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  • *Biodiversity  (169)
  • Allgemeine Zoologie
  • Allgemeine Naturwissenschaften
  • Angewandte Physik
  • Biotechnologie
  • Strömungsmechanik
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)  (175)
  • Academic Journals  (7)
  • Carnegie Museum of Natural History / BioOne
  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)
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Keywords
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-01-20
    Description: Laanisto and Hutchings claim that the local species pool is a more important predictor of local plant species richness than biomass and that when the species pool is considered, there is no hump-backed relationship between biomass and richness. However, we show that by calculating a more appropriate measure of species pool, community completeness, both regional and local processes shape local richness.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fraser, Lauchlan H -- Partel, Meelis -- Pither, Jason -- Jentsch, Anke -- Sternberg, Marcelo -- Zobel, Martin -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1177. doi: 10.1126/science.aad4874.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada. lfraser@tru.ca. ; Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia. ; Department of Biology, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada. ; Department of Disturbance Ecology, Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. ; Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26785471" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Grassland ; *Plant Development
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-01-30
    Description: Tredennick et al. criticize one of our statistical analyses and emphasize the low explanatory power of models relating productivity to diversity. These criticisms do not detract from our key findings, including evidence consistent with the unimodal constraint relationship predicted by the humped-back model and evidence of scale sensitivities in the form and strength of the relationship.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pither, Jason -- Fraser, Lauchlan H -- Jentsch, Anke -- Sternberg, Marcelo -- Zobel, Martin -- Cahill, James -- Beierkuhnlein, Carl -- Bartha, Sandor -- Bennett, Jonathan A -- Boldgiv, Bazartseren -- Brown, Leslie R -- Cabido, Marcelo -- Campetella, Giandiego -- Carlyle, Cameron N -- Chelli, Stefano -- Csergo, Anna Maria -- Diaz, Sandra -- Enrico, Lucas -- Ensing, David -- Fidelis, Alessandra -- Garris, Heath W -- Henry, Hugh A L -- Hohn, Maria -- Klironomos, John -- Koorem, Kadri -- Lawrence-Lodge, Rachael -- Manning, Peter -- Mitchell, Randall J -- Moora, Mari -- Pillar, Valerio D -- Stotz, Gisela C -- Sugiyama, Shu-ichi -- Szentes, Szilard -- Tungalag, Radnaakhand -- Undrakhbold, Sainbileg -- Wellstein, Camilla -- Zupo, Talita -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):457. doi: 10.1126/science.aad8019.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biology, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada. jason.pither@ubc.ca. ; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada. ; Department of Disturbance Ecology, BayCEER, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. ; Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. ; Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia. ; Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ; Department of Biogeography, Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research (BayCEER), University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. ; Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Ecological Research, Institute of Ecology and Botany, Vacratot, Hungary. School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia. ; Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ; Ecology Group, Department of Biology, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. ; Department of Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Florida, South Africa. ; Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina. ; School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, Plant Diversity and Ecosystems Management Unit, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy. ; Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. ; School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. ; Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Vegetal (IMBIV), National Scientific and Technical Research Council and Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina. ; Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. ; Departamento de Botanica, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil. ; Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. ; Department of Botany, Faculty of Horticultural Science, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary. ; Department of Biology, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada. ; Department of Botany, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. ; Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Senckenberg Gesellschaft fur Naturforschung, Germany. ; Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA. ; Department of Ecology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. ; Faculty of Agriculture and Life Science, Hirosaki University, Aomori, Japan. ; Institute of Plant Production, Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary. ; Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26823419" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Grassland ; *Plant Development
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-01-20
    Description: Fraser et al. (Reports, 17 July 2015, p. 302) report that a hump-backed model describes the worldwide relationship between productivity and plant species richness in grassland communities. We reanalyze their data from a larger-scale perspective, using local species pool. This influences richness far more strongly than productivity, and, when this is taken into account, the hump-backed richness-productivity relationship disappears.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Laanisto, Lauri -- Hutchings, Michael J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1177. doi: 10.1126/science.aad4836.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia. laanisto@ut.ee. ; School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QG, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26785470" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Grassland ; *Plant Development
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-30
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Magurran, Anne E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):448-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aad6758.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Biological Diversity, School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland, UK. aem1@st-andrews.ac.uk.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26823412" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Climate Change ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; Extinction, Biological ; *Fishes ; Introduced Species ; Rivers
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-30
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fearnside, Philip M -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):456-7. doi: 10.1126/science.351.6272.456-b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉National Institute for Research in Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, 69067-375, Brazil. pmfearn@inpa.gov.br.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26823417" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Fishes ; *Power Plants ; *Rivers
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-01-09
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Winemiller, K O -- McIntyre, P B -- Castello, L -- Fluet-Chouinard, E -- Giarrizzo, T -- Nam, S -- Baird, I G -- Darwall, W -- Lujan, N K -- Harrison, I -- Stiassny, M L J -- Silvano, R A M -- Fitzgerald, D B -- Pelicice, F M -- Agostinho, A A -- Gomes, L C -- Albert, J S -- Baran, E -- Petrere, M Jr -- Zarfl, C -- Mulligan, M -- Sullivan, J P -- Arantes, C C -- Sousa, L M -- Koning, A A -- Hoeinghaus, D J -- Sabaj, M -- Lundberg, J G -- Armbruster, J -- Thieme, M L -- Petry, P -- Zuanon, J -- Torrente Vilara, G -- Snoeks, J -- Ou, C -- Rainboth, W -- Pavanelli, C S -- Akama, A -- van Soesbergen, A -- Saenz, L -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 8;351(6269):128-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aac7082.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉See supplementary materials for author affiliations. k-winemiller@tamu.edu. ; See supplementary materials for author affiliations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26744397" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Congo ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; Fisheries ; *Fishes ; Fresh Water ; Mekong Valley ; *Power Plants ; Risk ; *Rivers
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-04-23
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Joppa, L N -- O'Connor, B -- Visconti, P -- Smith, C -- Geldmann, J -- Hoffmann, M -- Watson, J E M -- Butchart, S H M -- Virah-Sawmy, M -- Halpern, B S -- Ahmed, S E -- Balmford, A -- Sutherland, W J -- Harfoot, M -- Hilton-Taylor, C -- Foden, W -- Di Minin, E -- Pagad, S -- Genovesi, P -- Hutton, J -- Burgess, N D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Apr 22;352(6284):416-8. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf3565. Epub 2016 Apr 21.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉See supplementary materials for complete list of author affiliations. lujoppa@microsoft.com. ; See supplementary materials for complete list of author affiliations.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27102469" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Datasets as Topic/*standards ; Endangered Species/*statistics & numerical data ; Human Activities ; Humans
