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  • Rat  (3,756)
  • Springer eBooks  (3,540)
  • Neurologie
  • Theoretische Physik
  • Messtechnik
  • Strömungsmechanik
  • Springer  (7,330)
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  • 1
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Snake- and Spider-Venom-Derived Toxins as Lead Compounds for Drug Development -- Analytics for Bioactivity Profiling of Complex Mixtures with a Focus on Venoms -- Venom Collection from Spiders and Snakes: Voluntary and Involuntary Extractions (“Milking”) and Venom Gland Extractions -- Production and Purification of Recombinant Toxins -- RNA-Sequencing of Snake Venom Glands -- Exploring Toxin Evolution: Venom Protein Transcript Sequencing and Transcriptome-Guided High-Throughput Proteomics -- Three-Dimensional Structure Determination of Peptides using Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- Determining the Structures of the Snake and Spider Toxins by X-Rays -- MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometric Profiling of Spider Venoms -- Methods for Evaluation of a Snake Venom Derived Disintegrin in Animal Models of Human Cancer -- Cell-Based Adhesion Assays for Isolation of Snake Venom's Integrin Antagonists -- Using C. elegans to Study the Effects of Toxins in Sensory Ion Channels In Vivo -- Measurements of Cell Death Induced by Snake and Spider’s Venoms and Derived Toxins -- Using Toxins in Brain Slice Recordings -- High-Throughput Calcium Imaging Screen of Toxins’ Function in Dissociated Sensory Neurons -- Synthesizing and Expressing Native Ion Channels
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques and protocols, across various biological disciplines, used to study snake and spider peptide toxins. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts and cover topics such as the use of toxins in drug development; analysis of bioactivity of complex mixtures like venom; extraction of venom glands and the production of toxins; characterization of toxins from the RNA level to the peptide structure; and the determination of the toxin’s biological function. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Snake and Spider Toxins: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 293 p. 46 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998456
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  • 2
    Keywords: Bacteriology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Bacteriology ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Clinical, Epidemiologic, and Laboratory Aspects of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections -- Rapid Methods for Detection of MRSA in Clinical Specimens -- Immunofluorescence Microscopy for the Detection of Surface Antigens in Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus -- Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec (SCCmec) Analysis of MRSA -- Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Typing of Staphylococcus aureus Strains -- Spa Genotyping of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates -- Multilocus Sequence Typing of Staphylococcus aureus -- Genetic Manipulations of Staphylococcal Chromosomal DNA -- Genetic Manipulation of MRSA using CRISPR/Cas9 Technology -- RNA-seq Identification of Target Genes Mediated by Regulators of Staphylococcus aureus -- Application of Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis in Identification of Factors Responsible for Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus -- Identification of Virulence Determinants during Host-Pathogen Interaction using Tn-Seq Technology -- Metabolomic Profiling of Staphylococcus aureus -- Determining Impact of Growth Phases on Capacity of Staphylococcus aureus to Adhere to and Invade Host Cells -- Preclinical Models and Methodologies for Monitoring Staphylococcus aureus Infections using Noninvasive Optical Imaging -- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection and Treatment Options -- Animal Models for Drug Development for MRSA
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with an update on the latest techniques used for the detection, genotyping, and investigating pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in vivo. The methods covered in this book mostly focus on routine clinical diagnosis, surveillance, research, and practice for treatment of patients infected by multi-drug resistant S. aureus. The book also covers the epidemiology of MRSA, molecular typing approaches, clinical treatment of MRSA infections, and animal models of drug discovery. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Informative and cutting-edge, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Protocols: Cutting-Edge Technologies and Advancements, Third Edition is a valuable resource for researchers looking to set up new methods to study S. aureus, and will also be very useful for technicians and scientists working on other bacterial pathogens
    Pages: XI, 268 p. 35 illus., 27 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998494
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  • 3
    Unknown
    New York, NY : Springer
    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Neurosciences ; Anesthesiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The Challenge of Accidental Awareness during General Anesthesia -- Impact of Anesthetics on Brain Electrical Activity and Principles of pEEG-Based Monitoring during General Anethesia -- Perioperative Monitoring of Autonomic Nervous Activity -- Monitoring Cerebral Oximetry by Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) in Anaesthesia and Critical Care: Progress and Perspectives -- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Intraoperative Awareness -- Mechanisms of Action of Inhaled Volatile General Anesthetics: Unconsciousness at the Molecular Level -- Intravenous Hypnotic Agents: From Binding Sites to Loss of Consciousness -- Pharmacological Considerations for the Use of General Anesthetics in the Elderly -- Propofol Effects in Breast Cancer Cell Progression: Evidences from In Vitro Studies -- Postoperative Cognitive Function following General Anesthesia in Children -- The Challenge of Opioid-Free Anesthesia -- New Insights into the Pharmacology of Dexmedetomidine and Open Issues for Neurosurgical Procedures -- Transgenic Mouse Models, General Anesthetics and Alzheimer Disease: Findings from Preclinical Studies -- The Biochemical Basis of Delirium -- Postoperative Delirium and Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
    Abstract: This book explores several aspects of the research in the field of general anesthesia, including mechanisms of action of inhaled and intravenous hypnotic agents; the anesthetics-induced neurotoxicity in children and elderly; features and physiopathology of postoperative cognitive side effects; and findings from preclinical research focused on the recognition of potential links between anesthetics and cancer cell biology. Furthermore, chapters in this book cover technical topics such as preoperative monitoring of autonomic nervous activity; EEG based monitoring of general anesthesia; monitoring cerebral oximetry by near infrared spectroscopy; pharmacological issues of anesthesia interest; and optimization of perioperative course through the latest techniques such as the opioid-free anesthesia. Finally, this book offers a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion on the phenomenon of general anesthesia awareness and its potential psychological sequelae. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, General Anesthesia Research is a valuable resource for novice and expert anesthesiologists who want to learn more about the important advances made in this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 256 p. 15 illus., 14 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998913
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  • 4
    Keywords: Antibodies ; Pharmacology ; Antibodies ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of the Current ADC Discovery Landscape -- Pushing the Envelope: Advancement of ADCs Outside of Oncology -- Conjugations to Endogenous Cysteine Residues -- Site-Specific Conjugation to Cys-Engineered THIOMAB™ Antibodies -- Transglutaminase-Mediated Conjugations -- Click Chemistry Conjugations -- Utilizing Solid-Phase to Enable High-Throughput, Site-Specific Conjugation and Dual Labeled Antibody and Fab Conjugates -- Bridged Cysteine Conjugations -- Antibody Conjugations via Glycosyl Remodeling -- ADC Analysis by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Two-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography Coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of ADCs -- Drug Loading and Distribution of ADCs after Reduction or IdeS Digestion and Reduction -- Analysis of ADCs by Native Mass Spectrometry -- High Resolution Characterization of ADCs by Orbitrap LCMS -- Conjugation Site Analysis by MS/MS Protein Sequencing -- Conjugation Site Analysis of Lysine-Conjugated ADCs -- Characterization of ADCs by Capillary Electrophoresis -- Characterization of the Primary Structure of Cysteine-Linked Antibody-Drug Conjugates using Capillary Electrophoresis with Mass Spectrometry -- Purification of ADCs by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography -- Detection and Removal of Small-Molecule and Endotoxin Contaminants in ADC Preparations -- Physical Stability Studies of Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) Under Stressed Conditions -- Biophysical Methods for Characterization of Antibody Drug Conjugates -- Determination of ADC Cytotoxicity in Immortalized Human Cell Lines -- LC/MS Methods for Studying Lysosomal ADC Catabolism -- Assessing ADC Plasma Stability by LC/MS Methods -- Determination of ADC Concentration by Ligand-Binding Assays
    Abstract: This volume looks at key methodologies that are commonly used across antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) programs. The chapters in this book cover topics such as conjugations to endogenous cysteine residues; click chemistry conjugations; antibody conjugations via glycosyl remodeling; analysis of ADCs by native mass spectrometry; characterization of ADCs by capillary electrophoresis; LC/MS methods for studying lysosomal ADC catabolism; and determination of ADC concentration by ligand-binding assays. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Antibody-Drug Conjugates: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource that aims to lower the €œáctivation barrieŕ€ when undertaking a new discipline, and provides a ́€œtoolbox́€ for the next generation of ADC scientists
    Pages: XI, 373 p. 138 illus., 109 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493999293
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  • 5
    Keywords: Immunology ; Cytology ; Immunology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: High Dimensional Immunophenotyping with Fluorescence-based Cytometry: A Practical Guidebook -- Immunophenotyping by Mass Cytometry -- Fluorescent Cell Barcoding for Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping using Dried and Lyophilized Reagents -- Guidelines for Gating Flow Cytometry Data for Immunological Assays -- Strategies and Techniques for NK Cell Phenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Human B Lymphocytes in the Blood and in the Adipose Tissue -- Multiparametric Flow Cytometry Analysis of Naïve, Memory, and Effector T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Regulatory T Cells -- Immunophenotyping of Human Innate Lymphoid Cells -- Enumeration of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells in Peripheral Blood and Bone Marrow by Flow Cytometric Analysis -- Immunophenotyping of Circulating Endothelial Cell and Endothelial Microparticles -- Rare Event Phenotyping and Molecular Characterization: Circulating Tumor Cells -- Quality Control of Immunophenotyping -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Myeloid Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia -- Clinical Flow Cytometry Testing in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest collection of immunophenotypic techniques and applications used in research and clinical settings. Chapters in this book cover topics such as constructions of high dimensions fluorescence and mass cytometry panels; fluorescence barcoding; using dried or lyophilized reagents; and immunophenotypic examples of specific cell types. The book concludes with a discussion on the critical roles of quality control and immunophenotyping in the clinical environment. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Immunophenotyping: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researchers, clinician, or scientist interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 356 p. 94 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493996506
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  • 6
    Keywords: Cytology ; Metabolism ; Cell Biology ; Metabolomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Single Cell Metabolomics by Mass Spectrometry -- dentification of Metabolites in Single Cells by Ion Mobility Separation and Mass Spectrometry -- Analysis of Lipids in Single Cells and Organelles using Nanomanipulation-Coupled Mass Spectrometry -- Development of Pico-ESI-MS for Single-Cell Metabolomics Analysis -- Single-Probe Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Metabolites in Single Cells -- Applications of MicroArrays for Mass Spectrometry (MAMS) in Single Cell Metabolomics -- Laser Capture Microdissection – Liquid Vortex Capture – Mass Spectrometry Metabolic Profiling of Single Onion Epidermis and Microalgae Cells -- Single Cell Analysis by High-Resolution Atmospheric-Pressure MALDI MS Imaging -- A MALDI-MS Methodology for Studying Metabolic Heterogeneity of Single Cells in a Population -- Sample Preparation and Analysis of Single Cells using High Performance MALDI FTICR Mass Spectrometry -- Toward Single Cell Molecular Imaging by Matrix-Free Nanophotonic Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry -- Compact Quantum Dots for Quantitative Cytology -- Ambient Lipidomic Analysis of Single Mammalian Oocytes and Preimplantation Embryos using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) Mass Spectrometry -- Spatial Mapping of Cellular Metabolites using DESI Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry -- Open-Source Software Tools, Databases, and Resources for Single Cell and Single Cell-Type Metabolomics -- Ten Major Future Challenges in Single Cell Metabolomics
    Abstract: This volume explores the latest techniques and workflow for the analysis of single cells metabolism. The chapters in this book cover topics such as the development of mass spectrometry-based single cell approaches, Pico-ESI-MS for single-cell metabolomics analysis; laser capture microdissection; ambient single cell metabolite profile (DESI and LAESI); and MALDI-MS methodology, quantum dots for quantitative cytology to study metabolic heterogeneity of single cells. Written in the highly successful I series format, the chapters consist of introductions to the topic, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step guidelines, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and authoritative, Single Cell Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researcher and scientist interested in learning more about this field
    Pages: XI, 226 p. 74 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998319
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  • 7
    Keywords: Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Laboratory animals ; Neurobiology ; Developmental Biology ; Neurosciences ; Animal Models ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Combining BrdU-Labeling to Detection of Neuronal Markers to Monitor Adult Neurogenesis in Hydra -- Reverse Genetic Approaches to Investigate the Neurobiology of the Cnidarian Sea Anemone Nematostella vectensis -- Generating Transgenic Reporter Lines for Studying Nervous System Development in the Cnidarian Nematostella vectensis -- Immunostaining and In Situ Hybridization of the Developing Acoel Nervous System -- Immunostaining of the Embryonic and Larval Drosophila Brain -- Non-Fluorescent RNA In Situ Hybridization Combined with Antibody Staining to Visualize Multiple Gene Expression Patterns in the Embryonic Brain of Drosophila -- Analysis of Complete Neuroblast Cell Lineages in the Drosophila Embryonic Brain via DiI Labeling -- Flybow to Dissect Circuit Assembly in the Drosophila Brain: An Update -- Live Cell Imaging of Neural Stem Cells in the Drosophila Larval Brain -- CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing to Study Nervous System Development in Drosophila -- The Red Flour Beetle as Model for Comparative Neural Development: Genome Editing to Mark Neural Cells in Tribolium Brain Development -- A Protocol for Double Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry for the Study of Embryonic Brain Development in Tribolium castaneum -- Immunohistochemistry and Fluorescent Whole Mount RNA In Situ Hybridization in Larval and Adult Brains of Tribolium -- X-Ray Microscopy of the Larval Crustacean Brain -- Immunolocalization of Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators in the Developing Crayfish Brain -- Immunostainings in Nervous System Development of the Nematode C. elegans -- Methods in Brain Development of Molluscs -- A Simple Method to Identify Ascidian Brain Lineage Cells at Neural Plate Stages Following In Situ Hybridization -- Spawning Induction and Embryo Micromanipulation Protocols in the Amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum -- In Situ Hybridization and Immunostaining of Xenopus Brain -- Morpholino Studies in Xenopus Brain Development -- Sensitive Multiplexed Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization Using Enhanced Tyramide Signal Amplification and Its Combination with Immunofluorescent Protein Visualization in Zebrafish -- Live Morphometric Classification of Sensory Neurons in Larval Zebrafish -- Immunohistochemistry and In Situ Hybridization in the Developing Chicken Brain -- Gene Silencing in Chicken Brain Development -- Transplantation of Neural Tissue: Quail-Chick Chimeras -- Immunohistochemistry and RNA In Situ Hybridization in Mouse Brain Development -- The Cre/Lox System to Assess the Development of the Mouse Brain -- In Utero Electroporation to Study Mouse Brain Development
