -- Functional Roles of Non-membrane Lipids in Bacterial Signaling -- Hopanoids and Membrane Integrity and pH Homeostasis -- Lipid A -- Lipid Chaperones -- Lipid Chaperones and Regulation -- Lipid Intermediates in Bacterial Peptidoglycan Biosynthesis -- Lipid Metabolism in Microalgae -- Lipid Rafts -- Lipid-protein Interactions -- Lipid-protein Interactions Determining Membrane Fluidity in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes -- Lipids as Receptors -- Lipoteichoic Acid Synthesis and Function in Gram-positive Bacteria -- Membrane Disrupting Proteins -- Membrane Formation and Regulation -- Membrane Homeostasis Upon Nutrient (C, N, P) Limitation -- Membrane Homeostasis upon pH Challenge -- Membrane Lipid Biogenesis -- Membrane Structure:Function Analysis by Means of Chemical Probes -- Membrane Structure:Function Analysis Through Reconstitution In Vitro -- Membrane Vesicles, Nanopods and Nanotubes of Archaea -- Metabolism and Regulation of Glycerolipids in Yeast -- Metabolism and Roles of Sphingolipids in Yeast Saccharamyces cerevisiae -- Modeling Lipid Membranes -- Modeling Lipid Metabolism in Yeast -- Mycolic Acids: Structures, Biosynthesis , and Function -- Nonpolar Lipids in Yeast: Synthesis, Storage and Degradation -- Ornithine Lipids and Other Amino Acid-containing Acyloxyacyl Lipids -- Outer Membrane Extension Nanowires of Bacteria -- Outer Membrane Vesicles of Bacteria -- Phenolic Lipids Synthesized by Type III Polyketide Synthases -- Players in the Nonpolar Lipid Game - Proteins Involved in Nonpolar Lipid Metabolism in Yeast -- Polyhydroxyalkanoate Biogenesis -- Preface: Biogenesis of Fatty Acids, Lipids and Membranes -- Production of Wax Esters by Bacteria -- Protein Lipidation, Elucidation by Chemical Proteomics, and its Functional Roles -- Regulation of Membrane Lipid Homeostasis in Bacteria upon Temperature Change -- Role of Lipid Domains in Bacterial Cell Processes -- Role of Lipids in the Eukaryotic Secretory Pathway -- Role of the BAM Complex in Outer Membrane Assembly -- Structure:Function of Transmembrane Domains of Proteins and Transmembrane Organelles -- Synthesis of AcetylCoA from Carbon Dioxide in Acetogenic Bacteria -- Synthesis of Acetyl-CoA from Carbon Dioxide in Acetogenic Bacteria -- The Biosynthesis and Evolution of Archaeal Membranes and Ether Phospholipids -- Type III Polyketide Synthases Responsible for Phenolic Lipid Synthesis -- Vitamin Formation from Fatty Acid Precursors -- Wax Ester and Triacylglycerol Biosynthesis in Bacteria
    Abstract: Concise chapters, written by experts in the field, cover a wide spectrum of topics on lipid and membrane formation in microbes (Archaea, Bacteria, eukaryotic microbes). All cells are delimited by a lipid membrane, which provides a crucial boundary in any known form of life. Readers will discover significant chapters on microbial lipid-carrying biomolecules and lipid/membrane-associated structures and processes
    Pages: 161 illus., 115 illus. in color. eReference. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319504308
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  • 44
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Introduction -- A Neuron-Glial perspective for computational neuroscience -- Part 2. Calcium dynamics -- Data-driven modelling of the inositol trisphosphate receptor and its role in calcium induced calcium release -- Intracellular calcium dynamics: biophysical and simplified models -- Modeling of stochastic Ca2+ signals -- G protein-coupled receptor-mediated astrocytic Ca2+ signaling in astrocytes -- Emergence of regular and complex calcium oscillations by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate signaling in astrocytes -- Astrocyte networks and intercellular calcium propagation -- Part 3. Tripartite Synapse and regulation of network activity -- Tripartite synapses and regulation of synaptic plasticity -- Purinergic signaling at tripartite synapses -- Gliotransmitter exocytosis and its consequences on synaptic transmission -- Computational models of pathophysiological glial activation in CNS disorders -- Part 4. Homeostasis and Metabolic coupling -- The role of astrocytes in neurotransmitter uptake and brain metabolism -- Glutamate uptake -- Astrocytic ion dynamics: Implications for potassium buffering and liquid flow -- Constraint-Based Modeling of Metabolic Interactions in and between Astrocytes and Neurons -- Part 5. Computational Tools to Analyze and Model Astrocyte Experiments -- Computational models of astrocytes and astrocyte-neuron interactions: Characterization, reproducibility, and future perspectives -- GECIquant: semi-automated detection and quantification of astrocyte intracellular Ca2+ signals monitored with GCaMP6f -- Modeling neuron-glia interactions with the Brian 2.0 simulator
