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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 3 (1980) 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: mouse ; in vitro fertilization ; inhibitors of fertilization ; calcium ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Better than 75% fertilization of C57BL/6 mouse eggs with C57BL/6 sperm is obtained in vitro in a modified Kreb's-Ringer-bicarbonate medium containing 8 mM HEPES. No fertilization of obtained when Ca2+ is omitted from this medium. The drug verapamil, which interferes with Ca2+ channels and blocks the acrosome reaction [Schackmann et al, 1978] and fertilization in the sea urchin, also blocks fertilization of mouse eggs in vitro when included in complete medium at a concentration of 80 μg/ml. Tetraethylammonium, which inhibits delayed axonal potassium currents and prevents the acrosome reaction in sea urchin sperm, also completely inhibits fertilization of mouse eggs in vitro at a concentration of 5 mM. Tetramethylammonium, which does not inhibit potassium movements at the same concentration reduces fertilization by about 50%. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that ion movements are necessary for activation of the sperm and/or egg in mouse fertilization.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 3 (1980), S. 9-15 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: in vitro fertilization ; sperm motility ; mice ; egg penetration in vivo ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Genetic variation in spermatozoa was used to examine mechanisms important for fertilization in the mouse. A significantly greater proportion of cauda epididymal sperm from C57BL/6 (inbred) males were motile than from random-bred (CFW) males. Random-bred sperm, however, were able to fertilize a significantly greater percentage of eggs in vitro than were inbred sperm. When sperm of these two genotypes were used for insemination in vivo, and the penetrated eggs cultured through the first cleavage, the levels of cleavage were similar, suggesting that neither levels of sperm motility nor sperm penetration in vitro accurately reflect the ability of the same sperm populations to penetrate eggs in vivo.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 1 (1978) 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: mouse follicles in vitro ; progesterone ; estradiol ; gonadotropin ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Ovaries from pubertal mice were dissected into fragments containing 1-4 antral follicles, which were cultured on the surface of a chemistry defined medium. After 17-20 hrs oocytes were released from the cultured follicles and their meiotic status recorded. In the presence or absence of exogenous gonadotropins oocytes in these cultures behaved meiotically as expected if they had been studied in the intact animal. Media containing 100 μM of progesterone for the duration of the culture period caused atresia of the oocytes, and although the addition of gonadotropins reduced this necrosis they did not induce the resumption of meiosis. The meiotic stimulating effect of gonadotropins was also inhibited if progesterone was present in the culture media for the first 3 hours only. Estradiol (100 μM) similarly inhibited the meiotic inducing action of gonadotropins when left in the medium for the duration of culture, but had no effect when administrated for a shorter period. The results from this model system, would indicate that the meiotic-initiating action of gonadotropins can be modulated by exposure to progesterone and estradiol.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: coelomic oocytes ; uterine eggs ; contractile proteins ; Anura ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The distribution of actin, myosin, and tubulin has been investigated in coelomic oocytes, unfertilized and fertilized eggs of Discoglossus pictus utilizing: (1) immunofluorescence; (2) electron microscopy; (3) incubation with heavy meromyosin (HMM), and (4) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). In coelomic oocytes, the germinative area (GA) has long, irregular microvilli containing microfilaments. In the rest of the oocyte, the microvilli are shallow. During the transit of the oocyte in the oviduct, a dimple forms by the invagination of the GA. A palisade of microfialment bundles is present in the finger-shaped microvilli of the dimple and extends for about 10 μm in the cytoplasm. In the rest of the egg, microvilli are absent and only random filaments appear in the cortex. Following HMM incubation, the dimple microfilaments are decorated with arrowheads pointing toward the bulk of the cytoplasm. SDS-PAGE of egg extracts shows bands co-migrating with actin (43K), pyruvate kinase (57K), and phosphorylase (94K). As result fertilization, the pattern of microfilament bundles in the dimple disappers in parallel with the dimple invergination itself. Generally, the entire oocyte cortex is positive to immunofluorescent staining with anti-actin, antimyosin, and antitubulin antibodies. However, the pattern of distribution and intensity of immunofluorescent staining changes for each antiserum, during different stages. It is concluded that a contractile system is present in Discoglossus eggs, and it is particularly developed in the dimple. The dimple is probably a major compartment for the storage of unpolymerized tubulin.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 3 (1980), S. 179-202 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: Sertoli cell ; spermatogenesis ; junction ; germ cell ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Additional Material: 17 Ill.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 3 (1980) 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Gamete Research 3 (1980), S. 203-209 
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: actin ; mitochondrial movement ; spermiogenesis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The presence of actin filaments around mitochondria during vertebrate spermiogenesis was demonstrated by immunofluorescence and immuno-electron microscopy and by heavy meromyosin decoration. The presence of actin is supposed to be related to mitochondrial rearrangements occurring in the spermatid stage.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: oocyte ; maturation ; dispersion ; expansion ; progesterone secretion ; gonadotropin ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The relationship between cellular dispersion and steroidogenesis was studied in culture using oocyte-cumulus complexes harvested from porcine follicles. The cells were cultured in modified TC 199 containing pig serum for one to two days. When oocyte-cumulus complexes were cultured in the absence of hormone the oocytes resumed meiosis, the cumulus cells grew out forming monolayers, and progesterone accumulation was low. Addition of ovine LH, purified human LH, or purified human FSH stimulated expansion of the cumulus mass as well as enhanced progesterone accumulation. Oocyte maturation was not affected by the hormones. In absence of hormone, oocyte-cumulus complexes obtained from large (6-12 mm) follicles showed increased cellular dispersion and higher progesterone accumulation as compared to complexes obtained from medium-sized (3-5 mm) follicles.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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