    Abstract: This book provides a thorough introduction to widely used techniques for the study of the intersection between developmental biology and neuroscience, an exceptional area to address and investigate impacting biological questions. The fully updated volume examines cutting-edge techniques on a representative range of animals, including widely used genetic model systems, such as the fruit fly, zebra fish, chicken, and mouse, as well as non-canonical experimental systems opened up through the advent of genome editing. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and up-to-date, Brain Development: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide for researchers interested in utilizing recent technical advances in molecular genetics for the study of the brain
    Pages: XIV, 527 p. 116 illus., 96 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997329
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  • 8
    Keywords: Cell Biology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Purinergic Signaling -- Knock-out and Knock-in Mouse Models to Study Purinergic Signaling -- Agonists and Antagonists for Purinergic Receptors -- Homology Modelling of P2X Receptors -- Using RNA Interference for Purinoceptor Knock Down in vivo -- Developmental Expression of Ectonucleotidase and Purinergic Receptors Detection by Whole Mount in situ hybridization in Xenopus Embryos -- Histochemical Approach for Simultaneous Detection of Ecto-nucleotidase and Alkaline Phosphatase Activities in Tissues -- Flow Cytometry of Membrane Purinoreceptors -- Studying Purinoceptor Cell-surface Expression by Protein Biotinylation -- Multimeric Ionotropic Purinoceptor Detection by Protein Cross-linking -- Multimeric Purinoceptor Detection by Bioluminiscence Resonance Energy Transfer -- Application of Fluorescent Purinoceptor Antagonists for Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer Assays and Fluorescent Microscopy -- Detection of Extracellular ATP in the Tumor Microenvironment, using the pmeLUC Biosensor -- Using Amperometric, Enzyme-Based Biosensors for Performing Longitudinal Measurements of Extracellular adenosine 5-triphosphate in the Mouse -- Fluorescent Labeling and Quantification of Vesicular ATP Release using Live Cell Imaging -- Using FRET-based Fluorescent Sensors to Monitor Cytosolic and Membrane-proximal Extracellular ATP levels -- ATP Measurement in Cerebrospinal Fluid Using a Microplate Reader -- P2X Electrophysiology and Surface Trafficking in Xenopus oocytes -- Heterologous Expression and Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors in HEK293 Cells -- Recording P2X Receptors Using Whole Cell Patch Clamp from Native Monocytes and Macrophages -- Automated Planar Patch-clamp Recording of P2X Receptors -- Controlling Engineered P2X Receptors with Light -- Intracellular Calcium Recording after Purinoceptor Activation Using a Video-microscopy Equipment -- Assays to Measure Purinoceptor Pore Dilation -- Detection of Inflammasome Activation by P2X7 Purinoceptor Activation by Determining ASC Oligomerization -- Measuring Leukocyte Migration to Nucleotides -- Assessment of Cell Adhesion after Purinoceptor Activation
    Abstract: This volume aims to cover all major methodological aspects of research into purinergic signaling and to provide a foundation for studying them at molecular, biochemical, pharmacological, and physiological levels. Chapters guide readers through current knock-out and knock-in mouse models, in silico modeling, knock down purinoceptor expression, bioluminiscence resonance energy transfer, enzyme-based biosensors, recording P2X receptor electrophysiology, controlling P2X receptors by optogenetics, inflammasome activation, leukocyte migration, and cell adhesion. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Purinergic Signaling: Methods and Protocols will provide a sound basis for molecular, cellular, and physiological research into purinergic signaling in health and disease and will spark interest in this fascinating signaling process among researchers in many different and unrelated disciplines
    Pages: XII, 360 p. 82 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997176
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  • 9
    Keywords: Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Neurology ; Neurobiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Integrative Biomarkers in Stroke -- Vascular-Related Biomarkers of Ischemic Stroke -- Generation and Applicability of Genetic Risk Scores (GRS) in Stroke -- Neuroplasticity Biomarkers in Experimental Stroke Recovery -- Methods of Mitochondrial and Redox Measurements in Ischemic Stroke -- Blood Biomarkers for Stroke Differentiation -- Laser-Capture Micro-Dissection for Measurement of Angiogenesis after Stroke -- Blood-Borne Biomarkers of Hypertension Predicting Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke -- RNA Gene Expression to Identify the Etiology of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The Biomarkers of Acute Stroke Etiology (BASE) Study -- Neurotoxicity Biomarkers Assays Development -- Glutamate Receptor Peptides as Potential Neurovascular Biomarkers of Acute Stroke -- Antibodies to NMDA Receptors in Cerebral and Spinal Cord Infarctions -- Impaired Retinal Vasoreactivity as an Early Marker of Stroke Risk in Diabetes -- Imaging Biomarkers: Keys to Decision Making in Stroke -- Neuroimaging Methods for Acute Stroke Diagnosis and Treatment -- Ultrasound Assessments of Risk for TIA and Stroke in Vascular Surgery -- Preoperative and Intraoperative Markers of Cerebral Ischemia -- Time is Brain: the Prehospital Phase and the Mobile Stroke Unit -- Acute Clinical Intervention and Chronic Management of Cerebral Vascular Accident -- Trends in Biomarkers Development for Stroke
    Abstract: This volume presents the latest data on recent achievements in new and emerging technologies for stroke biomarkers and innovations in stroke assessment. The topics discussed in this book explore the role of upcoming biomarkers in different types of stroke, and explores techniques that will allow researchers to be more effective when approaching clinical management and patient care. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to ensure successful results in the laboratory. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Stroke Biomarkers is a valuable resource for both experimental and clinical scientists interested in expanding their knowledge in the field of stroke research
    Pages: XVII, 425 p. 80 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493996827
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  • 10
    Keywords: Botany ; Plant genetics ; Plant Sciences ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Low-Cost High-throughput Method for Plant Genomic DNA Isolation -- Cereal Genomics Databases and Plant Genetic Resources in Crop Improvement -- Integrated Genomic Strategies for Cereal Genetic Enhancement: Combining QTL and Association Mapping -- Sequencing and Assembling Genomes and Chromosomes of Cereal Crops -- Cost-effective Profiling of Mutator Transposon Insertions in Maize by Next-generation Sequencing -- Relative Expression Analysis of target genes by using Reverse transcription-Quantitative PCR -- DNA Methylation and Transcriptomic Next Generation Technologies in Cereal Genomics -- Genome-wide Identification of Regulatory DNA Elements in Crop Plants -- Genome-wide Profiling of Histone Modifications with ChIP-seq -- Whole-genome Bisulfite Sequencing and Epigenetic Variation in Cereal Methylomes -- Genome-wide Identification of Allele-Specific Gene Expression in a Parent€‘óf€‘Órigin Specific Manner -- Analysis of Epigenetic Modifications during Vegetative and Reproductive Development in Cereals using Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) -- Cereal Circular RNAs (circRNAs): An Overview of the Computational Resources for Identification and Analysis -- Emerging Genome Engineering Tools in Crop Research and Breeding -- CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Targeted Mutagenesis in Wheat Doubled Haploids -- Genetic Transformation of Protoplasts Isolated from Leaves of Lolium temulentum and Lolium perenne -- Agrobacterium Transformation in the Rice Genome -- In vivo Phosphorylation: Development of Specific Antibodies to Detect the Phosphorylated PEPC Isoform for the C4 Photosynthesis in Zea mays
    Abstract: The objective of this volume is to detail current technologies associated with cereal genomics, providing a valuable resource for researchers working in breeding and molecular crop improvement programs. Chapters guide readers through high-throughput DNA extraction protocols, crop genetic resources, meta-Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) analysis, association mapping, next-sequencing generation, transposable element-associated variation, transcriptomics analysis, epigenetic variation, identification of imprinted genes, noncoding RNAs (circular RNAs), genome editing technologies, and post-translational protein phosphorylation.Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Cereal Genomics: Methods and Protocols to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XI, 247 p. 30 illus., 21 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998654
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  • 11
    Keywords: Cytology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Simple Method of Generating 3D Brain Organoids Using Standard Laboratory Equipment -- Clinically-Amendable Defined and Rapid Induction of Human Brain Organoids from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Organoid Assay of Human Cancer Stem Cells -- Construction of Thymus Organoids from Decellularized Thymus Scaffolds -- Expansion of Human Airway Basal Stem Cells and Their Differentiation as 3D Tracheospheres -- Human Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) Generation, Culture, and Differentiation to Lung Progenitor Cells -- Organoid Culture of Lingual Epithelial Cells in a Three-Dimensional Matrix -- Generation of Functional Kidney Organoids In Vivo Starting from a Single-Cell Suspension -- Efficient Culture of Intestinal Organoids with Blebbistatin -- Isolation and Culture of Adult Intestinal, Gastric, and Liver Organoids for Cre-Recombinase-Mediated Gene Deletion -- The Three-Dimensional Culture of Epithelial Organoids Derived from Embryonic Chicken Intestine -- New Trends and Perspectives in the Function of Non-Neuronal Acetylcholine in Crypt-Villus Organoids in Mice -- Derivation of Intestinal Organoids from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Use as an Infection System -- Murine Colonic Organoid Culture System and Downstream Assay Applications -- Intestinal Organoids as a Novel Tool to Study Microbes-Epithelium Interactions -- The Isolation, Culture, and Propagation of Murine Intestinal Enteroids for the Study of Dietary Lipid Metabolism -- Oncogenic Transformation of Human-Derived Gastric Organoids -- Intestinal Crypt Organoid: Isolation of Intestinal Stem Cells, In Vitro Culture, and Optical Observation -- Human Intestinal Enteroids: New Models to Study Gastrointestinal Virus Infections -- Study Bacterial-Host Interactions Using Intestinal Organoids -- Disaggregation and Reaggregation of Zebrafish Retinal Cells for the Analysis of Neuronal Layering -- Antibody Uptake Assay in the Embryonic Zebrafish Forebrain to Study Notch Signaling Dynamics in Neural Progenitor Cells In Vivo -- Scaffold-Based and Scaffold-Free Testicular Organoids from Primary Human Testicular Cells -- Use of a Super-Hydrophobic Microbioreactor to Generate and Boost Pancreatic Mini-Organoids -- Tissue Engineering of 3D Organotypic Microtissues by Acoustic Assembly -- Cell Microencapsulation in Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogel Microspheres Using Electrohydrodynamic Spraying -- Gastrointestinal Epithelial Organoid Cultures from Post-Surgical Tissues -- Drug Sensitivity Assays of Human Cancer Organoid Cultures
    Abstract: This detailed volume addresses the challenge of how to instruct stem/early progenitor cells to progress through appropriate steps to generate functional 3-dimensional organs, one of the outstanding issues in regenerative medicine. The field of organoids is geared towards defining and demonstrating the in vitro conditions that achieve this goal. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Organoids: Stem Cells, Structure, and Function serves as an aid to researchers working in this vital area of research
    Pages: XV, 363 p. 72 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493976171
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  • 12
    Keywords: Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Mass spectrometry ; Proteomics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics -- LC-MS Spectra Processing -- Isotopic Distributions -- Retention Time Prediction and Protein Identification -- Comparing Peptide Spectra Matches Across Search Engines -- Calculation of False Discovery Rate for Peptide and Protein Identification -- Methods and Algorithms for Quantitative Proteomics by Mass Spectrometry -- Interpretation of Tandem Mass Spectra of Posttranslationally Modified Peptides -- Solution to Dark Matter Identified by Mass-tolerant Database Search -- Phosphoproteomics Profiling to Identify Altered Signaling Pathways and Kinase-targeted Cancer Therapies -- Mass Spectrometry Based Characterization of Ub- and UbL-modified Proteins -- Targeted Proteomics as a Tool for Quantifying Urine-based Biomarkers -- Data Imputation in Merged Isobaric Labelling-based Relative Quantification Datasets -- Clustering Clinical Data in R -- Review of Issues and Solutions to Data Analysis Reproducibility and Data Quality in Clinical Proteomics -- Review of Batch Effects Prevention, Diagnostics, and Correction Approaches -- Using the Object-oriented PowerShell for Simple Proteomics Data Analysis -- Considerations in the Analysis of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry Data
    Abstract: The aim of this new edition is to provide detailed information on each topic and present novel ideas and views that can influence future developments in mass spectrometry-based proteomics. In contrast to the previous editions, this third edition aims to provide the most relevant computational methods, focusing on computational concepts. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Mass Spectrometry Data Analysis in Proteomics, Third Edition to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: X, 445 p. 136 illus., 94 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997442
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  • 13
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Cell Biology ; Bioinformatics ; Biology—Technique ; Systems Biology ; Biological systems ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Cell Biology ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Biological Techniques ; Systems Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Workflows and Components of Bioimage Analysis -- Measurements of Intensity Dynamics at the Periphery of the Nucleus -- 3D Quantitative Colocalisation Analysis -- The NEMO Dots Assembly: Single-Particle Tracking and Analysis -- Introduction to MATLAB: Image Analysis & Brownian Motion -- Resolving the process of Clathrin Mediated Endocytosis Using Correlative Light & Electron Microscopy (CLEM)
    Abstract: This Open Access textbook provides students and researchers in the life sciences with essential practical information on how to quantitatively analyze data images. It refrains from focusing on theory, and instead uses practical examples and step-by step protocols to familiarize readers with the most commonly used image processing and analysis platforms such as ImageJ, MatLab and Python. Besides gaining knowhow on algorithm usage, readers will learn how to create an analysis pipeline by scripting language; these skills are important in order to document reproducible image analysis workflows. The textbook is chiefly intended for advanced undergraduates in the life sciences and biomedicine without a theoretical background in data analysis, as well as for postdocs, staff scientists and faculty members who need to perform regular quantitative analyses of microscopy images
    Pages: X, 170 p. 69 illus., 58 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9783030223861
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  • 14
