Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Fibronectins are a family of glycoproteins with modular functional domains. They mediate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions which are important in embryogenesis, wound healing, metastasis and other processes. We present data on the influence of fibronectin on wound implantation of a murine mammary carcinoma line, TA3Ha. Fibronectin used in these studies was derived from bovine plasma, human serum, human foreskin fibroblasts, and mouse embryo cultures. TA3Ha cells rarely form tumors in the liver of syngeneic mice when injected intravenously but after hepatic wedge resection, 45% (107/240) of the mice develop tumors in the hepatic wound. Wound implantation is markedly reduced when the cells are pre-exposed to 200 µg/ml bovine plasma fibronectin (13%, P = 0.007), human serum fibronectin (0%, P = 0.02), human cellular fibronectin (0%, P = 0.02), or mouse cellular fibronectin (0%, P = 0.04). Lung colonization is also reduced by these fibronectins. These effects are not due to a cytotoxic action of fibronectin, since intraperitoneally injected fibronectin-treated cells form ascites tumor as effectively as do control untreated cells. Local application of a solution containing 0.25 mg/ml mouse cellular fibronectin to the hepatic wound reduces the frequency of tumor implantation from 45% to 5% (1/21, P = 0.001). No tumor implantation inhibition is seen when only suspending medium or albumin in suspending medium is used. The mechanism by which topical application of fibronectin reduces hepatic wound implantation of tumor cells is unclear, but this finding raises an exciting possibility of preventing local recurrence of cancer.
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