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• Engineering  (7,694)
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• 1 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We study the large time asymptotics of solutions u(x, t) of the wave equation with time-harmonic force density f(x)e-iωt, ω≥0, in the semi-strip Ω= (0, ∞)×(0, 1) for a given f∊C∞0(Ω). We assume that u satisfies the initial condition u=(∂/∂t)u=0 for t=0 and the boundary conditions u=0 for x2=0 and x2=1, and (∂/∂x1)u=αu for x1=0, with given α, -π≤α〈∞. Let Dα be the self-adjoint realization of -Δ in Ω with this boundary condition. For -π≤α〈0, Dα has eigenvalues λj=π2j2-α2, j=1, 2, … For j≥2 these eigenvalues are embedded in the continuous spectrum of Dα, σc(Dα)=[π2, ∞]. For α≥0, Dα has no eigenvalues. We consider the asymptotic behaviour of u(x, t), t→∞, as a function of α. In the case α=0 resonances of order √t at ω=πj, j=1, 2, …, were found in References 5 and 10. We prove that for α=-π there is a resonance of order t2 for ω=0 and resonances of order t for every ω〉0 (note that 0 is an eigenvalue of D-π). Moreover, for -π〈α〈0 there are resonances of order t at ω=√λj. The resonance frequencies are continuous functions of α for -π〈α〈0 and tend to πj, j=1, 2, … as α goes to zero.On the contrary in the case α〉0 there are no real resonances in the sense that the solution remains bounded in time as t→∞. Actually in this case, the limit amplitude principle is valid for all frequencies ω≥0. This rather striking behaviour of the resonances is explained in terms of the extension of the resolvent R(κ)=(Dα-κ2)-1 as a meromorphic function of κ into an appropriate Riemann surface. We find that as α crosses zero the real poles of R(κ) associated with the eigenvalues remain real, but go into a second sheet of the Riemann surface. This behaviour under perturbation is rather different from the case of complex resonances which has been extensively studied in the theory of many-body Schrödinger operators where the (real) eigenvalues embedded in the continuous spectrum turn under a small perturbation into complex poles of the meromorphic extension of the resolvent, as a function of the spectral parameter κ2. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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• 2 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: third-grade fluid ; existence ; uniqueness ; classical solution ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The global existence and uniqueness of classical solution of steady motions of a third-grade fluid provided assumptions on positivness of μ (coefficient of viscosity) and α1, γ (material coefficients) is proved. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 3 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: boundary integral equations ; boundary finite element ; free edge polygonal plate ; hypersingular kernels ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider the problem of a polygonal plate with free edges. It is a boundary value problem for the biharmonic operator on a polygon with Neumann boundary conditions. Its resolution is studied via boundary integral equations. A variational formulation of the boundary problem obtained by a double-layer potential is given. Finally, we implement the method and give numerical results. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 4 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We study the limit behaviour of solution of Poisson's equation in a class of thin two-dimensional domains, both simply connected or single-hollowed, as its thickness becomes very small. The method is based on a transformation of the original problem into another posed on a fixed domain, obtention of a priori estimates and convergence results when thickness parameter tends to zero. As an important application of abstract results we obtain the limit expressions for functions appearing in elastic beam theories as torsion and warping functions. In this way, we provide a mathematical justification and a correct definition of torsion, warping and Timoshenko functions and constants that should be used in the open and closed thin-walled elastic beam theories. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 5 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The generalized Möbius function and Möbius inversion formula are applied to a multiplicative semigroup. A general mathematical method based on this Möbius inversion is presented to solve inversion problems of expansions with unequally weighted terms. By this method, all the inverse lattice problems in physics can be solved concisely. The solutions of four inverse lattice problems: the Fibonacci structure, the square lattice structure, the bcc and the hcp lattice structures are given. These are difficult to be solved by other methods. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 6 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We present a bending model for a shallow arch, namely the type of curved rod where the curvature is of the order of the diameter of the cross section. The model is deduced in a rigorous mathematical way from classical tridimensional linear elasticity theory via asymptotic techniques, by taking the limit on a suitable re-scaled formulation of that problem as the diameter of the cross section tends to zero. This model is valid for general cases of applied forces and material, and it allows us to calculate displacements, axial stresses, bending moments and shear forces. The equations present a more general form than in the classical Bernoulli-Navier bending theory for straight slender rods, so that flexures and extensions are proved to be coupled in the most general case. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 7 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider a dynamical von Kármán system in the presence of thermal effects. Our model includes the possibility of a rotational inertia term in the system. We show that the total energy of the solution of such system decays exponentially as t→+∞. The decay rates we obtain are uniform on bounded sets of the energy space. The main ingredients of our method of proof are suitable properties of a decoupled system, the energy method and the compactness of the nonlinear map associated to the von Kármán system. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 8 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We state a 1D model with quasi-stationary gas flows approximation for a carbon reactivity test in the production of silicon. The mathematical problem we formulate is a non-linear boundary value problem for a third-order ordinary differential equation with non-linear boundary conditions, which are non-local in time. We prove existence and uniqueness of a classical solution and provide a numerical example. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 9 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper is concerned with the solution of Maxwell equations in the modelling of the scattering of a time-harmonic electromagnetic wave by an obstacle located in a two-layered medium. The use of the Silver-Müller radiation condition in each layer is shown to provide a well-posed scattering problem. The analysis is based on the study of the Green tensor, which allows to relate the radiation condition to an integral representation formula. The analyticity properties of the scattering problem with respect to the frequency are then investigated. This gives rise to a limiting absorption principle and furnishes a characterization of the resonances. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 10 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider the time-harmonic Maxwell equations in the high-frequency case for a heterogeneous medium, i.e., a medium which is composed by a conductor and a perfect insulator, or, in other words, a loaded cavity. As a consequence of a suitable compactness result, we prove that Fredholm alternative holds for such a problem. Since the kernels of the considered operator and of its adjoint are proven to be trivial, a unique solution exists for each given datum. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 11 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper an initial-boundary-value problem in one-space dimension is studied for the Broadwell model extended to a gas mixture undergoing bimolecular reactions. Techniques of semigroup of bounded positive operators in a suitable Banach space are used to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution on bounded time intervals whose length depends on the initial data. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 12 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We prove the existence of solutions to the three-dimensional elastoplastic problem with Hencky's law and Neumann boundary conditions by elliptic regularization and the penalty method, both for the case of a smooth boundary and of an interior two dimensional crack. It is shown, in particular, that the variational solution satisfies all boundary conditions. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 13 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: New explicit stability conditions are derived for a linear integro-differential equation with periodic operator coefficients. The equation under consideration describes oscillations of thin-walled viscoelastic structural members driven by periodic loads. To develop stability conditions two approaches are combined. The first is based on the direct Lyapunov method of constructing stability functionals. It allows stability conditions to be derived for unbounded operator coefficients, but fails to correctly predict the critical loads for high-frequency excitations. The other approach is based on transforming the equation under consideration in such a way that an appropriate ‘differential’ part of the new equation would possess some reserve of stability. Stability conditions for the transformed equation are obtained by using a technique of integral estimates. This method provides acceptable estimates of the critical forces for periodic loads, but can be applied to equations with bounded coefficients only. Combining these two approaches, we derive explicit stability conditions which are close to the Floquet criterion when the integral term vanishes. These conditions are applied to the stability problem for a viscoelastic bar compressed by periodic forces. The effect of material and structural parameters on the critical load is studied numerically. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 14 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider acoustic scattering from an obstacle inside an inhomogeneous structure. We prove in the paper that if the outside inhomogeneity is known then the obstacle and possible inside inhomogeneity are uniquely determined by the fixed energy far field data. The proof is based on new mapping properties of layer potentials in spaces that specify one point. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 15 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper presents a general method of analysis for investigating the whirl stability of a rotor-bearing system whose appendage is flexibly attached to the spinning shaft. Sufficient conditions of asymptotic stability involving system different parameters are derived based on Liapunov's theory. An inclusive analysis of the effect of the combined flexibilities of the elastic attachment of the appendage to the shaft and the two end bearings coupled with the other various parameters of the system on the dynamic stability is presented. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 16 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The linear problem for the velocity potential around a slightly curved thin finite wing is considered under the Joukowskii-Kutta hypothesis. The exponents of possible singularities of solutions at angular points on wing's trailing edge are expressed in terms of eigenvalues of mixed boundary value problems for the Beltrami-Laplace operator on the hemisphere and the semicircle. These singularities have a structure such that the circulation function turns out to be continuous in interior angular points of the trailing edge. In the case of trapezoidal shape of the wing ends there occur square-root singularities of the velocity field at the trailing edge endpoints and the same singularities, of course, are extended along the lateral sides of the wake behind the wing. It is proved that for any angular point on the trailing edge the exponents of all above-mentioned singularities form a countable set in the upper complex half-plane with the only accumulation point at infinity. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 17 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We study stationary and quasistationary solutions of the relativistic Vlasov-Maxwell system of plasma physics which have a special form introduced (in the classical setting) by Rudykh et al. [9, 10]. The actual construction of such solutions leads to semi-linear elliptic equations. Under suitable assumptions on the ansatz functions, we are able to solve these equations by a sub- and supersolution approach. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 18 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider particle transport in a three-dimensional convex region V, bounded by the regular surface ∂V. We assume that particles are specularly reflected by ∂V and that a source q is assigned on ∂V; more general non-homogeneous boundary conditions are also discussed. The problem is non-linear because the boundary condition is not homogeneous. We prove existence of a unique strict solution and by using the theory of semigroups we derive the explicit expression of such a solution in terms of the boundary source q. In the appendix, we indicate how some properties of affine operators can be used to derive the solution. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 19 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: A phase-field model based on the Coleman-Gurtin heat flux law is considered. The resulting system of non-linear parabolic equations, associated with a set of initial and Neumann boundary conditions, is studied. Existence, uniqueness, and regularity results are proved. An asymptotic analysis is also carried out, in the case where the coefficient of the interfacial energy term tends to 0. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 20 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: free boundary fluid motion ; Cauchy problem ; Hamilton structure ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The Cauchy problem for the motion of a liquid drop under surface tension is solved locally in time on the basis of a general abstract existence theorem for Hamiltonian systems which seems to be of interest also in other areas. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 21 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we prove the global existence and study decay property of the solutions to the initial boundary value problem for the quasi-linear wave equation with a dissipative term without the smallness of the initial data. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 22 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider a reaction-diffusion system with a full matrix of diffusion coefficients satisfying a balance law on a bounded domain with no-flux boundary conditions. We demonstrate that global solutions exist for polynomial reaction terms provided some conditions on the diffusion coefficients are satisfied. The proof makes use of comparison results and Solonnikov's estimates concerning linear parabolic equations in Banach spaces. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 23 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider the plate equation in a polygonal domain with free edges. Its resolution by boundary integral equations is considered with double layer potentials whose variational formulation was given in Reference 25. We approximate its solution (u, (∂u/∂n)) by the Galerkin method with approximated spaces made of piecewise polynomials of order 2 and 1 for, respectively, u and (∂u/∂n). A prewavelet basis of these subspaces is built and equivalences between some Sobolev norms and discrete ones are established in the spirit of References 14, 16, 30 and 31. Further, a compression procedure is presented which reduces the number of nonzero entries of the stiffness matrix from O(N2) to O(N log N), where N is the size of this matrix. We finally show that the compressed stiffness matrices have a condition number uniformly bounded with respect to N and that the compressed Galerkin scheme converges with the same rate than the Galerkin one. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 24 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We study the problem of the scattering by a periodic, inhomogeneous, penetrable medium. Using the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator from the classical formulation of the problem we derive a variational equation and give regularity result to show the equivalence of both formulations. We present certain uniqueness results, which by the Fredholm alternative yield existence of the solution and its continuous dependence on the incoming wave. We prove existence of a solution for special incident waves even if there is no uniqueness. A result about analytical dependence of the solution on the wave number and the incident angle is given. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 25 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck ; long-time behaviour ; fundamental solutions ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We study the long-time behaviour of solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equation for initial data small enough and satisfying some suitable integrability conditions. Our analysis relies on the study of the linearized problems with bounded potentials decaying fast enough for large times. We obtain global bounds in time for the fundamental solutions of such problems and their derivatives. This allows to get sharp bounds for the decay of the difference between the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equation and the solution of the free equation with the same initial data. Thanks to these bounds, we get an explicit form for the second term in the asymptotic expansion of the solutions for large times. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 26 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider an initial boundary value problem for a non-linear differential system consisting of one equation of parabolic type coupled with a n × n semi-linear hyperbolic system of first order. This system of equations describes the compressible miscible displacement of n + 1 chemical species in a porous medium, in the absence of diffusion and dispersion. We assume the viscosity of the fluid mixture to be constant. We prove, in three space dimensions, the existence of a global weak solution with non-smooth initial data for the concentration. The proof is based on the artificial viscosity method together with a compensated compactness argument. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 27 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: An initial-value problem modelling coagulation and fragmentation processes is studied. The results of earlier papers are extended to models where either one or both of the rates of coagulation and fragmentation depend on time. An abstract integral equation, involving the solution operator to the linear fragmentation part, is investigated via the contraction mapping principle. A unique global, non-negative, mass-conserving solution to this abstract equation is shown to exist. The latter solution is used to generate a global, non-negative, mass-conserving solution to the original non-autonomous coagulation and multiple-fragmentation equation. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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• 28 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We apply the Child-Langmuir asymptotics of the Vlasov-Poisson system to the case of a bipolar diode, i.e. a vacuum diode where two species of particles of opposite electric charge are flowing. This leads to a simplified model which, if at least one of the two injected currents is not too large, has a unique solution. Moreover, in that case, the currents flowing inside the diode are limited by the so-called bipolar Child-Langmuir currents. In the case of large currents, other solutions may appear, and the formation of virtual electrodes may occur inside the diode. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 29 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we consider the Cauchy problem for the equation∂u/∂t + u ∂u/∂x + u/x = 0 for x 〉 0, t ≥ 0, with u(x, 0) = u0-(x) for x 〈 x0, u(x, 0) = u0+(x) for x 〉 x0, u0-(x0) 〉 u0+(x0). Following the ideas of Majda, 1984 and Lax, 1973, we construct, for smooth u0- and u0+, a global shock front weak solution u(x, t) = u-(x, t) for x 〈 φ(t), u(x, t) = u+(x, t) for x 〉 φ(t), where u- and u+ are the strong solutions corresponding (respectively) to u0- and u0+ and the curve t → φ(t) is defined by dφ/dt (t) = 1/2[u-(φ(t), t) + u+(φ(t), t)], t ≥ 0 and φ(0) = x0.