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Overview of Important Enzymes Involved in Nitrogen Assimilation of Plants -- Methods for Measuring Nitrate Reductase, Nitrite Levels, and Nitric Oxide from Plant Tissues -- Measurement of Nitrate Reductase Activity in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Leaves under Different Conditions -- Fluorimetric-Based Method to Detect and Quantify Total S-Nitrosothiols (SNOs) in Plant Samples -- Measurement of S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase Activity in Plants -- Expression Analysis of Important Genes Involved in Nitrogen Metabolism under Hypoxia -- Enzymatic Conversions of Glutamate and γ-Aminobutyric Acid as the Indicators of Plant Stress Response -- Using Different Forms of Nitrogen to Study Hypersensitive Response Elicited by Avirulent Pseudomonas syringae -- Using Foldscope to Monitor Superoxide Production and Cell Death during Pathogen Infection in Arabidopsis under Different Nitrogen Regimes -- Methods for Estimation of Nitrogen Components in Plants and Microorganisms -- A Precise Method for Analysing Nitrogen Use in Foxtail Millet -- Methods for Isolation and Characterization of Nitrogen Fixing Legume-Nodulating Bacteria -- Detection and Quantification of Nitrifying Bacteria using Real-Time PCR -- Extracellular Matrix Proteome: Isolation of ECM Proteins for Proteomics Studies
    Abstract: This volume explores several different aspects of nitrogen metabolism, ranging from nitrogen uptake to assimilation. The chapters in this book cover topics such as measurement of activities of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism (i.e., nitrate reductase); measurement of nitric oxide, nitrite and ways to detect the N content in plants and microbes; characterization of root nodule bacteria (RNB); and techniques to perform proteomics of Extracellular Matrix (ECM). Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants: Methods and Protocols is a valuable tool for novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: X, 178 p. 41 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997909
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  • 15
    Keywords: Molecular Biology ; Molecular Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Sixty Years of Drug Discovery for Type 2 Diabetes: Where Are We Now? -- Practical Considerations for In Vivo Studies -- Nutritional Models of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus -- Cheminformatics in the Identification of Drug Classes for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes -- Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) for Illumina HISeq using Solution-Based Capture -- Gene Expression Mining in Type 2 Diabetes Research -- Pathways Enrichment Analysis of Gene Expression Data in Type 2 Diabetes -- Diagnostic Genetic Testing for Monogenic Diabetes and Congenital Hyperinsulinemia -- The Isolation and Purification of Rodent Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans -- Characterization of Islet Leukocyte Populations in Human and Murine Islets by Flow Cytometry -- Analysis of Histone Modifications in Rodent Pancreatic Islets by Native Chromatin Immunoprecipitation -- Quantification of Pancreatic Islets: Using Image Analysis Tools -- The Measurement of Calcium Signaling In Beta Cell Lines using Epifluorescence and Confocal Microscopy -- Nitric Oxide and Redox State Measurements in Pancreatic Beta Cells -- Primary Adipocytes as a Model for Insulin Sensitivity -- Assessing Islet Transplantation Outcome in Mice -- The Measurement of Insulin Secretion using Pancreas Perfusion in the Rodent
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous editions with updates on the commonly used techniques and analysis used by clinicians and scientists to study diabetes. The chapters in this book cover topics such as nutritional models of type 2 diabetes mellitus; the isolation and purification of rodent pancreatic islets of Langerhans; nitric oxide and redox state measurements in pancreatic beta cells; and primary adipocytes as a model for insulin sensitivity. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, Type 2 Diabetes: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for all researchers who are interested in learning more about this important and evolving field
    Pages: X, 300 p. 50 illus., 32 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998821
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  • 16
    Keywords: Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Bacteriology ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Bacteriology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Plasmid DNA Isolation and Visualization: Isolation and Characterization of Plasmids from Clinical Samples -- Isolation and Visualization of Plasmids from Gram-Positive Bacteria of Interest in Public Health -- Detection, Isolation, and Characterization of Plasmids in the Environment -- Bacteriophage Isolation and Characterization: Phages of Escherichia coli -- Detection and Characterization of Transposons in Bacteria -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Antibiotic Selection -- Measuring Plasmid Conjugation Using Fluorescent Reporters -- Methods to Quantify DNA Transfer in Enterococcus -- Quantifying and Characterizing Distributive Conjugal Transfer in Mycobacterium smegmatis -- Spectrophotometric Assays to Quantify the Activity of T4SS ATPases -- Identification of Relaxase-DNA Covalent Complexes and DNA Strand Transfer Reaction Products by Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis -- First Biochemical Steps on Bacterial Transposition Pathways -- Natural Transformation in Escherichia coli -- Integron Identification in Bacterial Genomes and Cassette Recombination Assays -- Methods to Identify and Analyze Vesicle-Protected DNA Transfer -- Measuring Plasmid Stability in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Methods for the Analysis and Characterization of Defence Mechanisms against Horizontal Gene Transfer: CRISPR Systems -- The Mobilome: Metagenomic Analysis of Circular Plasmids, Viruses, and Other Extrachromosomal Elements -- Identifying Conjugative Plasmids and Integrative Conjugative Elements with CONJscan -- PlasmidFinder and In Silico pMLST: Identification and Typing of Plasmid Replicons in Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) -- MOBscan: Automated Annotation of MOB Relaxases -- Plasmid Typing and Classification -- Plasmid Reconstruction from Next-Gen Data: A Detailed Protocol for the Use of PLACNETw for the Reconstruction of Plasmids from WGS Datasets -- Statistical Analysis of Accessory Genome -- Inferring Horizontal Gene Transfer with DarkHorse, Phylomizer, and ETE Toolkits -- Methods to Study Fitness and Compensatory Adaptation in Plasmid-Carrying Bacteria -- A Broad Host Range Plasmid-Based Roadmap for ssDNA-Based Recombineering in Gram-Negative Bacteria -- Conjugative Assembly Genome Engineering (CAGE)
    Abstract: This book focuses on technologies used to study horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in prokaryotes. Beginning with a section on the detection and isolation of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), the volume continues with sections concentrating on the analysis of conjugation, transformation, and transduction in HGT as well as a series of methods to analyze the adaptation and evolution of MGEs, with special attention paid to bioinformatics tools. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Horizontal Gene Transfer: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to the further study of this pervasive, all-important mechanism of genetic originality
    Pages: XV, 413 p. 62 illus., 52 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998777
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  • 17
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Proteins  ; Human Genetics ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Screening, Post-SELEX Optimization and Application of DNA Aptamers Specific for Tobramycin -- Affitins: Ribosome Display for Selection of Aho7c-based Affinity Proteins -- cDNA Display: A Stable and Simple Genotype–phenotype Coupling Using a Cell-free Translation System -- cDNA Display of Disulfide-containing Peptide Library and in vitro Evolution -- Rapid Antigen and Antibody-like Molecule Discovery by Staphylococcal Surface Display -- Restriction-free Construction of a Phage-presented Very Short Macrocyclic Peptide Library -- In Vitro Maturation of a Humanized Shark VNAR Domain to Improve Its Biophysical Properties -- Antibody Phage Display: Antibody Selection in Solution Using Biotinylated Antigens -- Assessing Antibody Specificity in Human Serum Using Deep Sequence-coupled Biopanning -- Isolation of Antigen-specific VHH Single Domain Antibodies by Combining Animal Immunization with Yeast Surface Display -- Selection and Characterization of Anti-idiotypic Shark Antibody Domains -- Simplifying the Detection of Surface Presentation Levels in Yeast Surface Display by Intracellular tGFP Expression -- Methods for Construction of Yeast Display Libraries of Four-Domain T-cell Receptors -- Isolation of Tailor-made Antibody Fragments from Yeast-displayed B-Cell Receptor Repertoires by Multiparameter Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting -- Isolation of Anti-Hapten Antibodies by Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting of Yeast-Displayed B-Cell Receptor Gene Repertoires -- Rapid Generation of Chicken Immune Libraries for Yeast Surface Display -- Ligand Engineering via Yeast Surface Display and Adherent Cell Panning -- Simultaneous Soluble Secretion and Surface Display of Proteins in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Using Inefficient Ribosomal Skipping -- Chemical Modification of the Yeast Cell Surface Allows the Switch between Display and Soluble Secretion of Full-length Antibodies -- Advanced Establishment of Stable Recombinant Human Suspension Cell Lines Using Geno-Phenotype Coupling Transposon Vectors -- Mammalian Surface Display Screening of Diverse Cystine-Dense Peptide Libraries for Difficult to Drug Targets -- Engineering Antibodies on the Surface of CHO Cells -- Single B Cell Cloning and Production of Rabbit Monoclonal Antibodies
    Abstract: This volume aims at providing state-of-the-art protocols detailing ribosome display, cDNA display, phage display, yeast surface display, and mammalian display. Chapters guide readers through methods and protocols on in vitro methods over prokaryotic display systems, lower eukaryotes, and mammalian cells. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of all necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Genotype Phenotype Coupling aims to provide an overview of current technologies in this exciting and continuously evolving field
    Pages: XII, 445 p. 86 illus., 61 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998531
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  • 18
    Keywords: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Tour de Herpes: Cycling through the Life and Biology of HSV-1 -- Vaccines for Herpes Simplex: Recent Progress Driven by Viral and Adjuvant Immunology -- Herpes Simplex Virus Growth, Preparation, and Assay -- Engineering HSV-1 Vectors for Gene Therapy -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1)-Based Amplicon Vectors -- HSV-1 Amplicon Vectors as Genetic Vaccines -- oHSV Genome Editing by Means of galK Recombineering -- Rescue, Purification, and Characterization of a Recombinant HSV Expressing a Transgenic Protein -- CRISPR/Cas9-Based Genome Editing of HSV -- Latent/Quiescent Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Genome Detection by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) -- Oligonucleotide Enrichment of HSV-1 Genomic DNA from Clinical Specimens for use in High-Throughput Sequencing -- HSV Mutant Generation and Dual-Detection Methods for Gaining Insight into Latent/Lytic Cycles In Vivo -- Phenotypic and Genotypic Testing of HSV-1 and HSV-2 Resistance to Antivirals -- Using Primary SCG Neuron Cultures to Study Molecular Determinants of HSV-1 Latency and Reactivation -- Characterization of Extracellular HSV-1 Virions by Proteomics -- Analysis and Sorting of Individual HSV-1 Particles by Flow Virometry -- Isolation/Analysis of Extracellular Microvesicles from HSV-1-Infected Cells -- Conformational Change in Herpes Simplex Virus Entry Glycoproteins Detected by Dot Blot -- BioID Combined with Mass Spectrometry to Study Herpesvirus Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Preparation of Herpes Simplex Virus Infected Primary Neurons for Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Transmission Immuno-Electron Microscopy of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Infected Dorsal Root Ganglia Neurons Sectioned in Growth Plane -- Multi-Fluorescence Live Analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Replication -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of HSV-1 Glycoproteins for Structure Determination -- Expression, Purification, and Crystallization of Full-Length HSV-1 gB for Structure Determination -- The Use of Microfluidic Neuronal Devices to Study the Anterograde Axonal Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 -- A Model of In Vivo HSV-1 DNA Transport using Murine Retinal Ganglion Cells -- The Murine Intravaginal HSV-2 Challenge Model for Investigation of DNA Vaccines
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a discussion of new and updated methods used to study the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), along with a look at the latest developing technologies such as next generation sequencing, CRISPR/Cas9 engineering, and the use of BioID to identify protein-protein interactions. Chapters cover topics such as the biology, life cycle, and current state of antiviral and vaccine development for HSV-1; protocols on growing viruses in cell culture and manipulating viral DNA; design and application of HSV-1 vectors for cancer- and gene-therapy; and structural analyses, microscopy, proteomics, and testing of antivirals. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Herpes Simplex Virus: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for immunologists, and molecular and cell biologists. This book will also be useful for researchers who wish to initiate molecular and/or cellular-based approaches to study HSV
    Pages: XIV, 457 p. 60 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998142
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  • 19
    Keywords: Proteins  ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Protein Science ; Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to Protein Nanotechnology -- Protein Expression in the Baculovirus-Insect Cell Expression System -- Peroxiredoxin Proteins as Building Blocks for Nanotechnology -- Formation of Amphipathic Monolayers from Fungal Hydrophobin Proteins -- ATP Synthase: Expression, Purification, and Function -- Molecular Superglues: Discovery and Engineering Orthogonalization -- Production of Multicomponent Protein Templates for the Positioning and Stabilization of Enzymes -- Adding Function to Protein Scaffolds -- Virus-Derived Nanoparticles -- Strategies for Increasing Protein Stability -- Generation of High Affinity Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles for Protein Recognition via a Solid-Phase Synthesis Protocol -- Nanotechnology with S-Layer Proteins -- Preparation of Proteins and Macromolecular Assemblies for Cryo-Electron Microscopy -- Atomic Force Microscopy of Proteins -- Native Protein Mass Spectrometry -- Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis of b-Casein Nanocarriers -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Proteins
    Abstract: This third edition volume expands on the previous editions with updated approaches and techniques used to study protein nanotechnology and the future of nanomaterial compositions. This book is organized into Three Parts: Part One looks at recombinant protein expression in insect cells, and methods to produce molecular motors, molecular superglues, and protein templates; Part Two explores functionalization strategies and ways to incorporate functional protein components into nanodevices; Part Three discusses various instrumental techniques used to study protein nanostructures. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Protein Nanotechnology: Protocols, Instrumentation, and Applications, Third Edition is a valuable resource for any researchers looking to expand their knowledge in this evolving field
    Pages: XIII, 331 p. 84 illus., 64 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998692
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  • 20
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Experimenting with Trinucleotide Repeats: Facts and Technical Issues -- Fast Assays to Detect Interruptions in CTG.CAG Repeat Expansions -- Tracking Expansions of Stable and Threshold Length Trinucleotide Repeat Tracts In Vivo and In Vitro Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Quantifying Replication Fork Progression at CTG Repeats by 2D Gel Electrophoresis -- Genetic Assays to Study Repeat Fragility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Genetic Screens to Study GAA/TTC and Inverted Repeat Instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Monitoring Double-Strand Break Repair of Trinucleotide Repeats Using a Yeast Fluorescent Reporter Assay -- Analysis of Trinucleotide Repeat Stability by Integration at a Chromosomal Ectopic Site -- Experimental System to Study Instability of (CGG)n Repeats in Cultured Mammalian Cells -- Assessing Triplet Repeat Expansions in Human SVG-A Cell Culture -- The Isolation and Analysis of the CGG-Repeat Size in Male and Female Gametes from a Fragile X Mouse Model -- In Vitro Synthesis and RNA Structure Probing of CUG Triplet Repeat RNA -- FISH Protocol for Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Cells -- Real Time Videomicroscopy and Semi-Automated Analysis of Brain Cell Culture Models of Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion Diseases -- Primary Cultures of Pure Embryonic Dorsal Root Ganglia Sensory Neurons as a New Cellular Model for Friedreich’s Ataxia -- GFP Reporters to Monitor Instability and Expression of Expanded CAG/CTG Repeats -- Gene Therapy for Huntington's Disease Using Targeted Endonucleases
