ISSN:
0894-3230

Keywords:
Organic Chemistry
;
Physical Chemistry

Source:
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000

Topics:
Chemistry and Pharmacology
,
Physics

Notes:
Calculations were carried out to study the validity of σ-scales for hydrogen abstraction from substituted toluenes by tert-butyl, tert-butoxyl and tert-butylperoxyl radicals. Rate constants were compiled and evaluated from the literature for meta- and/or para-substituted toluenes. The substituents were characterized by factored ionic sigmas (σI, σR, σR+), ionic scales (σ, σ+) and various radical sigmas (σσ). The dependence of log k values on these substituent descriptors was investigated using ‘stepwise linear regression’ and ‘all possible regression’ methods. The following predictive equations can be recommended: for tert-butyl radicals, at 321 K: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {\log \,k_1 \, = \,1.024\, + \,0.776\,\sigma _1 \, + \,0.653\,\sigma _{\mathop C\limits^. }} \quad {(R\, = \,0.8137)} \end{array}$$\end{document} for tert-butoxyl radicals, at 313 K: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {\log k_2 = 5.529 - 0.623\sigma ^ +} \quad {(R = 0.9376)} \end{array}$$\end{document} and for tert-butylperoxyl radicals, at 303 K: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {\log k_3 = - 1.410 - 0.810\sigma + 0.337\sigma _{\mathop C\limits^. } } \quad {(R = 0.9628)}\end{array}$$\end{document} The results suggest that there is no unversal radical scale for hydrogen abstraction reactions, that the rate is primarily influenced by polar factors (inductive, resonance) and that only two radical scales (σĊ and σα·) are appropriate, showing a small, yet significant, role of radical stabilization.

Additional Material:
3 Ill.

Type of Medium:
Electronic Resource

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