comparative genomic hybridization
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Understanding the genetic elements controlling the process of tumor metastasis to distant organ sites such as the liver may be the key to improving survivorship from colon cancer. By using standard cytogenetic techniques in combination with comparative genomic hybridization, multiple genetic imbalances within three human colon cancer cell lines previously selected for differences in liver-metastatic behavior were identified. The entire genome of one poorly metastatic cell line (KM12C) was compared directly with that of two highly metastatic cell lines (KM12SM, KM12L4A) derived from it. A number of chromosomal gains (8q, 12g15, 20q11.2) and losses (5p13, 6p21.3, 18) were common to all three cell lines and are likely related to early tumor development rather than to the selection process used to generate cell lines of increased metastatic potential. Chromosomal imbalances detected only in the highly metastatic cell lines were also observed. KM12SM showed losses of portions of 2p22, 2824.3→2q32.2, 4p15.3→cen, 4q24 without the 13q and 15q22.3 gains noted for KM12C. Both gains (1p31.3→1p21, 2822→2q33, 3cen→3q26.2, 5q14→5q23, 6cen→6q23) and losses (16p, 17p, 17q, 19p, 19q, 22q) were observed for KM12L4A but not for the other two cell lines. Identification of these alterations provides valuable insight into the process of experimental liver metastasis and is a first step towards mapping genes linked to the terminal phases of human colon cancer progression.
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