    Abstract: This detailed book contains techniques to explore the unusual properties of the peculiar microsatellites known as trinucleotide repeats. Beginning with technical challenges raised by secondary structure-forming repeats and their propensity to contract and expand over time, the book continues with genetic screens in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, experimental systems to study trinucleotide repeat instability in human cells, dedicated experimental systems in appropriate cell types, as well as gene therapy approaches using the CRISPR-Cas family of endonucleases. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Trinucleotide Repeats: Methods and Protocols serves as a valuable aid to experts and newcomers alike who seek to investigate this fascinating and ever-expanding field of study
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 65 illus., 53 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493997848
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  • 21
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; RNA-ligand interactions ; Protein Science ; Protein-Ligand Interactions ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Predicting Protein-Protein Interactions using SPRINT -- Automated Extraction and Visualization of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks and Beyond: A Text Mining Protocol -- Construction of Functional Protein Networks using Domain Profile Associations -- Reconstruction of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks using Homology-Based Search: Application to the Autophagy Pathway of Ageing in Podospora anserina -- Predicting Interacting Protein Pairs by Co-Evolutionary Paralog Matching -- A Web-Based Protocol for Inter-Protein Contact Prediction by Deep Learning -- Visual Analysis of Protein-Protein Interaction Docking Models using COZOID Tool -- Path-LZerD: Predicting Assembly Order of Multimeric Protein Complexes -- Embedding Alternative Conformations of Proteins in Protein-Protein Interaction Networks -- Informed Use of Protein-Protein Interaction Data: A Focus on the Integrated Interactions Database (IID) -- Generation and Interpretation of Context-Specific Human Protein-Protein Interaction Networks with HIPPIE -- Explore Protein-Protein Interactions for Cancer Target Discovery using the OncoPPi Portal -- Perform Pathway Enrichment Analysis using ReactomeFIViz -- De Novo Pathway Enrichment with KeyPathwayMiner -- De Novo Pathway-Based Classification of Breast Cancer Subtypes -- Vienna Graph Clustering -- On TD-WGcluster - Theoretical Foundations and Guidelines for the User -- An Introductory Guide to Aligning Networks using SANA, the Simulated Annealing Network Aligner
    Abstract: This volume explores techniques that study interactions between proteins in different species, and combines them with context-specific data, analysis of omics datasets, and assembles individual interactions into higher-order semantic units, i.e., protein complexes and functional modules. The chapters in this book cover computational methods that solve diverse tasks such as the prediction of functional protein-protein interactions; the alignment-based comparison of interaction networks by SANA; using the RaptorX-ComplexContact webserver to predict inter-protein residue-residue contacts; the docking of alternative confirmations of proteins participating in binary interactions and the visually-guided selection of a docking model using COZOID; the detection of novel functional units by KeyPathwayMiner and how PathClass can use such de novo pathways to classify breast cancer subtypes. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary hardware- and software, step-by-step, readily reproducible computational protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Protein-Protein Interaction Networks: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this evolving field
    Pages: XI, 286 p. 97 illus., 79 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998739
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  • 22
    Keywords: Plant science ; Botany ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Practical Guide to Live-Cell Imaging of Meiosis in Arabidopsis -- Whole-Mount Immunolocalization Procedure for Plant Female Meiocytes -- How to Perform an Accurate Analysis of Metaphase I Chromosome Configurations in Autopolyploids of Arabidopsis thaliana -- Cytological Characterization of Arabidopsis arenosa Polyploids by SIM -- Targeted Analysis of Chromatin Events (TACE) -- Whole Mount Immuno-FISH on Arabidopsis Meiocytes (WhoMI-FISH) -- Using Genome In Situ Hybridization (GISH) to Distinguish the Constituent Genomes of Brassica nigra and B. rapa in the Hybrid B. juncea -- Preparing Maize Synaptonemal Complex Spreads and Sequential Immunofluorescence and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization -- Cytological Techniques to Study Cytomixis in Plant Male Meiosis -- Analysis of Meiosis in Non-Model Tropical Plants: The Case of Carica papaya Linn -- Analytical Methodology of Meiosis in Auto- and Allopolyploid Plants -- Multi-Colored Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization to Assess Pairing Configurations at Metaphase I in Brassica Hybrids -- Surface Spreading Technique in Plant Meiocytes for Analysis of Synaptonemal Complex by Electron Microscopy -- Quantification of Synapsis using Immunolocalization in Embedded Nuclei of Lolium -- Following the Formation of Synaptonemal Complex Formation in Wheat and Barley by High Resolution Microscopy -- Chromatin Immunoprecipitation of Meiotically Expressed Proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana Flowers -- Isolating Male Meiocytes from Maize and Wheat for “-omics” Analyses -- How to Study the Proteomes and Phosphoproteomes of Anther and Pollen -- Rice Female Meiosis: Genome-Wide mRNA, Small RNA and DNA Methylation Analysis during Ovule Development -- Quantification of Recombination Rate and Segregation Distortion by Genotyping and Sequencing of Single Pollen Nuclei -- Identifying and Isolating Meiotic Mutants in Polyploid Brassica Crops -- A Cytological Analysis of Wheat Meiosis Targeted by Virus-Induced Gene-Silencing (VIGS) -- Induction and Characterization of Diploid Pollen Grains in Arabidopsis thaliana -- Analysis of Pollen Grains by Immunostaining and FISH in Triticeae Species -- Analysing Somatic DNA Repair in Arabidopsis Meiotic Mutants -- A Modular Tray Growth System for Barley -- In planta Delivery of Chemical Compounds into Barley Meiocytes – EdU as Compound Example
    Abstract: This volume looks at the latest techniques used by the meiosis research community to study plant meiosis. The chapters in this book are organized into four parts: Part One discusses cytological and imaging approaches to study meiosis and chromosome dynamics in Arabidopsis (in both diploid and polyploid backgrounds); Part Two talks about using cytological methods to study meiosis in other plant species; Part Three focuses on molecular and biochemical approaches to look at plant meiosis; and Part Four explores further procedures and experiments that are helpful in learning more about plant meiosis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Plant Meiosis: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers who are interested in learning more about this developing field
    Pages: XIV, 405 p. 76 illus., 66 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998180
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  • 23
    Keywords: Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Genetics and Genomics ; Human Genetics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Quarter Century and the PCR Applied Techniques and the Fields of Use Are Still Increasing in Numbers -- Parameters for Successful PCR Primer Design -- MIQE-Compliant Validation of MicroRNA Biomarker Signatures Established by Small RNA Sequencing -- Enhanced Probe-Based RT-qPCR Quantification of MicroRNAs Using Poly(A)tailing and 5' Adaptor Ligation -- A Novel System to Discriminate HLA-C mir148a Binding Site by Allele-Specific Quantitative PCR -- Detection of Yellow Fever Virus by Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) -- Evaluation of the Abundance of Fungi in Wastewater Treatment Plants Using Quantitative PCR (qPCR) -- Early Detection of Fungal Plant Pathogens by Real-Time Quantitative PCR: The Case of Diplodia sapinea on Pine -- A General Protocol for Accurate Gene Expression Analysis in Plants -- Gene Expression Analysis in Bacteria by RT-qPCR -- Detection and Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells by Quantitative Real-Time PCR -- Molecular Monitoring of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia -- Normalization in Human Gliomas Tissue -- qPCR Applications for the Determination of the Biological Age -- QuantStudio™ 12K Flex OpenArray® System as a Tool for High-Throughput Genotyping and Gene Expression Analysis -- Digital PCR and the QuantStudio™ 3D Digital PCR System
    Abstract: This book expands upon the useful first edition by exploring classic Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) techniques as well as a number of recently developed applications. With the changes in instrumentation due to technological advances and the development of new reagents to fulfill ethical and legal issues, the qPCR field is now an up-to-date technology that indeed is widely used in research and clinical diagnostics. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Revised and authoritative, Quantitative Real-Time PCR: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is an ideal guide to this expanding and vital field of study
    Pages: XIII, 235 p. 70 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2020.
    ISBN: 9781493998333
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  • 24
    Keywords: Immunology ; Medical virology ; Immunology ; Virology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Overview of Direct Acting Antiviral Drugs and Drug Resistance of Hepatitis C Virus -- Similarities and Differences between HCV Pseudoparticle (HCVpp) and Cell Culture HCV (HCVcc) in the Study of HCV -- Hepatitis C Virus Database and Bioinformatics Analysis Tools in the Virus Pathogen Resource (ViPR) -- Establishment of Replication-competent HCV Strain with Minimum Modifications -- Full-length Open Reading Frame Amplification of Hepatitis C Virus -- InFusion Cloning for the Generation of Biologically Relevant HCV Chimeric Molecular Clones -- Production and Purification of Cell Culture Hepatitis C Virus -- Embryonic or Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Hepatocellular Systems for HCV Culture -- Molecular Identification of Transmitted/Founder Hepatitis C Viruses and their Progeny by Single Genome Sequencing -- A Cell Culture Model for Persistent HCV Infection -- Expression Cloning of Host Factors Required for the HCV Replication Cycle -- Application of Deep Mutational Scanning in Hepatitis C Virus -- Studying the Hepatitis C Virus-induced Epigenetic Signature after Cure with Direct-acting Antivirals -- Measuring Hepatitis C Virus Envelopment by using a Proteinase K Protection Assay -- Membrane Fusion Assays for Studying Entry Hepatitis C Virus into Cells -- Functional Characterization of Apolipoproteins in the HCV Life Cycle -- Live Cell Imaging of Hepatitis C Virus Trafficking in Hepatocytes -- Cloning and Analysis of Authentic Patient-derived HCV E1/E2 Glycoproteins -- Simultaneous Quantification of Hepatitis C virus Envelope Glycoproteins E1 and E2 by Dual-color Fluorescence Immunoblot Analysis -- Overcoming Challenges of Hepatitis C Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Production in Mammalian Cells -- Monitoring of Interferon Response Triggered by Cells Infected by Hepatitis C Virus or Other Viruses upon Cell-cell Contact -- Complement Regulation and Immune Evasion by Hepatitis C Virus -- Direct ex vivo Functional Analysis of HCV-specific T Cells -- ­Simultaneous Analysis of HCV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells by Multi-color Flow Cytometry -- Probing the Antigenicity of HCV Envelope Glycoproteins by Phage Display Antibody Technology. -Isolation of HCV Neutralizing Antibodies by Yeast Display -- Detection of Antibodies to HCV E1E2 by Lectin-Capture ELISA -- In vitro Neutralization Assay using Cultured Hepatitis C Virus -- Standardized Method for the Study of Antibody Neutralization of HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpp) -- Detection of Antigen-specific CD8+ T Cells in the Livers of HCV Core Transgenic Mice -- Mice with Chimeric Human Livers and Their Applications -- Mouse Models for Studying HCV Vaccines and Therapeutic Antibodies
    Abstract: This volume details the most updated concepts and experimental protocols developed by leading researchers in the field. Chapters guide readers through methods on bioinformatics tools, hepatitis c virus(HCV) cloning, culture, and purification, HCV life cycle, host immune responses, and small animal models. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Hepatitis C Virus Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XIX, 508 p. 75 illus., 47 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493989768
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  • 25
    Keywords: Biological models ; Science / Philosophy ; Endangered ecosystems ; Botany ; Systems Biology ; Philosophy of Science ; Ecosystems ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- The Basics -- Is there anything new under the sun? -- Instability as the core of emergence -- Emergence and modularity in life sciences and beyond -- The emergence of sustainability -- From modules to emergent holistic properties in living organisms -- Modularity versus emergence: How to cope with complexity in whole plant physiology? -- Emergence in biomimetic materials systems -- Roots of complexity in the self-referential genetic code -- Brains emerging: on modularity and self-organization of neural development in vivo and in vitro -- Plants: Unitary organisms emerging from integration and self-organization of modules -- Ecology: Ecosystems and biodiversity -- Ultimate Integration -- Emergent properties and stability in hierarchical bio-systems: there is no privileged level of causation -- Emergence and sustainment of humankind on Earth: the categorical imperative -- Gaia – a holobiont-like system emerging from interaction
    Abstract: This book focuses on modules and emergence with self-organization in the life sciences. As Aristotle observed so long ago, the whole is more than the sum of its parts. However, contemporary science is dominated by reductionist concepts and tends to neglect the non-reproducible features of complex systems, which emerge from the interaction of the smaller units they are composed of. The book is divided into three major parts; the essays in part A highlight the conceptual basis of emergence, linking it to the philosophy of science, systems biology and sustainability. This is subsequently exemplified in part B by applying the concept of emergence to various biological disciplines, such as genetics, developmental biology, neurobiology, plant physiology and ecology. New aspects of emergence come into play when biology meets the technical sciences, as revealed in a chapter on bionics. In turn, part C adopts a broader view, revealing how the organization of life follows a hierarchical order in terms of scalar dimensions, ranging from the molecular level to the entire biosphere. The idea that life is primarily and exclusively shaped by processes at the molecular level (and, in particular, by the information encoded in the genome) is refuted; rather, there is no hierarchy with respect to the level of causation in the cross-talk between the levels. In the last two chapters, the evolutionary trend toward ever-increasing complexity in living systems is interpreted in terms of the Gaia hypothesis sensu Lovelock: the entire biosphere is viewed as a functional unit (or ‘holobiont-like system’) organized to develop and sustain life on Earth
    Pages: XIV, 279 p. 62 illus., 46 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030061289
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  • 26
    Keywords: Plant breeding ; Plant genetics ; Agriculture ; Genetic Engineering ; Alternative Medicine ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Agriculture ; Genetic Engineering ; Complementary & Alternative Medicine ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Foreword by Prof. M. Iqbal Choudhary, Director, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences -- Marine and Freshwater Organisms in Drug Discovery -- Bioactive Molecules from Malaysian Flora -- Immunomosulatory Effect of Cycloartane-Type Triterpenes -- Antigiardial Actitivty of Citrullus lanatus Extracts -- Potential Idiosyncratic Liver Toxicity of Herbal Products -- Antitrypanosomal Activity of Nigerian Plants -- Alkaloids Isolated from Malaysian Plant Families -- Pharmacological Studies on Ficus Species -- Herbals in the treatment of Salmonella typhi -- Biology of Proline-Containing Cyclic Peptides -- Plant Extracts and Memory Impairment -- Herbals Used in Heat and Detoxification in Chinese Traditional Medicine -- Secondary Metabolites from Solanaceae of Iran -- Molecular Docking Study on Rauvolfia species -- Drug Development from the farm -- Phytochemical Screening of Sri Lankan Plants -- New carbohydrate esters of cinnamic acid from the leaves of Gleditschia -- Herbals in the Treatment of Alzheimer's disease
    Abstract: Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East. Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms. On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques. For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions. However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures. Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, it will focus on the secondary metabolic compounds which afford protection against diseases. Lastly, Volume 3 focuses on the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture
    Pages: XX, 385 p. 67 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030044084
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  • 27
    Keywords: Microbiology ; Biotechnology ; Biochemistry ; Microbial ecology ; Microbiology ; Applied Microbiology ; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology ; Biochemistry, general ; Microbial ecology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: A Genomic View of the Catabolism of Aromatic Compounds in Pseudomonas -- A Genomic View of the Catabolism of Short Chain Alkanes -- Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons -- Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Enzyme Structures and Catalytic Mechanisms -- Aerobic Degradation of Chloroaromatics -- Aerobic Degradation of Gasoline Ether Oxygenates -- Aerobic Degradation of Halogenated Aliphatics -- Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Methane Monooxygenase -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of Fe-S Cofactors -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of Flavin Cofactors -- Biosynthesis, Insertion and Function of haem-iron Prosthetic Groups -- Computational Framework for Integration of Lipidomics Data into Metabolic Pathways -- Degradation of Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and Dimethylsulfide (DMS) -- Degradation of Rubber/Polyisoprene -- Diversity and Common Principles in Enzymatic Activation of Hydrocarbons: An Introduction -- Energetic and Other Quantitative Aspects of Microbial Hydrocarbon Utilization: An Introduction: -- Enzymes for Aerobic Degradation of Alkanes in Bacteria -- Enzymes for Aerobic Degradation of Alkanes in Yeasts -- Evolution of New Catabolic Functions Through Gene Assembly by Mobile Genetic Elements -- Experimental Evolution of Novel Regulatory Activities in Response to Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals -- Functional Gene Diversity, Biogeography, Dynamics -- Genetic Features and Regulation of n-Alkane Metabolism in Bacteria -- Genetic Features and Regulation of n-Alkane Metabolism in Yeasts -- Genetic Features of Methylotrophs -- Genetics and Functional Genomics of Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons: An Introduction -- Genetics and Molecular Features of Bacterial Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and Dimethylsulfide (DMS) Transformations -- Genetics of Biphenyl Biodegradation and Co-Metabolism of PCBs -- Genetics of Rubber/Polyisoprene Degradation -- Genetics and Ecology of Isoprene Degradation -- Genomic View of Mycobacterial High Molecular Weight Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Degradation -- Global Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons in Aquatic Systems -- Global Aerobic Degradation of Hydrocarbons in Terrestrial Systems -- Global Consequences of the Microbial Production and Consumption of Inorganic and Organic Sulfur Compounds -- Key Features of Aerobic Hydrocarbon Biodegrader Genomes -- Lipid Degradation - Lipid Cycles -- Lipolytic Enzymes from Bacteria -- Lipolytic Enzymes from Yeasts -- Metabolism of Steroids -- Oxidative Inactivation of Ring-Cleavage Extradiol Dioxygenases: Mechanism and Ferredoxin-Mediated Reactivation -- Pathways for the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Bacteria -- Phylogenomics of Aerobic Bacterial Degradation of Aromatics -- Physiology and Biochemistry of the Aerobic Methane Oxidizing Bacteria -- Potential for Microbial Interventions to Reduce Global Warming -- Rational Construction of Bacterial Strains with New/Improved Catabolic Capabilities for the Efficient Breakdown of Environmental Pollutants -- Regulation of the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Bacteria -- Regulation of the Degradation of Fatty Acids in Yeast -- Stereochemistry of Hydrocarbon-transforming Enzyme Reactions -- Structure-Function Relationships and Engineering of Haloalkane Dehalogenases -- Transcriptional Control of the TOL Plasmid Pathways
    Abstract: This book describes the biochemistry and genetics of aerobic degradation of hydrocarbons and lipids by bacteria and yeasts, as well as the functional genomics of the best-known microorganisms involved in these processes. It forms part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology Series, a definitive resource of current knowledge on the diverse aspects of the interactions of microbes with hydrocarbons and lipids. Chapters are mainly focused on the new discoveries of recent years. It is aimed to scientists and others interested in different aspects of the microbiology of hydrocarbons
    Pages: 149 illus., 43 illus. in color. eReference. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319504186
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  • 28
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Cytology ; Invertebrates ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Cell Biology ; Invertebrates ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Molecular Basis for Oxidative Stress Induced by Environmental Toxicants in Nematodes -- Molecular Basis for Reduced Lifespan Induced by Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Roles of Oxidative Stress Related Molecular Signals in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of MAPK Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Insulin and the Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Development Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Cell Death and DNA Damage Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Metabolism Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of Protective Response Related Signalling Pathways in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Functions of G-Protein Coupled Receptors and Ion Channels and the Downstream Cytoplasmic Signals in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Discussion on Specificity of Molecular Signals in Response to Certain Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Epigenetic Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Strategies to Screen and to Identify New Genetic Loci Involved in the Regulation of Toxicity of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Molecular Basis for Adaptive Response to Environmental Toxicants or Stresses -- Molecular Basis for Transgenerational Toxicity Induction of Environmental Toxicants or Stresses
    Abstract: This book will focus on the molecular basis of oxidative stress induced by toxicants or stresses and various molecular signalling pathways in regulating the toxicity of toxicants or stresses in Caenorhabditis elegans. It will also cover the discussion on the aspects of response signals, G-protein coupled receptors and ion channels, specific molecular signals, and epigenetic signals involved in the regulation of toxicity from toxicants or stresses. The molecular basis for adaptive response for transgenerational toxicity of environmental toxicants or stresses will be further discussed. Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a classic model animal with well-described genetic and developmental backgrounds based on the study of life science, and has been further successfully and widely used in both toxicity assessment and toxicological study of various environmental toxicants or stresses. Based on related available data, this book aims at providing a systematic understanding of the knowledge system of molecular toxicology in C. elegans
    Pages: XVIII, 447 p. 285 illus., 211 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811336331
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  • 29
    Keywords: Emerging infectious diseases ; Immunology ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Analysis of Iron Requirements and Siderophore Production -- The Pathometabolism of Legionella Studied by Isotopologue Profiling -- Quantification of Viable but Non-culturable Cells of Legionella pneumophila -- Selection of Legionella Virulence-related Traits by Environmental Protozoa -- Migration of Acanthamoeba castellanii through Legionella Biofilms -- Scar-free Genome Editing in Legionella pneumophila -- Querying Legionella Genomes using Transposition-sequencing -- Screening Targeted Legionella pneumophila Mutant Libraries in vivo using INSeq -- Genetic Manipulation of non-pneumophila Legionella: Protocols Developed for Legionella longbeachae -- Quantitative Imaging Flow Cytometry of Legionella-containing Vacuoles in Dually Fluorescence-labelled Dictyostelium -- Sorting of Phagocytic Cells Infected with Legionella pneumophila -- Single Cell Analysis of Legionella and Legionella-infected Acanthamoeba by Agarose Embedment -- Mitochondrial Dynamics and Activity in Legionella-Infected Cells -- Perturbation of Legionella Cell Infection by RNA Interference -- Isolation of the Dot/Icm Type IV Secretion System Core Complex from Legionella pneumophila -- In situ Imaging and Structure Determination of Bacterial Toxin Delivery Systems using Electron Cryotomography -- Methods for Non-canonical Ubiquitination and Deubiquitination Catalyzed by Legionella pneumophila Effector Proteins -- Purification and Analysis of Effector Glucosyltransferase Lgt1 from Legionella pneumophila -- Determination of in vivo Interactomes of Dot/Icm type IV Secretion System Effectors by Tandem Affinity Purification -- Inflammasome Activation in Legionella-infected Macrophages -- Infection of Human Lung Tissue Explants (HLTEs) with Legionella pneumophila -- The Galleria mellonella Infection Model for Investigating the Molecular Mechanisms of Legionella Virulence -- Dictyostelium Host Response to Legionella Infection: Strategies and Assays -- 6.1.3 The Caenorhabditis elegans model of Legionella infection -- The Mouse as a Model for Pulmonary Legionella Infection -- Targeted Metagenomics of Microbial Diversity in Free-living Amoebae and Water Samples -- Analyses of the Pulmonary Microbiome Composition of Legionella Pneumophila-Infected Patients -- Subcellular Protein Fractionation in Legionella pneumophila and Preparation of the Derived Sub-proteomes for Analysis by Mass Spectrometry
    Abstract: The methods described in the second edition on Legionella are for the study of distinct features of L. pneumophila. Chapters guide readers through ecology and physiology of legionella, legionella genetics, cellular microbiology of legionella, biochemical assays to study legionella effectors and enzymes, immunity and host response against legionella, metagenomics, proteomics, and host microbiomes of legionella. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Legionella: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to be useful for scientists studying Legionella, and for a broader research community interested in the ecology, physiology, pathogenesis, immunity, genetics and evolution of other bacterial pathogens
    Pages: XXVI, 476 p. 74 illus., 50 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493990481
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  • 30
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Medical laboratories ; Protein Science ; Laboratory Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Using Data Mining to Explore Calmodulin Bibliography -- Deep Two-Photon Imaging In Vivo with a Red-Shifted Calcium Indicator -- High Resolution Calcium Imaging Method for Local Calcium Signaling -- Measurement of Contractility and Calcium Release in Cardiac Spheroids -- Simultaneous Recording of Subcellular Ca2+ Signals from the Cytosol and Sarco/Endoplasmatic Reticulum: Compartmentalized Dye Loading, Imaging, and Analysis -- The Use of Complementary Luminescent and Fluorescent Techniques for Imaging Ca2+ Signalling Events during the Early Development of Zebrafish (Danio rerio) -- Cellular Ca2+-Responding Nanoluciferase Reporter Gene System Directed by Tandemly Repeated Pseudo-Palindromic NFAT-Response Elements -- Designing Calcium Binding Proteins for Molecular MR Imaging -- Coordination to Divalent Cations by Calcium Binding Proteins -- Chaperoning against Amyloid Aggregation: Monitoring In Vitro and In Vivo -- Ca2+-Binding Proteins of the EF-Hand Superfamily: Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers and Novel Therapeutic Targets -- Gene Transfer of Calcium Binding Proteins into Adult Cardiac Myocytes -- Expression and Purification of Calmodulin for NMR and Other Biophysical Applications -- The Use of Cre-loxP Inducible Mouse Models to Dissect the Specific Roles of Calcineurin Signalling in Myeloid Cells -- Calpain Purification through Calpastatin and Calcium: Strategy and Procedures -- Characterization of the EF-Hand Calcium-Binding Domains of Human Plastins -- Expression and Characterization of MICU2, a Ca2+ Sensor Protein -- S100 Proteins in the Innate Immune Response to Pathogens -- Targeting S100 Calcium-Binding Proteins with Small Molecule Inhibitors -- Monitoring Interactions between S100B and the Dopamine D2 Receptor Using NMR Spectroscopy -- Isolation and Characterization of S100 Protein-Protein Complexes -- The Multifaceted S100A4 Protein in Cancer and Inflammation -- Interaction of S100A6 with Target Proteins In Vitro and in Living Cells -- Preparation of the Oxidized and Reduced Forms of Psoriasin (S100A7) -- Preparation and Iron Redox Speciation Study of the Fe(II)-Binding Antimicrobial Protein Calprotectin -- Structural Analysis of S100A8 Complex with Zinc and Calcium: A General Protocol for the Study of S100 Proteins in the Presence of Divalent Cations by X-Ray Crystallography -- Analysis of Ca2+-Dependent Weibel-Palade Body Tethering by Live Cell TIRF Microscopy: Involvement of a Munc13-4/S100A10/Annexin A2 Complex -- Analysis of S100A11 in DNA Damage Repair -- Fluorine-18 Labeling of S100 Proteins for Small Animal Positron Emission Tomography -- Reviewing the Crystal Structure of S100Z and Other Members of the S100 Family: Implications in Calcium-Regulated Quaternary Structure -- High Sensitive Quantitative Binding Assays Using a Nanoluciferase-Fused Probe for Analysis of ALG-2-Interacting Proteins -- Calcium-Induced Protein Folding in Calumenin and Calmodulin -- Measuring Calumenin Impact on ER-Calcium Depletion Using Transient Calumenin Overexpression and Silencing -- Secretagogin Purification and Quality Control Strategies for Biophysical and Cell Biological Studies -- Tryptophan Scanning Mutagenesis of EF-Hand Motifs -- Mapping Calcium-Sensitive Regions in GCAPs by Site-Specific Fluorescence Labeling -- Quantification of Human Swiprosin-1/EFhd2 Expression on Protein and RNA Level -- Three-Dimensional Reconstruction Imaging Method to Study the Function of EFHD2 in Invadopodia Formation -- Characterization of Calcium-Binding Proteins from Parasitic Worms -- High-Sensitivity Troponin Assays in Clinical Diagnostics of Acute Coronary Syndrome -- Targeted Mass Spectrometry of S100 Proteins -- Clinical Use of the Calcium-Binding S100B Protein, a Biomarker for Head Injury -- Serum S100B Levels in Melanoma -- The Ca2+-Binding S100B Protein: An Important Diagnostic and Prognostic Neurobiomarker in Pediatric Laboratory Medicine -- S100A7 in Psoriasis: Immunodetection and Activation by CRISPR -- S100A8/A9 in Myocardial Infarction -- Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay to Measure S100A12 in Fecal Samples of Children and Adults -- S100 Proteins as Biomarkers in Risk Estimations for Malignant Transformation in Oral Lesions
    Abstract: This detailed volume explores protocols for studying the many facets of Ca2+-imaging, Ca2+-signaling, and Ca2+-binding along with background information on the principles and application of these techniques. The content of the book delves into 48 chapters including subjects such as data analysis and modern technologies to study calcium-binding and signaling in cells, the superfamily of calcium-binding proteins characterized by the EF-hand structural motif, as well as their use as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in Laboratory Medicine and novel therapeutic drug targets. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and comprehensive, Calcium-Binding Proteins of the EF-Hand Superfamily: From Basics to Medical Applications presents state-of-the-art, lab-based methods and easy-to-follow protocols for daily use, making it interesting for basic and medical researchers, cell- and molecular biologists, clinicians, clinical chemists, and the diagnostic industry
    Pages: XIX, 779 p. 175 illus., 117 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990306
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    Keywords: Neurosciences ; Stem Cells ; Laboratory animals ; Neurosciences ; Stem Cells ; Animal Models ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Generation of Neural Stem Cells from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Making NSC and Neurons from Patient Derived Tissue Samples -- Generation of definitive Neural Progenitor Cells from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells for Transplantation into Spinal Cord Injury -- Derivation of Neural Stem Cells from Human Parthenogenetic Stem Cells -- Chemically Defined Neural Conversion of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells -- In vitro Functional Characterization of Human Neurons and Astrocytes Using Calcium Imaging and Electrophysiology -- Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells Derived from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells into Dopaminergic Neurons -- Reference Transcriptome for Deriving Nonhuman Primate Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Generating Neural Stem Cells from iPSCs with Dopaminergic Neurons Reporter Gene -- Single-Cell Library Preparation of iPSC-derived Neural Stem Cells -- Bioinformatic Analysis of Single-Cell RNA-Seq Raw Data From iPSC-Derived Neural Stem Cells -- Assay for Assessing Mitochondrial Function In iPSC-Derived Neural Stem Cells and Dopaminergic Neurons -- Standards for Deriving Nonhuman Primate Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Optimization of Differentiation of Nonhuman Primate Pluripotent Cells Using a Combinatorial Approach -- Isolation and Differentiation of Self-Renewable Neural Stem Cells from Marmoset Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells -- Lentiviral Infection of Mouse Bone Marrow Cells for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation -- Central and Peripheral Secondary Cell Death Processes After Transient Global Ischemia in Non-human Primate Cerebellum and Heart -- Method for Stimulation of Hippocampal Neurogenesis by Transient Micro-needle Insertion
