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  • Springer eBooks  (3,540)
  • Lepidoptera  (1,045)
  • Neurologie
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  • Strömungsmechanik
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  • 1
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    New York, NY : Springer
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The Challenge of Accidental Awareness during General Anesthesia -- Impact of Anesthetics on Brain Electrical Activity and Principles of pEEG-Based Monitoring during General Anethesia -- Perioperative Monitoring of Autonomic Nervous Activity -- Monitoring Cerebral Oximetry by Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) in Anaesthesia and Critical Care: Progress and Perspectives -- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Intraoperative Awareness -- Mechanisms of Action of Inhaled Volatile General Anesthetics: Unconsciousness at the Molecular Level -- Intravenous Hypnotic Agents: From Binding Sites to Loss of Consciousness -- Pharmacological Considerations for the Use of General Anesthetics in the Elderly -- Propofol Effects in Breast Cancer Cell Progression: Evidences from In Vitro Studies -- Postoperative Cognitive Function following General Anesthesia in Children -- The Challenge of Opioid-Free Anesthesia -- New Insights into the Pharmacology of Dexmedetomidine and Open Issues for Neurosurgical Procedures -- Transgenic Mouse Models, General Anesthetics and Alzheimer Disease: Findings from Preclinical Studies -- The Biochemical Basis of Delirium -- Postoperative Delirium and Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
    Abstract: This book explores several aspects of the research in the field of general anesthesia, including mechanisms of action of inhaled and intravenous hypnotic agents; the anesthetics-induced neurotoxicity in children and elderly; features and physiopathology of postoperative cognitive side effects; and findings from preclinical research focused on the recognition of potential links between anesthetics and cancer cell biology. Furthermore, chapters in this book cover technical topics such as preoperative monitoring of autonomic nervous activity; EEG based monitoring of general anesthesia; monitoring cerebral oximetry by near infrared spectroscopy; pharmacological issues of anesthesia interest; and optimization of perioperative course through the latest techniques such as the opioid-free anesthesia. Finally, this book offers a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion on the phenomenon of general anesthesia awareness and its potential psychological sequelae. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, General Anesthesia Research is a valuable resource for novice and expert anesthesiologists who want to learn more about the important advances made in this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 256 p. 15 illus., 14 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998913
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  • 2
    Keywords: Molecular Biology ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Sixty Years of Drug Discovery for Type 2 Diabetes: Where Are We Now? -- Practical Considerations for In Vivo Studies -- Nutritional Models of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus -- Cheminformatics in the Identification of Drug Classes for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes -- Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) for Illumina HISeq using Solution-Based Capture -- Gene Expression Mining in Type 2 Diabetes Research -- Pathways Enrichment Analysis of Gene Expression Data in Type 2 Diabetes -- Diagnostic Genetic Testing for Monogenic Diabetes and Congenital Hyperinsulinemia -- The Isolation and Purification of Rodent Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans -- Characterization of Islet Leukocyte Populations in Human and Murine Islets by Flow Cytometry -- Analysis of Histone Modifications in Rodent Pancreatic Islets by Native Chromatin Immunoprecipitation -- Quantification of Pancreatic Islets: Using Image Analysis Tools -- The Measurement of Calcium Signaling In Beta Cell Lines using Epifluorescence and Confocal Microscopy -- Nitric Oxide and Redox State Measurements in Pancreatic Beta Cells -- Primary Adipocytes as a Model for Insulin Sensitivity -- Assessing Islet Transplantation Outcome in Mice -- The Measurement of Insulin Secretion using Pancreas Perfusion in the Rodent
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous editions with updates on the commonly used techniques and analysis used by clinicians and scientists to study diabetes. The chapters in this book cover topics such as nutritional models of type 2 diabetes mellitus; the isolation and purification of rodent pancreatic islets of Langerhans; nitric oxide and redox state measurements in pancreatic beta cells; and primary adipocytes as a model for insulin sensitivity. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Type 2 Diabetes: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for all researchers who are interested in learning more about this important and evolving field
    Pages: X, 300 p. 50 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998821
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  • 3
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Proteins  ; Human Genetics ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Screening, Post-SELEX Optimization and Application of DNA Aptamers Specific for Tobramycin -- Affitins: Ribosome Display for Selection of Aho7c-based Affinity Proteins -- cDNA Display: A Stable and Simple Genotype–phenotype Coupling Using a Cell-free Translation System -- cDNA Display of Disulfide-containing Peptide Library and in vitro Evolution -- Rapid Antigen and Antibody-like Molecule Discovery by Staphylococcal Surface Display -- Restriction-free Construction of a Phage-presented Very Short Macrocyclic Peptide Library -- In Vitro Maturation of a Humanized Shark VNAR Domain to Improve Its Biophysical Properties -- Antibody Phage Display: Antibody Selection in Solution Using Biotinylated Antigens -- Assessing Antibody Specificity in Human Serum Using Deep Sequence-coupled Biopanning -- Isolation of Antigen-specific VHH Single Domain Antibodies by Combining Animal Immunization with Yeast Surface Display -- Selection and Characterization of Anti-idiotypic Shark Antibody Domains -- Simplifying the Detection of Surface Presentation Levels in Yeast Surface Display by Intracellular tGFP Expression -- Methods for Construction of Yeast Display Libraries of Four-Domain T-cell Receptors -- Isolation of Tailor-made Antibody Fragments from Yeast-displayed B-Cell Receptor Repertoires by Multiparameter Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting -- Isolation of Anti-Hapten Antibodies by Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting of Yeast-Displayed B-Cell Receptor Gene Repertoires -- Rapid Generation of Chicken Immune Libraries for Yeast Surface Display -- Ligand Engineering via Yeast Surface Display and Adherent Cell Panning -- Simultaneous Soluble Secretion and Surface Display of Proteins in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Using Inefficient Ribosomal Skipping -- Chemical Modification of the Yeast Cell Surface Allows the Switch between Display and Soluble Secretion of Full-length Antibodies -- Advanced Establishment of Stable Recombinant Human Suspension Cell Lines Using Geno-Phenotype Coupling Transposon Vectors -- Mammalian Surface Display Screening of Diverse Cystine-Dense Peptide Libraries for Difficult to Drug Targets -- Engineering Antibodies on the Surface of CHO Cells -- Single B Cell Cloning and Production of Rabbit Monoclonal Antibodies
    Abstract: This volume aims at providing state-of-the-art protocols detailing ribosome display, cDNA display, phage display, yeast surface display, and mammalian display. Chapters guide readers through methods and protocols on in vitro methods over prokaryotic display systems, lower eukaryotes, and mammalian cells. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of all necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Genotype Phenotype Coupling aims to provide an overview of current technologies in this exciting and continuously evolving field
    Pages: XII, 445 p. 86 illus., 61 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998531
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  • 4
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Practical Guide to Live-Cell Imaging of Meiosis in Arabidopsis -- Whole-Mount Immunolocalization Procedure for Plant Female Meiocytes -- How to Perform an Accurate Analysis of Metaphase I Chromosome Configurations in Autopolyploids of Arabidopsis thaliana -- Cytological Characterization of Arabidopsis arenosa Polyploids by SIM -- Targeted Analysis of Chromatin Events (TACE) -- Whole Mount Immuno-FISH on Arabidopsis Meiocytes (WhoMI-FISH) -- Using Genome In Situ Hybridization (GISH) to Distinguish the Constituent Genomes of Brassica nigra and B. rapa in the Hybrid B. juncea -- Preparing Maize Synaptonemal Complex Spreads and Sequential Immunofluorescence and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization -- Cytological Techniques to Study Cytomixis in Plant Male Meiosis -- Analysis of Meiosis in Non-Model Tropical Plants: The Case of Carica papaya Linn -- Analytical Methodology of Meiosis in Auto- and Allopolyploid Plants -- Multi-Colored Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization to Assess Pairing Configurations at Metaphase I in Brassica Hybrids -- Surface Spreading Technique in Plant Meiocytes for Analysis of Synaptonemal Complex by Electron Microscopy -- Quantification of Synapsis using Immunolocalization in Embedded Nuclei of Lolium -- Following the Formation of Synaptonemal Complex Formation in Wheat and Barley by High Resolution Microscopy -- Chromatin Immunoprecipitation of Meiotically Expressed Proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana Flowers -- Isolating Male Meiocytes from Maize and Wheat for “-omics” Analyses -- How to Study the Proteomes and Phosphoproteomes of Anther and Pollen -- Rice Female Meiosis: Genome-Wide mRNA, Small RNA and DNA Methylation Analysis during Ovule Development -- Quantification of Recombination Rate and Segregation Distortion by Genotyping and Sequencing of Single Pollen Nuclei -- Identifying and Isolating Meiotic Mutants in Polyploid Brassica Crops -- A Cytological Analysis of Wheat Meiosis Targeted by Virus-Induced Gene-Silencing (VIGS) -- Induction and Characterization of Diploid Pollen Grains in Arabidopsis thaliana -- Analysis of Pollen Grains by Immunostaining and FISH in Triticeae Species -- Analysing Somatic DNA Repair in Arabidopsis Meiotic Mutants -- A Modular Tray Growth System for Barley -- In planta Delivery of Chemical Compounds into Barley Meiocytes – EdU as Compound Example
    Abstract: This volume looks at the latest techniques used by the meiosis research community to study plant meiosis. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts: Part One discusses cytological and imaging approaches to study meiosis and chromosome dynamics in Arabidopsis (in both diploid and polyploid backgrounds); Part Two talks about using cytological methods to study meiosis in other plant species; Part Three focuses on molecular and biochemical approaches to look at plant meiosis; and Part Four explores further procedures and experiments that are helpful in learning more about plant meiosis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Plant Meiosis: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 405 p. 76 illus., 66 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998180
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  • 5
    Keywords: Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Genetics and Genomics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Quarter Century and the PCR Applied Techniques and the Fields of Use Are Still Increasing in Numbers -- Parameters for Successful PCR Primer Design -- MIQE-Compliant Validation of MicroRNA Biomarker Signatures Established by Small RNA Sequencing -- Enhanced Probe-Based RT-qPCR Quantification of MicroRNAs Using Poly(A)tailing and 5' Adaptor Ligation -- A Novel System to Discriminate HLA-C mir148a Binding Site by Allele-Specific Quantitative PCR -- Detection of Yellow Fever Virus by Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) -- Evaluation of the Abundance of Fungi in Wastewater Treatment Plants Using Quantitative PCR (qPCR) -- Early Detection of Fungal Plant Pathogens by Real-Time Quantitative PCR: The Case of Diplodia sapinea on Pine -- A General Protocol for Accurate Gene Expression Analysis in Plants -- Gene Expression Analysis in Bacteria by RT-qPCR -- Detection and Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells by Quantitative Real-Time PCR -- Molecular Monitoring of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia -- Normalization in Human Gliomas Tissue -- qPCR Applications for the Determination of the Biological Age -- QuantStudio™ 12K Flex OpenArray® System as a Tool for High-Throughput Genotyping and Gene Expression Analysis -- Digital PCR and the QuantStudio™ 3D Digital PCR System
    Abstract: This book expands upon the useful first edition by exploring classic Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) techniques as well as a number of recently developed applications. With the changes in instrumentation due to technological advances and the development of new reagents to fulfill ethical and legal issues, the qPCR field is now an up-to-date technology that indeed is widely used in research and clinical diagnostics. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Revised and authoritative, Quantitative Real-Time PCR: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide to this expanding and vital field of study
    Pages: XIII, 235 p. 70 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998333
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  • 6
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Snake- and Spider-Venom-Derived Toxins as Lead Compounds for Drug Development -- Analytics for Bioactivity Profiling of Complex Mixtures with a Focus on Venoms -- Venom Collection from Spiders and Snakes: Voluntary and Involuntary Extractions (“Milking”) and Venom Gland Extractions -- Production and Purification of Recombinant Toxins -- RNA-Sequencing of Snake Venom Glands -- Exploring Toxin Evolution: Venom Protein Transcript Sequencing and Transcriptome-Guided High-Throughput Proteomics -- Three-Dimensional Structure Determination of Peptides using Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- Determining the Structures of the Snake and Spider Toxins by X-Rays -- MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometric Profiling of Spider Venoms -- Methods for Evaluation of a Snake Venom Derived Disintegrin in Animal Models of Human Cancer -- Cell-Based Adhesion Assays for Isolation of Snake Venom's Integrin Antagonists -- Using C. elegans to Study the Effects of Toxins in Sensory Ion Channels In Vivo -- Measurements of Cell Death Induced by Snake and Spider’s Venoms and Derived Toxins -- Using Toxins in Brain Slice Recordings -- High-Throughput Calcium Imaging Screen of Toxins’ Function in Dissociated Sensory Neurons -- Synthesizing and Expressing Native Ion Channels
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques and protocols, across various biological disciplines, used to study snake and spider peptide toxins. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts and cover topics such as the use of toxins in drug development; analysis of bioactivity of complex mixtures like venom; extraction of venom glands and the production of toxins; characterization of toxins from the RNA level to the peptide structure; and the determination of the toxin’s biological function. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Snake and Spider Toxins: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 293 p. 46 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998456
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  • 7
    Keywords: Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Integrative Biomarkers in Stroke -- Vascular-Related Biomarkers of Ischemic Stroke -- Generation and Applicability of Genetic Risk Scores (GRS) in Stroke -- Neuroplasticity Biomarkers in Experimental Stroke Recovery -- Methods of Mitochondrial and Redox Measurements in Ischemic Stroke -- Blood Biomarkers for Stroke Differentiation -- Laser-Capture Micro-Dissection for Measurement of Angiogenesis after Stroke -- Blood-Borne Biomarkers of Hypertension Predicting Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke -- RNA Gene Expression to Identify the Etiology of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The Biomarkers of Acute Stroke Etiology (BASE) Study -- Neurotoxicity Biomarkers Assays Development -- Glutamate Receptor Peptides as Potential Neurovascular Biomarkers of Acute Stroke -- Antibodies to NMDA Receptors in Cerebral and Spinal Cord Infarctions -- Impaired Retinal Vasoreactivity as an Early Marker of Stroke Risk in Diabetes -- Imaging Biomarkers: Keys to Decision Making in Stroke -- Neuroimaging Methods for Acute Stroke Diagnosis and Treatment -- Ultrasound Assessments of Risk for TIA and Stroke in Vascular Surgery -- Preoperative and Intraoperative Markers of Cerebral Ischemia -- Time is Brain: the Prehospital Phase and the Mobile Stroke Unit -- Acute Clinical Intervention and Chronic Management of Cerebral Vascular Accident -- Trends in Biomarkers Development for Stroke