    Abstract: Over the last two decades, the recognition that astrocytes - the predominant type of cortical glial cells - could sense neighboring neuronal activity and release neuroactive agents, has been instrumental in the uncovering of many roles that these cells could play in brain processing and the storage of information. These findings initiated a conceptual revolution that leads to rethinking how brain communication works since they imply that information travels and is processed not just in the neuronal circuitry but in an expanded neuron-glial network. On the other hand the physiological need for astrocyte signaling in brain information processing and the modes of action of these cells in computational tasks remain largely undefined. This is due, to a large extent, both to the lack of conclusive experimental evidence, and to a substantial lack of a theoretical framework to address modeling and characterization of the many possible astrocyte functions. This book that we propose aims at filling this gap, providing the first systematic computational approach to the complex, wide subject of neuron-glia interactions. The organization of the book is unique insofar as it considers a selection of ́€œhot topicś€ in glia research that ideally brings together both the novelty of the recent experimental findings in the field and the modelling challenge that they bear. A chapter written by experimentalists, possibly in collaboration with theoreticians, will introduce each topic. The aim of this chapter, that we foresee less technical in its style than in conventional reviews, will be to provide a review as clear as possible, of what is €œéstablished́€ and what remains speculative (i.e. the open questions). Each topic will then be presented in its possible different aspects, by 2-3 chapters by theoreticians. These chapters will be edited in order to provide a ́€œpriminǵ€ reference for modeling neuron-glia interactions, suitable both for the graduate student and the professional researcher
    Pages: XV, 505 p. 205 illus., 76 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030008178
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  • 45
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: I-Cell Disease (Mucolipidosis II): A Case Series from a Tertiary Paediatric Centre Reviewing the Airway and Respiratory Consequences of the Disease -- Oral Ganglioside Supplement Improves Growth and Development in Patients with Ganglioside GM3 Synthase Deficiency -- Feeding Difficulties and Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder in Patients with Hepatic Glycogen Storage Diseases -- Auxiliary Partial Orthotopic Liver Transplantation for Monogenic Metabolic Liver Diseases: Single-Centre Experience -- A Novel Truncating FLAD1 Variant, Causing Multiple Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (MADD) in an 8-Year-Old Boy -- The Effect of Continuous Intravenous Glucagon on Glucose Requirements in Infants with Congenital Hyperinsulinism -- Case of Neonatal Fatality from Neuromuscular Variant of Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV -- Acute and Chronic Management in an Atypical Case of Ethylmalonic Encephalopathy -- Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency: Homozygosity for an Extremely Rare Variant in DPYD due to Uniparental Isodisomy of Chromosome 1 -- Severe Neonatal Manifestations of Infantile Liver Failure Syndrome Type 1 Caused by Cytosolic Leucine-tRNA Synthetase Deficiency -- Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Pregnant Women with Fabry Disease: A Case Series -- Survival of a Male Infant with a Familial Xp11.4 Deletion Causing Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency -- The Unique Spectrum of Mutations in Patients with Hereditary Tyrosinemia Type 1 in Different Regions of the Russian Federation -- Elevated Lyso-Gb3 Suggests the R118C GLA Mutation Is a Pathological Fabry Variant -- Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV: A Rare Cause for Neuromuscular Disorders or Often Missed? -- A Hemizygous Deletion Within the PGK1 Gene in Males with PGK1 Deficiency
    Abstract: JIMD Reports publishes case and short research reports in the area of inherited metabolic disorders. Case reports highlight some unusual or previously unrecorded feature relevant to the disorder, or serve as an important reminder of clinical or biochemical features of a Mendelian disorder