    Abstract: This volume details various technological advances to isolate, perpetuate, and characterize neural stem cells from various sources and formulates them for the delivery into animal models of neurological disorders. Chapters guide the reader through methods and protocols on definition and isolation of neural stem cells, characterization and differentiation, standards for defining cell populations, and In vivo approaches in animal models. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Neural Stem Cells: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field
    Pages: XIV, 239 p. 51 illus., 47 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990078
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  • 32
    Keywords: Human Physiology ; Human Physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: In recent years, volumes of the long-established Springer Subcellular Biochemistry series have shown great diversity of content, thus interesting biochemical topics, enthusiastically edited in all cases, have been readily accommodated. This new volume of the Subcellular Biochemistry series, Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing: Part II, offers a broad overview of many different Clinical Science aspects of Ageing. The 17 chapters included in the book, contributed by knowledgeable authors, review many important topics at an advanced level. Whilst it has proved impossible to include all relevant topics, there is much present that will be of value to the reader. The book contains chapters on: “Poor Early Growth and Age-associated Disease; The Immune System and its Dysregulation with Ageing; Pulmonary Diseases and Ageing; Neurodegenerative Diseases and Ageing; Ageing and Cognition; Ageing and Osteoarthritis; Down Syndrome, Ageing and Epigenetics; The Vestibular System and Ageing; Signal Transduction, Ageing and Disease; Skin Changes During Ageing; Connective Tissue and Age-related Diseases ; Potential Cellular and Biochemical Mechanisms of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Ageing Process; Health Benefits of Anti-ageing Drugs; Visual Defects and Ageing; Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome: Challenges at Bench and Bedside; Osteoporosis and the Ageing Skeleton; Neurovascular Ageing and Age-related Diseases” The book is primarily directed to advanced biomedical science and medical students, postgraduates, researchers, clinicians and academics in the field of Ageing. An earlier companion volume of the Subcellular Biochemistry series - Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing: Part I (Volume 90) - covering the Biomedical Science aspects of ageing, has also been recently published
    Pages: X, 499 p. 53 illus., 47 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811336812
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  • 33
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Mathematics Education ; History of Mathematical Sciences ; International and Comparative Education ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. European Didactic Traditions in Mathematics: Introduction and Overview -- Chapter 2. The French Didactic Tradition in Mathematics -- Chapter 3. Didactics of mathematics in the Netherlands -- Chapter 4. The Italian Didactic Tradition.-Chapter 5. The German Speaking Didactic Tradition -- Chapter 6. Didactics of Mathematics as a Research Field in Scandinavia -- Chapter 7. Czech and Slovak Research in Didactics of Mathematics Tradition and a Glance at Present State
    Abstract: This open access book discusses several didactic traditions in mathematics education in countries across Europe, including France, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, the Czech and Slovakian Republics, and the Scandinavian states. It shows that while they all share common features both in the practice of learning and teaching at school and in research and development, they each have special features due to specific historical and cultural developments. The book also presents interesting historical facts about these didactic traditions, the theories and examples developed in these countries
    Pages: V, 212 p. 28 illus., 10 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030055141
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  • 34
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Neurosciences ; Protein Science ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Assays for Neuronal Defects Caused by Early Formation of α-Synuclein Inclusions in Primary Cultured Neurons -- Immunohistochemical Detection of Alpha-Synuclein in Unfixed Human Brain Tissue -- Kinetic Measurements of Endocytosis and Exocytosis in Cultured Neurons -- Detection of Misfolded α-Synuclein Aggregates in Cerebrospinal Fluid by the Protein Misfolding Cyclic Amplification Platform -- Stereotaxic Targeting of Alpha-Synuclein Pathology in Mouse Brain using Pre-Formed Fibrils -- Quantification of Alpha-Synuclein in Biological Fluids by Electrochemiluminescence-Based Detection -- Alpha-Synuclein Proximity Ligation Assay (AS-PLA) in Brain Sections to Probe for Alpha-Synuclein Oligomers -- Studying α-Synuclein Conformation by Intact-Cell Crosslinking -- C. elegans as a Model for Synucleinopathies and Other Neurodegenerative Diseases: Tools and Techniques -- Recombinant Expression and Purification of N-Acetylated Alpha-Synuclein -- Circular Dichroism and Isothermal Titration Calorimetry to Study the Interaction of α-Synuclein with Membranes -- Yeast-Based Screens to Target Alpha-Synuclein Toxicity -- Probing Structural Changes in Alpha Synuclein by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- Measuring Mitochondrial Dysfunction Caused by Soluble α-Synuclein Oligomers -- Monitoring α-Synuclein Proteotoxicity in Drosophila Models -- Detection of α-Synuclein in Biological Samples using Mass Spectrometry -- Single-Molecule FRET Detection of Early-Stage Conformations in α-Synuclein Aggregation -- In Situ Peroxidase Labelling and Mass-Spectrometry of Alpha-Synuclein in Rat Cortical Neurons -- Probing Alpha-Synuclein Conformations by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy -- Expression and Purification of Untagged α-Synuclein -- Generation and Analysis of Viral Vector Mediated Rodent Models for Parkinson’s Disease
    Abstract: This volume provides the reader with detailed protocols that describe a variety of in vitro and in vivo techniques that study reductionist systems and human samples. The methods covered in this book explore a broad selection of topics such as functional aspects of alpha-synuclein biology, its lipid-interactions and misfolding, and functional deficits in cells and mice. Chapters also cover topics such as kinetic measurements of endocytosis and exocytosis in cultured neurons; electrochemiluminescence-based detection; yeast-based screens to target alpha-synuclein toxicity; mass-spectrometry of alpha-synuclein in rat cortical neurons; and expression and purification of untagged a-synuclein. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Alpha-Synuclein: Methods and Protocols is a valuable reference guide that aids researchers working on topics related to alpha-synuclein and its various aspects
    Pages: XII, 289 p. 66 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493991242
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    Keywords: Cell Culture ; Laboratory animals ; Cell Culture ; Animal Models ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The Applicability of Mouse Models to the Study of Human Disease -- Optimizing the Cell Culture Microenvironment -- Propagation and Maintenance of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells -- Production of High Titer Lentiviral Particles for Stable Genetic Modification of Mammalian Cells -- Generation of Mouse Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells by Lentiviral Transduction -- Gene Editing of Mouse Embryonic and Epiblast Stem Cells -- Identification of Circulating Endothelial Colony Forming Cells from Murine Embryonic Peripheral Blood -- Imaging and Analysis of Mouse Embryonic Whole Lung, Isolated Tissue, and Lineage-Labeled Cell Culture -- Mouse Hematopoietic Stem Cell Modification and Labeling by Transduction and Tracking Post Transplantation -- Genetic Manipulation and Selection of Mouse Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Delivery of Therapeutic Factors In Vivo -- Isolation and Culture of Primary Mouse Middle Ear Epithelial Cells -- Isolation and Propagation of Lacrimal Gland Putative Epithelial Progenitor Cells -- Organotypic Culture of Adult Mouse Retina -- Langendorff-Free Isolation and Propagation of Adult Mouse Cardiomyocytes -- Isolation, Culture, and Characterization of Primary Mouse Epidermal Keratinocytes -- Isolation and Propagation of Mammary Epithelial Stem and Progenitor Cells -- An Organoid Assay for Long-Term Maintenance and Propagation of Mouse Prostate Luminal Epithelial Progenitors and Cancer Cells -- Isolation, Purification, and Culture of Mouse Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans -- Identification and In Vitro Expansion of Adult Hepatocyte Progenitors from Chronically Injured Livers -- The Preparation of Decellularized Mouse Lung Matrix Scaffolds for Analysis of Lung Regenerative Cell Potential -- Mouse Lung Tissue Slice Culture
    Abstract: This volume describes cell culture protocols for the maintenance, propagation, manipulation, and analysis of primary explanted cells from various mouse organ systems. After introductory chapters that examine the applicability of mouse models as a discovery tool and describe critical factors and variables that influence cell culture endpoints, protocol chapters explore cell culture methodologies for specific mouse cell types and lineages. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, these chapters include introductions to their respective topics, comprehensive lists of the essential materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Mouse Cell Culture: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results utilizing these protocols in further studies, leading to the identification of key factors, genes, and cellular pathways regulating cell lineage commitment and differentiation, modeling disease, and identifying novel therapeutic targets
    Pages: XII, 315 p. 64 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990863
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  • 36
    Keywords: Human Physiology ; Biochemistry ; Human Physiology ; Medical Biochemistry ; Biochemistry, general ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1 Metabolic Disorders. Citrin deficiency” -- Homocystinuria No Acquaintance -- Phenylketonuria -- Urea cycle disorders (such as defects of OTCD)” -- Wilson disease -- Diabetes Mellitus type I -- Lipid storage disorder, namely Niemann-Pick C1 disease -- Gaucher disease -- Fabry disease -- Mitochondrial disease (such as defects of MELAS) -- Heme oxygenase deficiency -- Collagen metabolism (such as OI) -- Organic acid metabolism disorders -- Part 2 Genetic Disorders. Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency -- Familial Hypercholesterolemia -- Fukuyama muscular dystrophy -- Hemoglobin -- Huntington disease -- Anti-coagulant deficiency -- Auto-inflammatory disorders -- Cancer -- Marfan syndrome -- Human immunodeficiency virus infection -- Hepatitis virus C -- Cytomegalovirus infection (especially congenital infection) -- Addiction
    Abstract: This textbook uses a case-study approach to present the core principles of biochemistry and molecular biology in the context of human disease to students who will be involved in patient care. The 29 clinical cases have been carefully selected to cover key scientific concepts and some common, and other not so common, diseases. While the principal focus is on topics relating to metabolic disease, further subjects such as connective tissue disorders, neurological disorders, auto-inflammatory disorders, infective diseases, and cancer are also addressed. Each chapter provides a specific patient report that includes the natural history, pertinent clinical laboratory data, physical findings, subsequent diagnosis, and therapy. This is followed by a comprehensive discussion of the normal biochemical processes and reactions pertaining to the case, along with the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease. Graphical diagrams are provided in each chapter for ease of comprehension
    Pages: XI, 349 p. 167 illus., 113 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811329777
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  • 37
    Keywords: Medicine ; Orthopedics ; Molecular Medicine ; Orthopedics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Isolation and Generation of Osteoclasts -- Isolation and Generation of Osteoblasts -- Isolation, Purification, Generation, and Culture of Osteocytes -- Isolation, Differentiation, and Characterisation of Human Bone Marrow Stem Cells In Vitro and In Vivo -- 2d and 3d In Vitro Co-Culture For Cancer and Bone Cell Interaction Studies -- Using Cell and Organ Culture Models to Analyse Responses of Bone Cells To Mechanical Stimulation -- The ex vivo Organ Culture of Bone -- Ex-Vivo Model Systems of Cancer-bone Cell Interactions -- Mechanical Properties of Bone ex vivo -- Analysis of Signalling Pathways by Western Blotting and Immunoprecipitation -- Analysis of Transcriptional Regulation in Bone Cells -- Analysis of mRNA, miRNA, and DNA in bone cells by RT-qPCR and In situ Hybridization -- Ovariectomy/Orchiectomy in Rodents -- In Vivo Models of Rheumatoid Arthritis -- Osteoarthritis Mouse Model of Destabilisation of the Medial Meniscus -- Models of Prostate Cancer Bone Metastasis -- Animal Models of Breast Cancer Bone Metastasis -- Murine Models of Bone Sarcomas -- Mouse Models of Melanoma Bone Metastasis -- Animal Models of Multiple Myeloma -- The Calvarial Injection Assay -- In Vivo Models of Mechanical Loading -- Animal Models for the Study of Bone Derived Pain -- Histomorphometry in Rodents -- Immunostaining of Skeletal Tissues -- Techniques for the Study of Apoptosis in Bone -- Live Cell Imaging of Bone Cell and Organ Cultures -- Analysis of Bone Architecture in Rodents using micro Computed Tomography -- Bone Measurements by Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography in Rodents -- Quantitative X-ray Imaging of Mouse Bone by Faxitron -- Scanning Electron Microscopy of Bone -- Transmission Electron Microscopy of Bone -- Tracking Cancer Cells Colonisation in Rodent Bone Using Two-photon Microscopy -- Fourier Transform Infrared Imaging of bone -- Raman Microscopy and Bone
    Abstract: This 3rd edition book provides are large number of laboratory protocols that are intended for basic and clinical bone researchers. Chapters are organized into five parts covering methods for isolation, ex vivo models of bone organ and cell co-culture system, biochemical procedures, animal models of bone remodeling, and rodent models on Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge Bone Research Protocols: Methods and Protocols, Third Edition aims to extensive list of protocols for anyone interested in bone research
    Pages: XV, 670 p. 172 illus., 121 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493989973
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  • 38
    Keywords: Genetics ; Evolution (Biology) ; Genetics and Genomics ; Evolutionary Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Setting Up an Ancient DNA Laboratory -- Pretreatment: Removing DNA Contamination from Ancient Bones and Teeth Using Sodium Hypochlorite and Phosphate -- Pretreatment: Improving Endogenous Ancient DNA Yields Using a Simple Enzymatic Pre-Digestion Step -- Extraction of Highly Degraded DNA from Ancient Bones and Teeth -- Sampling and Extraction of Ancient DNA from Sediments -- Extraction of Ancient DNA from Plant Remains -- DNA Extraction from Keratin and Chitin -- Double-Stranded Library Preparation for Ancient and Other Degraded Samples -- A Method for Single-Stranded Ancient DNA Library Preparation -- Sequencing Library Preparation from Degraded Samples for Non-Illumina Sequencing Platforms -- Whole-Genome Capture of Ancient DNA Using Homemade Baits -- Generating RNA Baits for Capture-Based Enrichment -- Hybridization Capture of Ancient DNA Using RNA Baits -- Application of Solid-State Capture for the Retrieval of Small-to-Medium Sized Target Loci from Ancient DNA -- Targeted PCR Amplification and Multiplex Sequencing of Ancient DNA for SNP Analysis -- Targeted Amplification and Sequencing of Ancient Environmental and Sedimentary DNA -- Authentication and Assessment of Contamination in Ancient DNA -- Assembly of Ancient Mitochondrial Genomes without a Closely Related Reference Sequence