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest data on recent achievements in new and emerging technologies for stroke biomarkers and innovations in stroke assessment. The topics discussed in this book explore the role of upcoming biomarkers in different types of stroke, and explores techniques that will allow researchers to be more effective when approaching clinical management and patient care. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to ensure successful results in the laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Stroke Biomarkers is a valuable resource for both experimental and clinical scientists interested in expanding their knowledge in the field of stroke research
    Pages: XVII, 425 p. 80 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493996827
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  • 8
    Keywords: Bacteriology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Bacteriology ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Clinical, Epidemiologic, and Laboratory Aspects of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections -- Rapid Methods for Detection of MRSA in Clinical Specimens -- Immunofluorescence Microscopy for the Detection of Surface Antigens in Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus -- Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec (SCCmec) Analysis of MRSA -- Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Typing of Staphylococcus aureus Strains -- Spa Genotyping of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates -- Multilocus Sequence Typing of Staphylococcus aureus -- Genetic Manipulations of Staphylococcal Chromosomal DNA -- Genetic Manipulation of MRSA using CRISPR/Cas9 Technology -- RNA-seq Identification of Target Genes Mediated by Regulators of Staphylococcus aureus -- Application of Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis in Identification of Factors Responsible for Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus -- Identification of Virulence Determinants during Host-Pathogen Interaction using Tn-Seq Technology -- Metabolomic Profiling of Staphylococcus aureus -- Determining Impact of Growth Phases on Capacity of Staphylococcus aureus to Adhere to and Invade Host Cells -- Preclinical Models and Methodologies for Monitoring Staphylococcus aureus Infections using Noninvasive Optical Imaging -- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection and Treatment Options -- Animal Models for Drug Development for MRSA
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with an update on the latest techniques used for the detection, genotyping, and investigating pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in vivo. The methods covered in this book mostly focus on routine clinical diagnosis, surveillance, research, and practice for treatment of patients infected by multi-drug resistant S. aureus. The book also covers the epidemiology of MRSA, molecular typing approaches, clinical treatment of MRSA infections, and animal models of drug discovery. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Informative and cutting-edge, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Protocols: Cutting-Edge Technologies and Advancements, Third Edition is a valuable resource for researchers looking to set up new methods to study S. aureus, and will also be very useful for technicians and scientists working on other bacterial pathogens
    Pages: XI, 268 p. 35 illus., 27 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998494
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  • 9
    Keywords: Cytology ; Metabolism ; Cell Biology ; Metabolomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single Cell Metabolomics by Mass Spectrometry -- dentification of Metabolites in Single Cells by Ion Mobility Separation and Mass Spectrometry -- Analysis of Lipids in Single Cells and Organelles using Nanomanipulation-Coupled Mass Spectrometry -- Development of Pico-ESI-MS for Single-Cell Metabolomics Analysis -- Single-Probe Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Metabolites in Single Cells -- Applications of MicroArrays for Mass Spectrometry (MAMS) in Single Cell Metabolomics -- Laser Capture Microdissection – Liquid Vortex Capture – Mass Spectrometry Metabolic Profiling of Single Onion Epidermis and Microalgae Cells -- Single Cell Analysis by High-Resolution Atmospheric-Pressure MALDI MS Imaging -- A MALDI-MS Methodology for Studying Metabolic Heterogeneity of Single Cells in a Population -- Sample Preparation and Analysis of Single Cells using High Performance MALDI FTICR Mass Spectrometry -- Toward Single Cell Molecular Imaging by Matrix-Free Nanophotonic Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry -- Compact Quantum Dots for Quantitative Cytology -- Ambient Lipidomic Analysis of Single Mammalian Oocytes and Preimplantation Embryos using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) Mass Spectrometry -- Spatial Mapping of Cellular Metabolites using DESI Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry -- Open-Source Software Tools, Databases, and Resources for Single Cell and Single Cell-Type Metabolomics -- Ten Major Future Challenges in Single Cell Metabolomics
    Abstract: This volume explores the latest techniques and workflow for the analysis of single cells metabolism. The chapters in this book cover topics such as the development of mass spectrometry-based single cell approaches, Pico-ESI-MS for single-cell metabolomics analysis; laser capture microdissection; ambient single cell metabolite profile (DESI and LAESI); and MALDI-MS methodology, quantum dots for quantitative cytology to study metabolic heterogeneity of single cells. Written in the highly successful I series format, the chapters consist of introductions to the topic, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step guidelines, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and authoritative, Single Cell Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researcher and scientist interested in learning more about this field
    Pages: XI, 226 p. 74 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998319
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  • 10
    Keywords: Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Laboratory animals ; Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Animal Models ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Combining BrdU-Labeling to Detection of Neuronal Markers to Monitor Adult Neurogenesis in Hydra -- Reverse Genetic Approaches to Investigate the Neurobiology of the Cnidarian Sea Anemone Nematostella vectensis -- Generating Transgenic Reporter Lines for Studying Nervous System Development in the Cnidarian Nematostella vectensis -- Immunostaining and In Situ Hybridization of the Developing Acoel Nervous System -- Immunostaining of the Embryonic and Larval Drosophila Brain -- Non-Fluorescent RNA In Situ Hybridization Combined with Antibody Staining to Visualize Multiple Gene Expression Patterns in the Embryonic Brain of Drosophila -- Analysis of Complete Neuroblast Cell Lineages in the Drosophila Embryonic Brain via DiI Labeling -- Flybow to Dissect Circuit Assembly in the Drosophila Brain: An Update -- Live Cell Imaging of Neural Stem Cells in the Drosophila Larval Brain -- CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing to Study Nervous System Development in Drosophila -- The Red Flour Beetle as Model for Comparative Neural Development: Genome Editing to Mark Neural Cells in Tribolium Brain Development -- A Protocol for Double Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry for the Study of Embryonic Brain Development in Tribolium castaneum -- Immunohistochemistry and Fluorescent Whole Mount RNA In Situ Hybridization in Larval and Adult Brains of Tribolium -- X-Ray Microscopy of the Larval Crustacean Brain -- Immunolocalization of Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators in the Developing Crayfish Brain -- Immunostainings in Nervous System Development of the Nematode C. elegans -- Methods in Brain Development of Molluscs -- A Simple Method to Identify Ascidian Brain Lineage Cells at Neural Plate Stages Following In Situ Hybridization -- Spawning Induction and Embryo Micromanipulation Protocols in the Amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum -- In Situ Hybridization and Immunostaining of Xenopus Brain -- Morpholino Studies in Xenopus Brain Development -- Sensitive Multiplexed Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization Using Enhanced Tyramide Signal Amplification and Its Combination with Immunofluorescent Protein Visualization in Zebrafish -- Live Morphometric Classification of Sensory Neurons in Larval Zebrafish -- Immunohistochemistry and In Situ Hybridization in the Developing Chicken Brain -- Gene Silencing in Chicken Brain Development -- Transplantation of Neural Tissue: Quail-Chick Chimeras -- Immunohistochemistry and RNA In Situ Hybridization in Mouse Brain Development -- The Cre/Lox System to Assess the Development of the Mouse Brain -- In Utero Electroporation to Study Mouse Brain Development
    Abstract: This book provides a thorough introduction to widely used techniques for the study of the intersection between developmental biology and neuroscience, an exceptional area to address and investigate impacting biological questions. The fully updated volume examines cutting-edge techniques on a representative range of animals, including widely used genetic model systems, such as the fruit fly, zebra fish, chicken, and mouse, as well as non-canonical experimental systems opened up through the advent of genome editing. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and up-to-date, Brain Development: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide for researchers interested in utilizing recent technical advances in molecular genetics for the study of the brain
    Pages: XIV, 527 p. 116 illus., 96 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997329
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  • 11
    Keywords: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Tour de Herpes: Cycling through the Life and Biology of HSV-1 -- Vaccines for Herpes Simplex: Recent Progress Driven by Viral and Adjuvant Immunology -- Herpes Simplex Virus Growth, Preparation, and Assay -- Engineering HSV-1 Vectors for Gene Therapy -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1)-Based Amplicon Vectors -- HSV-1 Amplicon Vectors as Genetic Vaccines -- oHSV Genome Editing by Means of galK Recombineering -- Rescue, Purification, and Characterization of a Recombinant HSV Expressing a Transgenic Protein -- CRISPR/Cas9-Based Genome Editing of HSV -- Latent/Quiescent Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Genome Detection by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) -- Oligonucleotide Enrichment of HSV-1 Genomic DNA from Clinical Specimens for use in High-Throughput Sequencing -- HSV Mutant Generation and Dual-Detection Methods for Gaining Insight into Latent/Lytic Cycles In Vivo -- Phenotypic and Genotypic Testing of HSV-1 and HSV-2 Resistance to Antivirals -- Using Primary SCG Neuron Cultures to Study Molecular Determinants of HSV-1 Latency and Reactivation -- Characterization of Extracellular HSV-1 Virions by Proteomics -- Analysis and Sorting of Individual HSV-1 Particles by Flow Virometry -- Isolation/Analysis of Extracellular Microvesicles from HSV-1-Infected Cells -- Conformational Change in Herpes Simplex Virus Entry Glycoproteins Detected by Dot Blot -- BioID Combined with Mass Spectrometry to Study Herpesvirus Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Infected Primary Neurons for Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Transmission Immuno-Electron Microscopy of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Infected Dorsal Root Ganglia Neurons Sectioned in Growth Plane -- Multi-Fluorescence Live Analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Replication -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of HSV-1 Glycoproteins for Structure Determination -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of Full-Length HSV-1 gB for Structure Determination -- The Use of Microfluidic Neuronal Devices to Study the Anterograde Axonal Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 -- A Model of In Vivo HSV-1 DNA Transport using Murine Retinal Ganglion Cells -- The Murine Intravaginal HSV-2 Challenge Model for Investigation of DNA Vaccines
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a discussion of new and updated methods used to study the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), along with a look at the latest developing technologies such as next generation sequencing, CRISPR/Cas9 engineering, and the use of BioID to identify protein-protein interactions. Chapters cover topics such as the biology, life cycle, and current state of antiviral and vaccine development for HSV-1; protocols on growing viruses in cell culture and manipulating viral DNA; design and application of HSV-1 vectors for cancer- and gene-therapy; and structural analyses, microscopy, proteomics, and testing of antivirals. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Herpes Simplex Virus: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for immunologists, and molecular and cell biologists. This book will also be useful for researchers who wish to initiate molecular and/or cellular-based approaches to study HSV
    Pages: XIV, 457 p. 60 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998142
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  • 12
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; RNA-ligand interactions ; Protein Science ; Protein-Ligand Interactions ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Predicting Protein-Protein Interactions using SPRINT -- Automated Extraction and Visualization of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks and Beyond: A Text Mining Protocol -- Construction of Functional Protein Networks using Domain Profile Associations -- Reconstruction of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks using Homology-Based Search: Application to the Autophagy Pathway of Ageing in Podospora anserina -- Predicting Interacting Protein Pairs by Co-Evolutionary Paralog Matching -- A Web-Based Protocol for Inter-Protein Contact Prediction by Deep Learning -- Visual Analysis of Protein-Protein Interaction Docking Models using COZOID Tool -- Path-LZerD: Predicting Assembly Order of Multimeric Protein Complexes -- Embedding Alternative Conformations of Proteins in Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Informed Use of Protein-Protein Interaction Data: A Focus on the Integrated Interactions Database (IID) -- Generation and Interpretation of Context-Specific Human Protein-Protein Interaction Networks with HIPPIE -- Explore Protein-Protein Interactions for Cancer Target Discovery using the OncoPPi Portal -- Perform Pathway Enrichment Analysis using ReactomeFIViz -- De Novo Pathway Enrichment with KeyPathwayMiner -- De Novo Pathway-Based Classification of Breast Cancer Subtypes -- Vienna Graph Clustering -- On TD-WGcluster - Theoretical Foundations and Guidelines for the User -- An Introductory Guide to Aligning Networks using SANA, the Simulated Annealing Network Aligner
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques that study interactions between proteins in different species, and combines them with context-specific data, analysis of omics datasets, and assembles individual interactions into higher-order semantic units, i.e., protein complexes and functional modules. The chapters in this book cover computational methods that solve diverse tasks such as the prediction of functional protein-protein interactions; the alignment-based comparison of interaction networks by SANA; using the RaptorX-ComplexContact webserver to predict inter-protein residue-residue contacts; the docking of alternative confirmations of proteins participating in binary interactions and the visually-guided selection of a docking model using COZOID; the detection of novel functional units by KeyPathwayMiner and how PathClass can use such de novo pathways to classify breast cancer subtypes. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary hardware- and software, step-by-step, readily reproducible computational protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Protein-Protein Interaction Networks: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 97 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998739
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  • 13
