Culture pH value
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Candida utilis was grown on acetate in chemostat cultures that were, successively, carbon and ammonia-limited (30° C; pH 5.5). With carbon(acetate)-limited cultures, the specific rate of oxygen consumption (q O 2) was not a linear function of the growth rate but was markedly stimulated at the higher dilution rates, thus effecting a marked decrease in the Y O value. This increased respiration rate, and decreased yield value, correlated closely with a marked increase in the extracellular acetate concentration. Under ammonia-limiting conditions, very low Y O values were found, generally comparable with those found with carbon-limited cultures growing at the higher dilution rates, but these varied markedly with the extracellular acetate concentration. Thus, when the unused acetate concentration was raised progressively from about 5 g/l to about 21 g/l, the Y O value decreased non-linearly from 11.4 to 5.8. When the extracellular acetate concentration was further increased to 25 g/l, growth was inhibited and the culture washed out. This relationship between respiration rate and the extracellular concentration of unused acetate was also markedly influenced by the culture pH value. Thus, with a fixed extracellular acetate concentration (16±2g/l) and dilution rate (0.14 h−1), lowering the culture pH value progressively from 6.9 to 5.1 effected a marked and progressive increase in the respiration rate. Further lowering of the culture pH to 4.8, however, caused a complete collapse of respiration. In contrast to this situation, progressively lowering the pH value of an acetatelimited culture from 6.9 to 4.5 affected only slightly the culture respiration rate, and growth was possible even at a pH value of 2.5. These results are discussed in the context of the possible mechanisms whereby acetate exerts its toxic effect on the growth of C. utilis.
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