    Abstract: This fully updated second edition explores protocols that address the most challenging aspects of experimental work in ancient DNA, such as preparing ancient samples for DNA extraction, the DNA extraction itself, and transforming extracted ancient DNA molecules for sequencing library preparation. The volume also examines the analysis of high-throughput sequencing data recovered from ancient specimens, which, because of the degraded nature of ancient DNA and common co-extraction of contaminant DNA, has challenges that are unique compared to data recovered from modern specimens.Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to serve both experts and beginners by presenting protocols in a manner that makes them easily accessible for everyday use in the lab
    Pages: X, 216 p. 15 illus., 5 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493991761
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  • 39
    Keywords: Medicine ; Dentistry ; Molecular Medicine ; Dentistry ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Micro-dissection and Isolation of Mouse Dental Epithelial Cells of Continuously Growing Mouse Incisors -- Establishment of an Immortalized Mouse Bmp2 Knock--Out Dental Papilla Mesenchymal Cell Line -- Establishment of Stable Cell Lines from Primary Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells -- Isolation of Dental Stem Cell Enriched Populations from Continuously Growing Mouse Incisors -- Application of Cell Lineage Tracing Combined with Immunofluorescence in the Study of Dentogenesis -- Tissue Recombination and Kidney Capsule Transplantation Assays for the Study of Epithelial-mesenchymal Interactions -- Dental Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Dental Pulp Stem Cells, Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells, Apical Papilla Stem Cells, Primary Teeth Stem Cells: Isolation, Characterization and Expansion for Tissue Engineering -- Phenotypic Identification of Dental Pulp Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells Subpopulations with Multiparametric Flow Cytometry -- Dental Pulp Stem Cells: Isolation, Characterization, Expansion and Odontoblast Differentiation for Tissue Engineering -- In vitro Analysis of Intramolecular Signaling Events in PDLSCs using Confocal and TIRF Microscopy -- A Mouse Model to Study Reparative Dentinogenesis -- Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes for Dental Applications -- Peptide-mediated Biomimetic Regrowth of Human Enamel in situ -- Bioengineering Tooth Bud Constructs using GelMA Hydrogel -- Whole-mount In Situ Hybridization of Mouse Embryos Using DIG-labeled RNA Probes -- In Situ Hybridization on Mouse Paraffin Sections Using DIG-labeled RNA Probes -- Methods for in situ Proteins Visualization in Dental Mineralized Tissues -- In Situ Hibridization in Mineralized Tissues: The Added Value of LNA Probes for RNA Detection -- Immunofluorescence Procedure for Developing Enamel Tissues -- Silver-albumin Tissue Staining Protocol to Visualize Odontogenesis in Whole Embryos -- Isolation of SIBLING Proteins from Bone and Dentin Matrix -- Immunohistochemical Co-localization of Amelogenin and Ameloblastin in Developing Enamel Matrix -- The Expression and Purification of Recombinant Mouse Ameloblastin in e-coli -- Protocols for Studying Formation and Mineralization of Dental Tissues in vivo -- Extraction Protocol for Isolating Dentin Matrix Proteins from Developing Teeth -- Purification of Developing Enamel Matrix Proteins using Preparative SDS PAGE -- Using ImageJ (FIJI) to Analyse and Present X Ray CT Images of Enamel -- Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Methods for Dental Enamel -- Microcomputed Tomography Imaging in Odontogenesis Studies -- Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for the Examination of Dental Hard Tissues -- Rodent Dental Fluorosis Model--Extraction of Enamel Organ from Rat Incisors -- Three Dimensional Assessment of Crown Size and Eruption Space for Developing Third Molars: Data Collection Techniques Based on Cone-beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) -- Protocols to Study Dental Caries In Vitro: Microbial Caries Models -- In vitro Caries Models for the Assessment of Novel Restorative Materials -- Protocols to Study Dental Caries In Vitro: pH Cycling Models -- In Vivo Rodent Models for Studying Dental Caries and Pulp Disease -- Protocol GenoDENT: Implementation of a New NGS Panel for Molecular Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders with Orodental Involvement -- Protocols for Genetic and Epigenetic Studies of Rare Diseases Affecting Dental Tissues -- Protocols, Methods, and Tools for Genome-wide Association Studies (GWAS) of Dental Traits -- Measurement of Early Childhood Oral Health for Research Purposes: Dental Caries Experience and Developmental Defects of the Enamel in the Primary Dentition -- The Supragingival Biofilm in Early Childhood Caries: Clinical and Laboratory Protocols and Bioinformatics Pipelines Supporting Oral Metagenomics, Metatranscriptomics and Metabolomics Studies of the Oral Microbiome -- Saliva and Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) Collection for Biomarkers Screening
    Abstract: This volume provides methods and approaches to study genetic and environmental regulatory controls on odontogenesis. Chapters guide readers through protocols for isolation and characterization of both epithelial and mesenchymal dental cells, methods on isolation, phenotypic characterization, expansion, differentiation, immunofluorescence, in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, imaging protocols, rodent dental fluorosis model, 3D assessment of crown size, dental diseases models, next generation sequencing, genetic and epigenetic studies, genome-wide association studies as well as clinical protocols for measurement of early childhood caries and saliva, and supragingival fluids and biofilm collection and subsequent analyses. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Odontogenesis: Methods and Protocols aims to guide researchers towards elucidating the secrets and mysteries of a fascinating and unique organ, the tooth
    Pages: XVIII, 565 p. 152 illus., 135 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990122
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  • 40
    Keywords: Pharmaceutical technology ; Biomedical Engineering ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Molecular Biotechnology -- Biophysical and biochemical analysis of recombinant proteins -- Production and downstream processing of biotech products -- Formulation of biotech products, including biopharmaceutical considerations -- Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of peptide and protein drugs -- Immunogenicity of pharmaceutical proteins -- General considerations of monoclonal antibodies from structure to therapeutic application -- Genomics, Other €œÓmicś€ Technologies, Personalized Medicine and Additional Biotechnology-Related Techniques -- Dispensing biotechnology products: handling, professional education and product information -- Economic considerations in medical biotechnology -- Regulatory framework for biosimilars -- Vaccines -- Oligonucleotides and siRNA -- Gene therapy -- Stem cell technology -- Therapeutic Applications.-Endocrinology -- Insulin -- Follicle-stimulating hormone -- Growth hormone -- Cardiovascular and Respiratory Applications -- Recombinant coagulation factors and thrombolytics -- Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease -- Oncology -- Monoclonal antibodies in oncology -- Hematopoetic growth factors -- Inflammation and Immunemodulation -- Monoclonal antibodies in transplantation -- Monoclonal antibodies and antibody-based therapeutics in anti-inflammatory therapy -- Interferons and interleukins -- Anti-infectious diseases -- Monoclonal antibodies -- Enzyme replacement therapy
    Abstract: This introductory text explains both the basic science and the applications of biotechnology derived pharmaceuticals, with special emphasis on their clinical use. It serves as a complete one-stop source for undergraduate/graduate pharmacists, pharmaceutical science students, and for those who did not receive formal training in this field. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications, Fifth Edition completely updates the previous edition, and includes additional coverage on newer approaches such as oligonucleotides, mi/siRNA, gene therapy and advanced therapeutics. Daan J.A. Crommelin is Professor Emeritus Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences at Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Robert D. Sindelar is Professor and former Dean Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and The Centre for Health Evaluation & Outcomes Sciences (CHEOS), The University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, BC, Canada and President of the Global Drug Commercialization Centre (GDCC)-China and Vice-President GDCC-worldwide, Chengdu, China Bernd Meibohm is Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of Pharmacy, Memphis, TN, USA
    Pages: XXIII, 653 p. 246 illus., 227 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 5th ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9783030007102
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  • 41
    Keywords: Toxicology ; Biochemistry ; Oncology ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics ; Biochemistry, general ; Cancer Research ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Introduction -- Chapter 1. Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms: My perspective -- Part 2. Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Action -- Chapter 2. Membrane permeabilization mechanisms -- Chapter 3. Elementary processes and mechanisms of interactions of antimicrobial peptides with membranes --- single GUV studies ---- -- Chapter 4. The mechanisms of action of cationic antimicrobial peptides refined by novel concepts from biophysical investigations -- Chapter 5. Anionic lipid clustering model -- Chapter 6. Intracellular antimicrobial peptides targeting the protein synthesis machinery -- Part 3. Other activities of AMPs -- Chapter 7. Antimicrobial and cell-penetrating peptides: How to understand two distinct functions despite similar physicochemical properties -- Chapter 8. Synthetic anti-lipopolysaccharide peptides (SALP) as effective inhibitors of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) -- Chapter 9. Anti-cancer activities of natural and synthetic peptides -- Chapter 10. Antimicrobial host defence peptides: Immunomodulatory functions and translational prospects -- Part 4. Towards Clinical Applications -- Chapter 11. Activity and selectivity of antimicrobial peptides: A complex interplay of multiple equilibria -- Chapter 12. Design of antimicrobial peptides: Progress made with human cathelicidin LL-37 -- Chapter 13. Application of synthetic molecular evolution to the discovery of antimicrobial peptides -- Chapter 14. AMPs as anti-biofilm agents for human therapy and prophylaxis -- Chapter 15. Clinical application of AMPs
    Abstract: This book presents an overview of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), their mechanisms of antimicrobial action, other activities, and various problems that must still be overcome regarding their clinical application. Divided into four major parts, the book begins with a general overview of AMPs (Part I), and subsequently discusses the various mechanisms of antimicrobial action and methods for researching them (Part 2). It then addresses a range of activities other than antimicrobial action, such as cell penetration, antisepsis, anticancer, and immunomodulatory activities (Part 3), and explores the prospects of clinical application from various standpoints such as the selective toxicity, design, and discovery of AMPs (Part 4). A huge number of AMPs have been discovered in plants, insects, and vertebrates including humans, and constitute host defense systems against invading pathogenic microorganisms. Consequently, many attempts have been made to utilize AMPs as antibiotics. AMPs could help to solve the urgent problem of drug-resistant bacteria, and are also promising with regard to sepsis and cancer therapy. Gathering a wealth of information, this book will be a bible for all those seeking to develop antibiotics, anti-sepsis, or anticancer agents based on AMPs
    Pages: VIII, 304 p. 73 illus., 55 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811335884
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  • 42
    Keywords: Biological models ; Human Genetics ; Endocrinology ; Cytology ; Systems Biology ; Human Genetics ; Endocrinology ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. History of the thymus: From a vestigial organ to the programming of immunological self-tolerance -- 2. Thymus Ontogeny and Development -- 3. The Ins and Outs of Thymic Epithelial Cell Differentiation and Function -- 4. T-Cell Development: From T-Lineage Specification to Intrathymic Maturation -- 5. Intrathymic cell migration: implications in thymocyte development and T-cell repertoire formation -- 6. Thymic crosstalk: an overview of the complex cellular interactions that control the establishment of T-cell tolerance -- 7. The Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) gene, the master activator of self-antigen expression in the thymus -- 8. Aire Mutations and Autoimmune Diseases -- 9. The thymus as a mirror of the body's gene expression -- 10. Functional genomics of the infant human thymus: Aire and minipuberty -- 11. Thymus transcriptome of TGF-β superfamily -- 12. Development of thymic regulatory T lymphocytes -- 13. Adding insult to injury: improving the regenerative capacity of the aged thymus following clinically induced damage -- 14. Thymus rejuvenation after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with autoimmune diseases
    Abstract: This volume focuses on challenging field in biomedicine that is the genetic control of central immune tolerance. It covers the thymus development, their cellular components and their respective function, the peculiar gene expression profiling (transcriptome) found in the medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) that are implicated in the self-representation in the thymus, the Autoimmune regulator (Aire) gene, the mutations in this gene and manifestation of autoimmune diseases, and the role of cell-cell interactions within the thymus with implications in the negative selection (elimination) of nascent autoreactive T cells in preventing aggressive autoimmunity. The thymus gland is a lymphoid organ implicated in the maturation, differentiation and selection of T cells. This organ is gained more and more attention in different biomedical research labs worldwide due to its function that is associated with the control of immune homeostasis in the body, establishing the central immune tolerance and preventing the onset of autoimmune diseases
    Pages: XVII, 318 p. 30 illus., 23 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030120405
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  • 43
    Keywords: Human Genetics ; Bioinformatics ; Human Genetics ; Bioinformatics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter1. Strategies for converting RNA to amplifiable cDNA for single-cell RNA sequencing methods -- Chapter2. Integrated Fluidic Circuits for single cell omics and multi-omics applications -- Chapter3. Single-cell DNA-Seq and RNA-Seq in cancer using the C1 system -- Chapter4. Nx1-Seq (Well based Single-Cell Analysis System) -- Chapter5. Quantitation of mRNA transcripts and proteins using the BD Rhapsody™ Single-Cell Analysis System -- Chapter6. An Informative Approach to Single-Cell Sequencing Analysis -- Chapter7. Bionano Genome Mapping: High-Throughput, Ultra-Long Molecule Genome Analysis System for Precision Genome Assembly and Haploid-Resolved Structural Variation Discovery -- Chapter8. Informatics for PacBio long reads -- Chapter10. On-site MinION sequencing
    Abstract: This book presents an overview of the recent technologies in single molecule and single cell sequencing. These sequencing technologies are revolutionizing the way of the genomic studies and the understanding of complex biological systems. The PacBio sequencer has enabled extremely long-read sequencing and the MinION sequencer has made the sequencing possible in developing countries. New developments and technologies are constantly emerging, which will further expand sequencing applications. In parallel, single cell sequencing technologies are rapidly becoming a popular platform. This volume presents not only an updated overview of these technologies, but also of the related developments in bioinformatics. Without powerful bioinformatics software, where rapid progress is taking place, these new technologies will not realize their full potential. All the contributors to this volume have been involved in the development of these technologies and software and have also made significant progress on their applications. This book is intended to be of interest to a wide audience ranging from genome researchers to basic molecular biologists and clinicians
    Pages: VI, 150 p. 56 illus., 51 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811360374
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  • 44
    Keywords: Medical genetics ; Medicine ; Biochemistry ; Neurosciences ; Gene Function ; Molecular Medicine ; Protein Science ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Molecular and Functional Properties of Progranulin -- Chapter 2. Progranulin as a biomarker for neurodegenerative diseases -- Chapter 3. PGRN and FTLD -- Chapter 4. PGRN and neurodegenerative diseases other than FTLD -- Chapter 5. Progranulin Regulations of Lysosomal Homeostasis and its Involvement in Neurodegenerative Diseases -- Chapter 6. Molecular and Functional Properties of Progranulin -- Chapter 7. PGRN and neuroinflammation -- Chapter 8. Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells and Progranulin -- Chapter 9. Generation and phenotyping of progranulin-deficient mice -- Chapter 10. Pleiotropic protective effects of progranulin in the treatment of ischemic stroke -- Chapter 11. New therapeutic approaches against ocular diseases
