Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A new thermally stable polymer with a structure resembling that of graphite has been synthesized by the condensation of 1,4,5,8-tetraaminoanthraquinone and 1,3,6,8-tetraketo-1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene (naphthalene-1,8,4,5-diindandione). Prepolymers, with an open structure, were soluble to some extent in concentrated sulfuric acid but were more completely solubilized by methanesulfonic acid. The final polymer with a closed-ring structure, which was obtained by heating the prepolymer having an inherent viscosity of 0.4, was completely insoluble in these acids. Elemental analysis indicated that a high degree of cyclization was achieved, and the final polymer showed good thermal stability. Prepolymers with inherent viscosities in the range 0.11-1.58 have been obtained but, usually, a high viscosity was accompanied by a low acid solubility. Prepolymers with an inherent viscosity of 0.4, which were very soluble (〉90%) in strong acids, were solubilized to a high degree by reduction with sodium dithionite in alkaline, aqueous dimethylacetamide. The highest molecular weight prepolymer (inherent viscosity of 1.30-1.58) was solubilized to a greater extent in this base mixture than in methanesulfonic acid. However, it was not completely soluble, under the conditions employed. The propolymers of higher molecular weight showed some fiber- and film-forming properties.
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