Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The search for an ideal radioisotope for systemic radiotherapy continues. As a generator-produced radioisotope emitting both beta and gamma rays and having a short physical half-life of 16.9 h, rhenium-188 is a very good potential candidate for systemic radiotherapy. In this study, we labeled hydroxyethylidene diphosphonate (HEDP) with188Re and analyzed the biodistribution and bone uptake following intravenous injection in rats to assess its potential for clinical use. The rats were injected with approximately 14.8 MBq (0.4 mCi)188Re-HEDP in a volume of 0.1 ml intravenously and then sacrificed at 1 h, 24 h, or 48 h (four rats at each time). Samples (about 0.1 g) of lung, liver, kidney, spleen, testis, muscle, stool, and bone (thoracic vertebra) were taken and weighed carefully. In addition, a 1-ml sample of blood was drawn from the heart and 1 ml of urine was taken from the urinary bladder immediately after killing. Tissue concentrations were calculated and expressed as percent injected dose per gram or per milliliter (% ID/g or ml). Bone lesions were created in the right tibial bone in three rabbits to calculate the lesion to normal uptake ratio (UN ratio). The biodistribution data showed that the radioactivity in the bone tissue was as high as 1.877% ID/g at 1 h and that it climbed to 2.017% ID/g at 4 h. The activity level in the kidney was highest at 1 h but declined rapidly throughout the study. The radioactivities in the lung, liver, muscle, spleen, testis, blood, and stool were all lower than 0.3% ID/g at I h and also declined rapidly. The biological half-life in bone was the longest (60.86 h). In contrast, the biological half-lives in muscle and blood were short (2.99 h and 6.21 h respectively). The concentrations of radioactivity in muscle, spleen, testis, and stool were quite low throughout the study. Most of the radiotracer was excreted by the urinary system. The L/N ratio was 4.23±0.21 in rabbits injected with188Re-HEDP and 4.25±0.23 in those injected with technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate. In conclusion, we would suggest that188Re-HEDP is a very good potential candidate for the treatment of bone metastases because of the following characteristics: (1) it is generator produced; (2) it has a short half-life; (3) it emits gamma rays suitable for imaging; (4) there is highly selective uptake in the skeletal system and bone lesions; and (5) it has a low non-target uptake and rapid clearance in nonosseous tissue.
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