quadratically convergent algorithms.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The usual approach to Newton's method for mathematical programming problems with equality constraints leads to the solution of linear systems ofn +m equations inn +m unknowns, wheren is the dimension of the space andm is the number of constraints. Moreover, these linear systems are never positive definite. It is our feeling that this approach is somewhat artificial, since in the unconstrained case the linear systems are very often positive definite. With this in mind, we present an alternate Newton-like approach for the constrained problem in which all the linear systems are of order less than or equal ton. Furthermore, when the Hessian of the Lagrangian at the solution is positive definite (a situation frequently occurring), all our systems will be positive definite. Hence, in all cases, our Newton-like method offers greater numerical stability. We demonstrate that the convergence properties of this Newton-like method are superior to those of the standard approach to Newton's method. The operation count for the new method using Gaussian elimination is of the same order as the operation count for the standard method. However, if the Hessian of the Lagrangian at the solution is positive definite and we use Cholesky decomposition, then the order of the operation count for the new method is half that for the standard approach to Newton's method. This theory is generalized to problems with both equality and inequality constraints.
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