    Keywords: Cytology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Simple Method of Generating 3D Brain Organoids Using Standard Laboratory Equipment -- Clinically-Amendable Defined and Rapid Induction of Human Brain Organoids from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Organoid Assay of Human Cancer Stem Cells -- Construction of Thymus Organoids from Decellularized Thymus Scaffolds -- Expansion of Human Airway Basal Stem Cells and Their Differentiation as 3D Tracheospheres -- Human Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) Generation, Culture, and Differentiation to Lung Progenitor Cells -- Organoid Culture of Lingual Epithelial Cells in a Three-Dimensional Matrix -- Generation of Functional Kidney Organoids In Vivo Starting from a Single-Cell Suspension -- Efficient Culture of Intestinal Organoids with Blebbistatin -- Isolation and Culture of Adult Intestinal, Gastric, and Liver Organoids for Cre-Recombinase-Mediated Gene Deletion -- The Three-Dimensional Culture of Epithelial Organoids Derived from Embryonic Chicken Intestine -- New Trends and Perspectives in the Function of Non-Neuronal Acetylcholine in Crypt-Villus Organoids in Mice -- Derivation of Intestinal Organoids from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Use as an Infection System -- Murine Colonic Organoid Culture System and Downstream Assay Applications -- Intestinal Organoids as a Novel Tool to Study Microbes-Epithelium Interactions -- The Isolation, Culture, and Propagation of Murine Intestinal Enteroids for the Study of Dietary Lipid Metabolism -- Oncogenic Transformation of Human-Derived Gastric Organoids -- Intestinal Crypt Organoid: Isolation of Intestinal Stem Cells, In Vitro Culture, and Optical Observation -- Human Intestinal Enteroids: New Models to Study Gastrointestinal Virus Infections -- Study Bacterial-Host Interactions Using Intestinal Organoids -- Disaggregation and Reaggregation of Zebrafish Retinal Cells for the Analysis of Neuronal Layering -- Antibody Uptake Assay in the Embryonic Zebrafish Forebrain to Study Notch Signaling Dynamics in Neural Progenitor Cells In Vivo -- Scaffold-Based and Scaffold-Free Testicular Organoids from Primary Human Testicular Cells -- Use of a Super-Hydrophobic Microbioreactor to Generate and Boost Pancreatic Mini-Organoids -- Tissue Engineering of 3D Organotypic Microtissues by Acoustic Assembly -- Cell Microencapsulation in Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogel Microspheres Using Electrohydrodynamic Spraying -- Gastrointestinal Epithelial Organoid Cultures from Post-Surgical Tissues -- Drug Sensitivity Assays of Human Cancer Organoid Cultures
    Abstract: This detailed volume addresses the challenge of how to instruct stem/early progenitor cells to progress through appropriate steps to generate functional 3-dimensional organs, one of the outstanding issues in regenerative medicine. The field of organoids is geared towards defining and demonstrating the in vitro conditions that achieve this goal. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Organoids: Stem Cells, Structure, and Function serves as an aid to researchers working in this vital area of research
    Pages: XV, 363 p. 72 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493976171
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  • 14
    Keywords: Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics -- LC-MS Spectra Processing -- Isotopic Distributions -- Retention Time Prediction and Protein Identification -- Comparing Peptide Spectra Matches Across Search Engines -- Calculation of False Discovery Rate for Peptide and Protein Identification -- Methods and Algorithms for Quantitative Proteomics by Mass Spectrometry -- Interpretation of Tandem Mass Spectra of Posttranslationally Modified Peptides -- Solution to Dark Matter Identified by Mass-tolerant Database Search -- Phosphoproteomics Profiling to Identify Altered Signaling Pathways and Kinase-targeted Cancer Therapies -- Mass Spectrometry Based Characterization of Ub- and UbL-modified Proteins -- Targeted Proteomics as a Tool for Quantifying Urine-based Biomarkers -- Data Imputation in Merged Isobaric Labelling-based Relative Quantification Datasets -- Clustering Clinical Data in R -- Review of Issues and Solutions to Data Analysis Reproducibility and Data Quality in Clinical Proteomics -- Review of Batch Effects Prevention, Diagnostics, and Correction Approaches -- Using the Object-oriented PowerShell for Simple Proteomics Data Analysis -- Considerations in the Analysis of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry Data
    Abstract: The aim of this new edition is to provide detailed information on each topic and present novel ideas and views that can influence future developments in mass spectrometry-based proteomics. In contrast to the previous editions, this third edition aims to provide the most relevant computational methods, focusing on computational concepts. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Mass Spectrometry Data Analysis in Proteomics, Third Edition to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: X, 445 p. 136 illus., 94 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997442
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  • 15
    Keywords: Antibodies ; Pharmacology ; Antibodies ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of the Current ADC Discovery Landscape -- Pushing the Envelope: Advancement of ADCs Outside of Oncology -- Conjugations to Endogenous Cysteine Residues -- Site-Specific Conjugation to Cys-Engineered THIOMAB™ Antibodies -- Transglutaminase-Mediated Conjugations -- Click Chemistry Conjugations -- Utilizing Solid-Phase to Enable High-Throughput, Site-Specific Conjugation and Dual Labeled Antibody and Fab Conjugates -- Bridged Cysteine Conjugations -- Antibody Conjugations via Glycosyl Remodeling -- ADC Analysis by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Two-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography Coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of ADCs -- Drug Loading and Distribution of ADCs after Reduction or IdeS Digestion and Reduction -- Analysis of ADCs by Native Mass Spectrometry -- High Resolution Characterization of ADCs by Orbitrap LCMS -- Conjugation Site Analysis by MS/MS Protein Sequencing -- Conjugation Site Analysis of Lysine-Conjugated ADCs -- Characterization of ADCs by Capillary Electrophoresis -- Characterization of the Primary Structure of Cysteine-Linked Antibody-Drug Conjugates using Capillary Electrophoresis with Mass Spectrometry -- Purification of ADCs by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Detection and Removal of Small-Molecule and Endotoxin Contaminants in ADC Preparations -- Physical Stability Studies of Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) Under Stressed Conditions -- Biophysical Methods for Characterization of Antibody Drug Conjugates -- Determination of ADC Cytotoxicity in Immortalized Human Cell Lines -- LC/MS Methods for Studying Lysosomal ADC Catabolism -- Assessing ADC Plasma Stability by LC/MS Methods -- Determination of ADC Concentration by Ligand-Binding Assays
    Abstract: This volume looks at key methodologies that are commonly used across antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) programs. The chapters in this book cover topics such as conjugations to endogenous cysteine residues; click chemistry conjugations; antibody conjugations via glycosyl remodeling; analysis of ADCs by native mass spectrometry; characterization of ADCs by capillary electrophoresis; LC/MS methods for studying lysosomal ADC catabolism; and determination of ADC concentration by ligand-binding assays. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Antibody-Drug Conjugates: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource that aims to lower the €œáctivation barrieŕ€ when undertaking a new discipline, and provides a ́€œtoolbox́€ for the next generation of ADC scientists
    Pages: XI, 373 p. 138 illus., 109 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493999293
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  • 16
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Cell Biology ; Bioinformatics ; Biology—Technique ; Systems Biology ; Biological systems ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Cell Biology ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Biological Techniques ; Systems Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Workflows and Components of Bioimage Analysis -- Measurements of Intensity Dynamics at the Periphery of the Nucleus -- 3D Quantitative Colocalisation Analysis -- The NEMO Dots Assembly: Single-Particle Tracking and Analysis -- Introduction to MATLAB: Image Analysis & Brownian Motion -- Resolving the process of Clathrin Mediated Endocytosis Using Correlative Light & Electron Microscopy (CLEM)
    Abstract: This Open Access textbook provides students and researchers in the life sciences with essential practical information on how to quantitatively analyze data images. It refrains from focusing on theory, and instead uses practical examples and step-by step protocols to familiarize readers with the most commonly used image processing and analysis platforms such as ImageJ, MatLab and Python. Besides gaining knowhow on algorithm usage, readers will learn how to create an analysis pipeline by scripting language; these skills are important in order to document reproducible image analysis workflows. The textbook is chiefly intended for advanced undergraduates in the life sciences and biomedicine without a theoretical background in data analysis, as well as for postdocs, staff scientists and faculty members who need to perform regular quantitative analyses of microscopy images
    Pages: X, 170 p. 69 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9783030223861
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  • 17
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Experimenting with Trinucleotide Repeats: Facts and Technical Issues -- Fast Assays to Detect Interruptions in CTG.CAG Repeat Expansions -- Tracking Expansions of Stable and Threshold Length Trinucleotide Repeat Tracts In Vivo and In Vitro Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Quantifying Replication Fork Progression at CTG Repeats by 2D Gel Electrophoresis -- Genetic Assays to Study Repeat Fragility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Genetic Screens to Study GAA/TTC and Inverted Repeat Instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Monitoring Double-Strand Break Repair of Trinucleotide Repeats Using a Yeast Fluorescent Reporter Assay -- Analysis of Trinucleotide Repeat Stability by Integration at a Chromosomal Ectopic Site -- Experimental System to Study Instability of (CGG)n Repeats in Cultured Mammalian Cells -- Assessing Triplet Repeat Expansions in Human SVG-A Cell Culture -- The Isolation and Analysis of the CGG-Repeat Size in Male and Female Gametes from a Fragile X Mouse Model -- In Vitro Synthesis and RNA Structure Probing of CUG Triplet Repeat RNA -- FISH Protocol for Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Cells -- Real Time Videomicroscopy and Semi-Automated Analysis of Brain Cell Culture Models of Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion Diseases -- Primary Cultures of Pure Embryonic Dorsal Root Ganglia Sensory Neurons as a New Cellular Model for Friedreich’s Ataxia -- GFP Reporters to Monitor Instability and Expression of Expanded CAG/CTG Repeats -- Gene Therapy for Huntington's Disease Using Targeted Endonucleases
    Abstract: This detailed book contains techniques to explore the unusual properties of the peculiar microsatellites known as trinucleotide repeats. Beginning with technical challenges raised by secondary structure-forming repeats and their propensity to contract and expand over time, the book continues with genetic screens in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, experimental systems to study trinucleotide repeat instability in human cells, dedicated experimental systems in appropriate cell types, as well as gene therapy approaches using the CRISPR-Cas family of endonucleases. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Trinucleotide Repeats: Methods and Protocols serves as a valuable aid to experts and newcomers alike who seek to investigate this fascinating and ever-expanding field of study
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 65 illus., 53 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997848
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  • 18
    Keywords: Botany ; Plant genetics ; Plant Sciences ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Low-Cost High-throughput Method for Plant Genomic DNA Isolation -- Cereal Genomics Databases and Plant Genetic Resources in Crop Improvement -- Integrated Genomic Strategies for Cereal Genetic Enhancement: Combining QTL and Association Mapping -- Sequencing and Assembling Genomes and Chromosomes of Cereal Crops -- Cost-effective Profiling of Mutator Transposon Insertions in Maize by Next-generation Sequencing -- Relative Expression Analysis of target genes by using Reverse transcription-Quantitative PCR -- DNA Methylation and Transcriptomic Next Generation Technologies in Cereal Genomics -- Genome-wide Identification of Regulatory DNA Elements in Crop Plants -- Genome-wide Profiling of Histone Modifications with ChIP-seq -- Whole-genome Bisulfite Sequencing and Epigenetic Variation in Cereal Methylomes -- Genome-wide Identification of Allele-Specific Gene Expression in a Parent€‘óf€‘Órigin Specific Manner -- Analysis of Epigenetic Modifications during Vegetative and Reproductive Development in Cereals using Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) -- Cereal Circular RNAs (circRNAs): An Overview of the Computational Resources for Identification and Analysis -- Emerging Genome Engineering Tools in Crop Research and Breeding -- CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Targeted Mutagenesis in Wheat Doubled Haploids -- Genetic Transformation of Protoplasts Isolated from Leaves of Lolium temulentum and Lolium perenne -- Agrobacterium Transformation in the Rice Genome -- In vivo Phosphorylation: Development of Specific Antibodies to Detect the Phosphorylated PEPC Isoform for the C4 Photosynthesis in Zea mays
    Abstract: The objective of this volume is to detail current technologies associated with cereal genomics, providing a valuable resource for researchers working in breeding and molecular crop improvement programs. Chapters guide readers through high-throughput DNA extraction protocols, crop genetic resources, meta-Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) analysis, association mapping, next-sequencing generation, transposable element-associated variation, transcriptomics analysis, epigenetic variation, identification of imprinted genes, noncoding RNAs (circular RNAs), genome editing technologies, and post-translational protein phosphorylation.Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Cereal Genomics: Methods and Protocols to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XI, 247 p. 30 illus., 21 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998654
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  • 19
    Keywords: Immunology ; Cytology ; Immunology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: High Dimensional Immunophenotyping with Fluorescence-based Cytometry: A Practical Guidebook -- Immunophenotyping by Mass Cytometry -- Fluorescent Cell Barcoding for Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping using Dried and Lyophilized Reagents -- Guidelines for Gating Flow Cytometry Data for Immunological Assays -- Strategies and Techniques for NK Cell Phenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Human B Lymphocytes in the Blood and in the Adipose Tissue -- Multiparametric Flow Cytometry Analysis of Naïve, Memory, and Effector T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Regulatory T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Innate Lymphoid Cells -- Enumeration of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells in Peripheral Blood and Bone Marrow by Flow Cytometric Analysis -- Immunophenotyping of Circulating Endothelial Cell and Endothelial Microparticles -- Rare Event Phenotyping and Molecular Characterization: Circulating Tumor Cells -- Quality Control of Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Myeloid Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia -- Clinical Flow Cytometry Testing in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest collection of immunophenotypic techniques and applications used in research and clinical settings. Chapters in this book cover topics such as constructions of high dimensions fluorescence and mass cytometry panels; fluorescence barcoding; using dried or lyophilized reagents; and immunophenotypic examples of specific cell types. The book concludes with a discussion on the critical roles of quality control and immunophenotyping in the clinical environment. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Immunophenotyping: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researchers, clinician, or scientist interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 356 p. 94 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493996506
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  • 20