© 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 30 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper deals with a non-linear inverse problem of identification of unknown boundaries, on which the prescribed conditions are of Signorini type. We first prove an identifiability result, in both frameworks of thermal and elastic testing. Local Lipschitz stability of the solutions with respect to the boundary measurements is also established, in case of unknown boundaries which are parts of C1, β Jordan curves, with β〉0. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 31 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: non-hyperbolic systems ; two-phase flows ; dispersion terms ; symmetrization ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The paper considers a system of partial differential equations of convection dispersion type, modelling a stratified two-phase fluid flow. Local existence in time is proved for a sufficiently smooth initial data, given in the set of physically admissible states. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 32 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper, the existence, both locally and globally in time, the uniqueness of solutions and the non-existence of global solutions to the initial boundary value problem of a generalized Modification of the Improved Boussinesq equation utt-uxx-uxxtt=σ(u)xx are studied and a few examples are discussed. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 33 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The asymptotic behaviour of solutions of certain semilinear elliptic Dirichlet boundary value problems defined on a semi-infinite cylinder is investigated by means of energy arguments and maximum principles. Various hypotheses are made on the form of the semilinear term, and in some cases it is found that the rate of decay of solutions is faster than the optimal decay rate for harmonic functions. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 34 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The relativistic Vlasov-Maxwell-Fokker-Planck system is used in modelling distribution of charged particles in plasma. It consists of a transport equation coupled with the Maxwell system. The diffusion term in the equation models the collisions among particles, whereas the viscosity term signifies the dynamical frictional forces between the particles and the background reservoir. In the case of one space variable and two momentum variables, we prove the existence of a classical solution when the initial density decays fast enough with respect to the momentum variables. The solution which shares this same decay condition along with its first derivatives in the momentum variables is unique. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 35 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The steady-state equations for a charged gas or fluid consisting of several components, exposed to an electric field, are considered. These equations form a system of strongly coupled, quasilinear elliptic equations which in some situations can be derived from the Boltzmann equation. The model uses the duality between the thermodynamic fluxes and the thermodynamic forces. Physically motivated mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions are prescribed. The existence of generalized solutions is proven. The key of the proof is a transformation of the problem by using the entropic variables, or electro-chemical potentials, which symmetrize the equations. The uniqueness of weak solutions is shown under the assumption that the boundary data are not far from the thermal equilibrium. A general uniqueness result cannot be expected for physical reasons. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 36 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we consider the inverse backscattering problem for Maxwell's equations in a non-magnetic inhomogeneous medium, i.e. the magnetic permeability is a fixed constant. We show that the electric permittivity ε is uniquely determined by the trace of the backscattering kernel S(s, -θ, θ) for all s∊∝, θ∊S2 provided that it is a priori close to a constant. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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• 37 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Approximate solutions of the non-linear Boltzmann equation, which have the structure of the linear combination of three global Maxwellians with arbitrary hydrodynamical parameters, are considered. Some sufficient conditions which allow the error between the left- and the right-hand sides of the equation tend to zero, and which are calculated either in the mixed metric or in the pure integral metric, are obtained. The class of the distributions, which minimized this error for the arbitrary Knudsen number, is found. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Inverse problems for identification of the four memory kernels in one-dimensional linear thermoviscoelasticity are reduced to a system of non-linear Volterra integral equations using Fourier's method for solving the direct problem. To this system of equations the contraction principle in weighted norms is applied. In this way global in time existence of a solution to the inverse problems is proved and stability estimates for it are derived. In analogous way inverse problems for the memory kernels in linear poroviscoelasticity can be handled. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Notes: It is shown that a stochastic system of N interacting particles in a slab approximates, in the Boltzmann-Grad limit, a one-dimensional Boltzmann equation with diffusive boundary conditions. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we study the motion of an elastic conducting wire in a magnetic field. The motion of the conductor induces a current in the wire (Faraday's law) which, in turn produces a force on the wire. We consider the linear equation obtained by linearizing the resulting equations of motion about an equilibrium solution. This is a hyperbolic partial differential equation with a non-local term. We prove existence and uniqueness of a weak solution of an initial-boundary value problem for this equation. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we study the following problem:ut-Δu=-f(u) in Ω×(0, T)≡QT,∂u ∂n=g(u) on ∂Ω×(0, T)≡ST,u(x, 0)=u0(x) in Ω, where Ω⊂∝N is a smooth bounded domain, f and g are smooth functions which are positive when the argument is positive, and u0(x)〉0 satisfies some smooth and compatibility conditions to guarantee the classical solution u(x, t) exists. We first obtain some existence and non-existence results for the corresponding elliptic problems. Then, we establish certain conditions for a finite time blow-up and global boundedness of the solutions of the time-dependent problem. Further, we analyse systems with same kind of boundary conditions and find some blow-up results. In the last section, we study the corresponding elliptic problems in one-dimensional domain. Our main method is the comparison principle and the construction of special forms of upper-lower solutions using related equations. