Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The solvent shift of the π* ← n transition of acetone in water, acetonitrile, and tetrachloromethane was calculated in a combined quantum mechanical - classical mechanical approach, using both dielectric continuum and explicit, polarizable molecular solvent models. The explicit modeling of solvent polarizability allows for a separate analysis of electrostatic, induction, and dispersion contributions to the shifts. The calculations confirm the qualitative theories about the mechanisms behind the blue shift in polar solvents and the red shift in nonpolar solvents, the solvation of the ground state due to electrostatic interactions being preferential in the former, and favorable dispersion interaction with the excited state, in the latter case. Good quantitative agreement for the solvent shift between experiment (+1,700, +400, and -350 cm-1 in water, acetonitrile, and tetrachloromethane, respectively) and the explicit solvent model (+1,821, +922, and -381 cm-1) was reached through a modest Monte Carlo sampling of the solvent degrees of freedom. A consistent treatment of the solvent could only be realized in the molecular solvent model. The dielectric-only model needs reparameterization for each solvent. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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