    Keywords: Cell Biology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Purinergic Signaling -- Knock-out and Knock-in Mouse Models to Study Purinergic Signaling -- Agonists and Antagonists for Purinergic Receptors -- Homology Modelling of P2X Receptors -- Using RNA Interference for Purinoceptor Knock Down in vivo -- Developmental Expression of Ectonucleotidase and Purinergic Receptors Detection by Whole Mount in situ hybridization in Xenopus Embryos -- Histochemical Approach for Simultaneous Detection of Ecto-nucleotidase and Alkaline Phosphatase Activities in Tissues -- Flow Cytometry of Membrane Purinoreceptors -- Studying Purinoceptor Cell-surface Expression by Protein Biotinylation -- Multimeric Ionotropic Purinoceptor Detection by Protein Cross-linking -- Multimeric Purinoceptor Detection by Bioluminiscence Resonance Energy Transfer -- Application of Fluorescent Purinoceptor Antagonists for Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer Assays and Fluorescent Microscopy -- Detection of Extracellular ATP in the Tumor Microenvironment, using the pmeLUC Biosensor -- Using Amperometric, Enzyme-Based Biosensors for Performing Longitudinal Measurements of Extracellular adenosine 5-triphosphate in the Mouse -- Fluorescent Labeling and Quantification of Vesicular ATP Release using Live Cell Imaging -- Using FRET-based Fluorescent Sensors to Monitor Cytosolic and Membrane-proximal Extracellular ATP levels -- ATP Measurement in Cerebrospinal Fluid Using a Microplate Reader -- P2X Electrophysiology and Surface Trafficking in Xenopus oocytes -- Heterologous Expression and Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors in HEK293 Cells -- Recording P2X Receptors Using Whole Cell Patch Clamp from Native Monocytes and Macrophages -- Automated Planar Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors -- Controlling Engineered P2X Receptors with Light -- Intracellular Calcium Recording after Purinoceptor Activation Using a Video-microscopy Equipment -- Assays to Measure Purinoceptor Pore Dilation -- Detection of Inflammasome Activation by P2X7 Purinoceptor Activation by Determining ASC Oligomerization -- Measuring Leukocyte Migration to Nucleotides -- Assessment of Cell Adhesion after Purinoceptor Activation
    Abstract: This volume aims to cover all major methodological aspects of research into purinergic signaling and to provide a foundation for studying them at molecular, biochemical, pharmacological, and physiological levels. Chapters guide readers through current knock-out and knock-in mouse models, in silico modeling, knock down purinoceptor expression, bioluminiscence resonance energy transfer, enzyme-based biosensors, recording P2X receptor electrophysiology, controlling P2X receptors by optogenetics, inflammasome activation, leukocyte migration, and cell adhesion. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Purinergic Signaling: Methods and Protocols will provide a sound basis for molecular, cellular, and physiological research into purinergic signaling in health and disease and will spark interest in this fascinating signaling process among researchers in many different and unrelated disciplines
    Pages: XII, 360 p. 82 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997176
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  • 21
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of Important Enzymes Involved in Nitrogen Assimilation of Plants -- Methods for Measuring Nitrate Reductase, Nitrite Levels, and Nitric Oxide from Plant Tissues -- Measurement of Nitrate Reductase Activity in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Leaves under Different Conditions -- Fluorimetric-Based Method to Detect and Quantify Total S-Nitrosothiols (SNOs) in Plant Samples -- Measurement of S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase Activity in Plants -- Expression Analysis of Important Genes Involved in Nitrogen Metabolism under Hypoxia -- Enzymatic Conversions of Glutamate and γ-Aminobutyric Acid as the Indicators of Plant Stress Response -- Using Different Forms of Nitrogen to Study Hypersensitive Response Elicited by Avirulent Pseudomonas syringae -- Using Foldscope to Monitor Superoxide Production and Cell Death during Pathogen Infection in Arabidopsis under Different Nitrogen Regimes -- Methods for Estimation of Nitrogen Components in Plants and Microorganisms -- A Precise Method for Analysing Nitrogen Use in Foxtail Millet -- Methods for Isolation and Characterization of Nitrogen Fixing Legume-Nodulating Bacteria -- Detection and Quantification of Nitrifying Bacteria using Real-Time PCR -- Extracellular Matrix Proteome: Isolation of ECM Proteins for Proteomics Studies
    Abstract: This volume explores several different aspects of nitrogen metabolism, ranging from nitrogen uptake to assimilation. The chapters in this book cover topics such as measurement of activities of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (i.e., nitrate reductase); measurement of nitric oxide, nitrite and ways to detect the N content in plants and microbes; characterization of root nodule bacteria (RNB); and techniques to perform proteomics of Extracellular Matrix (ECM). Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants: Methods and Protocols is a valuable tool for novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 178 p. 41 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997909
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  • 22
    Keywords: Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Bacteriology ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Bacteriology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Plasmid DNA Isolation and Visualization: Isolation and Characterization of Plasmids from Clinical Samples -- Isolation and Visualization of Plasmids from Gram-Positive Bacteria of Interest in Public Health -- Detection, Isolation, and Characterization of Plasmids in the Environment -- Bacteriophage Isolation and Characterization: Phages of Escherichia coli -- Detection and Characterization of Transposons in Bacteria -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Antibiotic Selection -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Fluorescent Reporters -- Methods to Quantify DNA Transfer in Enterococcus -- Quantifying and Characterizing Distributive Conjugal Transfer in Mycobacterium smegmatis -- Spectrophotometric Assays to Quantify the Activity of T4SS ATPases -- Identification of Relaxase-DNA Covalent Complexes and DNA Strand Transfer Reaction Products by Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis -- First Biochemical Steps on Bacterial Transposition Pathways -- Natural Transformation in Escherichia coli -- Integron Identification in Bacterial Genomes and Cassette Recombination Assays -- Methods to Identify and Analyze Vesicle-Protected DNA Transfer -- Measuring Plasmid Stability in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Methods for the Analysis and Characterization of Defence Mechanisms against Horizontal Gene Transfer: CRISPR Systems -- The Mobilome: Metagenomic Analysis of Circular Plasmids, Viruses, and Other Extrachromosomal Elements -- Identifying Conjugative Plasmids and Integrative Conjugative Elements with CONJscan -- PlasmidFinder and In Silico pMLST: Identification and Typing of Plasmid Replicons in Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) -- MOBscan: Automated Annotation of MOB Relaxases -- Plasmid Typing and Classification -- Plasmid Reconstruction from Next-Gen Data: A Detailed Protocol for the Use of PLACNETw for the Reconstruction of Plasmids from WGS Datasets -- Statistical Analysis of Accessory Genome -- Inferring Horizontal Gene Transfer with DarkHorse, Phylomizer, and ETE Toolkits -- Methods to Study Fitness and Compensatory Adaptation in Plasmid-Carrying Bacteria -- A Broad Host Range Plasmid-Based Roadmap for ssDNA-Based Recombineering in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Conjugative Assembly Genome Engineering (CAGE)
    Abstract: This book focuses on technologies used to study horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in prokaryotes. Beginning with a section on the detection and isolation of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), the volume continues with sections concentrating on the analysis of conjugation, transformation, and transduction in HGT as well as a series of methods to analyze the adaptation and evolution of MGEs, with special attention paid to bioinformatics tools. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Horizontal Gene Transfer: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to the further study of this pervasive, all-important mechanism of genetic originality
    Pages: XV, 413 p. 62 illus., 52 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998777
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  • 23
    Keywords: Proteins  ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Protein Science ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Protein Nanotechnology -- Protein Expression in the Baculovirus-Insect Cell Expression System -- Peroxiredoxin Proteins as Building Blocks for Nanotechnology -- Formation of Amphipathic Monolayers from Fungal Hydrophobin Proteins -- ATP Synthase: Expression, Purification, and Function -- Molecular Superglues: Discovery and Engineering Orthogonalization -- Production of Multicomponent Protein Templates for the Positioning and Stabilization of Enzymes -- Adding Function to Protein Scaffolds -- Virus-Derived Nanoparticles -- Strategies for Increasing Protein Stability -- Generation of High Affinity Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles for Protein Recognition via a Solid-Phase Synthesis Protocol -- Nanotechnology with S-Layer Proteins -- Preparation of Proteins and Macromolecular Assemblies for Cryo-Electron Microscopy -- Atomic Force Microscopy of Proteins -- Native Protein Mass Spectrometry -- Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis of b-Casein Nanocarriers -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Proteins
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with updated approaches and techniques used to study protein nanotechnology and the future of nanomaterial compositions. This book is organized into Three Parts: Part One looks at recombinant protein expression in insect cells, and methods to produce molecular motors, molecular superglues, and protein templates; Part Two explores functionalization strategies and ways to incorporate functional protein components into nanodevices; Part Three discusses various instrumental techniques used to study protein nanostructures. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Protein Nanotechnology: Protocols, Instrumentation, and Applications, Third Edition is a valuable resource for any researchers looking to expand their knowledge in this evolving field
    Pages: XIII, 331 p. 84 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998692
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  • 24
    Keywords: Economic development ; Economic policy ; Game theory ; Natural resources ; Regional Development ; Development Policy ; Game theory ; Natural Resource and Energy Economics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Reviewing the Literature and Setting Theoretical and Methodological Foundations for the Research -- Chapter 3: The Analytic Framework: Modeling the Dilemma of Transboundary River Basins as an Iterated PD Game -- Chapter 4: The Colonial Round: the Opening Scene of Utilizing the Nile Waters Outside Egypt -- Chapter 5: The Cold War Round: Large National Schemes on the Nile in a Polarized World -- Chapter 6: The Post Cold War Round: The Failure to Build an Institutionalized Basin-Wide Cooperation in the Nile -- Chapter 7: The Post-2011 Round: the New Chapter of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and the Shadow of the Future -- Chapter 8: Conclusion: Tug-of-War or Benefits for All? -- Maps -- References
    Abstract: This book introduces an analytic framework constructed upon the iterated Prisoners' Dilemma game to model and analyze transboundary water interactions along the Nile River. It presents a thorough and in-depth analysis of the historical path through which conflict and cooperation have been generated among the Nile riparians over large-scale developmental schemes. This is done through modeling water interactions in the basin as an iterated Prisoners' Dilemma game and employing process-tracing method to compare four distinguishable rounds of the game: the colonial round, the Cold War round, the post-Cold War round, and the post-2011 round. The book examines the influences of the changing political contexts at the domestic, regional, and global levels on the game outcomes. This framework is initially applied on several cases of international rivers worldwide, while the rest of the book is devoted to the Nile case. The book's central argument is that the riparians' interests, capabilities, and beliefs are heterogeneous in varying degrees and that the changing multilevel political contexts influence the level of such heterogeneities among the riparians, which ultimately drive the equilibrium dynamics in the Nile game to generate different conflictive and cooperative outcomes over time. Although the book's main conclusion indicates that the absence of economic interdependence and regional integration will transfer the game into tug-of-war, which will impose harsh punishment on the basin communities and ecosystems on the long term, the final chapter lists a group of recommendations addressed to the riparian states and international donors, exploring the way for boosting cooperation and preventing conflicts in the basin. Presenting clear theoretical, methodological, and policy implications, this book is appropriate for students and scholars of international relations, hydrology, and development studies
    Pages: XXXIII, 277 p. 55 illus., 52 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030026653
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  • 25
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Food science ; Microbiology ; Food science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Accelerated Sample Preparation for Fast Salmonella Detection in Poultry Products -- Direct or DNA Extraction-free Amplification and Quantification of Foodborne Pathogens -- The Use of Multiplex Real Time PCR for the Simultaneous Detection of Food-borne Bacterial Pathogens -- Sequence Specific End Labelling of Oligonucleotides (SSELO)-based Microbial Detection -- Rapid on-site Detection and Quantification of Food-borne Pathogens Using Microfluidic Devices -- Modified Bacteriophage Tail Fiber Proteins for Labeling, Immobilization, Capture, and Detection of Bacteria -- EIS-based Biosensors in Foodborne Pathogen Detection with a Special Focus on Listeria monocytogenes -- Method to Study the Survival Abilities of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens under Food Processing Conditions -- Viability Detection of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens in Food Environment by PMA-qPCR and by Microscopy Observation -- Isolation of Bacterial RNA from Foods Inoculated with Pathogens -- The use of Two-dimensional Electrophoresis to Explore Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Responses to Gastrointestinal Stress -- Identification of Putative Biomarkers Specific to Food-borne Pathogens Using Metabolomics -- Characterization of Bacterial Membrane Fatty Acid Profiles for Biofilm Cells -- High Content Screening Confocal Laser Microscopy (HCS-CLM) to Characterize Biofilm 4D Stuctural Dynamic of Food-borne Pathogens -- Static Immersion and Injection Methods for Live Cell Imaging of Foodborne Pathogen Infections in Zebrafish Larvae -- Use of C. elegans Diapause to Study Transgenerational Responses to Pathogen Infection -- Utilizing the public GenomeTrakr Database for Foodborne Pathogen Traceback -- The Establishment of a Standarized 16srDNA Library Preparation to Enable the Analysis of the Microbiome in Poultry Processing Using the Illumina MiSeq Platform -- Exploring Foodborne Pathogen Ecology and Antimicrobial Resistance in the Light of Shotgun Metagenomics -- Modeling Growth of Listeria and Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Environments -- Network Biology Approaches to Identify Molecular and Systems-level Differences between Salmonella Pathovars
    Abstract: This volume presents a compilation of various representative techniques and approaches currently used to study bacterial foodborne pathogens. Chapters guide the reader through bacterial pathogen detection and quantification in food, molecular, phenotypic, metabolic characterization of food pathogens, and ecology of foodborne bacterial pathogens. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens : Methods and Protocols aims to server as a guide both for researchers, students, and those in the food industry who want to have an overview of current approaches and protocols used to study bacterial foodborne pathogens
    Pages: XI, 278 p. 53 illus., 43 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990009
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  • 26