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: generalized Stokes equations ; incompressible flow ; least-squares ; finite element method ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we are concerned with a weighted least-squares finite element method for approximating the solution of boundary value problems for 2-D viscous incompressible flows. We consider the generalized Stokes equations with velocity boundary conditions. Introducing the auxiliary variables (stresses) of the velocity gradients and combining the divergence free condition with some compatibility conditions, we can recast the original second-order problem as a Petrovski-type first-order elliptic system (called velocity-stress-pressure formulation) in six equations and six unknowns together with Riemann-Hilbert-type boundary conditions. A weighted least-squares finite element method is proposed for solving this extended first-order problem. The finite element approximations are defined to be the minimizers of a weighted least-squares functional over the finite element subspaces of the H1 product space. With many advantageous features, the analysis also shows that, under suitable assumptions, the method achieves optimal order of convergence both in the L2-norm and in the H1-norm. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider the two-parameter non-linear Sturm-Liouville problems. By using the variational method on general level sets, the variational eigenvalues are obtained. The purpose of this paper is to study the properties of these variational eigenvalues with respect to the parameter of general level sets. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Considered is the rotation of a robot arm or rod in a horizontal plane about an axis through the arm's fixed end and driven by a motor whose torque is controlled. The model was derived and investigated computationally by Sakawa and co-authors in  for the case that the arm is described as a homogeneous Euler beam. The resulting equation of motion is a partial differential equation of the type of a wave equation which is linear with respect to the state, if the control is fixed, and non-linear with respect to the control.Considered is the problem of steering the beam, within a given time interval, from the position of rest for the angle zero into the position of rest under a certain given angle.At first we show that, for every L2-control, there is exactly one (weak) solution of the initial boundary value problem which describes the vibrating system without the end condition.Then we show that the problem of controllability is equivalent to a non-linear moment problem. This, however, is not exactly solvable. Therefore, an iteration method is developed which leads to an approximate solution of sufficient accuracy in two steps. This method is numerically implemented and demonstrated by an example. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: A time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau-type model of a superconducting-normal-superconducting junction is presented. The existence and the uniqueness of the solutions are proved. When the data of the model are symmetric of some kinds, the solutions turns out to be symmetric of some kinds. In this symmetric case, an approximate model with the small thickness of the normal material in the middle of the junction as coefficients of a differential system is established for the sake of numerical computations. And also the existence and the uniqueness of the solution to this approximate model are set up. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: continuum mechanics ; elasticity ; viscoelasticity ; viscoplasticity ; semilinear evolution equations ; Galerkin approximation ; energy estimates ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Uniaxial semilinear Miller's equations describing the shearing motion of a steel layer with small deformation and stress are solved uniquely using energy and hardening estimates up to the first derivatives. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: wavelets on closed surfaces ; Dirichlet's and Neumann's problem ; scaling function ; scale discrete wavelets ; integral formulas ; exact fully discrete wavelet transform ; band-limited harmonic wavelets ; Runge-Walsh approximation ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Wavelets on closed surfaces in Euclidean space ∝3 are introduced starting from a scale discrete wavelet transform for potentials harmonic down to a spherical boundary. Essential tools for approximation are integration formulas relating an integral over the sphere to suitable linear combinations of function values (resp. normal derivatives) on the closed surface under consideration. A scale discrete version of multiresolution is described for potential functions harmonic outside the closed surface and regular at infinity. Furthermore, an exact fully discrete wavelet approximation is developed in case of band-limited wavelets. Finally, the role of wavelets is discussed in three problems, namely (i) the representation of a function on a closed surface from discretely given data, (ii) the (discrete) solution of the exterior Dirichlet problem, and (iii) the (discrete) solution of the exterior Neumann problem. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Integral equations associated with the basic boundary value problems for the Laplace and Stokes equations are considered. The integral operators for these integral equations are interpreted as the pseudodifferential operators, and their principal symbols are calculated. The symbols are obtained in terms of the principal curvatures and the coefficients of the first quadratic form of the boundary. As a consequence, the initial approximation is suggested for the iterative methods solving the integral equations. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The propagation of Hölder regularity of the solutions to the 3D Euler equations is discussed. Our method is a special semi-linearization of the vorticity equation combined with the classical Schauder interior estimates. © 1998 by B.G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The boundary integral equation method is used to prove the convergence of the Drude-Born-Fedorov equations with variable coefficients, possibly non-smooth, to Maxwell's equations as chirality admittance tends to zero. © 1998 by B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We use the eigenfunction expansion of Green's function of Dirichlet problems to obtain sampling theorems. The analytic properties of the sampled integral transforms as well as the uniform convergence of the sampling series are proved without any restrictions on the integral transforms. We obtain a one- and multi-dimensional versions of sampling theorems. In both cases the sampling series are written in terms of Lagrange-type interpolation expansions. Some examples and the truncation error as well as the stability of the obtained sampling expansions are discussed at the end of the paper. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this work we analyse a model for radiative heat transfer in materials that are conductive, grey and semitransparent. Such materials are for example glass, silicon, water and several gases. The most important feature of the model is the non-local interaction due to exchange of radiation. This, together with non-linearity arising from the well-known Stefan-Boltzmann law, makes the resulting heat equation non-monotone. By analysing the terms related to heat radiation we prove that the operator defining the problem is pseudomonotone. Hence, we can prove the existence of weak solution in the cases where coercivity can be obtained. In the general case, we prove the solvability of the system using the technique of sub and supersolutions. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We apply our recently developed distributional technique [2, 3] to study time-domain asymptotics. This enables us to present a rigorous mathematical discussion and extensions of the results given by Chapman  and subsequent workers in this field. The present analysis is facilitated by defining functions which are distributionally small at infinity. We find that one of the advantages of using this technique is that multidimensional extensions can be derived very easily. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This short article discusses the spectrum of the Neumann Laplacian in the infinite domain Ω⊂∝n, n ≥2 created by inserting a compact obstacle P into the uniform cylinder Ω0 =(-∞, ∞)×Ω′. The main result is the existence of at least one embedded eigenvalue when P is an (n -2)-dimensional surface whose unit normal is parallel to Ω′ at each point of P . The special case when P is symmetric about {0}×Ω′ is also treated. It is shown that there is at least one symmetric eigenvector and, when P is sufficiently long, at least one antisymmetric eigenvector. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper is concerned with a specific finite element strategy for solving elliptic boundary value problems in domains with corners and edges. First, the anisotropic singular behaviour of the solution is described. Then the finite element method with anisotropic, graded meshes and piecewise linear shape functions is investigated for such problems; the schemes exhibit optimal convergence rates with decreasing mesh size. For the proof, new local interpolation error estimates for functions from anisotropically weighted spaces are derived. Finally, a numerical experiment is described, that shows a good agreement of the calculated approximation orders with the theoretically predicted ones. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In the paper we study the problem of control by means of a heat source g for a thermoelastic system of equationsutt - ρ∇·p(θ, ∇u) - νΔut + DΔ2 u = f, cv(θ, ∇u)θt - κΔθ - ρθ[pθ (θ, ∇u)·∇ut] - ν∣∇ut∣2 = g, in a two-dimensional domain, where both viscosity ν and rigidity D are positive. Such a system has been considered in our former papers, and existence of solutions as well as uniqueness have been obtained. Here we prove the continuity and differentiability of solutions under somewhat stronger assumptions. An example of a control problem and necessary optimality conditions are presented. The system has an interpretation as a plate reinforced with shape memory alloy (SMA) wire mesh. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In order to maintain spectrally accurate solutions, the grids on which a non-linear physical problem is to be solved must also be obtained by spectrally accurate techniques. The purpose of this paper is to describe a pseudospectral computational method of solving integro-differential systems with quadratic performance index. The proposed method is based on the idea of relating grid points to the structure of orthogonal interpolating polynomials. The optimal control and the trajectory are approximated by the m th degree interpolating polynomial. This interpolating polynomial is spectrally constructed using Legendre-Gauss-Lobatto grid points as the collocation points, and Lagrange polynomials as trial functions. The integrals involved in the formulation of the problem are calculated by Gauss-Lobatto integration rule, thereby reducing the problem to a mathematical programming one to which existing well-developed algorithms may be applied. The method is easy to implement and yields very accurate results. An illustrative example is included to confirm the convergence of the pseudospectral Legendre method, and a comparison is made with an existing result in the literature. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Notes: In the present work, the problem of electromagnetic wave propagation in three-dimensional stratified media is studied. The method of decoupling the electric and magnetic fields is implemented, and the spectral approach is adopted, componentwise, to the vector equation involving the electric field. Operational calculus of self-adjoint, positive operators in suitable Hilbert spaces is used to solve the corresponding initial value problems. The spectral families of these operators for the cases of the whole space and of a finite layer are constructed. A discussion on the applicability of the obtained results to physical problems is also included. © 1998 B.G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The exact solutions for the KdV and the Calogero-Degasperis-Fokas mKdV equations can be obtained by the AKNS class. The technique developed relies on the construction of the wave functions which are solutions of the associated AKNS system; that is, a linear eigenvalue problem in the form of a system of first order partial differential equations. The method of characteristics is used and Bäcklund transformations (BTs) are employed to generate two new solutions from the old. © 1998 B.G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In space-based robotics, one of the most important problems is the disturbance to the satellite attitude and to the satellite microgravity environment caused by satellite mounted robot operation. This paper reports on computer-aided motion planning strategies to overcome this problem. Point-to-point motion designs are generated which not only connect prescribed start and end points of the robot motion, but also simultaneously return the satellite to its original attitude. Theoretical characterizations of some of those motion designs are presented, as well as numerical results. The computation time required to produce such motion designs is 1 or 2 min on a workstation. Thus, it can be practical to use these motion plans in space. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider the thermoelastic plate system,utt-γΔutt+Δ2u+αΔθ=0,θt-κΔθ-αΔut=0 and we make a comparison between the models in which γ=0 and γ〉0. We conclude that in the first case the plate system is of a parabolic type, while when γ〉0 the corresponding system has a hyperbolic behaviour. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: solitary wave ; stability ; long wave-short wave resonance equations ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper concerns the orbital stability for solitary waves of the Long Wave-Short Wave resonance equations. Since the abstract results of Grillakis et al. [7, 8] cannot be applied directly, we can extend the abstract stability theory and use the detailed spectral analysis to obtain the stability of the solitary waves. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: geometrical inverse problems ; crack detection ; identifiability ; stability ; Lipschitz stability ; Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This paper deals with the detection of emergent plane cracks, by using boundary measurements. An identifiability result (uniqueness of the solution) is first proved. Then, we look at the stability of this solution with respect to the measurement. A weak stability result is proved, as well as a Lipshitz stability result for straight cracks, by using domain-derivative techniques. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We investigate the steady compressible Navier-Stokes equations near the equilibrium state v = 0, ρ = ρ0 (v the velocity, ρ the density) corresponding to a large potential force. We introduce a method of decomposition for such equations: the velocity field v is split into a non-homogeneous incompressible part u (div (ρ0u) = (0) and a compressible (irrotational) part ∇φ. In such a way, the original complicated mixed elliptic-hyperbolic system is split into several ‘standard’ equations: a Stokes-type system for u, a Poisson-type equation for φ and a transport equation for the perturbation of the density σ = ρ - ρ0. For ρ0 = const. (zero potential forces), the method coincides with the decomposition of Novotny and Padula . To underline the advantages of the present approach, we give, as an example, a ‘simple’ proof of the existence of isothermal flows in bounded domains with no-slip boundary conditions. The approach is applicable, with some modifications, to more complicated geometries and to more complicated boundary conditions as we will show in forthcoming papers. © 1998 B.G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: This article establishes the existence of a trapped-mode solution to a linearized water-wave problem. The fluid occupies a symmetric horizontal channel that is uniform everywhere apart from a confined region which either contains a thin vertical plate spanning the depth of the channel or has indentations in the channel walls; the forces of gravity and surface tension are operative. A trapped mode corresponds to an eigenvalue of the composition of an inverse differential operator and a Neumann-Dirichlet operator for an elliptic boundary-value problem in the fluid domain. The existence of such an eigenvalue is established by extending previous results dealing with the case when surface tension is absent. © 1998 B.G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we prove under the assumption of small initial data the global existence of a classical solution to the equations in viscoelasticity, associated with a free damping boundary condition. We also show that if we choose the initial data large enough, blow up will occur in finite time. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: In this paper we consider the boundary value problem for a semilinear equation□u(t, x)-μu(t, x)+aum(t, x)=0, μ〉0, a∊ℜ in the interior domain. We find a time global classical solution with exponential decay property by using singular hyperbolic equation. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Notes: We present an initial-boundary value problem of a quasilinear degenerate parabolic equation for the settling and consolidation of a flocculated suspension. The corresponding definition of generalized solutions is formulated. It is based on an entropy integral inequality in the sense of Kružkov. From this definition, jump and entropy conditions that have to be satisfied at discontinuities, and an entropy condition valid on one boundary of the computational domain are derived. The latter implies a set-valued reformulation of the original boundary condition. It is interpreted geometrically and characterized by the solution of an auxiliary hyperbolic Riemann problem. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart-John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Description / Table of Contents: On présente dans cet article un certain nombre de résultats concernant le potentiel vecteur associé à une fonction à divergence nulle dans un ouvert borné de dimension trois. En particulier, plusieurs types de conditions aux limites sont proposés, pour lesquels on discute l'existence, l'unicité et la régularité du potentiel vecteur. On analyse la convergence d'une discrétisation par éléments finis de ces potentiels et on indique une application concernant l'approximation de fluides visqueux incompressibles.© 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Notes: This paper presents several results concerning the vector potential which can be associated with a divergence-free function in a bounded three-dimensional domain. Different types of boundary conditions are given, for which the existence, uniqueness and regularity of the potential are studied. This is applied firstly to the finite element discretization of these potentials and secondly to a new formulation of incompressible viscous flow problems.
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Notes: This work is devoted to prove the existence of weak solutions of the kinetic Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck system in bounded domains for attractive or repulsive forces. Absorbing and reflection-type boundary conditions are considered for the kinetic equation and zero values for the potential on the boundary. The existence of weak solutions is proved for bounded and integrable initial and boundary data with finite energy. The main difficulty of this problem is to obtain an existence theory for the linear equation. This fact is analysed using a variational technique and the theory of elliptic-parabolic equations of second order. The proof of existence for the initial-boundary value problems is carried out following a procedure of regularization and linearization of the problem. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Notes: In the article the problem of regulation of the cardiovascular system is investigated from the point of view of control process theory. This problem was reduced to finding the optimal control in the sense of speed in a bilinear system. In the first part of the article the possibility of applying Saburov's method for the solution to bilinear control problems is considered. The second part of the article is devoted to the application of this method to a concrete problem from practical medicine. The method has allowed the complete synthesis of an optimal control to be carried out  -  the sliding mode takes place and it was investigated completely. The results obtained are interesting from the point of view of control process theory, and testify to the high efficiency of the method. The final results allow concrete recommendations about the regulation of the cardiovascular system. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Topics: Mathematics