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-01-30
    Description: Fraser et al. (Reports, 17 July 2015, p. 302) report a unimodal relationship between productivity and species richness at regional and global scales, which they contrast with the results of Adler et al. (Reports, 23 September 2011, p. 1750). However, both data sets, when analyzed correctly, show clearly and consistently that productivity is a poor predictor of local species richness.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tredennick, Andrew T -- Adler, Peter B -- Grace, James B -- Harpole, W Stanley -- Borer, Elizabeth T -- Seabloom, Eric W -- Anderson, T Michael -- Bakker, Jonathan D -- Biederman, Lori A -- Brown, Cynthia S -- Buckley, Yvonne M -- Chu, Chengjin -- Collins, Scott L -- Crawley, Michael J -- Fay, Philip A -- Firn, Jennifer -- Gruner, Daniel S -- Hagenah, Nicole -- Hautier, Yann -- Hector, Andy -- Hillebrand, Helmut -- Kirkman, Kevin -- Knops, Johannes M H -- Laungani, Ramesh -- Lind, Eric M -- MacDougall, Andrew S -- McCulley, Rebecca L -- Mitchell, Charles E -- Moore, Joslin L -- Morgan, John W -- Orrock, John L -- Peri, Pablo L -- Prober, Suzanne M -- Risch, Anita C -- Schutz, Martin -- Speziale, Karina L -- Standish, Rachel J -- Sullivan, Lauren L -- Wardle, Glenda M -- Williams, Ryan J -- Yang, Louie H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 29;351(6272):457. doi: 10.1126/science.aad6236.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Wildland Resources and the Ecology Center, Utah State University, 5230 Old Main, Logan, UT 84322, USA. atredenn@gmail.com. ; Department of Wildland Resources and the Ecology Center, Utah State University, 5230 Old Main, Logan, UT 84322, USA. ; U.S. Geological Survey, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, 700 Cajundome Boulevard, Lafayette, LA 70506, USA. ; Department of Physiological Diversity, Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research - UFZ, Permoserstrasse 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Department of Biology, Wake Forest University, Box 7325 Reynolda Station, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA. ; School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington, 3501 NE 41st Street, Box 354115, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. ; Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, 251 Bessey Hall, Ames, IA 50010, USA. ; Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, 307 University Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. ; School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Zoology, Dublin 2, Ireland. ; School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Xingang Xi Road 135, Guangzhou, 510275, China. ; Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. ; Department of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK. ; Grassland, Soil, and Water Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 808 East Blackland Road, Temple, TX 76502, USA. ; School of Earth, Environmental and Biological 42 Sciences, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Gardens Point, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4001. ; Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, 4112 Plant Sciences, College Park, MD 20742, USA. ; School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, 1 Carbis Road, Pietermaritzburg, 3201, South Africa. ; Department of Biology, Ecology and Biodiversity group, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands. ; Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3RB, UK. ; Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, Carl-von-Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Schleusenstrasse 1, 26382 Wihlhemshaven, Germany. ; School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, 211 Manter Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA. ; Biology Department, Doane College, 1014 Boswell Avenue, Crete, NE 68333, USA. ; Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1. ; Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Kentucky, N-222D Ag Science North, Lexington, KY 40546-0091, USA. ; Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#3280, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. ; School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Wellington Road, Clayton 3800, Victoria, Australia. ; Department of Ecology, Environment and Evolution, La Trobe University, Kingsbury Drive, Bundoora 3086, Victoria, Australia. ; Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, 430 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA. ; Department of Forestry, Agriculture and Water, Southern Patagonia National University-INTA-CONICET, CC 332 (CP 9400), Rio Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Patagonia, Argentina. ; Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Land and Water, Private Bag 5, Wembley, WA 6913, Australia. ; Community Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Zuercherstrasse 111, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland. ; Department of Ecology, INIBIOMA (CONICET-UNCO), Quintral 1250, Bariloche (8400), Rio Negro, Argentina. ; School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, 90 South Street, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150. ; School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Heydon-Laurence Building, A08, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia. ; Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA. ; Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26823418" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Grassland ; *Plant Development
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2016-01-23
    Description: Ecological intensification, or the improvement of crop yield through enhancement of biodiversity, may be a sustainable pathway toward greater food supplies. Such sustainable increases may be especially important for the 2 billion people reliant on small farms, many of which are undernourished, yet we know little about the efficacy of this approach. Using a coordinated protocol across regions and crops, we quantify to what degree enhancing pollinator density and richness can improve yields on 344 fields from 33 pollinator-dependent crop systems in small and large farms from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. For fields less than 2 hectares, we found that yield gaps could be closed by a median of 24% through higher flower-visitor density. For larger fields, such benefits only occurred at high flower-visitor richness. Worldwide, our study demonstrates that ecological intensification can create synchronous biodiversity and yield outcomes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Garibaldi, Lucas A -- Carvalheiro, Luisa G -- Vaissiere, Bernard E -- Gemmill-Herren, Barbara -- Hipolito, Juliana -- Freitas, Breno M -- Ngo, Hien T -- Azzu, Nadine -- Saez, Agustin -- Astrom, Jens -- An, Jiandong -- Blochtein, Betina -- Buchori, Damayanti -- Chamorro Garcia, Fermin J -- Oliveira da Silva, Fabiana -- Devkota, Kedar -- Ribeiro, Marcia de Fatima -- Freitas, Leandro -- Gaglianone, Maria C -- Goss, Maria -- Irshad, Mohammad -- Kasina, Muo -- Pacheco Filho, Alipio J S -- Kiill, Lucia H Piedade -- Kwapong, Peter -- Parra, Guiomar Nates -- Pires, Carmen -- Pires, Viviane -- Rawal, Ranbeer S -- Rizali, Akhmad -- Saraiva, Antonio M -- Veldtman, Ruan -- Viana, Blandina F -- Witter, Sidia -- Zhang, Hong -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Jan 22;351(6271):388-91. doi: 10.1126/science.aac7287.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Instituto de Investigaciones en Recursos Naturales, Agroecologia y Desarrollo Rural (IRNAD), Sede Andina, Universidad Nacional de Rio Negro (UNRN) and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET), Mitre 630, CP 8400, San Carlos de Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina. lgaribaldi@unrn.edu.ar. ; Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade de Brasilia, Campus Universitario Darcy Ribeiro, Brasilia - DF, 70910-900, Brazil; Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C), Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal & Naturalis Biodiversity Center, postbus 9517, 2300, RA, Leiden, Netherlands. ; Institut national de la recherche agronomique, UR406 Abeilles et Environnement, 228 route de l'Aerodrome, CS40509, F84914, Avignon Cedex 9, France. ; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153, Rome, Italy. ; Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Rua Barao de Geremoabo, S/N, Campus de Ondina, CEP 40170110, Salvador, BA, Brazil. ; Departamento de Zootecnia-Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Campus Universitario do Pici, CEP 60021970, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. ; IPBES Secretariat, Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), UN Campus, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, D-53113, Bonn, Germany. ; Laboratorio Ecotono, Universidad Nacional del Comahue-CONICET, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente, Quintral 1250, CP 8400, San Carlos de Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina. ; Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Post Office Box 5685 Sluppen, NO-7485, Trondheim, Norway. ; Key Laboratory for Insect-Pollinator Biology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 