    Keywords: Biological models ; Science / Philosophy ; Endangered ecosystems ; Botany ; Systems Biology ; Philosophy of Science ; Ecosystems ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- The Basics -- Is there anything new under the sun? -- Instability as the core of emergence -- Emergence and modularity in life sciences and beyond -- The emergence of sustainability -- From modules to emergent holistic properties in living organisms -- Modularity versus emergence: How to cope with complexity in whole plant physiology? -- Emergence in biomimetic materials systems -- Roots of complexity in the self-referential genetic code -- Brains emerging: on modularity and self-organization of neural development in vivo and in vitro -- Plants: Unitary organisms emerging from integration and self-organization of modules -- Ecology: Ecosystems and biodiversity -- Ultimate Integration -- Emergent properties and stability in hierarchical bio-systems: there is no privileged level of causation -- Emergence and sustainment of humankind on Earth: the categorical imperative -- Gaia – a holobiont-like system emerging from interaction
    Abstract: This book focuses on modules and emergence with self-organization in the life sciences. As Aristotle observed so long ago, the whole is more than the sum of its parts. However, contemporary science is dominated by reductionist concepts and tends to neglect the non-reproducible features of complex systems, which emerge from the interaction of the smaller units they are composed of. The book is divided into three major parts; the essays in part A highlight the conceptual basis of emergence, linking it to the philosophy of science, systems biology and sustainability. This is subsequently exemplified in part B by applying the concept of emergence to various biological disciplines, such as genetics, developmental biology, neurobiology, plant physiology and ecology. New aspects of emergence come into play when biology meets the technical sciences, as revealed in a chapter on bionics. In turn, part C adopts a broader view, revealing how the organization of life follows a hierarchical order in terms of scalar dimensions, ranging from the molecular level to the entire biosphere. The idea that life is primarily and exclusively shaped by processes at the molecular level (and, in particular, by the information encoded in the genome) is refuted; rather, there is no hierarchy with respect to the level of causation in the cross-talk between the levels. In the last two chapters, the evolutionary trend toward ever-increasing complexity in living systems is interpreted in terms of the Gaia hypothesis sensu Lovelock: the entire biosphere is viewed as a functional unit (or ‘holobiont-like system’) organized to develop and sustain life on Earth
    Pages: XIV, 279 p. 62 illus., 46 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030061289
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  • 27
    Keywords: Plant breeding ; Plant genetics ; Agriculture ; Genetic Engineering ; Alternative Medicine ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Agriculture ; Genetic Engineering ; Complementary & Alternative Medicine ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Foreword by Prof. M. Iqbal Choudhary, Director, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences -- Marine and Freshwater Organisms in Drug Discovery -- Bioactive Molecules from Malaysian Flora -- Immunomosulatory Effect of Cycloartane-Type Triterpenes -- Antigiardial Actitivty of Citrullus lanatus Extracts -- Potential Idiosyncratic Liver Toxicity of Herbal Products -- Antitrypanosomal Activity of Nigerian Plants -- Alkaloids Isolated from Malaysian Plant Families -- Pharmacological Studies on Ficus Species -- Herbals in the treatment of Salmonella typhi -- Biology of Proline-Containing Cyclic Peptides -- Plant Extracts and Memory Impairment -- Herbals Used in Heat and Detoxification in Chinese Traditional Medicine -- Secondary Metabolites from Solanaceae of Iran -- Molecular Docking Study on Rauvolfia species -- Drug Development from the farm -- Phytochemical Screening of Sri Lankan Plants -- New carbohydrate esters of cinnamic acid from the leaves of Gleditschia -- Herbals in the Treatment of Alzheimer's disease
    Abstract: Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East. Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms. On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques. For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions. However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures. Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, it will focus on the secondary metabolic compounds which afford protection against diseases. Lastly, Volume 3 focuses on the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture
    Pages: XX, 385 p. 67 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030044084
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  • 28
    Keywords: Immunology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis -- 2. Pleural Tuberculosis -- 3. Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis -- 4. Hepatobiliary and splenic tuberculosis -- 5. Lymphatic Tuberculosis -- 6. Bone and Joint Tuberculosis -- 7. Tuberculous Spondylodiscitis -- 8. Tuberculous Meningitis -- 9. Tuberculous Encephalitis -- 10. Spinal tuberculosis -- 11. Genitourinary Tuberculosis -- 12. Cardiovascular Tuberculosis -- 13. Cutaneous Tuberculosis -- 14. Tuberculosis of Eye -- 15. Infection control in extrapulmonary TB -- 16. Tuberculosis in the ICU
    Abstract: This book brings awareness to a neglected condition that is nevertheless prevalent world-wide. Much focus is justly given to pulmonary tuberculosis, one of the key medical scourges of humanity, but this disease also often manifests itself in organs outside of the lungs. There is however a surprising lack of information available on extrapulmonary TB, which this book aims to remedy. Specifically, research, as well as epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment options, are discussed in detail by an international list of experts. This comprehensive product serves as a valuable resource to numerous fields of medicine due to the presence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis throughout the human body
    Pages: VIII, 208 p. 7 illus., 1 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030047443
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  • 29
    Keywords: Ecology ; Evolution (Biology) ; Plant Ecology ; Animal ecology ; Plant genetics ; Biodiversity ; Community & Population Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Ecology ; Animal ecology ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Biodiversity ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part1. Concepts, Technical Advances and Challenges -- Chapter1. Technical Advances and Challenges in Genome-Scale Analysis of Ancient DNA -- Chapter2. Paleoproteomics: An Introduction to the Analysis of Ancient Proteins by Soft Ionization Mass Spectrometry -- Chapter3. Ancient RNA -- Chapter4. Ancient Epigenomics -- Part2. -- Chapter5. Ancient Pathogens Through Human History: A Paleogenomic Perspective -- Chapter6. Paleovirology: Viral Sequences from Historical and Ancient DNA -- Chapter7. Reconstructing Past Vegetation Communities Using Ancient DNA from Lake Sediments -- Chapter8. Archaeogenomics and Crop Adaptation -- Chapter9. Herbarium Genomics: Plant Archival DNA Explored -- Chapter10. Paleogenomics of Animal Domestication -- Chapter11. Paleogenomic Inferences of Dog Domestication -- Chapter12. Of Cats and Men: Ancient DNA Reveals How the Cat Conquered the Ancient World -- Chapter13. An Ancient DNA Perspective on Horse Evolution -- Chapter14. Primate Paleogenomics -- Chapter15. Structural Variants in Ancient Genomes -- Chapter16. Genomics of Extinction
    Abstract: Advances in genome-scale DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized genetic research on ancient organisms, extinct species, and past environments. When it is recoverable after hundreds or thousands of years of unintended preservation, €œáncient DNÁ€ (or aDNA) is often highly degraded, necessitating specialized handling and analytical approaches. Paleogenomics defines the field of reconstructing and analyzing the genomes of historic or long-dead organisms, most often through comparison with modern representatives of the same or similar species. The opportunity to isolate and study paleogenomes has radically transformed many fields, spanning biology, anthropology, agriculture, and medicine. Examples include understanding evolutionary relationships of extinct species known only from fossils, the domestication of plants and animals, and the evolution and geographical spread of certain pathogens. This pioneering book presents a snapshot view of the history, current status, and future prospects of paleogenomics, taking a broad viewpoint that covers a range of topics and organisms to provide an up-to-date status of the applications, challenges, and promise of the field. This book is intended for a variety of readerships, including upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, professionals and experts in the field, as well as anyone excited by the extraordinary insights that paleogenomics offers
    Pages: XIV, 427 p. 62 illus., 57 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030047535
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  • 30
    Keywords: Oncology ; Immunology ; Cancer Research ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Double Immunohistochemistry and Digital Image Analysis -- Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging Allows for Distinctive Topographic Assessment and Sub-Classification of Tumor Infiltrating and Surrounding Immune Cells -- Systems Level Immune Monitoring by Mass Cytometry -- Immune Monitoring of Cancer Patients by Multi-Color Flow Cytometry -- High-Throughput, Fast and Sensitive Immunopeptidomics Sample Processing for Mass Spectrometry -- Identification of Immune Modulatory miRNAs by miRNA Enrichment via RNA Affinity Purification -- Expansion of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes from Melanoma Tumors -- Establishment of Bi-Dimensional (2D) and Three-Dimensional (3D) Melanoma Primary Cultures as a Tool for In Vitro Drug Resistance Studies -- Assessment of Anti-Tumor T Cell Responses by Flow Cytometry after Co-Culture of Tumor Cells with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes -- Expansion and Determination of Antigen-Reactive T Cells by Flow Cytometry -- Assessing Canonical and Adaptive Natural Killer Cell Function in Suppression Assays In Vitro -- Evaluating Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity by Chromium Release Assay -- Evaluating Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity by Flow Cytometry -- Evaluation of Breast Cancer and Melanoma Metastasis in Syngeneic Mouse Models -- Establishment of Melanoma Tumor Xenograft Using Single Cell Line Suspension and Co-Injection of Patient-Derived T Cells in Immune Deficient NSG Mice -- Analysis of Tissue Resident Immune Cells from Mouse Skin and Lungs by Flow Cytometry
    Abstract: This detailed volume describes a series of techniques that are essential for evaluating the efficacy of new checkpoint blockade therapies as well as understanding the mechanisms behind the therapies that have already been approved. Beginning with a section on describing the tumor microenvironment and evaluating the immune system at a systemic level, the book continues by covering functional assays that provide answers to questions that may be raised after studying the immune system and its responses to immunotherapies, as well as the use of animal models in this research. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Immune Checkpoint Blockade: Methods and Protocols serves to aid researchers in furthering our understanding of checkpoint blockage as well as the study of tumor immunology and the development of new immunotherapies
    Pages: XI, 225 p. 50 illus., 35 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989799
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  • 31
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single-Step Purification of Calpain-1, Calpain-2, and Calpastatin using Anion Exchange Chromatography -- Bacterial Expression and Purification of Calpains -- Casein Zymography for Analysis of Calpain-1 and Calpain-2 Activity -- FRET-Based Assays to Determine Calpain Activity -- In Vivo Monitoring of Calpain Activity by Forster Resonance Energy Transfer -- Determining Temporal and Spatial Expression of Calpains in Amphibians -- Immunohistochemical Localization of Calpains in the Amphibian Xenopus laevis -- Expression and Activity of Calpain A in Drosophila melanogaster -- Use of the β-Glucoronidase Reporter System (GUS) to Localize Promoter Activities of the Endogenous Plant Calpain DEFECTIVE KERNEL1 (DEK1) -- LabCaS for Ranking Potential Calpain Substrate Cleavage Sites from Amino Acid Sequence -- CalCleaveMKL: A Tool for Calpain Cleavage Prediction -- Identification of Calpain-Activated protein Functions -- Production and Purification of Recombinant Calpastatin -- Isolation of Endogenous Calpastatin -- Immunoblotting for Calpastatin Expression -- Experimental Manipulation of Calpain Activity In Vitro -- In Vivo Calpain Knockdown using Delivery of siRNA -- In Vivo Expression of Mutant Calpains in the Eye using Lentivirus -- Methods of Calpain Inhibition to Determine the Role of Calpains in Embryo Development in Amphibians -- Genetic Models of Calpain Deficiency and Ectopic Expression
    Abstract: This volume brings together a plethora of protocols and experimental methods used by scientists to study calpains, their inhibitors, and their substrates. It also explores bioinformatic approaches to calpain substrate identification. The chapters in this book are divided into five parts and cover topics such as production and purification of calpains; determination of calpain localization, expression, and activity; identification of calpain-activated protein function; interrogation of calpastatin; and manipulation of calpain expression. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Calpain: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists who want to learn more about this developing field, and get inspired to make new discoveries that will aid in diagnosing and treating calpain-related diseases
    Pages: XII, 276 p. 66 illus., 37 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989881
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  • 32
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Chaperokine Activity of Heat Shock Protein -- Chapter 2. Extracellular HSP70, Neuroinflammation and Protection against Viral Virulence -- Chapter 3. The Biology of Extracellular HSP60 -- Chapter 4. Heat Shock Protein 60: A Mediator of Atherosclerosis and its Potential Therapeutic Role -- Chapter 5. Role of Heat Shock Protein 90 in Autoimmune Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases -- Chapter 6. Upregulation of Cytoprotective Chaperones Mediate Better Tolerance to High Altitude -- Chapter 7. Role of Chaperone Mediated Autophagy in Viral Infections -- Chapter 8. Chaperones in Sterile Inflammation and Injury -- Chapter 9. Chaperone in Inflammation and Immunomodulation: Resistin and PPlases -- Chapter 10. Exercise-induced Chaperokine Activity of Hsp70: Possible Role in Chronic Diseases -- Chapter 11. Physical Exercise and Heat Shock Proteins -- Chapter 12. Extracellular Hsp90 Governs Spatio-temporal Regulation of Biological Responses -- Chapter 13. HSP47 and its Involvement in Fibrotic Disorders -- Chapter 14. Therapeutic Implications of Heat Shock Proteins in Cancer -- Chapter 15. Targeting Heat Shock Proteins for Immunotherapy -- Chapter 16. Modulation of Heat Shock Proteins by Natural Products
    Abstract: Chaperokine is a term that describes the unique function of extracellular heat shock protein (eHsp) as both chaperone and cytokine. The cellular consequence of binding and signaling of eHsp is the stimulation of a potent and long lasting immune response. eHsp induces a plethora of immune responses including the release of bioactive mediators such as cytokines, chemokines, nitric oxide, apotogenic mediators, stimulation of the innate and adaptive immune response, migration and maturation of dendritic cells (DC) and the enhancement of natural killer cell-mediated cellular cytotoxicity. This edited book provides the most comprehensive review of contemporary knowledge of the chaperokine activity of heat shock proteins (HSP) in biology and medicine. Using an integrative approach to understanding the chaperokine activity of HSP, the contributors provide an overview of novel mechanisms, signal transduction pathways and a concise understanding of how the principles of the chaperokine activity of HSP has been harnessed for therapeutic gain. Key basic and clinical research laboratories from major universities, academic medical hospitals, biotechnology and pharmaceutical laboratories around the world have contributed chapters that review present cutting-edge research activities and importantly, the future direction of chaperokine research. The book is a must read for researchers, postdoctoral fellows and graduate students in the fields of Translational Medicine, Clinical Psychology, Human Physiology, Zoology, Botany, Biotechnology, Molecular Medicine, Infectious Disease, Pathology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, as well as for researchers involved in Drug Discovery
    Pages: IX, 320 p. 49 illus., 28 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030022549
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  • 33
