Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Prototrophic RD mutant cells ofCandida utilis NRRL-Y-1084 and auxotrophic mutant respiratory-competent cells ofSaccharomyces cerevisiae 4003-5Ba his 4 leu 2 can S meth 2 trp 5 ade 1 ura 3 gal were turned into protoplasts to be further fused with the aid of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and Ca2+ ions. Minimal medium containing glycerol as the carbon source was employed for fusion product selection. The respiratory-competent fusion products, mainly oval cells, resembledCandida utilis and had the fermentative abilities of this strain (dextrose, sucrose, raffinose). Five fusion products were analyzed as to their ability to metabolize dextrose, xylose, cellobiose, trehalose, glycerol, succinic acid, citric acid, salycin, and maltose. Fusion products partially restored the respiratory-competentCandida utilis capacity to grow by use of these carbon compounds, and none of theSaccharomyces cerevisiae fermenting abilities were found. Our results would suggest either a partial recombination between parental mitochondria or some occurring phenomenon affecting the cell, membrane function after somatic fusion without concomitant nuclear fusion.
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