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  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator ; arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia ; ventricular tachyarrhythmias
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is a clinical entitycharacterized by fatty infiltration of the right ventricle and left bundlemorphology ventricular tachycardia occurring in young patients. The mostcommon cause of death is tachyarrhythmic. Pharmacological andnonpharmacological therapies, including implantable cardioverterdefibrillators, have been used to treat the arrhythmias. However, rightventricular endocardial leads in this population may be associated with anincreased risk of perforation and suboptimal sensing and defibrillationefficacy due to the diseased right ventricle. We report on 12 patients witharrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia who were treated with implantablecardioverter defibrillators. The mean age was 31± 9 years (range15-48). Patients presented with presyncope (5), syncope (4), or cardiacarrest (3). All patients had electrocardiographic abnormalitiescharacteristic of the condition. Follow-up averaged 22 ± 13months (range 1-45). There was one sudden death at 1 month of follow-up. Ofthe 12 patients, 8 have had appropriate therapy delivered by the implantabledefibrillator. Six patients are currently on sotalol to reduce the frequencyof implantable defibrillator discharges. In conclusion, implantablecardioverter defibrillators with nonthoracotomy leads are feasible and safein patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. The frequencyof appropriate therapy is high, supporting the use of implantablecardioverter defibrillators in this population. During programmedelectrical stimulation nine patients had sustained ventricular tachycardia,while three patients had no inducible arrhythmia. Transvenous leads wereplaced in nine patients. In these patients pacing thresholds weresignificantly higher, R-wave amplitudes were significantly lower, anddefibrillation thresholds were not significantly different than in a cohortof patients without right ventricular dysplasia. There were no acute orchronic complications of right ventricular lead placement.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator ; lead extraction ; pacemaker ; VascoExtor (VascoMed) system
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In the implantable cardioverter defibrillator era the necessity for lead removal is not negligible. A specially designed extraction lead system for percutaneous removal of such leads is lacking, in contrast to the existing pacing lead extraction systems. We report the successful percutaneous extraction of four implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads in three patients because of lead malfunction using a novel pacemaker lead extraction system, the VascoExtor (VascoMed) system. Three leads were successfully removed in two patients using traction with special locking stylets from the superior approach. One lead was removed using the system's additional extraction tools through the femoral approach. There were no complications. This preliminary experience shows that the VascoExtor (VascoMed) pacemaker lead extraction system can also be used in implantable cardioverter defibrillator lead extraction safely and effectively. In addition to the locking stylets, adjunct percutaneous extraction tools may be needed in some cases.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator ; pacemaker ; inappropriate therapy ; spurious shock
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Introduction: Inappropriate discharge is still a major issue of implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy. The diagnostic options of modern devices facilitate classification of the underlying abnormality. Methods and Results: A 65-year-old woman with depressed left ventricular performance received spurious shocks from an ICD, implanted for ventricular tachycardia. A lead fragment of an explanted VVI pacemaker system could be identified as cause of erroneous ventricular fibrillation detection by the ICD. The electrical noise caused by interaction between the lead remnant and the ICD lead was detectable even on the surface ECG. Conclusion: Based on our findings, removal of fragmented lead material should be considered prior to ICD implantation, to avoid potentially adverse and harmful interactions with ICD systems.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator ; oversensing ; diaphragmatic potentials
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Inappropriate shocks remain one of the major problems associated with the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). We describe 3 patients who had inappropriate shocks due to oversensing of diaphragmatic myopotentials. In all 3, oversensing could be demonstrated during deep inspiration or Valsalva maneuver. The problem was remedied in one by insertion of a separate rate sensing lead in the right ventricular outflow tract, in the second by decreasing the rate of antibradycardia pacing of the ICD, and in the third by decreasing the sensitivity of the ICD. We conclude that the possibility of sensed diaphragmatic myopotentials should be considered at the time of ICD implant so that appropriate preventive measures can be taken.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator ; implant technique ; shoulder pain ; lead extension
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Pectoral implantation of transvenous non-thoracotomy internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) has resulted in very few complications whether placed subpectorally or subcutaneously. We report the case of a 68 year old man with a subpectorally implanted MINI-plus (Cardiac Pacemakers, Incorporated, St. Paul, Mn.) transvenous ICD who developed nearly instantaneous severe ipsilateral shoulder pain and immobilization. The symptoms progressed despite aggressive physical therapy. We elected to remove the device from the pectoral site and place it in a traditional abdominal position due to the severity, duration and refractoriness of his symptoms. This procedure utilized the chronic Endotak DSP (Model 0125, Cardiac Pacemakers, Incorporated) transvenous lead, a compatible Endotak DSP lead extender (Model 6952, Cardiac Pacemakers, Incorporated) and the above described ICD. Immediate relief of symptoms was accomplished by relocation of the device to an abdominal site. This intervention should be reserved for patients with severely debilitating symptoms. Prospective comparison of subpectoral and subcutaneous surgical approaches with respect to patient comfort and acceptance and complications may be warranted.
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