    Keywords: Human Physiology ; Human Physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: In recent years, volumes of the long-established Springer Subcellular Biochemistry series have shown great diversity of content, thus interesting biochemical topics, enthusiastically edited in all cases, have been readily accommodated. This new volume of the Subcellular Biochemistry series, Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing: Part II, offers a broad overview of many different Clinical Science aspects of Ageing. The 17 chapters included in the book, contributed by knowledgeable authors, review many important topics at an advanced level. Whilst it has proved impossible to include all relevant topics, there is much present that will be of value to the reader. The book contains chapters on: “Poor Early Growth and Age-associated Disease; The Immune System and its Dysregulation with Ageing; Pulmonary Diseases and Ageing; Neurodegenerative Diseases and Ageing; Ageing and Cognition; Ageing and Osteoarthritis; Down Syndrome, Ageing and Epigenetics; The Vestibular System and Ageing; Signal Transduction, Ageing and Disease; Skin Changes During Ageing; Connective Tissue and Age-related Diseases ; Potential Cellular and Biochemical Mechanisms of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Ageing Process; Health Benefits of Anti-ageing Drugs; Visual Defects and Ageing; Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome: Challenges at Bench and Bedside; Osteoporosis and the Ageing Skeleton; Neurovascular Ageing and Age-related Diseases” The book is primarily directed to advanced biomedical science and medical students, postgraduates, researchers, clinicians and academics in the field of Ageing. An earlier companion volume of the Subcellular Biochemistry series - Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing: Part I (Volume 90) - covering the Biomedical Science aspects of ageing, has also been recently published
    Pages: X, 499 p. 53 illus., 47 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811336812
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  • 34
    Keywords: Medicine ; Cardiology ; Oncology ; Cytology ; Molecular Medicine ; Cardiology ; Cancer Research ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Left Ventricular Strain and Relaxation are Independently Associated with Renal Cortical Perfusion in Hypertensive Patients -- Coupling of Blood Pressure and Subarachnoid Space Oscillations at Cardiac Frequency Evoked by Handgrip and Cold Tests: a Bispectral Analysis -- Influence of Heart Rate, Age, and Gender on Heart Rate Variability in Adolescents and Young Adults -- Hand-Foot Syndrome and Progression-Free Survival in Patients Treated with Sunitinib for Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma -- Elastography in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Malignancies -- Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life in Liver Transplant Patients -- Phagocytosis and Autophagy in THP-1 cells Exposed to Urban Dust: Possible Role of LC3€“Ássociated Phagocytosis and Canonical Autophagy -- Gendeŕ€“Dependent Responses of Growth and Insuliń€“like Growth Factoŕ€“1 to Growth Hormone Therapy in Prepubertal Growth Hormone Deficient Children -- Vitamin D and Calcium Homeostasis in Infants with Urolithiasis -- Morphometric Analysis of the Lumbar Vertebrae Concerning the Optimal Screw Selection for Transpedicular Stabilization -- Stress and Dehumanizing Behaviors of Medical Staff toward Patients -- Biological and Social Determinants of Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Adult Men
    Abstract: This book focuses on issues in clinical practice and research that are of general interest. The articles primarily focus on understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of diseases, their prevention, and therapy. The topics addressed include cardiovascular regulation with regard to blood pressure and heart rate variability, and to coupling blood pressure changes with subarachnoid fluid oscillations. In addition, the book discusses recent advances in the diagnostics of and targeted molecular therapy for renal and pancreatic malignancies, growth disorders, vitamin D and calcium homeostasis in children in the context of neonatal urolithiasis, and neurosurgical interventions in multifarious age-related diseases of the vertebrae. Neuropsychological aspects of patients’ quality of life and of shaping medical staff’s attitude toward patients are also addressed. The respective articles are intended to build a bridge between basic and clinical research. Further, the book enhances the current body of knowledge on diagnostics and patient treatment and offers valuable new perspectives on practical clinical issues. As such, it offers a unique resource for clinicians, family physicians, medical scholars, and professionals engaged in patient management
    Pages: VI, 114 p. 20 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030129231
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  • 35
    Keywords: Otorhinolaryngology ; Neurosciences ; Otorhinolaryngology ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Visual Influence on Auditory Perception -- Cue Combination Within a Bayesian Framework -- Toward a Model of Auditory-Visual Speech Intelligibility -- An Object-Based Interpretation of Audiovisual Processing -- Hearing in a “Moving” Visual World: Coordinate Transformations Along the Auditory Pathway -- Multisensory Processing in the Auditory Cortex -- Audiovisual Integration in the Primate Prefrontal Cortex -- Using Multisensory Integration to Understand the Human Auditory Cortex -- Combining Voice and Face Content in the Primate Temporal Lobe -- Neural Network Dynamics and Audiovisual Integration -- Cross-Modal Learning in the Auditory System -- Multisensory Processing Differences in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Abstract: Auditory behavior, perception, and cognition are all shaped by information from other sensory systems. This volume examines this multi-sensory view of auditory function at levels of analysis ranging from the single neuron to neuroimaging in human clinical populations. Visual Influence on Auditory Perception Adrian K.C. Lee and Mark T. Wallace Cue Combination within a Bayesian Framework David Alais and David Burr Toward a Model of Auditory-Visual Speech Intelligibility Ken W. Grant and Joshua G. W. Bernstein An Object-based Interpretation of Audiovisual Processing Adrian K.C. Lee, Ross K. Maddox, and Jennifer K. Bizley Hearing in a “Moving” Visual World: Coordinate Transformations Along the Auditory Pathway Shawn M. Willett, Jennifer M. Groh, Ross K. Maddox Multisensory Processing in the Auditory Cortex Andrew J. King, Amy Hammond-Kenny, Fernando R. Nodal Audiovisual Integration in the Primate Prefrontal Cortex Bethany Plakke and Lizabeth M. Romanski Using Multisensory Integration to Understand Human Auditory Cortex Michael S. Beauchamp Combining Voice and Face Content in the Primate Temporal Lobe Catherine Perrodin and Christopher I. Petkov Neural Network Dynamics and Audiovisual Integration Julian Keil and Daniel Senkowski Cross-Modal Learning in the Auditory System Patrick Bruns and Brigitte Röder Multisensory Processing Differences in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Sarah H. Baum Miller, Mark T. Wallace Adrian K.C. Lee is Associate Professor in the Department of Speech & Hearing Sciences and the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences at the University of Washington, Seattle Mark T. Wallace is the Louise B McGavock Endowed Chair and Professor in the Departments of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Psychiatry, Psychology and Director of the Vanderbilt Brain Institute at Vanderbilt University, Nashville Allison B. Coffin is Associate Professor in the Department of Integrative Physiology and Neuroscience at Washington State University, Vancouver, WA Arthur N. Popper is Professor Emeritus and research professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Maryland, College Park Richard R. Fay is Distinguished Research Professor of Psychology at Loyola University, Chicago
    Pages: XVI, 272 p. 70 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030104610
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  • 36
    Keywords: Medicine ; Mathematical Statistics ; Biomedicine general ; Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- General Introduction -- Significant and Insignificant Adverse Effect -- Incidence Ratios and Reporting Ratios of Adverse Effects -- Safety Analysis and the Alternative Hypothesis -- Forest Plots of Adverse Effects -- Graphics of Adverse Effects -- Repeated Measures Methods for Testing Adverse Effects -- Benefit Risk Ratios -- Equivalence, Non-inferiority and Superiority Testing of Adverse Effects -- Part II The Analysis of Dependent Adverse Effects -- Independent and Dependent Adverse Effects. Categorical Predictors Assessed as Dependent Adverse Effects. Adverse Effect of the Dependent Type in Crossover Trial -- Confoundings and Interactions Assessed as Dependent Adverse Effects -- Subgroup Characteristics Assessed as Dependent Adverse Effects -- Random Effects Assessed as Dependent Adverse Effects -- Outliers Assessed as Dependent Adverse Effects -- Index
    Abstract: The authors, as professors in statistics at various universities in Europe, are worrried about the poor quality of safety data analysis of clinical trials, despite its importance in drug development and pharmacovigilance. Clinical trials, not adequately addressing safety, are unethical. An effective approach for the purpose is to present summaries of prevalences. In order to estimate the probability, that the differences between treatment and control group did not occur merely by chance, a statistical test can be performed. This pretty crude method has recently be supplemented with better sensitive methodologies, based on machine learning clusters and networks, and multivariate analyses. Another important novelty with safety data analysis is the new insights into hypothesis testing, favoring the alternative hypotheses instead of the null hypotheses. Finally the issue of dependency is addressed. Adverse effects may be either dependent or independent of the main outcome. Dependent adverse effect are dependent not only on the treatment modalities, but also on the outcome of the trials. Random heterogeneities, outliers, confounders, interaction factors are common in clinical trials, and all of them can be considered kinds of adverse effects of the dependent type. Random regressions and analyses of variance, high dimensional clusterings, partial correlations, structural equations models, and other Bayesian methods are helpful for their analysis. The current edition was particularly written for medical and health professionals and students. It provides examples of modern analytic methods so far largely unused. All of the 16 chapters have two core characteristics, first they are for current usage, second they try and tell what readers need to know in order to understand the methods. Step by step analyses are given and self-assessment examples are supplied. Each chapter can be studied as a stand-alone
    Pages: XI, 217 p. 191 illus., 28 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030058043
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  • 37
    Keywords: Oncology ; Cancer Research ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Origin and Pathogenesis of B Cell Lymphomas -- Flow Cytometry for Non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin Lymphoma -- Laser-Based Microdissection of Single Cells from Tissue Sections and PCR Analysis of Rearranged Immunoglobulin Genes from Isolated Normal and Malignant Human B Cells -- PCR GeneScan and Heteroduplex Analysis of Rearranged Immunoglobulin or T-Cell Receptor Genes for Clonality Diagnostics in Suspect Lymphoproliferations -- Expression Cloning of Antibodies from Single Human B Cells -- Studying the Replication History of Human B Lymphocytes by Real-Time Quantitative (RQ)-PCR -- Stereotyped B Cell Immunoglobulins in B Cell Lymphomas -- Flow Cytometric MRD Detection in Selected Mature B-Cell Malignancies -- MRD Detection in B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas Using Ig Gene Rearrangements and Chromosomal Translocations as Targets for Real-Time Quantitative PCR -- Generation of Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing Libraries from Very Low DNA Input -- FISH and FICTION in Lymphoma Research -- NGS-Based High-Throughput Screen to Identify MicroRNAs Regulating Growth of B-Cell Lymphoma -- RNA Sequencing in B-Cell Lymphomas -- Studying Cancer Heterogeneity by Single Cell RNA-Sequencing -- Evaluation of Whole Genome Sequencing Data -- Protocols for CRISPR-Cas9 Screening in Lymphoma Cell Lines -- Lymphoma and Leukemia Cell Vulnerabilities and Resistance Identified by Compound Library Screens -- Proximity Ligation Assay -- Phospoproteomic Analysis of Signaling Pathways in Lymphomas -- Ultrasensitive Detection of Circulating Tumour DNA in Lymphoma via Targeted Hybridization Capture and Deep Sequencing of Barcoded Libraries
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with descriptions of recent developments in the field. The new and updated chapters discuss the latest approaches for studying single cell RNA sequencing, whole genome sequencing data, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene knockout, protein interactions by a proximity ligation assay, and detection of circulating cell-free tumor DNA in lymphomas. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Innovative and thorough, Lymphoma: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for hematologists, hematopathologists, and any scientists interested in cancer research, human genetics, and immunology
    Pages: XII, 439 p. 66 illus., 48 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493991518
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  • 38
    Keywords: Lipids ; Cell Membranes ; Lipidology ; Membrane Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Analysis of Phosphatidylinositol Transfer at ER-PM Junctions in Receptor-stimulated Live Cells -- 2. Monitoring non-vesicular transport of phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate in intact cells by BRET analysis -- 3. Development of non-specific BRET-based biosensors to monitor plasma membrane inositol lipids in living cells -- 4. Following anterograde transport of phosphatidylserine in yeast in real time -- 5. Imaging lipid metabolism at the Golgi complex -- 6. Advanced in vitro assay system to measure PS and PE transport at ER/mitochondria interface -- 7. Measurement of lipid transport in mitochondria by the MTL complex -- 8. Bi- and trifunctional lipids for visualization of sphingolipid dynamics within the cell -- 9. Indirect lipid transfer protein activity measurements using quantification of glycosphingolipid production -- 10. Measurement of intracellular sterol transport in yeast -- 11. Intracellular and plasma membrane cholesterol labeling and quantification using filipin and GFP-D4 -- 12. Monitoring and modulating intracellular cholesterol trafficking using ALOD4, a cholesterol-binding protein -- 13. Measurement of Lysophospholipid Transport Across the Membrane Using Escherichia coli Spheroplasts -- 14. Preparation of proteoliposomes with purified TMEM16 protein for accurate measures of lipid scramblase activity -- 15. In vitro assays to measure the membrane tethering and lipid transport activities of the Extended Synaptotagmins -- 16. Determining the lipid binding specificity of SMP domains: an ERMES subunit as a case study -- 17. In Vitro Measurement of Sphingolipid Intermembrane Transport Illustrated by GLTP Superfamily Members -- 18. Purification and Characterization of Human Niemann–Pick C1 Protein -- 19. In vitro strategy to measure sterol/phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate exchange between membranes -- 20. Determination of Ligand Binding Affinity and Specificity of Purified START Domains by Thermal Shift Assays Using Circular Dichoism -- 21. Synthesis of Fluorescent Membrane-spanning Lipids for Studies of Lipid Transfer and Membrane-Fusion -- 22. Setting-up all-atom molecular dynamics simulations to study the interactions of peripheral membrane proteins with model lipid bilayers
    Abstract: This detailed book provides technical approaches to tackle a variety of questions related to intracellular lipid transport in order to improve our understanding at different scales of how lipids are accurately displaced between organelles, across long distances or at membrane contact sites, or within cellular membranes. The volume begins with methodologies to measure the movement of varied lipid species between or in organelle membranes, inside eukaryotic cells, including plant cells, or in bacteria, and continues in vitro or in silico approaches aiming to define, more from a biochemical and structural standpoints, how lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) or flippases/scramblases precisely function. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Intracellular Lipid Transport: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for researchers seeking to shed light on diverse aspects of this critical and often elusive cellular process
    Pages: XI, 345 p. 70 illus., 56 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493991365
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  • 39
