Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The distribution of actin, myosin, and tubulin has been investigated in coelomic oocytes, unfertilized and fertilized eggs of Discoglossus pictus utilizing: (1) immunofluorescence; (2) electron microscopy; (3) incubation with heavy meromyosin (HMM), and (4) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). In coelomic oocytes, the germinative area (GA) has long, irregular microvilli containing microfilaments. In the rest of the oocyte, the microvilli are shallow. During the transit of the oocyte in the oviduct, a dimple forms by the invagination of the GA. A palisade of microfialment bundles is present in the finger-shaped microvilli of the dimple and extends for about 10 μm in the cytoplasm. In the rest of the egg, microvilli are absent and only random filaments appear in the cortex. Following HMM incubation, the dimple microfilaments are decorated with arrowheads pointing toward the bulk of the cytoplasm. SDS-PAGE of egg extracts shows bands co-migrating with actin (43K), pyruvate kinase (57K), and phosphorylase (94K). As result fertilization, the pattern of microfilament bundles in the dimple disappers in parallel with the dimple invergination itself. Generally, the entire oocyte cortex is positive to immunofluorescent staining with anti-actin, antimyosin, and antitubulin antibodies. However, the pattern of distribution and intensity of immunofluorescent staining changes for each antiserum, during different stages. It is concluded that a contractile system is present in Discoglossus eggs, and it is particularly developed in the dimple. The dimple is probably a major compartment for the storage of unpolymerized tubulin.
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