    Pages: VI, 110 p. 28 illus., 13 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783662586471
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  • 46
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Normal Growth in PKU Patients Under Low-Protein Diet in a Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study -- Serial Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 1H-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in GABA Transaminase Deficiency: A Case Report.-Metabolomics Profile in ABAT Deficiency Pre- and Post-treatment -- Cognitive and Behavioural Outcomes of Paediatric Liver Transplantation for Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency -- Muscle Weakness, Cardiomyopathy, and L-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria Associated with a Novel Recessive SLC25A4 Mutation -- Pentosan Polysulfate Treatment of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA Mice -- Serum Amino Acid Profiling in Citrin-Deficient Children Exhibiting Normal Liver Function During the Apparently Healthy Period -- Severe Leukoencephalopathy with Clinical Recovery Caused by Recessive BOLA3 Mutations -- Neonatal Onset Interstitial Lung Disease as a Primary Presenting Manifestation of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I -- A Middle Eastern Founder Mutation Expands the Genotypic and Phenotypic Spectrum of Mitochondrial MICU1 Deficiency: A Report of 13 Patients -- Disruption of the Responsible Gene in a Phosphoglucomutase 1 Deficiency Patient by Homozygous Chromosomal Inversion -- Evaluation of Disease Lesions in the Developing Canine MPS IIIA Brain -- Extrapolation of Variant Phase in Mitochondrial Short-Chain Enoyl-CoA Hydratase (ECHS1) Deficiency -- RFT1-CDG: Absence of Epilepsy and Deafness in Two Patients with Novel Pathogenic Variants -- Short-Term Administration of Mycophenolate Is Well-Tolerated in CLN3 Disease (Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis)
    Abstract: JIMD Reports publishes case and short research reports in the area of inherited metabolic disorders. Case reports highlight some unusual or previously unrecorded feature relevant to the disorder, or serve as an important reminder of clinical or biochemical features of a Mendelian disorder
    Pages: VI, 124 p. 35 illus., 20 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783662586143
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  • 47
    Keywords: Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Microbial ecology ; Plant genetics ; Bacteriology ; Bioinformatics ; Human Genetics ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Microbial ecology ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Bacteriology ; Bioinformatics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Concepts and Approaches -- Chapter1. Computational Methods in Microbial Population Genomics -- Chapter2. What Microbial Population Genomics has taught us about Speciation -- Chapter3. Peering into the genetic makeup of natural microbial populations using metagenomics -- Chapter4. A reverse ecology framework for bacteria and archaea -- Part2. Population genomics of bacteria and archaea -- Chapter5. What is a Pseudomonas syringae Population? -- Chapter6. An introductory narrative to the population genomics of pathogenic bacteria, exemplified by Neisseria meningitidis -- Chapter7. Population genomics of archaea: Signatures of archaeal biology from natural populations -- Part3. Population genomics of fungi -- Chapter8. Advances in Genomics of Human Fungal Pathogens -- Chapter9. Yeast population genomics goes wild: The case of Saccharomyces paradoxus -- Part4. Population genomics of viruses -- Chapter10. Population genomics of plant viruses -- Chapter11. Population genomics of human viruses -- Chapter12. Population genomics of bacteriophages
    Abstract: Population genomics is a rapidly emerging field that has the potential to transform our understanding of how evolutionary forces shape genomic diversity among microbes. There have already been considerable advances in understanding gene flow and spread of adaptive traits, and in linking epidemiology with evolutionary biology. The current challenge is to find unifying evolutionary principles for organisms that display a wide range of reproductive biology – from highly clonal to promiscuous – and for which the vast majority have eluded cultivation. This requires interdisciplinary approaches that incorporate novel computational tools, testing of existing and novel population genetic models, and creative new ways of linking genetic diversity to ecological factors. This pioneering book will discuss the advances made and promises of population genomics in microorganisms, outlining some of the key theoretical and practical challenges for microbial population genomics, including defining and identifying populations, genomics-based reverse ecology and building appropriate tools to understand microbes in a variety of complex environments
