Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Batch growth characteristics of various organisms were determined on a number of pairs of sugars to find a stable system showing clear-cut classical diauxie. The system selected for further study was a strain of Klebsiella (Acrobacter) aerogenes, NCIB 8021 growing on a mixture of glucose and maltose in minimal salts medium at 30°C. This showed a specific growth rate (μ) of 1.19 ± 0.03 hr.-1 on 0.01% (w/v) glucose, followed by a diauxie lag of 0.73 ± 0.04 hr and then further growth on 0.01% (w/v) maltose at μ = 0.60 ± 0.03 hr-1. This system was applied to a two-stage continuous, stirred, aerated fermentor system, with working volumes of 1.85 and 2.77 liters, respectively, and growth was followed (mainly by optical density, referred to dry weights and viable counts) and also the concentrations of the sugars were measured. Except at the very highest flow rates, glucose was immediately and virtually completely consumed, but the utilization of maltose showed interesting variations: (a) At low feed rates between 0.09 and 0.4 vol./hr. exactly the same response was found with mixed sugars as with double concentration glucose, showing that the organism was able to metabolize maltose as well and as quickly as glucose. (b) At medium feed rates of 0.46 to 1.03 vol./hr. two deviations were observed, both of which increased as the dilution rate increased: the system showed a time lag on maltose before the cell population began to rise and the volume of medium used before the steady state was established was greater than predicted, (c) At fast feed rates, approaching “washout” condition of 1.055 to 1.135 vol./hr. the first culture vessel showed no reaction to a step change which included maltose, although, of course, with doubled glucose it responded immediately. The second vessel, however, quickly metabolized the overflow maltose, and showed a steady increase of cell population to the theoretical steady state. These results may have significance for industrial systems using complex commercial substrates.
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