Notes: The aim of the paper is to provide the mathematical foundation of effective numerical algorithms for the optimal design of periodic binary gratings. Special attention is paid to reliable methods for the computation of diffraction efficiencies and of the gradients of certain functionals with respect to the parameters of the non-smooth grating profile. The methods are based on a generalized finite element discretization of strongly elliptic variational formulations of quasi-periodic transmission problems for the Helmholtz equation in a bounded domain coupled with boundary integral representations in the exterior. We prove uniqueness and existence results for quite general situations and analyse the convergence of the numerical solutions. Furthermore, explicit formulas for the partial derivatives of the reflection and transmission coefficients with respect to the parameters of a binary grating profile are derived. Finally, we briefly discuss the implementation of the generalized finite element method for solving direct and adjoint diffraction problems and present some numerical results. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider reactive mixtures of dilute polyatomic gases in full vibrational non-equilibrium. The governing equations are derived from the kinetic theory and possesses an entropy. We recast this system of conservation laws into a symmetric conservative form by using entropic variables. Following a formalism developed by the authors in a previous paper, the system is then rewritten into a normal form, that is, in the form of a quasilinear symmetric hyperbolic-parabolic system. Using a result of Vol'pert and Hudjaev, we prove local existence and uniqueness of a bounded smooth solution to the Cauchy problem. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
• 74 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: We consider an elastic plate with the non-deformed shape ΩΣ := Ω \ Σ, where Ω is a domain bounded by a smooth closed curve Γ and Σ ⊂ Ω is a curve with the end points {γ1, γ2}. If the force g is given on the part ΓN of Γ, the displacement u is fixed on ΓD := Γ \ ΓN and the body force f is given in Ω, then the displacement vector u(x) = (u1(x), u2(x)) has unbounded derivatives (stress singularities) near γk, k = 1, 2   u(x) = ∑2k, l=1 Kl(γk)r1/2kSCkl(θk) + uR(x)     near γk.Here (rk, θk) denote local curvilinear polar co-ordinates near γk, k = 1, 2, SCkl (θk) are smooth functions defined on [-π, π] and uR(x) ∊ {H2(near γk)}2. The constants Kl(γk),   l = 1, 2, which are called the stress intensity factors at γk (abbr. SIFs), are important parameters in fracture mechanics. We notice that the stress intensity factors Kl(γk) (l = 1, 2;  k = 1, 2) are functionals Kl(γk) = Kl(γk; L, Ω, Σ) depending on the load L, the shape of the plate Ω and the shape of the crack Σ. We say that the crack Σ is safe, if Kl(γk; Ω)2 + K2(γk; Ω)2 〈 RẼ. By a small change of Ω the shape Σ can change to a dangerous one, i.e. we have K1(γk; Ω)2 + K2(γk; Ω)2 ≥ RẼ. Therefore it is important to know how Kl(γk) depends on the shape of Ω.For this reason, we calculate the Gâteaux derivative of Kl(γk) under a class of domain perturbations which includes the approximation of domains by polygonal domains and the Hadamard's parametrization Γ(τ) := {x + τφ(x)n(x);  x ∊ Γ}, where φ is a function on Γ and n is the outward unit normal on Γ. The calculations are quite delicate because of the occurrence of additional stress singularities at the collision points {γ3, γ4} = ΓD ∩ ΓN.The result is derived by the combination of the weight function method and the Generalized J-integral technique (abbr. GJ-integral technique). The GJ-integrals have been proposed by the first author in order to express the variation of energy (energy release rate) by extension of a crack in a 3D-elastic body. This paper begins with the weak solution of the crack problem, the weight function representation of SIF's, GJ-integral technique and finish with the shape sensitivity analysis of SIF's. GJ-integral Jω(u; X) is the sum of the P-integral (line integral) Pω(u, X) and the R-integral (area integral) Rω(u, X). With the help of the GJ-integral technique we derive an R-integral expression for the shape derivative of the potential energy which is valid for all displacement fields u ∊ H1. Using the property that the GJ-integral vanishes for all regular fields u ∊ H2 we convert the R-integral expression for the shape derivative to a P-integral expression. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
• 75 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: A variational approach to a non-linear non-local identification problem related to the non-linear transport equation is studied. Introducing a similarity transformation, the problem is formulated as an identification problem for a non-linear differential equation of second order with an additional non-local condition. For the solution of the forward problem stability in H1-norm with respect to the identification parameter is obtained. Using this result the existence of a solution to the identification problem is proved. Some results of computational experiments are given. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
• 76 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics
Notes: Reaction random-walk systems are hyperbolic models to describe spatial motion (in one dimension) with finite speed and reactions of particles. Here we present two approaches which relate reaction random-walk equations with reaction diffusion equations. First, we consider the case of high particle speeds (parabolic limit). This leads to a singular perturbation analysis of a semilinear damped wave equation. A initial layer estimate is given. Secondly, we consider the case of a transcritical bifurcation. We use techniques similar to that of the Ginzburg-Landau method to find a modulation equation for the amplitude of the first unstable mode. It turns out that the modulation equation is Fisher's equation, hence near the bifurcation point travelling wave solutions are obtained. The approximation result and the corresponding estimate is given in terms of the bifurcation parameter. Both results are based on an a priori estimate for classical solutions which follows from explicit representations of the solution of the linear telegraph equation. © 1998 B. G. Teubner Stuttgart - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
• 77 Electronic Resource
Chichester, West Sussex : Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0170-4214
Keywords: Engineering ; Numerical Methods and Modeling
Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Topics: Mathematics