    Pages: XIII, 344 p. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030047566
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  • 48
    Keywords: Ecology ; Evolution (Biology) ; Plant Ecology ; Animal ecology ; Plant genetics ; Biodiversity ; Community & Population Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Ecology ; Animal ecology ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Biodiversity ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part1. Concepts, Technical Advances and Challenges -- Chapter1. Technical Advances and Challenges in Genome-Scale Analysis of Ancient DNA -- Chapter2. Paleoproteomics: An Introduction to the Analysis of Ancient Proteins by Soft Ionization Mass Spectrometry -- Chapter3. Ancient RNA -- Chapter4. Ancient Epigenomics -- Part2. -- Chapter5. Ancient Pathogens Through Human History: A Paleogenomic Perspective -- Chapter6. Paleovirology: Viral Sequences from Historical and Ancient DNA -- Chapter7. Reconstructing Past Vegetation Communities Using Ancient DNA from Lake Sediments -- Chapter8. Archaeogenomics and Crop Adaptation -- Chapter9. Herbarium Genomics: Plant Archival DNA Explored -- Chapter10. Paleogenomics of Animal Domestication -- Chapter11. Paleogenomic Inferences of Dog Domestication -- Chapter12. Of Cats and Men: Ancient DNA Reveals How the Cat Conquered the Ancient World -- Chapter13. An Ancient DNA Perspective on Horse Evolution -- Chapter14. Primate Paleogenomics -- Chapter15. Structural Variants in Ancient Genomes -- Chapter16. Genomics of Extinction
    Abstract: Advances in genome-scale DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized genetic research on ancient organisms, extinct species, and past environments. When it is recoverable after hundreds or thousands of years of unintended preservation, €œáncient DNÁ€ (or aDNA) is often highly degraded, necessitating specialized handling and analytical approaches. Paleogenomics defines the field of reconstructing and analyzing the genomes of historic or long-dead organisms, most often through comparison with modern representatives of the same or similar species. The opportunity to isolate and study paleogenomes has radically transformed many fields, spanning biology, anthropology, agriculture, and medicine. Examples include understanding evolutionary relationships of extinct species known only from fossils, the domestication of plants and animals, and the evolution and geographical spread of certain pathogens. This pioneering book presents a snapshot view of the history, current status, and future prospects of paleogenomics, taking a broad viewpoint that covers a range of topics and organisms to provide an up-to-date status of the applications, challenges, and promise of the field. This book is intended for a variety of readerships, including upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, professionals and experts in the field, as well as anyone excited by the extraordinary insights that paleogenomics offers
    Pages: XIV, 427 p. 62 illus., 57 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030047535
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  • 49
    Keywords: Plant genetics ; Ecology ; Plant breeding ; Plant anatomy ; Plant Ecology ; Medicine ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Community & Population Ecology ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Plant Anatomy/Development ; Plant Ecology ; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part1. Introduction -- Chapter1. Population genomics: Advancing understanding of nature -- Part2. Methods -- Chapter2. Genotyping and sequencing technologies in population genetics and genomics -- Chapter3. Computational tools for population genomics -- Chapter4. Population and evolutionary genetic inferences in the whole genome era: Software challenges -- Part3. Concepts and Approaches -- Chapter5. Population epigenomics: Advancing understanding of phenotypic plasticity, acclimation, adaptation and diseases -- Chapter6. Landscape genomics: Understanding heterogeneity and