100093, Beijing, China. ; Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Av. Ipiranga, 6681, CEP 90619900, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. ; Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. Jln. Kamper, Darmaga, Bogor, 16680, West Java, Indonesia. ; Laboratorio investigaciones en Abejas (LABUN), Departamento de Biologia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogota, CP11001, Bogota, Colombia. ; Departamento de Educacao em Ciencias Agrarias e da Terra, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Campus do Sertao, Rodovia Engenheiro Jorge Neto. Silos KM 0, CEP 49680000, Nossa Senhora da Gloria, SE, Brazil. ; Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal. ; Embrapa Semiarido, BR 428, Km 152, C.P. 23, zona rural, CEP 56302970, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. ; Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro (JBRJ), Rua Pacheco Leao 915, CEP 22460030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. ; Laboratorio de Ciencias Ambientais, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, CEP 28013620, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil. ; University of Zimbabwe, Faculty of Agriculture, Crop Science Department, Post Office Box MP167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe. ; Conservation and Management of Pollinators for Sustainable Agriculture through Ecosystem Approach project, Honey Bee Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Park Road, Post Office Box 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan. ; Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation-Sericulture, Post Office Box 7816 code 01000 Thika, Kenya. ; College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. ; Embrapa Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia, Parque Estacao Biologica, W5 Norte (final), CEP 70770917, Brasilia, DF, Brazil. ; Instituto do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hidricos (INEMA)-UR Extremo Sul, Rua Viena, no. 425, Bairro Dinnah Borges, CEP 45820970, Eunapolis, BA, Brazil. ; G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora-263 643, Uttarakhand. India. ; Department of Plant Pest Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya. Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145, East Java, Indonesia. ; Universidade de Sao Paulo, Escola Politecnica, Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto Travessa 3, n.158, CEP 05508010, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont, 7735, South Africa. Conservation Ecology and Entomology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, 7602, Matieland, South Africa. ; Centro de Pesquisa Emilio Schenk, Fundacao Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Fepagro Vale do Taquari), 1 degrees Distrito, Fonte Grande, Caixa Postal 12, CEP 95860000, Taquari, RS, Brazil.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26798016" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Africa ; Animals ; Asia ; *Bees ; *Biodiversity ; *Crop Production ; Crops, Agricultural/*growth & development ; Flowers/growth & development ; *Pollination
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-03-12
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hibbett, David -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Mar 11;351(6278):1150-1. doi: 10.1126/science.aae0380.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Biology Department, Clark University, Worcester, MA 01610, USA. dhibbett@clarku.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26965611" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Ascomycota/*classification/genetics/pathogenicity ; *Biodiversity ; Fresh Water/microbiology ; Phylogeny ; Plants/microbiology ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Soil Microbiology
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2015-02-14
    Description: A new docodontan mammaliaform from the Middle Jurassic of China has skeletal features for climbing and dental characters indicative of an omnivorous diet that included plant sap. This fossil expands the range of known locomotor adaptations in docodontans to include climbing, in addition to digging and swimming. It further shows that some docodontans had a diet with a substantial herbivorous component, distinctive from the faunivorous diets previously reported in other members of this clade. This reveals a greater ecological diversity in an early mammaliaform clade at a more fundamental taxonomic level not only between major clades as previously thought.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Meng, Qing-Jin -- Ji, Qiang -- Zhang, Yu-Guang -- Liu, Di -- Grossnickle, David M -- Luo, Zhe-Xi -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Feb 13;347(6223):764-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1260879.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Beijing Museum of Natural History, Beijing 100050 China. ; Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China. ; Committee on Evolutionary Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. ; Committee on Evolutionary Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. zxluo@uchicago.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25678661" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Feed ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; China ; Cuspid/anatomy & histology/immunology ; *Dentition ; Forelimb/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; *Herbivory ; Incisor/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; Mammals/anatomy & histology/*classification/*growth & development ; Mandible/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; Phylogeny
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2015-04-18
    Description: Human-driven environmental changes may simultaneously affect the biodiversity, productivity, and stability of Earth's ecosystems, but there is no consensus on the causal relationships linking these variables. Data from 12 multiyear experiments that manipulate important anthropogenic drivers, including plant diversity, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, fire, herbivory, and water, show that each driver influences ecosystem productivity. However, the stability of ecosystem productivity is only changed by those drivers that alter biodiversity, with a given decrease in plant species numbers leading to a quantitatively similar decrease in ecosystem stability regardless of which driver caused the biodiversity loss. These results suggest that changes in biodiversity caused by drivers of environmental change may be a major factor determining how global environmental changes affect ecosystem stability.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hautier, Yann -- Tilman, David -- Isbell, Forest -- Seabloom, Eric W -- Borer, Elizabeth T -- Reich, Peter B -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Apr 17;348(6232):336-40. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1788.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RB, UK. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. Ecology and Biodiversity Group, Department of Biology, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands. yann.hautier@plants.ox.ac.uk. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. Bren School of the Environment, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2753, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25883357" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; Carbon Dioxide ; Fires ; Herbivory ; *Human Activities ; Humans ; Nitrogen ; *Plants ; Water
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  • 13
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-03-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Huang, Xiong-Wei -- Wang, Wei -- Dong, Yun-Wei -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Mar 6;347(6226):1079. doi: 10.1126/science.347.6226.1079-b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. ; State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. dongyw@xmu.edu.cn.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25745154" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Wetlands
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2015-05-02
    Description: Marine taxa are threatened by anthropogenic impacts, but knowledge of their extinction vulnerabilities is limited. The fossil record provides rich information on past extinctions that can help predict biotic responses. We show that over 23 million years, taxonomic membership and geographic range size consistently explain a large proportion of extinction risk variation in six major taxonomic groups. We assess intrinsic risk-extinction risk predicted by paleontologically calibrated models-for modern genera in these groups. Mapping the geographic distribution of these genera identifies coastal biogeographic provinces where fauna with high intrinsic risk are strongly affected by human activity or climate change. Such regions are disproportionately in the tropics, raising the possibility that these ecosystems may be particularly vulnerable to future extinctions. Intrinsic risk provides a prehuman baseline for considering current threats to marine biodiversity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Finnegan, Seth -- Anderson, Sean C -- Harnik, Paul G -- Simpson, Carl -- Tittensor, Derek P -- Byrnes, Jarrett E -- Finkel, Zoe V -- Lindberg, David R -- Liow, Lee Hsiang -- Lockwood, Rowan -- Lotze, Heike K -- McClain, Craig R -- McGuire, Jenny L -- O'Dea, Aaron -- Pandolfi, John M -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 May 1;348(6234):567-70. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa6635.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. sethf@berkeley.edu. ; Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada. ; Department of Earth and Environment, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA 17604, USA. ; Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20013, USA. ; United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK. Computational Science Laboratory, Microsoft Research, Cambridge CB1 2FB, UK. Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada. ; Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125, USA. ; Environmental Science Program, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 1A5, Canada. ; Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. ; Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway. ; Department of Geology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA. ; Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada. ; National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA. ; School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. ; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 0843-03092, Balboa, Republic of Panama. ; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25931558" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Aquatic Organisms ; *Biodiversity ; *Climate Change ; *Extinction, Biological ; Fossils ; *Human Activities ; Humans ; *Oceans and Seas ; Paleontology ; Risk
