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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Forty-one cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans are presented. The clinical features and histopathological appearances are described. Immunohistochemical staining of thirteen cases with antisera to lysozyme, α1-antichymotrypsin and S-100 protein has provided no evidence to support either a histiocytic or neuroectodermal origin for these tumours. In reviewing the literature, the histogenetic origin, differential diagnosis and malignant potential of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Pretreatment bone marrow trephine biopsy sections (BMB) from 34 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) were studied in parallel with bone marrow aspiration smears and peripheral blood films. In four cases marrow aspiration was inadequate and in five cases it was unsatisfactory. In two other cases hypoplastic AML was diagnosed, the aspirate in one suggested hypercellularity and in another it was unsatisfactory. Trephine biopsy was superior to aspiration for the evaluation of fat and marrow cellularity, pattern and extent of blast cell infiltration, homogeneity of the leukaemic infiltrate, frequency of mitoses, residual haemopoietic activity and presence of inflammatory cells. Of the various features studied in the sections, the presence of an increased number of plasma cells and considerable myelodysplasia (MD) appeared to be unfavourable prognostic features. We conclude that trephine biopsies are essential for the diagnosis of hypoplastic AML and are most useful when marrow aspiration is either inadequate or unsatisfactory. They also provide additional information about the bone marrow changes in AML and suggest that some histological features may also have prognostic significance.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: We report a case of polypoid spindle cell squamous carcinoma (pseudosarcoma) occurring in the anal canal. Electron microscopic findings and the demonstration of keratin by an immunoperoxidase method, gave clear cut evidence of the epithelial nature of the saicomatoid cells forming this tumour. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Histopathology 9 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Histopathology 9 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Book reviewed in this article:H.Fox. W.B.Saunders, EastbourneJ.W.A. J.Reeders, G.N.J.Tytgat, G.Rosenbush & S.Gratama. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston, The Hague, Dordrecht, LancasterR.Valenzuela, W.F.Bergfeld & S.D.Deodhar, American Society of Clinical Pathologists, distributed by Raven Press, New York
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Histopathology 9 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The development of monoclonal antibodies and of techniques for demonstrating antigens in situ in frozen tissue sections has been responsible for remarkable progress in diagnostic histopathology. We explored the potential of these techniques when applied to post mortem tissues that were frozen at various intervals after death and stained by monoclonal antibodies using immunoperoxidase technique. The monoclonal antibodies were selected according to their reactivity with essential markers of the lymphatic system and also to their availability. Lymph nodes and splenic tissue from 30 autopsy cases were stained in addition to thymic tissue from eight deceased infants. The antigens proved to be surprisingly well preserved. Staining could be precisely evaluated with UCHT1, OKT6 and anti-Leu-7 antibodies at least 72 h after death; staining with DAKO-pan-B, DAKO-LC and anti-Leu-3a was also very reliable. Antigens expressed by T-suppressor lymphocytes and dendritic reticulum cells were less well preserved. The T8-antigen of suppressor lymphocytes was usually demonstrable in the lymph nodes but less frequently in the splenic tissues. It is concluded that most leucocyte antigens are very resistant to post mortem disintegration, and that they can be reliably interpreted by immunohistological staining using monoclonal antibodies. We therefore recommend this in autopsy specimens in cases where in-vivo examination was not feasible.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Fifty-four human lung tumours have been immunostained with a large panel of monoclonal antibodies including reagents against cytokeratins, prekeratins, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and neural antigens. These results have been compared with the histological types of tumour using the current WHO classification scheme. The most striking finding of this study was the considerable overlap of antigenic profile between different histological types of tumour. This suggests that there may be a greater underlying similarity between different histological categories of lung tumour than has hitherto been assumed. Secondly it was evident that immunostaining highlighted areas of different morphology within many tumours emphasizing the heterogeneous differentiation patterns seen in lung cancers. The present study supports the viewpoint that lung tumours arise from a common stem cell and that these neoplasms represent a single tumour with a tendency to differentiate along one or more pathways.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The morphological and histochemical features of colonic mucosa adjacent to 142 adenomas and 31 hyperplastic polyps were studied. Three predominant patterns were identified: (1) normal mucosa, showing normal histological architecture and secretion of sulphomucins; (2) N+ type, histologically normal mucosa with predominance of sialomucins; (3) transitional mucosa; hyperplastic mucosa secreting sialomucins. Hyperplastic changes were observed in the immediate neighbourhood or at the base of adenomas and were more frequent and extensive near large adenomas than around smaller lesions. Sialomucins were often predominant in the mucosa adjacent to large adenomas, but N+ type mucosa was also seen near minute adenomas and hyperplastic polyps and remote from polypoid lesions. Moreover, both hyperplastic and secretory changes were more frequent in the left colon than in the right. These findings seem to suggest that mucosal hyperplasia more likely represents a local change, parallel with or secondary to tumour development rather than a pre-adenomatous lesion. Secretory modifications are widespread and may result from the action of various factors among which carcinogens cannot be excluded.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Histopathology 9 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A case of high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the breast with a dominantly epidermoid component is presented. The tumour was biochemically oestrogen and progesterone receptor negative. Though the primary tumour was small (1 cm) and without axillary lymph node metastases at mastectomy, the clinical course was rapid. Despite radio-, chemo- and hormonal therapy the patient died 25 months after mastectomy with widespread systemic disease. The metastatic pattern was that of typical breast carcinoma despite the unusual histological appearance of both primary and metastatic tumour tissue.
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