Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Twenty-nineFusarium isolates, representing three new taxa originated by Nirenberg fromF. sambucinum Fuckel sensu lato, namely:F. sambucinum Fuckel sensu stricto,F. venenotum Nirenb., andF. torulosum (Berk. & Curt.) Nirenb., were tested for in vitro production of toxic secondary metabolites on autoclaved corn kernels.F. sambucinum sensu stricto was able to produce type A trichothecenes and enniatin B (EB). In particular, amongst the 14 isolates tested, 5 produced only diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS) (up to 700 µg/g); 1 produced only neosolaniol (NEOS) (250 µg/g); 2 produced T-2 toxin (T-2) + NEOS (up to 175 and 150 µg/g, respectively); 1 produced NEOS + DAS (300 and 100 µg/g, respectively); and 5 produced DAS + EB (up to 500 and 140 µg/g, respectively). All six isolates ofF. venenotum were able to produce only DAS (up to 100 µg/g).F. torulosum produced no trichothecenes, but four out of nine tested isolates were able to produce EB (up to 140 µg/g). Zearalenones and type B trichothecenes were not found. The toxicity of the culture extracts towardsArtemia salina L. was correlated in general with the occurrence of the above toxins, except for someF. torulosum strains. However, the lack of correlation between the amounts of toxins recovered and toxic activity observed in theGeotrichum candidum Link ex Pers. andA. salina assays suggested the presence of unknown toxic compounds.
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