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2015-02-14
    Description: Banks-Leite et al. (Reports, 29 August 2014, p. 1041) conclude that a large-scale program to restore the Brazilian Atlantic Forest using payments for environmental services (PES) is economically feasible. They do not analyze transaction costs, which are quantified infrequently and incompletely in the literature. Transaction costs can exceed 20% of total project costs and should be included in future research.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Finney, Christopher -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Feb 13;347(6223):731. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa0916.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Atlantic Forest and Central Savannas Conservation Program, The Nature Conservancy, Av. Paulista 2439 conj. 91, Sao Paulo 01311-300.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25678654" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Agriculture/*economics ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*economics ; Humans ; *Trees ; Vertebrates/*classification
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2015-02-28
    Description: Global sustainability challenges, from maintaining biodiversity to providing clean air and water, are closely interconnected yet often separately studied and managed. Systems integration-holistic approaches to integrating various components of coupled human and natural systems-is critical to understand socioeconomic and environmental interconnections and to create sustainability solutions. Recent advances include the development and quantification of integrated frameworks that incorporate ecosystem services, environmental footprints, planetary boundaries, human-nature nexuses, and telecoupling. Although systems integration has led to fundamental discoveries and practical applications, further efforts are needed to incorporate more human and natural components simultaneously, quantify spillover systems and feedbacks, integrate multiple spatial and temporal scales, develop new tools, and translate findings into policy and practice. Such efforts can help address important knowledge gaps, link seemingly unconnected challenges, and inform policy and management decisions.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Liu, Jianguo -- Mooney, Harold -- Hull, Vanessa -- Davis, Steven J -- Gaskell, Joanne -- Hertel, Thomas -- Lubchenco, Jane -- Seto, Karen C -- Gleick, Peter -- Kremen, Claire -- Li, Shuxin -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Feb 27;347(6225):1258832. doi: 10.1126/science.1258832.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. liuji@msu.edu. ; Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. ; Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. ; Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA. ; World Bank, Washington, DC, USA. ; Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. ; Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA. ; School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. ; The Pacific Institute, Oakland, CA, USA. ; Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25722418" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Biofuels ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; Earth (Planet) ; Endangered Species ; *Environmental Pollution ; Humans ; Socioeconomic Factors ; *Systems Integration ; Ursidae
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2015-10-03
    Description: The fossil record contains exemplars of extreme biodiversity crises. Here, we examined the stability of terrestrial paleocommunities from South Africa during Earth's most severe mass extinction, the Permian-Triassic. We show that stability depended critically on functional diversity and patterns of guild interaction, regardless of species richness. Paleocommunities exhibited less transient instability-relative to model communities with alternative community organization-and significantly greater probabilities of being locally stable during the mass extinction. Functional patterns that have evolved during an ecosystem's history support significantly more stable communities than hypothetical alternatives.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Roopnarine, Peter D -- Angielczyk, Kenneth D -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Oct 2;350(6256):90-3. doi: 10.1126/science.aab1371.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA. proopnarine@calacademy.org. ; Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL 60605, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26430120" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Extinction, Biological ; *Fossils ; Models, Statistical ; Paleontology ; Poisson Distribution ; South Africa
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2015-05-02
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lambertucci, Sergio A -- Shepard, Emily L C -- Wilson, Rory P -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 May 1;348(6234):502-4. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa6743. Epub 2015 Apr 30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA (CONICET-Universidad Nacional del Comahue), Bariloche, 8400, Argentina. slambertucci@comahue-conicet.gob.ar. ; Swansea Lab for Animal Movement, Biosciences, Swansea University, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25931541" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animal Migration ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Climate Change ; *Extinction, Biological ; Humans ; Introduced Species ; Ranidae
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 19
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-30
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Escobar, Herton -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 May 29;348(6238):952-3. doi: 10.1126/science.348.6238.952.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26023111" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; Brazil ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*economics ; Research/*economics
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 20
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-10-31
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wade, Lizzie -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Oct 30;350(6260):496-501. doi: 10.1126/science.350.6260.496.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26516264" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Birds ; Butterflies ; Fossils ; Geologic Sediments ; Peru ; Primates ; Rainforest ; *Rivers ; Trees/genetics
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2015-07-18
    Description: The search for predictions of species diversity across environmental gradients has challenged ecologists for decades. The humped-back model (HBM) suggests that plant diversity peaks at intermediate productivity; at low productivity few species can tolerate the environmental stresses, and at high productivity a few highly competitive species dominate. Over time the HBM has become increasingly controversial, and recent studies claim to have refuted it. Here, by using data from coordinated surveys conducted throughout grasslands worldwide and comprising a wide range of site productivities, we provide evidence in support of the HBM pattern at both global and regional extents. The relationships described here provide a foundation for further research into the local, landscape, and historical factors that maintain biodiversity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fraser, Lauchlan H -- Pither, Jason -- Jentsch, Anke -- Sternberg, Marcelo -- Zobel, Martin -- Askarizadeh, Diana -- Bartha, Sandor -- Beierkuhnlein, Carl -- Bennett, Jonathan A -- Bittel, Alex -- Boldgiv, Bazartseren -- Boldrini, Ilsi I -- Bork, Edward -- Brown, Leslie -- Cabido, Marcelo -- Cahill, James -- Carlyle, Cameron N -- Campetella, Giandiego -- Chelli, Stefano -- Cohen, Ofer -- Csergo, Anna-Maria -- Diaz, Sandra -- Enrico, Lucas -- Ensing, David -- Fidelis, Alessandra -- Fridley, Jason D -- Foster, Bryan -- Garris, Heath -- Goheen, Jacob R -- Henry, Hugh A L -- Hohn, Maria -- Jouri, Mohammad Hassan -- Klironomos, John -- Koorem, Kadri -- Lawrence-Lodge, Rachael -- Long, Ruijun -- Manning, Pete -- Mitchell, Randall -- Moora, Mari -- Muller, Sandra C -- Nabinger, Carlos -- Naseri, Kamal -- Overbeck, Gerhard E -- Palmer, Todd M -- Parsons, Sheena -- Pesek, Mari -- Pillar, Valerio D -- Pringle, Robert M -- Roccaforte, Kathy -- Schmidt, Amanda -- Shang, Zhanhuan -- Stahlmann, Reinhold -- Stotz, Gisela C -- Sugiyama, Shu-ichi -- Szentes, Szilard -- Thompson, Don -- Tungalag, Radnaakhand -- Undrakhbold, Sainbileg -- van Rooyen, Margaretha -- Wellstein, Camilla -- Wilson, J Bastow -- Zupo, Talita -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Jul 17;349(6245):302-5. doi: 10.1126/science.aab3916.