genomic characteristics of populations -- Chapter7. Paleogenomics: Genome-scale analysis of ancient DNA and population and evolutionary genomic inferences -- Chapter8. Genome-wide association studies and heritability estimation in the functional genomics era -- Chapter9. Genomic selection -- Part4. -- Chapter10. Population genomics provides key insights in ecology and evolution -- Chapter11. Inferring demographic history using genomic data -- Chapter12. Advancing biogeography through population genomics -- Chapter13. Adaptation without boundaries: Population genomics in ocean systems -- Chapter14. Population genomics of speciation and admixture -- Chapter15. Population genomics of colonization and invasion -- Chapter16. Population genomics of crop domestication: current state and perspectives -- Chapter17. Population genomics of animal domestication and breed development -- Chapter18. Population genomics of domestication and breed development in canines in the context of cognitive, social, behavioral, and disease traits
    Abstract: Population genomics has revolutionized various disciplines of biology including population, evolutionary, ecological and conservation genetics, plant and animal breeding, human health, medicine and pharmacology by allowing to address novel and long-standing questions with unprecedented power and accuracy. It employs large-scale or genome-wide genetic information and bioinformatics to address various fundamental and applied aspects in biology and related disciplines, and provides a comprehensive genome-wide perspective and new insights that were not possible before. These advances have become possible due to the development of new and low-cost sequencing and genotyping technologies and novel statistical approaches and software, bioinformatics tools, and models. Population genomics is tremendously advancing our understanding the roles of evolutionary processes, such as mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, and natural selection, in shaping up genetic variation at individual loci and across the genome and populations; improving the assessment of population genetic parameters or processes such as adaptive evolution, effective population size, gene flow, admixture, inbreeding and outbreeding depression, demography, and biogeography; resolving evolutionary histories and phylogenetic relationships of extant, ancient and extinct species; understanding the genomic basis of fitness, adaptation, speciation, complex ecological and economically important traits, and disease and insect resistance; facilitating forensics, genetic medicine and pharmacology; delineating conservation genetic units; and understanding the genetic effects of resource management practices, and assisting conservation and sustainable management of genetic resources. This Population Genomics book discusses the concepts, approaches, applications and promises of population genomics in addressing most of the above fundamental and applied crucial aspects in a variety of organisms from microorganisms to humans. The book provides insights into a range of emerging population genomics topics including population epigenomics, landscape genomics, seascape genomics, paleogenomics, ecological and evolutionary genomics, biogeography, demography, speciation, admixture, colonization and invasion, genomic selection, and plant and animal domestication. This book fills a vacuum in the field and is expected to become a primary reference in Population Genomics world-wide
    Pages: XVII, 822 p. 110 illus., 85 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030045890
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  • 50
    Keywords: Proteomics ; Biochemistry ; Cell Membranes ; Medicine ; Proteomics ; Protein Science ; Membrane Biology ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Sterol specificity in modulating protein function: 1. Chirality effect on cholesterol modulation of protein function -- 2. A critical analysis of molecular mechanisms underlying membrane cholesterol sensitivity of GPCRs -- 3. Regulation of BK channel activity by cholesterol and its derivatives -- 4. Chiral specificity of cholesterol orientation within cholesterol binding sites in inwardly rectifying potassium channels -- Part 2. Indirect modulation of protein function by cholesterol: 5. Cholesterol effect on the physical properties of lipid membranes -- 6. Effect of cholesterol on the dipole potential of lipid membranes -- 7. Mass spectroscopy imaging of cholesterol -- 8. Cholesterol-dependent gating effects on ion channels