    Abstract: This book presents the latest knowledge on the roles of progranulin (PGRN) in normal physiology and pathology and explores the emerging significance of PGRN as a therapeutic target and biomarker in various CNS disorders, including frontotemporal lobe degeneration and other neurodegenerative diseases. Following initial recognition of the importance of PGRN in sexual differentiation of the developing brain and adult neurogenesis, it was subsequently discovered that PGRN acts as a chaperone of lysosomal enzymes and plays a crucial role in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis. It has also been found that sex steroids modulate the expression of PGRN and its trophic effects in the developing CNS and that PGRN directly or indirectly influences neural stem and progenitor cells. Against this background, deeper understanding of the molecular and functional properties of PGRN would provide fresh impetus for the development of mechanism-based therapeutic approaches for multiple disorders. Medications targeting the recovery of lysosomal function appear to hold particular promise in patients with neurodegenerative diseases resulting from PGRN insufficiency. In examining multiple aspects of this fascinating field, the book will be of high value for researchers and graduate students
    Pages: VII, 183 p. 37 illus., 13 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811361869
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  • 45
    Keywords: Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Microbial ecology ; Evolution (Biology) ; Biodiversity ; Drug Interactions ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Microbial ecology ; Evolutionary Biology ; Biodiversity ; Drug Resistance ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Bacteria -- Functions of archaeal nucleoid proteins: archaeal silencers are still missing -- Acquired and innate immunity in prokaryote define their evolutionary story -- Mobile genetic elements -- Viruses of the archaea and evolution of life -- Overlooked “broad-host range vector particles” (VPs) in the environ -- Bacteria-virus interaction -- Plasmids and their hosts -- Bacterial transposable elements -- RNA-mediated crosstalk between bacterial host genome and foreign genetic elements -- Extracellular DNA in seawater and marine sediment -- Acquiring phenotypic diversification on genomic diversification
    Abstract: This book comprehensively discusses our current understanding of the role and biological mechanisms of horizontal transfer of genetic elements in the environment, which has been important in the evolution of prokaryotes (archaea and bacteria). Horizontal transfer of genetic elements generates variations of prokaryotes and their genomes. Comparative studies of genomes revealed that it frequently occurred during archaeal and bacterial evolution. The book introduces a variety of studies related to horizontal gene transfer, gene silencing, plasmids, phages, transposons, and the emergence of microbes that degrade man-made xenobiotics and have antimicrobial resistance. Written by leading researchers in DNA traffic, the book is a valuable guide to horizontal transfer for both young scientists and experts in the field
    Pages: VII, 278 p. 39 illus., 25 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811334115
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  • 46
    Keywords: Oncology ; Cancer Research ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Origin and Pathogenesis of B Cell Lymphomas -- Flow Cytometry for Non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin Lymphoma -- Laser-Based Microdissection of Single Cells from Tissue Sections and PCR Analysis of Rearranged Immunoglobulin Genes from Isolated Normal and Malignant Human B Cells -- PCR GeneScan and Heteroduplex Analysis of Rearranged Immunoglobulin or T-Cell Receptor Genes for Clonality Diagnostics in Suspect Lymphoproliferations -- Expression Cloning of Antibodies from Single Human B Cells -- Studying the Replication History of Human B Lymphocytes by Real-Time Quantitative (RQ)-PCR -- Stereotyped B Cell Immunoglobulins in B Cell Lymphomas -- Flow Cytometric MRD Detection in Selected Mature B-Cell Malignancies -- MRD Detection in B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas Using Ig Gene Rearrangements and Chromosomal Translocations as Targets for Real-Time Quantitative PCR -- Generation of Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing Libraries from Very Low DNA Input -- FISH and FICTION in Lymphoma Research -- NGS-Based High-Throughput Screen to Identify MicroRNAs Regulating Growth of B-Cell Lymphoma -- RNA Sequencing in B-Cell Lymphomas -- Studying Cancer Heterogeneity by Single Cell RNA-Sequencing -- Evaluation of Whole Genome Sequencing Data -- Protocols for CRISPR-Cas9 Screening in Lymphoma Cell Lines -- Lymphoma and Leukemia Cell Vulnerabilities and Resistance Identified by Compound Library Screens -- Proximity Ligation Assay -- Phospoproteomic Analysis of Signaling Pathways in Lymphomas -- Ultrasensitive Detection of Circulating Tumour DNA in Lymphoma via Targeted Hybridization Capture and Deep Sequencing of Barcoded Libraries
    Abstract: This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with descriptions of recent developments in the field. The new and updated chapters discuss the latest approaches for studying single cell RNA sequencing, whole genome sequencing data, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene knockout, protein interactions by a proximity ligation assay, and detection of circulating cell-free tumor DNA in lymphomas. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Innovative and thorough, Lymphoma: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for hematologists, hematopathologists, and any scientists interested in cancer research, human genetics, and immunology
    Pages: XII, 439 p. 66 illus., 48 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9781493991518
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  • 47
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Microbiology ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Microbiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Pathway and Gene Discovery from Natural Hosts and Organisms -- Metabolic In silico Network Expansions to Predict and Exploit Enzyme Promiscuity -- Antisense RNA Elements for Downregulating Expression -- Chemically Inducible Chromosomal Evolution (CIChE) for Multi-copy Metabolic Pathway Engineering -- Bacterial Expression of Membrane Associated Cytochrome P450s and their Activity Assay in Nanodiscs -- Delta Integration CRISPR-Cas (Di-CRISPR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Assembly of Complex Pathways using Type IIs Restriction Enzymes -- Combinatorial Assembly of Multigene Pathways by Combining Single Strand Assembly with Golden Gate Assembly -- Checks and Balances with Use of the Keio Collection for Phenotype Testing -- Genetic Engineering of Cyanobacteria: Design, Implementation, and Characterization of Recombinant Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 -- Genetic Tools for Streamlined and Accelerated Pathway Engineering in Yarrowia lipolytica -- Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry Microbial Metabolomics for Applications in Strain Optimization -- Targeted Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics Tools for Strain Optimization -- A Protocol for the Construction and Curation of Genome-scale Integrated Metabolic and Regulatory Network Models -- 13C-Fingerprinting and Metabolic Flux Analysis of Microbial Metabolisms -- A Genetic Screen for the Isolation of Mutants with Increased Flux in the Isoprenoid Pathway of Yeast
    Abstract: This volume covers a wide array of topics that will aid researchers in the task of engineering complex biological systems. This book is divided into three parts: Part One discusses the discovery and identification of relevant biosynthetic pathways for engineering; Part Two looks at the development of genetic tools for manipulating enzymes, biosynthetic pathways, and whole genomes; and Part Three covers the characterization of engineered microbes using targeted and global systems biology tools, as well as in silico models. Chapters explore topics such as leveraging enzyme promiscuity to construct novel biosynthetic pathways; assembling combinatorial multigene pathways for rapid strain optimization; applying 'omics technologies for identifying bottlenecks; and engineering nontraditional host organisms like cyanobacterium and Yarrowia lipolytica. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting edge and authoritative, Microbial Metabolic Engineering: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists interested in engineering and optimizing microbes for a variety of biotechnological applications
    Pages: X, 252 p. 46 illus., 39 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493991426
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  • 48
    Keywords: Biotechnology ; Biochemistry ; Biotechnology ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Established and Upcoming Yeast Expression Systems -- Detection and Elimination of Cellular Bottlenecks in Protein Producing Yeasts -- Pichia pastoris Promoters -- Selection of the Optimal Yeast Host for the Synthesis Recombinant Enzymes -- Screening and Selection of Production Strains: Secretory Protein Expression and Analysis in Hansenula polymorpha -- Selection of Heterologous Protein Producing Strains in Yarrowia lipolytica -- High-throughput Screening and Selection of Pichia pastoris Strains -- Analyzing Recombinant Protein Production in Pichia pastoris with Targeted Proteomics Roslyn M. Bill, Annegret Ulke -- CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Homology Directed Genome Editing in Pichia pastori -- Tailoring N-glycan Biosynthesis for Production of Therapeutic Proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Improving the Production of Cofactor Containing Proteins: Production of Human Hemoglobin in Yeast -- Membrane Protein Production in Yeast: Modification of Yeast Membranes for Human Membrane Protein Production -- Yeast Surface Display and Cell Sorting of Antigen-binding Fc Fragments -- Guidelines for Small-scale Production and Purification of Hepatitis B surface Antigen Virus-like Particles from Recombinant Pichia pastoris -- Efficient Development of a Mixed Feed Process for Pichia pastoris -- Primary Recovery of Yeast Culture Supernatant for Recombinant Protein Purification -- Purification of Recombinant glyco-proteins from Pichia pastoris Culture Supernatants -- LC-MS analysis of (glyco)-proteins of Pichia pastoris -- Assessing the Quality of Recombinant Products Made in Yeast -- Quantification of Recombinant Products In Yeast
    Abstract: This volume provides an overview of the main yeast production platforms currently used and future yeast cell factories for recombinant protein production. Chapters detail approaches of genetic and metabolic engineering, co-factor containing proteins and virus-like particles, glycoproteins, and post-translational modifications of proteins. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Recombinant Protein Production in Yeast: Methods and Protocols aims to provide state of the art background and methods for protein producing yeast platforms, as well as case studies for special applications
    Pages: XII, 431 p. 60 illus., 46 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493990245
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  • 49
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Computer engineering ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering ; Signal, Image and Speech Processing ; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics ; Electrical Engineering ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I Signal Processing for Physiology -- Introduction to Measurement and Analysis in Physiology -- Basic Concepts in Systems Theory and Signal Processing -- Signal Filtering and System Control for Physiology -- Digitization and Discrete Systems - Sampling and Quantization -- Discrete Signal Processing for Physiological Signals -- Graphics and Haptics for Simulation Models -- Model Based Analysis of Physiological Systems -- Part II Models of Physiological Systems -- Nerve Communication I - Wave Propagation and Action Potentials -- Neural Communication II - Firing Rate and Information Encoding -- External Stimulation of Nerves in Tissue - From Theory to Practice -- Skeletal Muscle Contraction - Force and Movement -- The Electromyogram - Modeling and Analysis -- Neuromuscular Control - Spinal Reflex and Movement -- Cardiovascular Blood Flow Modeling -- Immune Response to Infection
    Abstract: Physiology is a set of processes that maintain homeostasis, and physiological measurement is a means of observing these processes. Systems theory and signal processing offer formal tools for the study of processes and measured quantities. This book shows that systems modeling can be used to develop simulations of physiological systems, which use formal relations between the underlying processes and the observed measurements. The inverse of such relations suggest signal processing tools that can be applied to interpret experimental data. Both signal processing and systems modeling are invaluable in the study of human physiology. Discussing signal processing techniques ranging from filtering and spectrum analysis to wavelet analysis, the book also includesGraphs and analogies to supplement the mathematics and make the book more accessible to physiologists and also more interesting to engineers. Physiological systems modeling helps in both gaining insights and generating methods of analysis. This book shows how numerical computation with graphical display, haptics and multimedia can be used to simulate physiological systems. In this third edition the simulations are more closely related to clinical examination and experimental physiology than in previous editions. Detailed models of nerve and muscle at the cellular and systemic levels, and simplified models of cardiovascular blood flow provide examples for the mathematical methods and computer simulations. Several of the models are sufficiently sophisticated to be of value in understanding real world issues like neuromuscular disease. The book features expanded problem sets and a link to extra downloadable material, and simulation programs that are solutions to the theory developed in the text are also available
    Pages: XV, 468 p. 362 illus., 123 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 3rd ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9789811335310
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  • 50
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Cytology ; Protein Science ; Cell Biology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Cloning and Mutagenesis Strategies for Large Collagens -- Multi-Well Fibrillation Assay as a Tool for Analyzing Crosslinking and Stabilization of Collagen -- Production and Characterization of Chemically Cross-Linked Collagen Scaffolds -- A Biomimetic Model for Mineralization of Type-I Collagen Fibrils -- Investigation of Triple-Helix Collagen Hydroxylation by Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy -- Measurement of Collagen Crosslinks from Tissue Samples by Mass Spectrometry -- Mass Spectrometry-Based Proteomics to Define Intracellular Collagen Interactomes -- Exploring Extracellular Matrix Degradomes by TMT-TAILS N-Terminomics -- Sample Preparation of Extracellular Matrix of Murine Colons for Scanning Electron Microscopy -- In Situ Detection of Degraded and Denatured Collagen via Triple Helical Hybridization: New Tool in Histopathology -- Combination of Traction Assays and Multiphoton Imaging to Quantify Skin Biomechanics -- Analysis of Collagen-Binding Integrins Interactions with Supramolecular Aggregates of the Extracellular Matrix -- Assessing Collagen Deposition during Aging in Mammalian Tissue and in Caenorhabditis elegans -- Procollagen C-Proteinase Enhancer 1 (PCPE-1) in Liver Fibrosis -- Tumorigenic Interplay between Macrophages and Collagenous Matrix in the Tumor Microenvironment -- FACS Analysis of Col1α Protein Levels in Primary Fibroblasts -- Methods for the Construction of Collagen-Based Triple-Helical Peptides Designed as Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
    Abstract: This detailed volume compiles state-of-the-art protocols that will serve as recipes for scientists researching collagen, an abundant protein with great importance to health and disease, as well as in applications like food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, cosmetic surgery, artificial skin, and glue. Beginning with a section on in vitro models for the characterization of collagen formation, the book continues by highlighting large-scale analysis of collagen with mass spectrometry in order to elucidate the proteomics, degradomics, interactomes, and cross-linking of collagen, high resolution imaging approaches for collagen by the use of scanning electron microscopy and multiphoton imaging, as well as the role of collagen during physiological and pathological conditions. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Collagen: Methods and Protocols is an ideal guide to high quality and repeatable protocols in this vital field of study
    Pages: XI, 254 p. 60 illus., 44 illus. in color. : online resource.