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada. lfraser@tru.ca. ; Department of Biology, University of British Columbia, Okanagan campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada. ; Department of Disturbance Ecology, BayCEER, Uni- versity of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. ; Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. ; Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia. ; Faculty of Natural Resources College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran. ; MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Institute of Ecology and Botany, Vacratot, Hungary, and School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia. ; Department of Biogeography, BayCEER, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. ; Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Manhattan, KS 66047, USA. ; Department of Biology, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. ; Department of Botany, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. ; Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. ; Applied Behavioural Ecology and Ecosystem Research Unit, University of South Africa, Johannesberg, South Africa. ; Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Vegetal (IMBIV-CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba, Espana. ; School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy. ; School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. ; Departamento de Botanica, UNESP - Univ. Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, Brazil. ; Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. ; Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325, USA. ; Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA. ; Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. ; Department of Botany, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary. ; Department of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Nour Branch, Iran. ; Department of Botany, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. ; International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. ; Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013, Bern, Switzerland. ; Department of Ecology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. ; Faculty of Agronomy, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. ; Department of Range and Watershed Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. ; Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. ; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada. ; Laboratory of Plant Ecology, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan. ; Institute of Plant Production, Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary. ; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Centre, Lethbridge, AB, Canada. ; Department of Plant Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa. ; Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy. ; Department of Botany, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Landcare Research, Dunedin, New Zealand.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26185249" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; Biomass ; *Grassland ; *Plant Development ; Stress, Physiological
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  • 22
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-03-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ma, Zhijun -- Li, Bo -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Mar 6;347(6226):1080. doi: 10.1126/science.347.6226.1080-a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China. zhijunm@fudan.edu.cn. ; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25745155" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Wetlands
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  • 23
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-10-03
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Marshall, Charles R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Oct 2;350(6256):38-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aad2729.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Integrative Biology, University of California Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. crmarshall@berkeley.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26430107" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Extinction, Biological ; *Fossils
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  • 24
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-07-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Keesing, Felicia -- Ostfeld, Richard S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Jul 17;349(6245):235-6. doi: 10.1126/science.aac7892.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biology, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504, USA. keesing@bard.edu. ; Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26185230" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Humans ; Parasitic Diseases/*prevention & control
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2015-03-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Maxwell, S L -- Milner-Gulland, E J -- Jones, J P G -- Knight, A T -- Bunnefeld, N -- Nuno, A -- Bal, P -- Earle, S -- Watson, J E M -- Rhodes, J R -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Mar 6;347(6226):1075-6. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1451.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. smaxwell@uq.edu.au. ; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK. ; School of Environment, Natural Resources, and Geography, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2DG, UK. ; School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK. ; Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter Cornwall Campus, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK. ; ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. ; ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Global Conservation Program, Bronx, NY 10460-1068, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25745152" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Birds ; Climate Change ; *Consensus ; Consensus Development Conferences as Topic ; *Environmental Policy ; *Negotiating ; Ozone Depletion ; Policy Making
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2015-02-14
    Description: Finney claims that we did not include transaction costs while assessing the economic costs of a set-aside program in Brazil and that accounting for them could potentially render large payments for environmental services (PES) projects unfeasible. We agree with the need for a better understanding of transaction costs but provide evidence that they do not alter the feasibility of the set-aside scheme we proposed.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Banks-Leite, Cristina -- Pardini, Renata -- Tambosi, Leandro R -- Pearse, William D -- Bueno, Adriana A -- Bruscagin, Roberta T -- Condez, Thais H -- Dixo, Marianna -- Igari, Alexandre T -- Martensen, Alexandre C -- Metzger, Jean Paul -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Feb 13;347(6223):731. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1602.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Grand Challenges in the Ecosystems and Environment, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK. Departmento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 321, Travessa 14, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. c.banks@imperial.ac.uk. ; Departmento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 321, Travessa 14, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Departmento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 321, Travessa 14, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 215 Ecology Building, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Fundacao Florestal, Rua do Horto, 931, 02377-000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Caixa Postal 199, 13506-900, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil. ; Curso de Gestao Ambiental, Escola de Artes, Ciencias e Humanidades, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Avenida Arlindo Bettio, 1000, 03828-000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25678655" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Agriculture/*economics ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*economics ; Humans ; *Trees ; Vertebrates/*classification
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2015-05-23