    Abstract: In this book, renowned scientists describe the role of steroid chirality and modification of lipid membrane physical properties in the modulation of G protein-coupled receptors and ion channels. The application of commonly-used technical approaches such as mass spectrometry and nucleic magnetic resonance transfer spectroscopy for studies on cholesterol distribution and alteration of lipid bilayer characteristics is also discussed. This book offers comprehensive insights into the current understanding of cholesterol-driven modulation of protein function via mechanisms that extend beyond lipid-protein direct interactions. In the first part, the chapters introduce the reader to the use of the chemical derivatives of cholesterol as a valuable laboratory tool in the studies of cholesterol-driven modulation of protein function. In the second part, examples of cholesterol-induced changes in membrane physical characteristics are presented and discussed in light of their multifaceted contribution to the effect of cholesterol on protein function. The book will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students as well as basic science and medical researchers with a keen interest in the biophysical properties of cholesterol and physiological consequences of cholesterol presence in biological systems
    Pages: X, 197 p. 45 illus., 33 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030042783
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  • 51
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Metabolic Diseases ; Pediatrics ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Homozygous Splice Site Mutation in SLC25A42, Encoding the Mitochondrial Transporter of Coenzyme A, Causes Metabolic Crises and Epileptic Encephalopathy -- Apparent Acetaminophen Toxicity in a Patient with Transaldolase Deficiency -- Sialuria: Ninth Patient Described Has a Novel Mutation in GNE -- Stability of the ABCD1 Protein with a Missense Mutation: A Novel Approach to Finding Therapeutic Compounds for X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy -- Psychosocial Functioning in Parents of MPS III Patients -- The Second Case of Saposin A Deficiency and Altered Autophagy -- An Electronic Questionnaire for Liver Assessment in Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (LeQCDG): A Patient-Centered Study -- Demographics, Clinical Features, and Mortality of Acute Hepatic Porphyrias in Colombia: An Analysis of 101 Patients -- Cobalamin D Deficiency Identified Through Newborn Screening -- Lathosterolosis: A Relatively Mild Case with Cataracts and Learning Difficulties -- DPAGT1 Deficiency with Encephalopathy (DPAGT1-CDG): Clinical and Genetic Description of 11 New Patients -- Enzyme Replacement Therapy During Pregnancy in Fabry Patients -- Hyperornithinemia, Hyperammonemia, and Homocitrullinuria Syndrome Causing Severe Neonatal Hyperammonemia -- Screening for Niemann-Pick Type C Disease in a Memory Clinic Cohort -- Reversible Cerebral White Matter Abnormalities in Homocystinuria
    Abstract: JIMD Reports publishes case and short research reports in the area of inherited metabolic disorders. Case reports highlight some unusual or previously unrecorded feature relevant to the disorder, or serve as an important reminder of clinical or biochemical features of a Mendelian disorder
    Pages: VI, 119 p. 32 illus., 22 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783662586174
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  • 52
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Cytology ; Neurosciences ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The Astrocyte-Neuron Interface: An Overview on Molecular and Cellular Dynamics Controlling Formation and Maintenance of the Tripartite Synapse -- Role of Astrocytes in the Neurogenic Niches -- Isolation and Culture of Astrocytes from Postnatal and Adult Mouse Brains -- Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting-Based Isolation and Characterization of Neural Stem Cells from the Adult Zebrafish Telencephalon -- A Method to Visualize the Nanoscopic Morphology of Astrocytes In Vitro and In Situ -- A Specialized Method to Resolve Fine 3D Features of Astrocytes in Non-Human Primate (Marmoset, Callithrix Jacchus) and Human Fixed Brain Samples -- Cisterna Magna Injection in Rats to Study Glymphatic Function -- Preparing the Astrocyte Perivascular Endfeet Transcriptome to Investigate Astrocyte Molecular Regulations at the Brain Vascular Interface -- Monitoring Interneuron-Astrocyte Signaling and Its Consequences