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  • IDENTIFICATION  (3)
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  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; EXPRESSION ; Germany ; MODEL ; SUPPORT ; VOLUME ; TISSUE ; MICE ; INJURIES ; LIGAND ; NEPHRITIS ; RANTES ; kidney ; MACROPHAGES ; murine ; MARKER ; renal ; RAT ; CONTRAST ; INJECTION ; fibroblasts ; treatment ; IDENTIFICATION ; LESIONS ; immunohistochemistry ; MARKERS ; LIGANDS ; RECRUITMENT ; leukocyte ; STRATEGIES ; intravenous ; NEPHROPATHY ; chemokine ; INITIATION ; ANTAGONIST ; inflammation ; INJURY ; FOCAL SEGMENTAL GLOMERULOSCLEROSIS ; CHEMOKINE RECEPTOR ; fibrosis ; PERSISTENT ; INFILTRATION ; MURINE MODEL ; chemokines ; OBSTRUCTIVE NEPHROPATHY ; progressive nephropathy ; receptor blockade ; RENAL-DISEASE
    Abstract: Background. CC chemokines mediate leukocyte infiltration into inflamed tissue. We have recently shown that blockade of the CC chemokine receptor CCR1 reduces interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in murine obstructive nephropathy. However, it is not known whether CCR 1 blockade is protective in progressive renal injury associated with severe proteinuria. We therefore studied the effect of the small-molecule CCR1 antagonist BX471 in a murine model of adriamycin-induced focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) with nephrotic syndrome and progressive interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. Methods. Adriamycin nephropathy with persistent proteinuria was induced in male BALB/c mice by two intravenous injections of adriamycin (13 mg/kg) at day 0 and 14. BX471 treatment was started at day 14 when proteinuria and interstitial inflammation had developed. At 6 weeks, renal histology was studied by morphometry and immunohistochemistry. Results. At week 6, adriamycin-treated mice showed FSGS, associated with tubulointerstitial injury consisting of tubular dilation and atrophy, interstitial leukocyte infiltration, and fibrosis. The mRNA expression of CCR1 and CC chemokines, including the CCR1 ligands CCL3 (MIP-1alpha) and CCL5 (RANTES), was up-regulated in diseased kidneys, with a prominent interstitial expression of CCL5. Compared to vehicle-treated controls BX471 significantly reduced the amount of macrophages and Tlymphocytes in interstitial lesions by 51% and 22%, respectively. Markers of renal fibrosis such as interstitial fibroblasts (48%) and interstitial volume (23%) were significantly reduced by BX471 treatment. In contrast, the extent of proteinuria and glomerular sclerosis was not affected by BX471 treatment. Conclusion. Blockade of CCR1 substantially reduced interstitial leukocyte accumulation and the subsequent renal fibrosis in a murine model of nephrotic syndrome and FSGS. These findings support a role for CCR1 in interstitial leukocyte recruitment and suggest that CCR1 blockade might be a new therapeutic strategy in progressive nephropathies such as FSGS
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15569315
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  • 2
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    Kidney International 67 (2), 443-448 
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; screening ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; transcription ; PATIENT ; kidney ; MESSENGER-RNA ; TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR ; IDENTIFICATION ; MUTATIONS ; development ; methods ; MOLECULAR-GENETICS ; XENOPUS-LAEVIS OOCYTES ; AMINO-ACID-TRANSPORT ; CANADA ; cystinuria ; QUEBEC ; RBAT ; SLC3A1 ; SLC7A9
    Abstract: Background. Cystinuria is an inherited disorder of luminal reabsorptive transport for cystine and dibasic amino acids in the renal proximal tubule. Two cystinuria genes have been identified. Mutations of SLC7A9, which encodes the luminal transport channel itself, tend to be dominant and mutations of SLC3A1 (rBAT), which encodes a transporter subunit, are always recessive. Patients who inherit two recessive mutations or two dominant mutations have equally severe forms of cystinuria. Heterozygotes excrete cystine in the normal (type I), moderate (type III), or high stone-forming (type II) range. Methods. Infants with cystinuria were identified via the Quebec Newborn Urinary Screening Program. In a subgroup of these infants, cystinuria was severe in the first months of life, but partially resolved by 2 to 4 years postnatally. We assigned each patient a final cystinuria phenotype at 3 to 4 years. In addition, we characterized SLC3A1 gene expression in fetal and postnatal human kidney. Results. Most infants with transient neonatal cystinuria are eventually classified as type III heterozygotes. All infants with mutant cystinuria genes have exaggerated neonatal cystine excretion except those who inherit two SLC3A1 mutations (type I/I cystinuria); these children have persistent severe cystinuria, implying that wildtype SLC3A1 is required for the maturational effect. Expression of SLC3A1 mRNA was found to be tenfold higher in postnatal vs. fetal kidney; SLC3A1 expression is doubled by the proximal tubule transcription factor, PAX8. rBAT is expressed in the proximal convoluted and straight tubules in both fetal and adult kidney. Conclusion. Maturation of SLC3A1 gene expression between midgestation and 4.5 years postnatal age may account for transient neonatal cystinuria
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15673291
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; Germany ; human ; KINASE ; FOLLOW-UP ; DISEASE ; POPULATION ; DISTINCT ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; RNA ; SAMPLE ; SAMPLES ; COMPLEX ; COMPLEXES ; kidney ; renal ; score ; IDENTIFICATION ; PROGRESSION ; gene expression ; MARKERS ; PATHOGENESIS ; PARAMETERS ; INTEGRIN ; STRATEGIES ; NEPHROPATHY ; RECEPTORS ; inflammation ; MAPS ; MATRIX ; cDNA array,gene expression,kidney,inflammation,fibrosis,interstitial hydronephrosis,real time RT-PCR ; CHEMOKINE EXPRESSION ; GLOMERULAR-DISEASES ; RENAL BIOPSIES
    Abstract: Background. Gene expression profiling of nephropathies may facilitate development of diagnostic strategies for complex renal diseases as well as provide insight into the molecular pathogenesis of kidney diseases. To test molecular based renal disease categorization, differential gene expression profiles were compared between control and hydronephrotic kidneys showing varying degrees of inflammation and fibrosis.Methods. RNA expression profiles from 9 hydronephrotic and 3 control kidneys were analyzed using small macroarrays dedicated to genes involved in cell-cell contact, matrix turnover, and inflammation. In parallel, the degree of tubulointerstitial inflammation, fibrosis, and tubular atrophy using light microscopy and quantitative immunohistochemical parameters was determined.Results. Hierarchic clustering and self-organizing maps led to a gene expression dendrogram with three distinct nodes representing the control group, four kidneys with high inflammation, and five kidneys giving high fibrosis scores. To evaluate the clinical applicability of the marker set, the expression of nine genes (6Ckine, IL-8, MMP-9, MMP-3, MMP-7, urokinase R, CXCR5, integrin-beta4, and pleiotrophin) was tested in tubulointerstitial samples from routine renal biopsies. Seven mRNA markers showed differential regulation in inflammation and fibrosis in the biopsy population. Clinical follow-up revealed stringent correlation between gene expression data and progression of renal disease, and allowed segregation of the biopsies into progressive or stable disease course based on gene expression profiles.Conclusion. This study suggests the feasibility of gene expression-based disease categorization in human nephropathies based on the extraction of marker gene sets
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14871410
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