    Description: Marine plankton support global biological and geochemical processes. Surveys of their biodiversity have hitherto been geographically restricted and have not accounted for the full range of plankton size. We assessed eukaryotic diversity from 334 size-fractionated photic-zone plankton communities collected across tropical and temperate oceans during the circumglobal Tara Oceans expedition. We analyzed 18S ribosomal DNA sequences across the intermediate plankton-size spectrum from the smallest unicellular eukaryotes (protists, 〉0.8 micrometers) to small animals of a few millimeters. Eukaryotic ribosomal diversity saturated at ~150,000 operational taxonomic units, about one-third of which could not be assigned to known eukaryotic groups. Diversity emerged at all taxonomic levels, both within the groups comprising the ~11,200 cataloged morphospecies of eukaryotic plankton and among twice as many other deep-branching lineages of unappreciated importance in plankton ecology studies. Most eukaryotic plankton biodiversity belonged to heterotrophic protistan groups, particularly those known to be parasites or symbiotic hosts.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉de Vargas, Colomban -- Audic, Stephane -- Henry, Nicolas -- Decelle, Johan -- Mahe, Frederic -- Logares, Ramiro -- Lara, Enrique -- Berney, Cedric -- Le Bescot, Noan -- Probert, Ian -- Carmichael, Margaux -- Poulain, Julie -- Romac, Sarah -- Colin, Sebastien -- Aury, Jean-Marc -- Bittner, Lucie -- Chaffron, Samuel -- Dunthorn, Micah -- Engelen, Stefan -- Flegontova, Olga -- Guidi, Lionel -- Horak, Ales -- Jaillon, Olivier -- Lima-Mendez, Gipsi -- Lukes, Julius -- Malviya, Shruti -- Morard, Raphael -- Mulot, Matthieu -- Scalco, Eleonora -- Siano, Raffaele -- Vincent, Flora -- Zingone, Adriana -- Dimier, Celine -- Picheral, Marc -- Searson, Sarah -- Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie -- Tara Oceans Coordinators -- Acinas, Silvia G -- Bork, Peer -- Bowler, Chris -- Gorsky, Gabriel -- Grimsley, Nigel -- Hingamp, Pascal -- Iudicone, Daniele -- Not, Fabrice -- Ogata, Hiroyuki -- Pesant, Stephane -- Raes, Jeroen -- Sieracki, Michael E -- Speich, Sabrina -- Stemmann, Lars -- Sunagawa, Shinichi -- Weissenbach, Jean -- Wincker, Patrick -- Karsenti, Eric -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 May 22;348(6237):1261605. doi: 10.1126/science.1261605.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. vargas@sb-roscoff.fr pwincker@genoscope.cns.fr karsenti@embl.de. ; CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. ; Department of Ecology, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger Street, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany. CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. ; Department of Marine Biology and Oceanography, Institute of Marine Science (ICM)-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Passeig Maritim de la Barceloneta 37-49, Barcelona E08003, Spain. ; Laboratory of Soil Biology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile-Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland. ; CNRS, FR2424, Roscoff Culture Collection, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Paris 06, FR 2424, Roscoff Culture Collection, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. ; CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Ecole Normale Superieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), and Inserm U1024, and CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. ; Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Institut de Genomique, GENOSCOPE, 2 rue Gaston Cremieux, 91000 Evry, France. ; CNRS FR3631, Institut de Biologie Paris-Seine, F-75005, Paris, France. Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Paris 06, Institut de Biologie Paris-Seine, F-75005, Paris, France. Ecole Normale Superieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), and Inserm U1024, and CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. ; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. ; Department of Ecology, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger Street, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany. ; Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic. Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic. ; CNRS, UMR 7093, Laboratoire d'Oceanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer (LOV), Observatoire Oceanologique, F-06230, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France. Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Paris 06, UMR 7093, LOV, Observatoire Oceanologique, F-06230, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France. ; Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Institut de Genomique, GENOSCOPE, 2 rue Gaston Cremieux, 91000 Evry, France. CNRS, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France. Universite d'Evry, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France. ; Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic. Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas Street West, Suite 1400, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1Z8, Canada. ; Ecole Normale Superieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), and Inserm U1024, and CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. ; MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany. CNRS, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universites, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. ; Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy. ; Ifremer, Centre de Brest, DYNECO/Pelagos CS 10070, 29280 Plouzane, France. ; Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Ecole Normale Superieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), and Inserm U1024, and CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. ; Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Directors' Research, EMBL, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. ; Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Max-Delbruck-Centre for Molecular Medicine, 13092 Berlin, Germany. ; CNRS UMR 7232, Biologie Integrative des Organismes Marins (BIOM), Avenue du Fontaule, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France. Sorbonne Universites Paris 06, Observatoire Oceanologique de Banyuls (OOB) UPMC, Avenue du Fontaule, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France. ; Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS IGS UMR 7256, 13288 Marseille, France. ; Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto, 611-0011, Japan. ; PANGAEA, Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany. MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany. ; Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME 04544, USA. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA 22230, USA. ; Department of Geosciences, Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (LMD), Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Laboratoire de Physique des Oceans, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO)-Institut Universitaire Europeen de la Mer (IUEM), Place Copernic, 29820 Plouzane, France. ; Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. ; Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Institut de Genomique, GENOSCOPE, 2 rue Gaston Cremieux, 91000 Evry, France. CNRS, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France. Universite d'Evry, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France. vargas@sb-roscoff.fr pwincker@genoscope.cns.fr karsenti@embl.de. ; Directors' Research, EMBL, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Ecole Normale Superieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), and Inserm U1024, and CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. vargas@sb-roscoff.fr pwincker@genoscope.cns.fr karsenti@embl.de.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25999516" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic ; DNA, Ribosomal/genetics ; Eukaryota/*classification/genetics ; Oceans and Seas ; Phylogeny ; Plankton/*classification/genetics ; Ribosomes/genetics ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Sunlight
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  • 28
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-11-14
    Description: The deep ocean absorbs vast amounts of heat and carbon dioxide, providing a critical buffer to climate change but exposing vulnerable ecosystems to combined stresses of warming, ocean acidification, deoxygenation, and altered food inputs. Resulting changes may threaten biodiversity and compromise key ocean services that maintain a healthy planet and human livelihoods. There exist large gaps in understanding of the physical and ecological feedbacks that will occur. Explicit recognition of deep-ocean climate mitigation and inclusion in adaptation planning by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) could help to expand deep-ocean research and observation and to protect the integrity and functions of deep-ocean ecosystems.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Levin, Lisa A -- Le Bris, Nadine -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Nov 13;350(6262):766-8. doi: 10.1126/science.aad0126.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0218, USA. llevin@ucsd.edu. ; Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Univ. Paris 6, CNRS, Laboratoire d'Ecogeochimie des Environnements Benthiques, Observatoire Oceanologique, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26564845" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acids ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Carbon Dioxide ; *Global Warming ; Hot Temperature ; *Human Activities ; Humans ; Hydrodynamics ; Oceans and Seas ; Oxygen
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  • 29
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2015-01-13