    Keywords: Bioinformatics ; Cytology ; Bioinformatics ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Quality Control of Single-cell RNA-seq -- Normalization for Single-cell RNA-seq Data Analysis -- Analysis of Technical and Biological Variability in Single-cell RNA Sequencing -- Identification of Cell Types from Single-cell Transcriptomic Data -- Rare Cell Type Detection -- scMCA- A Tool Defines Cell Types in Mouse Based on Single-cell Digital Expression -- Differential Pathway Analysis -- Differential Pathway Analysis -- Estimating Differentiation Potency of Single Cells using Single Cell Entropy (SCENT) -- Inference of Gene Co-expression Networks from Single-Cell RNA-sequencing Data -- Single-cell Allele-specific Gene Expression Analysis -- Using BRIE to Detect and Analyse Splicing Isoforms in scRNA-seq Data -- Preprocessing and Computational Analysis of Single-cell Epigenomic Datasets -- Experimental and Computational Approaches for Single-cell Enhancer Perturbation Assay -- Antigen Receptor Sequence Reconstruction and Clonality Inference from scRNA-seq Data -- A Hidden Markov Random Field Model for Detecting Domain Organizations from Spatial Transcriptomic Data
    Abstract: This detailed book provides state-of-art computational approaches to further explore the exciting opportunities presented by single-cell technologies. Chapters each detail a computational toolbox aimed to overcome a specific challenge in single-cell analysis, such as data normalization, rare cell-type identification, and spatial transcriptomics analysis, all with a focus on hands-on implementation of computational methods for analyzing experimental data. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Computational Methods for Single-Cell Data Analysis aims to cover a wide range of tasks and serves as a vital handbook for single-cell data analysis
    Pages: X, 271 p. 168 illus., 156 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990573
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  • 40
    Keywords: Biotechnology ; Biochemistry ; Biotechnology ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Established and Upcoming Yeast Expression Systems -- Detection and Elimination of Cellular Bottlenecks in Protein Producing Yeasts -- Pichia pastoris Promoters -- Selection of the Optimal Yeast Host for the Synthesis Recombinant Enzymes -- Screening and Selection of Production Strains: Secretory Protein Expression and Analysis in Hansenula polymorpha -- Selection of Heterologous Protein Producing Strains in Yarrowia lipolytica -- High-throughput Screening and Selection of Pichia pastoris Strains -- Analyzing Recombinant Protein Production in Pichia pastoris with Targeted Proteomics Roslyn M. Bill, Annegret Ulke -- CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Homology Directed Genome Editing in Pichia pastori -- Tailoring N-glycan Biosynthesis for Production of Therapeutic Proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Improving the Production of Cofactor Containing Proteins: Production of Human Hemoglobin in Yeast -- Membrane Protein Production in Yeast: Modification of Yeast Membranes for Human Membrane Protein Production -- Yeast Surface Display and Cell Sorting of Antigen-binding Fc Fragments -- Guidelines for Small-scale Production and Purification of Hepatitis B surface Antigen Virus-like Particles from Recombinant Pichia pastoris -- Efficient Development of a Mixed Feed Process for Pichia pastoris -- Primary Recovery of Yeast Culture Supernatant for Recombinant Protein Purification -- Purification of Recombinant glyco-proteins from Pichia pastoris Culture Supernatants -- LC-MS analysis of (glyco)-proteins of Pichia pastoris -- Assessing the Quality of Recombinant Products Made in Yeast -- Quantification of Recombinant Products In Yeast
    Abstract: This volume provides an overview of the main yeast production platforms currently used and future yeast cell factories for recombinant protein production. Chapters detail approaches of genetic and metabolic engineering, co-factor containing proteins and virus-like particles, glycoproteins, and post-translational modifications of proteins. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Recombinant Protein Production in Yeast: Methods and Protocols aims to provide state of the art background and methods for protein producing yeast platforms, as well as case studies for special applications
    Pages: XII, 431 p. 60 illus., 46 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990245
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  • 41
    Keywords: Pharmaceutical technology ; Pharmacy ; Nanochemistry ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Pharmacy ; Nanochemistry ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Understanding the Surface Characteristics of Nanoparticles -- Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery -- Surface-Modified PLGA Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery to Neurons -- Nanoparticles for Site Specific Drug Delivery -- Stealth Properties of Nanoparticles against Cancer: Surface Modification of NPs for Passive Targeting to Human Cancer Tissue in Zebra Fish -- Passive targeting of nanoparticles to cancer -- Surface Modification of Magnetic Nanoparticles in Biomedicine -- A novel strategy for the surface modification of super paramagnetic (Fe3O4) iron oxide nanoparticle for lung cancer imaging -- Biodegradable nanoparticles for drug delivery and targeting -- Functionalized antibacterial nanoparticles in controlling biofilm and intracellular infections -- Surface modifications of liposomes for drug targeting -- Surface modification of nanoparticles to oppose uptake by the mononuclear phagocyte system -- Surface Modification of Metallic Nano particles -- Successful Delivery of Zidovudine-loaded Docosanol Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (Docosanol NLCs) into rat brain -- Brain targeted drug delivery with surface modified nanoparticles -- Surface Modification of Resorcinarene Based Self-Assembled Solid Lipid Nanoparticles for Drug Targeting -- Targeted delivery of surface modified nanoparticles:Modulation of inflammation for acute lung injury -- Surface modification of Nano carriers for specific cell targeting for better therapeutic effect -- Polydopamine-Based Simple and Versatile Surface Modification of Polymeric Nano Drug Carriers -- Surface modification of Nano carriers for specific cell targeting for better therapeutic effect -- Polydopamine-Based Simple and Versatile Surface Modification of Polymeric Nano Drug Carriers -- Surface Modification of Gold Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery -- Surface modification and bioconjugation of nanoparticles for MRI technology -- Surface Modified Lanthanide Nanomaterials for Drug Delivery -- Engineering of targeted nanoparticles by using self-assembled biointegrated block copolymers -- Application of Nanoparticles in treating Periodontitis: Preclinical and Clinical overview -- Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Ocular Drug Delivery
    Abstract: This unique book discusses various new techniques developed to enhance the application of nanoparticulate drug delivery systems using surface modification of nanoparticles. The understanding of the surface characteristics of nanoparticles is growing significantly with the advent of new analytical techniques. Polymer chemistry is contributing to the development of many new versatile polymers which have abilities to accommodate many different, very reactive chemical groups, and can be used as a diagnostic tool, for better targeting, for more effective therapeutic results as well as for reducing the toxic and side effects of the drugs. Surface modification of such polymeric nanoparticles has been found by many scientists to enhance the application of nano-particles and also allows the nanoparticles to carry specific drug molecule and disease /tumor specific antibodies which refine and improve drug delivery. Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery is a collection of essential information on various applications of surface modification of nano-particles and their disease specific applications for therapeutic purposes
    Pages: XVIII, 499 p. 142 illus., 110 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030061159
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  • 42
    Keywords: Genetics ; Evolution (Biology) ; Genetics and Genomics ; Evolutionary Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Setting Up an Ancient DNA Laboratory -- Pretreatment: Removing DNA Contamination from Ancient Bones and Teeth Using Sodium Hypochlorite and Phosphate -- Pretreatment: Improving Endogenous Ancient DNA Yields Using a Simple Enzymatic Pre-Digestion Step -- Extraction of Highly Degraded DNA from Ancient Bones and Teeth -- Sampling and Extraction of Ancient DNA from Sediments -- Extraction of Ancient DNA from Plant Remains -- DNA Extraction from Keratin and Chitin -- Double-Stranded Library Preparation for Ancient and Other Degraded Samples -- A Method for Single-Stranded Ancient DNA Library Preparation -- Sequencing Library Preparation from Degraded Samples for Non-Illumina Sequencing Platforms -- Whole-Genome Capture of Ancient DNA Using Homemade Baits -- Generating RNA Baits for Capture-Based Enrichment -- Hybridization Capture of Ancient DNA Using RNA Baits -- Application of Solid-State Capture for the Retrieval of Small-to-Medium Sized Target Loci from Ancient DNA -- Targeted PCR Amplification and Multiplex Sequencing of Ancient DNA for SNP Analysis -- Targeted Amplification and Sequencing of Ancient Environmental and Sedimentary DNA -- Authentication and Assessment of Contamination in Ancient DNA -- Assembly of Ancient Mitochondrial Genomes without a Closely Related Reference Sequence
    Abstract: This fully updated second edition explores protocols that address the most challenging aspects of experimental work in ancient DNA, such as preparing ancient samples for DNA extraction, the DNA extraction itself, and transforming extracted ancient DNA molecules for sequencing library preparation. The volume also examines the analysis of high-throughput sequencing data recovered from ancient specimens, which, because of the degraded nature of ancient DNA and common co-extraction of contaminant DNA, has challenges that are unique compared to data recovered from modern specimens.Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to serve both experts and beginners by presenting protocols in a manner that makes them easily accessible for everyday use in the lab
    Pages: X, 216 p. 15 illus., 5 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493991761
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  • 43
    Keywords: Bacteriology ; Enzymes ; Immunology ; Bacteriology ; Enzymology ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Customisable cloning of whole polysaccharide gene clusters by yeast homologous recombination -- 2. RecET Direct Cloning of Polysaccharide Gene Cluster from Gram-negative Bacteria -- 3. Purification of Capsular Polysaccharide Complex from Gram Negative Bacteria -- 4. Simple protocol to purify cell wall polysaccharide from Gram+ bacteria and assess its structural integrity -- 5. Extraction and purification of wall bound polymers of Gram-positive bacteria -- 6. Purification and Analysis of Mycobacterial Phosphatidylinositol Mannosides, Lipomannan and Lipoarabinomannan -- 7. Conjugation of synthetic oligosaccharides to proteins by squaric acid chemistry -- 8. Direct conjugation of bacterial polysaccharides to proteins by squaric acid chemistry -- 9. Chemical Modification of the N-Acetyl Moieties of Hyaluronic Acid from Streptococcus equi for studies in cytokine production -- 10. O-Acetylation of Bacterial Cell Wall Polysaccharides -- 11. Designing glycosyltransferase expression constructs for improved purification, protein yield and crystallization -- 12. Utilization of fluorescently-tagged synthetic acceptor molecules for in vitro characterization of a dual-domain glycosyltransferase enzyme, KpsC, from Escherichia coli -- 13. Synthesis of Phenoxyundecyl Diphosphate Disaccharides for Studies of the Biosynthesis of O-Antigenic Polysaccharides in Enteric Bacteria -- 14. Characterization of arabinosyl transfer reactions in the biosynthesis of mycobacterial cell envelope (lipo)polysaccharides -- 15. Enzymatic synthesis of the repeating unit oligosaccharides of Escherichia coli O104 -- 16. Sulfhydryl labelling as a tool to investigate the topology of membrane proteins involved in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis -- 17. Assay Methods for the Glycosyltransferases Involved in Synthesis of Bacterial Polysaccharides -- 18. Glycosyltransferase Activity Assays Using Colorimetric Methods -- 19. In vitro characterization of a multidomain glycosyltransferase using fluorescently-tagged synthetic acceptors -- 20. Glycosyltransferase-coupled assays for 4-epimerase WbpP from Pseudomonas aeruginosa -- 21. Assaying fucosidase activity -- 22. In vitro synthesis of bioactive glycovariants of enterocin 96, an antimicrobial peptide from Enterococcus faecalis -- 23. High-Throughput Screening for Inhibitors of Wall Teichoic Acid Biosynthesis in Staphylococcus aureus
    Abstract: This book provides a selection of recently developed methods and protocols in bacterial glycomics to aid in bettering our understanding of the structures and functions of bacterial polysaccharides, their attachments to proteins and lipids, their role in biofilm formation, as well as their biosynthesis. With the emerging bacterial resistance to commonly used antibiotics world-wide, these techniques to study the outer polysaccharides of bacteria, with their functions in bacterial adhesion, colonization, growth, establishment of biofilms, and control virulence and pathogenicity, are increasingly important. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Bacterial Polysaccharides: Methods and Protocols aims to support researchers contributing to future approaches that will fill our knowledge gaps and define anti-bacterial targets
    Pages: XIII, 312 p. 70 illus., 41 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493991549
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  • 44
    Keywords: Cell receptors ; Lipids ; Receptors ; Lipidology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Quantification of Oxysterol Nuclear Receptor Ligands by LC/MS/MS -- A Stable Luciferase Reporter System to Characterise LXR Regulation by Oxysterols and Novel Ligands -- Isolation and Analysis of Human Monocytes and Adipose Tissue Macrophages -- Glucan Encapsulated siRNA Particles (GeRPs) for Specific Gene Silencing in Adipose Tissue Macrophages -- Isolation and Purification of Tissue Resident Macrophages for the Analysis of Nuclear Receptor Activity -- Bone Marrow-Derived Macrophage Immortalization of LXR Nuclear Receptor-Deficient Cells -- Dual Crosslinking Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Protocol for Next Generation Sequencing (ChIPseq) in Macrophages -- Analysis of LXR Nuclear Receptor Cistrome through ChIP-seq Data Bioinformatics -- Quantifying Cellular Cholesterol Efflux -- Methods for Assessing the Effects of LXR Agonists on Macrophage Bacterial Infection -- Measuring Apoptotic Cell Engulfment (Efferocytosis) Efficiency -- Methods to Study Monocyte and Macrophage Trafficking in Atherosclerosis Progression and Resolution -- Preparation of Frozen Liver Tissues for Integrated Omics Analysis -- Identification of Nuclear Receptor Targets By Chromatin Immunoprecipitation in Fatty Liver -- The LPS/D-Galactosamine-Induced Fulminant Hepatitis Model to Assess the Role of Ligand-Activated Nuclear Receptors on the NLRP3 Inflammasome Pathway In Vivo -- Analyzing T-Cell Plasma Membrane Lipids by Flow Cytometry
    Abstract: This book covers a wide range of state-of-the-art methodologies and detailed protocols currently used to study the actions that lipid-activated nuclear receptors and their co-regulators have in tissues and immune cell types considered classic metabolic “powerhouses”. This includes the liver, adipose tissue, and monocytes/macrophages present in these and other metabolic tissues. While the main focus is on the oxysterol receptor or Liver X Receptor (LXR), the majority of the methods described can be easily applied to multiple nuclear receptors, as well as to other tissues or cell types. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Lipid-Activated Nuclear Receptors: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for researchers pursuing the vital study of nuclear receptor biology and beyond
    Pages: XI, 220 p. 35 illus., 27 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493991303
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  • 45