on Synaptic Transmission -- Astrocytes and Circadian Rhythms: An Emerging Astrocyte-Neuron Synergy in the Timekeeping System -- In Vitro Engulfment Assay to Measure Phagocytic Activity of Astrocytes Using Synaptosomes -- Quantifying Compartment-Specific Protein Translocation in Astrocytes by Object-Oriented Image Analysis: Mitochondrial Translocation of PKCδ -- Imaging of Local and Global Sodium Signals in Astrocytes -- Detection of Protein Uptake in In Vitro Cultured Astrocytes Exemplified by the Uptake of the Serine Protease, Tissue Plasminogen Activator -- Native Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (N-ChIP) in Primary Cortical Rat Astrocytes -- Imaging and Manipulating Astrocyte Function In Vivo in the Context of CNS Injury -- Glial Pathology in Major Depressive Disorder: An Approach to Investigate the Coverage of Blood Vessels by Astrocyte Endfeet in Human Postmortem Brain -- Examining the Coverage of Blood Vessels by Astrocyte Endfeet in an Animal Model of Major Depressive Disorder -- A Method to Investigate Astrocyte and Microglial Morphological Changes in the Aging Brain of the Rhesus Macaque -- Investigating Age-Related Changes in Proliferation and the Cell Division Repertoire of Parenchymal Reactive Astrocytes
    Abstract: This detailed volume gathers together a broad variety of methods essential to the investigation of the biology of astrocytes and their multifaceted roles in both healthy and diseased brains. Beginning with some overviews of the subject, the book continues by covering techniques for the isolation of astrocytes from animal models, the investigation of astrocyte morphology and function, as well as for understanding astrocyte pathologies in the central nervous system. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Astrocytes: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for both experienced and beginner scientists working toward unraveling the novel, fascinating roles of these versatile cells
    Pages: XI, 295 p. 66 illus., 60 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990689
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  • 53
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single-Step Purification of Calpain-1, Calpain-2, and Calpastatin using Anion Exchange Chromatography -- Bacterial Expression and Purification of Calpains -- Casein Zymography for Analysis of Calpain-1 and Calpain-2 Activity -- FRET-Based Assays to Determine Calpain Activity -- In Vivo Monitoring of Calpain Activity by Forster Resonance Energy Transfer -- Determining Temporal and Spatial Expression of Calpains in Amphibians -- Immunohistochemical Localization of Calpains in the Amphibian Xenopus laevis -- Expression and Activity of Calpain A in Drosophila melanogaster -- Use of the β-Glucoronidase Reporter System (GUS) to Localize Promoter Activities of the Endogenous Plant Calpain DEFECTIVE KERNEL1 (DEK1) -- LabCaS for Ranking Potential Calpain Substrate Cleavage Sites from Amino Acid Sequence -- CalCleaveMKL: A Tool for Calpain Cleavage Prediction -- Identification of Calpain-Activated protein Functions -- Production and Purification of Recombinant Calpastatin -- Isolation of Endogenous Calpastatin -- Immunoblotting for Calpastatin Expression -- Experimental Manipulation of Calpain Activity In Vitro -- In Vivo Calpain Knockdown using Delivery of siRNA -- In Vivo Expression of Mutant Calpains in the Eye using Lentivirus -- Methods of Calpain Inhibition to Determine the Role of Calpains in Embryo Development in Amphibians -- Genetic Models of Calpain Deficiency and Ectopic Expression
    Abstract: This volume brings together a plethora of protocols and experimental methods used by scientists to study calpains, their inhibitors, and their substrates. It also explores bioinformatic approaches to calpain substrate identification. The chapters in this book are divided into five parts and cover topics such as production and purification of calpains; determination of calpain localization, expression, and activity; identification of calpain-activated protein function; interrogation of calpastatin; and manipulation of calpain expression. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Calpain: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists who want to learn more about this developing field, and get inspired to make new discoveries that will aid in diagnosing and treating calpain-related diseases
    Pages: XII, 276 p. 66 illus., 37 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989881
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