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Aerts, Raf -- Berecha, Gezahegn -- Honnay, Olivier -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Jan 9;347(6218):139. doi: 10.1126/science.347.6218.139-b. Epub 2015 Jan 8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Plant Conservation and Population Biology, University of Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31-2435, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium. raf.aerts@bio.kuleuven.be. ; Plant Conservation and Population Biology, University of Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31-2435, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Horticulture and Plant Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. ; Plant Conservation and Population Biology, University of Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31-2435, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25574013" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological ; Agriculture/*methods ; *Biodiversity ; Climate Change ; Coffee/*genetics/*physiology ; Crops, Agricultural/*genetics/*physiology ; Ethiopia ; Genetic Variation
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  • 30
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-11-29
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Xu, Haigen -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Nov 28;346(6213):1068. doi: 10.1126/science.346.6213.1068.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, Nanjing, 210042, China. xhg@nies.org.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25430762" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Extinction, Biological
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2014-05-31
    Description: Recent studies clarify where the most vulnerable species live, where and how humanity changes the planet, and how this drives extinctions. We assess key statistics about species, their distribution, and their status. Most are undescribed. Those we know best have large geographical ranges and are often common within them. Most known species have small ranges. The numbers of small-ranged species are increasing quickly, even in well-known taxa. They are geographically concentrated and are disproportionately likely to be threatened or already extinct. Current rates of extinction are about 1000 times the likely background rate of extinction. Future rates depend on many factors and are poised to increase. Although there has been rapid progress in developing protected areas, such efforts are not ecologically representative, nor do they optimally protect biodiversity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pimm, S L -- Jenkins, C N -- Abell, R -- Brooks, T M -- Gittleman, J L -- Joppa, L N -- Raven, P H -- Roberts, C M -- Sexton, J O -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 May 30;344(6187):1246752. doi: 10.1126/science.1246752.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708, USA. stuartpimm@me.com. ; Instituto de Pesquisas Ecologicas, Rodovia Dom Pedro I, km 47, Caixa Postal 47, Nazare Paulista SP, 12960-000, Brazil. ; Post Office Box 402 Haverford, PA 19041, USA. ; International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN, 28 Rue Mauverney, CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland. ; Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. ; Microsoft Research, 21 Station Road, Cambridge, CB1 2FB, UK. ; Missouri Botanical Garden, Post Office Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. ; Environment Department, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. ; Global Land Cover Facility, Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24876501" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*methods ; *Endangered Species ; *Extinction, Biological ; Geography ; Humans ; Population Dynamics
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2014-04-20
    Description: The extent to which biodiversity change in local assemblages contributes to global biodiversity loss is poorly understood. We analyzed 100 time series from biomes across Earth to ask how diversity within assemblages is changing through time. We quantified patterns of temporal alpha diversity, measured as change in local diversity, and temporal beta diversity, measured as change in community composition. Contrary to our expectations, we did not detect systematic loss of alpha diversity. However, community composition changed systematically through time, in excess of predictions from null models. Heterogeneous rates of environmental change, species range shifts associated with climate change, and biotic homogenization may explain the different patterns of temporal alpha and beta diversity. Monitoring and understanding change in species composition should be a conservation priority.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Dornelas, Maria -- Gotelli, Nicholas J -- McGill, Brian -- Shimadzu, Hideyasu -- Moyes, Faye -- Sievers, Caya -- Magurran, Anne E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Apr 18;344(6181):296-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1248484.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Biological Diversity and Scottish Oceans Institute, School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24744374" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Birds ; *Ecosystem ; Extinction, Biological ; *Fishes ; Introduced Species ; *Invertebrates ; *Mammals ; *Plants ; Population Dynamics ; Time Factors
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  • 33
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-11-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Briggs, John C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Nov 14;346(6211):820. doi: 10.1126/science.346.6211.820.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97330, USA. clingfishes@yahoo.com.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25395528" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Endangered Species ; *Extinction, Biological ; *Human Activities ; Humans
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  • 34
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-10-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Turner, Woody -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Oct 17;346(6207):301-2. doi: 10.1126/science.1256014.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Earth Science Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USA. woody.turner@nasa.gov.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25324372" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; Environmental Monitoring/*methods ; Satellite Imagery/*methods
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  • 35
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-01-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vega-Villa, Karina -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jan 17;343(6168):248. doi: 10.1126/science.343.6168.248-b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Wenatchee, WA 98801, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24436404" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Energy Resources ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Fossil Fuels
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  • 36
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-12-06
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wood, Chelsea L -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Dec 5;346(6214):1192. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1810.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Michigan Society of Fellows and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. chelwood@umich.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25477450" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Communicable Diseases/*epidemiology ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Ecology ; Humans ; Zoonoses/*epidemiology
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    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 37
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-11-02
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Marton-Lefevre, Julia -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Oct 31;346(6209):525. doi: 10.1126/science.1261787.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Julia Marton-Lefevre is the Director General of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland. julia.marton-lefevre@iucn.org.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25359939" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Australia ; *Biodiversity ; Congresses as Topic ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; Earth (Planet) ; Endangered Species
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 38
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-10-04
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Collen, Ben -- Nicholson, Emily -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Oct 10;346(6206):166-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1255772. Epub 2014 Oct 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Biodiversity & Environment Research, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. b.collen@ucl.ac.uk. ; School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25278506" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Extinction, Biological
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2014-08-30