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Nanotechnology ; Biotechnology ; Toxicology ; Human Genetics ; Nanotechnology ; Biotechnology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Sequence-Defined Cationic Lipo-Oligomers Containing Unsaturated Fatty Acids for Transfection -- Synthesis of Bioreducible Polycations with Controlled Topologies -- Histidine-Rich Cationic Cell Penetrating Peptides for Plasmid DNA and siRNA Delivery -- Covalent Fluorophore Labeling of Oligonucleotides and Generation of Other Oligonucleotide Bioconjugates -- Synthetic Oligonucleotides in SPECT/CT In Vivo Imaging: Chemical Modifications, In111 Complex Formation, Incorporation into Drug Delivery Systems -- Synthesis of Polyethylenimine-Based Nanocarriers for Systemic Tumor Targeting of Nucleic Acids -- Cationic Photopolymerized Polydiacetylenic (PDA) Micelles for siRNA Delivery -- Lipids for Nucleic Acid Delivery: Cationic or Neutral Lipoplexes, Synthesis, and Particle Formation -- Preparation, Characterization, and In Vitro Evaluation of Lipidoid-Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles for siRNA Delivery to the Cytosol -- Layer-By-Layer Assembled Nanoparticles for siRNA Delivery -- Layer-By-Layer Film Engineering for Sequential Gene Delivery -- Surface- and Hydrogel-Mediated Delivery of Nucleic Acid Nanoparticles -- In Situ AFM Analysis Investigating Disassembly of DNA Nanoparticles and Nano-Films -- Lyophilization of Synthetic Gene Carriers -- Firefly Luciferase-Based Reporter Gene Assay for Investigating Nanoparticle-Mediated Nucleic Acid Delivery -- Enhancing Nucleic Acid Delivery with Ultrasound and Microbubbles -- Magnetic and Acoustically Active Microbubbles Loaded with Nucleic Acids for Gene Delivery -- Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay for Assessment of Polycation Cytotoxicity -- Combined Fluorimetric Caspase 3/7 Assay and Bradford Protein Determination for Assessment of Polycation-Mediated Cytotoxicity -- Determination of Polycation-Mediated Perturbation of Mitochondrial Respiration in Intact Cells by High-Resolution Respirometry (Oxygraph-2k, OROBOROS) -- Evaluating the Regulation of Cytokine Levels after siRNA Treatment in Antigen-Specific Target Cell Populations via Intracellular Staining -- Anti-PEG IgM Production via a PEGylated Nano-Carrier System for Nucleic Acid Delivery -- Near-Infrared Optical Imaging of Nucleic Acid Nanocarriers In Vivo -- Flow Cytometry-Based Cell Type-Specific Assessment of Target Regulation by Pulmonary siRNA Delivery -- Microbubbles for Nucleic Acid Delivery in Liver Using Mild Sonoporation -- Lipopeptide Delivery of siRNA to the Central Nervous System
    Abstract: This detailed second edition volume expands upon the prior edition by addressing newly emerged technologies as well as improved existing protocols in nucleic acid delivery via nanotechnology. The book addresses topics ranging from chemical synthesis of macromolecules and bioconjugates, novel and established nanoformulations, characterization of these nanoformulations for biophysical, biological and toxicological aspects, and also protocols dealing with application and imaging of such carrier systems in vivo. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective chapters, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and up-to-date, Nanotechnology for Nucleic Acid Delivery: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition serves as an ideal guide to researchers seeking to use this vital area of study in their own lab work or to progress knowledge within the field itself
    Pages: XV, 406 p. 107 illus., 71 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493990924
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  • 46
    Keywords: Cytology ; Neurosciences ; Cell Biology ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single-Cell RNA Sequencing of Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells from the Mouse Central Nervous System -- Isolation and Preparation of Cells from Focal Remyelinating Central Nervous System Lesion sfor RNA Sequencing -- Myelin: Methods for Purification and Proteome Analysis -- In Vitro Generation and Electrophysiological Characterization of OPCc and Oligodendrocytes from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Isolation and Culture of Oligodendrocytes -- A Neuron-Free Microfiber Assay to Assess Myelin Sheath Formation -- Oligodendrocyte-Neuron Myelinating Co-Culture -- Teasing of Ventral Spinal Cord White Matter Fibres for the Analysis of Central Nervous System Nodes of Ranvier -- Whole-Cell Patch Clamp Recordings from Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells in Brain Slices -- Ex Vivo Slice Cultures to Study Myelination, Demyelination, and Remyelination in Mouse Brain and Spinal Cord -- Forward Genetic Screen using Zebrafish to Identify New Genes Involved in Myelination -- Manipulating Neuronal Activity in the Developing Zebrafish Spinal Cord to Investigate Adaptive Myelination -- A Drug Inducible Transgenic Zebrafish Model for Myelinating Glial Cell Ablation -- Conditional Demyelination and Remyelination in a Transgenic Xenopus laevis -- Conditional Mutagenesis in Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells -- Recent Advances in Live Imaging of Cells of the Oligodendrocyte Lineage -- The DTA Mouse Model for Oligodentrocyte Ablation and CNS Demyelination -- Human Glial Chimeric Mice to Define the Role of Glial Pathology in Human Disease -- A Method to Detect Cytochrome c Oxidase Activity and Mitochondrial Proteins in Oligodencrocytes -- Transmission Electron Microscopy of Oligodendrocytes and Myelin -- Toxin-Based Models to Investigate Demyelination and Remyelination -- Magnetic Resonance techniques for Imaging White Matter
    Abstract: This volume looks at the study of oligodendrocytes through in vitro and in vivo techniques, multiple model organisms, using approaches that bridge scales from molecular through system. Chapters in this book cover topics such as fundamental molecular analyses of oligodendrocytes and myelin; in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo molecular-cellular-electrophysiology-based techniques; oligodendrocyte formation, homeostasis, and disruption in zebrafish and Xenopus; and parallel system-level imaging of animal and human models. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

 Authoritative and thorough, Oligodendrocytes: Methods and Protocols is a valuable reference guide that highlights the expansive and fast-paced nature of research into oligodendrocyte biology underlying health and function
    Pages: XII, 411 p. 65 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990726
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  • 47
    Keywords: Pharmaceutical technology ; Biomedical Engineering ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Molecular Biotechnology -- Biophysical and biochemical analysis of recombinant proteins -- Production and downstream processing of biotech products -- Formulation of biotech products, including biopharmaceutical considerations -- Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of peptide and protein drugs -- Immunogenicity of pharmaceutical proteins -- General considerations of monoclonal antibodies from structure to therapeutic application -- Genomics, Other €œÓmicś€ Technologies, Personalized Medicine and Additional Biotechnology-Related Techniques -- Dispensing biotechnology products: handling, professional education and product information -- Economic considerations in medical biotechnology -- Regulatory framework for biosimilars -- Vaccines -- Oligonucleotides and siRNA -- Gene therapy -- Stem cell technology -- Therapeutic Applications.-Endocrinology -- Insulin -- Follicle-stimulating hormone -- Growth hormone -- Cardiovascular and Respiratory Applications -- Recombinant coagulation factors and thrombolytics -- Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease -- Oncology -- Monoclonal antibodies in oncology -- Hematopoetic growth factors -- Inflammation and Immunemodulation -- Monoclonal antibodies in transplantation -- Monoclonal antibodies and antibody-based therapeutics in anti-inflammatory therapy -- Interferons and interleukins -- Anti-infectious diseases -- Monoclonal antibodies -- Enzyme replacement therapy
    Abstract: This introductory text explains both the basic science and the applications of biotechnology derived pharmaceuticals, with special emphasis on their clinical use. It serves as a complete one-stop source for undergraduate/graduate pharmacists, pharmaceutical science students, and for those who did not receive formal training in this field. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications, Fifth Edition completely updates the previous edition, and includes additional coverage on newer approaches such as oligonucleotides, mi/siRNA, gene therapy and advanced therapeutics. Daan J.A. Crommelin is Professor Emeritus Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences at Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Robert D. Sindelar is Professor and former Dean Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and The Centre for Health Evaluation & Outcomes Sciences (CHEOS), The University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, BC, Canada and President of the Global Drug Commercialization Centre (GDCC)-China and Vice-President GDCC-worldwide, Chengdu, China Bernd Meibohm is Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of Pharmacy, Memphis, TN, USA
    Pages: XXIII, 653 p. 246 illus., 227 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 5th ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9783030007102
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  • 48
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Biochemistry ; Oncology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics ; Biochemistry, general ; Cancer Research ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Introduction -- Chapter 1. Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms: My perspective -- Part 2. Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Action -- Chapter 2. Membrane permeabilization mechanisms -- Chapter 3. Elementary processes and mechanisms of interactions of antimicrobial peptides with membranes --- single GUV studies ---- -- Chapter 4. The mechanisms of action of cationic antimicrobial peptides refined by novel concepts from biophysical investigations -- Chapter 5. Anionic lipid clustering model -- Chapter 6. Intracellular antimicrobial peptides targeting the protein synthesis machinery -- Part 3. Other activities of AMPs -- Chapter 7. Antimicrobial and cell-penetrating peptides: How to understand two distinct functions despite similar physicochemical properties -- Chapter 8. Synthetic anti-lipopolysaccharide peptides (SALP) as effective inhibitors of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) -- Chapter 9. Anti-cancer activities of natural and synthetic peptides -- Chapter 10. Antimicrobial host defence peptides: Immunomodulatory functions and translational prospects -- Part 4. Towards Clinical Applications -- Chapter 11. Activity and selectivity of antimicrobial peptides: A complex interplay of multiple equilibria -- Chapter 12. Design of antimicrobial peptides: Progress made with human cathelicidin LL-37 -- Chapter 13. Application of synthetic molecular evolution to the discovery of antimicrobial peptides -- Chapter 14. AMPs as anti-biofilm agents for human therapy and prophylaxis -- Chapter 15. Clinical application of AMPs
    Abstract: This book presents an overview of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), their mechanisms of antimicrobial action, other activities, and various problems that must still be overcome regarding their clinical application. Divided into four major parts, the book begins with a general overview of AMPs (Part I), and subsequently discusses the various mechanisms of antimicrobial action and methods for researching them (Part 2). It then addresses a range of activities other than antimicrobial action, such as cell penetration, antisepsis, anticancer, and immunomodulatory activities (Part 3), and explores the prospects of clinical application from various standpoints such as the selective toxicity, design, and discovery of AMPs (Part 4). A huge number of AMPs have been discovered in plants, insects, and vertebrates including humans, and constitute host defense systems against invading pathogenic microorganisms. Consequently, many attempts have been made to utilize AMPs as antibiotics. AMPs could help to solve the urgent problem of drug-resistant bacteria, and are also promising with regard to sepsis and cancer therapy. Gathering a wealth of information, this book will be a bible for all those seeking to develop antibiotics, anti-sepsis, or anticancer agents based on AMPs
    Pages: VIII, 304 p. 73 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811335884
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  • 49
    Keywords: Biological models ; Human Genetics ; Endocrinology ; Cytology ; Systems Biology ; Human Genetics ; Endocrinology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. History of the thymus: From a vestigial organ to the programming of immunological self-tolerance -- 2. Thymus Ontogeny and Development -- 3. The Ins and Outs of Thymic Epithelial Cell Differentiation and Function -- 4. T-Cell Development: From T-Lineage Specification to Intrathymic Maturation -- 5. Intrathymic cell migration: implications in thymocyte development and T-cell repertoire formation -- 6. Thymic crosstalk: an overview of the complex cellular interactions that control the establishment of T-cell tolerance -- 7. The Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) gene, the master activator of self-antigen expression in the thymus -- 8. Aire Mutations and Autoimmune Diseases -- 9. The thymus as a mirror of the body's gene expression -- 10. Functional genomics of the infant human thymus: Aire and minipuberty -- 11. Thymus transcriptome of TGF-β superfamily -- 12. Development of thymic regulatory T lymphocytes -- 13. Adding insult to injury: improving the regenerative capacity of the aged thymus following clinically induced damage -- 14. Thymus rejuvenation after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with autoimmune diseases
    Abstract: This volume focuses on challenging field in biomedicine that is the genetic control of central immune tolerance. It covers the thymus development, their cellular components and their respective function, the peculiar gene expression profiling (transcriptome) found in the medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) that are implicated in the self-representation in the thymus, the Autoimmune regulator (Aire) gene, the mutations in this gene and manifestation of autoimmune diseases, and the role of cell-cell interactions within the thymus with implications in the negative selection (elimination) of nascent autoreactive T cells in preventing aggressive autoimmunity. The thymus gland is a lymphoid organ implicated in the maturation, differentiation and selection of T cells. This organ is gained more and more attention in different biomedical research labs worldwide due to its function that is associated with the control of immune homeostasis in the body, establishing the central immune tolerance and preventing the onset of autoimmune diseases
    Pages: XVII, 318 p. 30 illus., 23 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030120405
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  • 50
    Keywords: Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Medical virology ; Medicine ; Genetics and Genomics ; Human Genetics ; Virology ; Learning & Instruction ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Monogenic Disorders -- Cytogenetics -- Medical Genetics -- Viral Gene Therapy
    Abstract: This textbook helps you to prepare for your next exams and practical courses by combining theory with virtual lab simulations. The “Labster Virtual Lab Experiments” series gives you a unique opportunity to apply your newly acquired knowledge in a learning game that simulates exciting laboratory experiments. Try out different techniques and work with machines that you otherwise wouldn’t have access to. In this book, you’ll learn the fundamental concepts of the genetics of human diseases focusing on: Monogenic Disorders - Cytogenetics - Medical Genetics - Viral Gene Therapy In each chapter, you’ll be introduced to one virtual lab simulation and a true-to-life challenge. Following a theory section, you’ll be able to play the relevant simulation that includes quiz questions to reinforce your understanding of the covered topics. 3D animations will show you molecular processes not otherwise visible to the human eye. If you have purchased a printed copy of this book, you get free access to five simulations for the duration of six months. If you’re using the e-book version, you can sign up and buy access to the simulations at www.labster.com/springer. If you like this book, try out other topics in this series, including “Basic Biology”, “Basic Genetics”, and “Basic Biochemistry”. About Labster Labster is a company dedicated to developing virtual lab simulations that are designed to stimulate students’ natural curiosity and highlight the connection between science and the real world. These simulations have been shown to improve the achievement of learning outcomes among students, by making the learning experience more immersive and engaging. The content of this book was created by the Labster team members Dr. Aaron Gardner, Dr. Sarah Stauffer, Dr. Lindsay Petley-Ragan, Philip Wismer, Dewi Ayu Kencana Ungu and Silvia Tjong. You can learn more about Labster and explore the simulations at www.labster.com
    Pages: IX, 76 p. 43 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783662587447
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