    Description: Ecological set-asides are a promising strategy for conserving biodiversity in human-modified landscapes; however, landowner participation is often precluded by financial constraints. We assessed the ecological benefits and economic costs of paying landowners to set aside private land for restoration. Benefits were calculated from data on nearly 25,000 captures of Brazilian Atlantic Forest vertebrates, and economic costs were estimated for several restoration scenarios and values of payment for ecosystem services. We show that an annual investment equivalent to 6.5% of what Brazil spends on agricultural subsidies would revert species composition and ecological functions across farmlands to levels found inside protected areas, thereby benefiting local people. Hence, efforts to secure the future of this and other biodiversity hotspots may be cost-effective.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Banks-Leite, Cristina -- Pardini, Renata -- Tambosi, Leandro R -- Pearse, William D -- Bueno, Adriana A -- Bruscagin, Roberta T -- Condez, Thais H -- Dixo, Marianna -- Igari, Alexandre T -- Martensen, Alexandre C -- Metzger, Jean Paul -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 29;345(6200):1041-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1255768.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Grand Challenges in the Ecosystem and Environment, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK. Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05508-090 Sao Paulo SP, Brazil. c.banks@imperial.ac.uk. ; Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05508-090 Sao Paulo SP, Brazil. ; Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05508-090 Sao Paulo SP, Brazil. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Fundacao Florestal, Rua do Horto 931, 02377-000 Sao Paulo SP, Brazil. ; Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 13506-900 Rio Claro SP, Brazil. ; Curso de Gestao Ambiental, Escola de Artes, Ciencias e Humanidades, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 03828-000 Sao Paulo SP, Brazil. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25170150" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Agriculture/*economics ; Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Brazil ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*economics ; Cost-Benefit Analysis ; Humans ; Ownership/economics ; Phylogeny ; *Trees ; Vertebrates/*classification
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 40
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-08-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ricciardi, Anthony -- Simberloff, Daniel -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 22;345(6199):884. doi: 10.1126/science.345.6199.884-b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2K6, Canada. tony.ricciardi@mcgill.ca. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25146277" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*methods ; *Endangered Species ; *Extinction, Biological ; Humans
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 41
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-11-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Boyer, Stephane -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Nov 14;346(6211):821. doi: 10.1126/science.346.6211.821-a. Epub 2014 Nov 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Ecology, Bio-Protection Research Centre, Lincoln University, Lincoln, 7647, New Zealand. stephane.boyer@lincoln.ac.nz.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25395529" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; Conservation of Natural Resources/*methods ; *Endangered Species ; *Extinction, Biological ; Humans
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 42
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-06-07
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cardinale, Bradley -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jun 6;344(6188):1098. doi: 10.1126/science.344.6188.1098-a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA. bradcard@umich.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24904146" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Birds ; *Ecosystem ; *Fishes ; *Invertebrates ; *Mammals ; *Plants
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 43
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-08-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Liu, Yuning -- Weng, Qiang -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 22;345(6199):884. doi: 10.1126/science.345.6199.884-a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China. ; College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China. qiangweng@bjfu.edu.cn.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25146276" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Endangered Species ; *Extinction, Biological ; *Human Activities ; Humans
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2014-05-31
    Description: The most prominent pattern in global marine biogeography is the biodiversity peak in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Yet the processes that underpin this pattern are still actively debated. By reconstructing global marine paleoenvironments over the past 3 million years on the basis of sediment cores, we assessed the extent to which Quaternary climate fluctuations can explain global variation in current reef fish richness. Comparing global historical coral reef habitat availability with the present-day distribution of 6316 reef fish species, we find that distance from stable coral reef habitats during historical periods of habitat loss explains 62% of the variation in fish richness, outweighing present-day environmental factors. Our results highlight the importance of habitat persistence during periods of climate change for preserving marine biodiversity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pellissier, Loic -- Leprieur, Fabien -- Parravicini, Valeriano -- Cowman, Peter F -- Kulbicki, Michel -- Litsios, Glenn -- Olsen, Steffen M -- Wisz, Mary S -- Bellwood, David R -- Mouillot, David -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 May 30;344(6187):1016-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1249853.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉University of Fribourg, Department of Biology, Chemin du Musee 10, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland. Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, 8000 C Aarhus, Denmark. ; Laboratoire Ecologie des Systemes Marins Cotiers UMR 5119, CNRS, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD), Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer, UM2, UM1, cc 093, Place E. Bataillon, FR-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. ; IRD, UR 227 CoReUs, LABEX (Laboratoire d'Excellence) Corail, Laboratoire Arago, Boite Postale 44, FR-66651 Banyuls/mer, France. CESAB (Centre de Synthese et d'Analyse sur la Biodiversite)-FRB (Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversite), Immeuble Henri Poincare, Domaine du Petit Arbois, FR-13857 Aix-en-Provence cedex 3, France. ; Centre for Macroevolution and Macroecology, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. ; IRD, UR 227 CoReUs, LABEX (Laboratoire d'Excellence) Corail, Laboratoire Arago, Boite Postale 44, FR-66651 Banyuls/mer, France. ; Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore Building, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Quartier Sorge, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. ; Center for Ocean and Ice, Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvej 100, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. ; Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, 8000 C Aarhus, Denmark. Department of Ecology and Environment, DHI Water and Environment, 2970 Horsholm, Denmark. ; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia. ; Laboratoire Ecologie des Systemes Marins Cotiers UMR 5119, CNRS, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD), Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer, UM2, UM1, cc 093, Place E. Bataillon, FR-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia. david.mouillot@univ-montp2.fr.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24876495" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Australia ; *Biodiversity ; *Climate Change ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Coral Reefs ; *Fishes
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 45
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-01-05
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Coley, Phyllis D -- Kursar, Thomas A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jan 3;343(6166):35-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1248110.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, and Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Panama.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24385624" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biodiversity ; *Biological Evolution ; French Guiana ; *Herbivory ; Mexico ; Panama ; Plant Leaves ; *Trees
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2014-07-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pfeifer, M -- Packer, C -- Burton, A C -- Garnett, S T -- Loveridge, A J -- MacNulty, D -- Platts, P J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jul 25;345(6195):389. doi: 10.1126/science.345.6195.389-a. Epub 2014 Jul 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Forest Ecology and Conservation Lab, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK. York Institute for Tropical Ecosystems, Environment Department, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. m.pfeifer@imperial.ac.uk. ; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Alberta Innovates Technology Futures, Victoria, BC V8Z 7X8, Canada. Department of Biology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada. ; Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT 0909, Australia. ; Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford, OX13 5QL, UK. ; Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA. ; York Institute for Tropical Ecosystems, Environment Department, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25061194" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Animals, Wild ; *Biodiversity ; *Conservation of Natural Resources ; *Ecosystem ; Humans
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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