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  • 1
    Keywords: CLASSIFICATION ; COMPLEX ; MEMBER ; SEQUENCES ; Phylogeny ; COMMITTEE ; RECLASSIFICATION ; SENSU-STRICTO ; BISGAARD ; LIPOQUINONES
    Abstract: Eleven strains from hamster of Bisgaard taxa 23 and 24, also referred to as Krause's groups 2 and 1, respectively, were investigated by a polyphasic approach including data published previously. Strains showed small, regular and circular colonies with smooth and shiny appearance, typical of members of the family Pasteurellaceae. The strains formed two monophyletic groups based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison to other members of the family Pasteurellaceae. Partial rpoB sequencing as well as published data on DNA-DNA hybridization showed high genotypic relationships within both groups. Menaquinone 7 (MK7) was found in strains of both groups as well as an unknown ubiquinone with shorter chain length than previously reported for any other member of the family Pasteurellaceae. A new genus with one species, Mesocricetibacter intestinalis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate members of taxon 24 of Bisgaard whereas members of taxon 23 of Bisgaard are proposed to represent Cricetibacter osteomyelitidis gen. nov., sp. nov. Major fatty acids of type strains of type species of both genera are C(14:0), C(14:0) 3-OH/iso-C(16:1) I, C(16:1)omega7c and C(16:0). The two genera are clearly separated by phenotype from each other and from existing genera of the family Pasteurellaceae. The type strain of Mesocricetibacter intestinalis is HIM 933/7(T) ( =Kunstyr 246/85(T) =CCUG 28030(T) =DSM 28403(T)) while the type strain of Cricetibacter osteomyelitidis is HIM943/7(T) ( =Kunstyr 507/85(T) =CCUG 36451(T) =DSM 28404(T)).
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25082850
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  • 2
    Keywords: GENES ; RNA ; ARTHRITIS ; INFECTION ; MULTIPLE SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT ; STRAINS ; MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD ; RAT BITE FEVER ; TURKEYS
    Abstract: A pleomorphic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, indole-, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium (strain 131000547(T)) was isolated from the lungs of a cat with pneumonia. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses the strain was assigned to the genus Streptobacillus with 97.6% sequence similarity to the type strain of Streptobacillus moniliformis and 94.6% to that of Streptobacillus hongkongensis. The clear differentiation of strain 131000547(T) from Streptobacillus moniliformis and Streptobacillus hongkongensis was also supported by gyrB, groEL, and recA nucleotide and amino acid sequence analysis. DNA-DNA hybridization demonstrated 〈= 19.9% (reciprocal 28.7%) DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 131000547(T) and Streptobacillus moniliformis DSM 12112(T). Physiological data confirmed the allocation of strain 131000547(T) to the family Leptotrichiaceae. Strain 131000547(T) has a unique profile of enzyme activities allowing differentiation from the most closely related species. Within the genus Streptobacillus, isolate 131000547(T) could also unambiguously be separated from Streptobacillus moniliformis and Streptobacillus hongkongensis by both matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy. On the basis of these data, a novel species of the genus Streptobacillus, Streptobacillus felis sp. nov., is proposed with the type strain 131000547(T) (=DSM 29248(T)=CCUG 66203(T)=CCM 8542(T)). Emended descriptions of the genus Streptobacillus and of Streptobacillus moniliformis are also given.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25858245
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  • 3
    Abstract: To reinvestigate the taxonomy of [Actinobacillus] muris, 474 strains, mainly from mice and rats, were characterized by phenotype and 130 strains selected for genotypic characterization by 16S rRNA and partial rpoB gene sequencing. The type strain was further investigated by whole-genome sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis of the DNA sequences showed one monophyletic group with intragroup similarities of 96.7 and 97.2 % for the 16S rRNA and rpoB genes, respectively. The highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to a taxon with a validly published name outside the group was 95.9 %, to the type strain of [Pasteurella] pneumotropica. The closest related taxon based on rpoB sequence comparison was 'Haemophilus influenzae-murium', with 88.4 % similarity. A new genus and a new combination, Muribacter muris gen. nov., comb. nov., are proposed based on a distinct phylogenetic position based on 16S rRNA and rpoB gene sequence comparisons, with major divergence from the existing genera of the family Pasteurellaceae. The new genus has the characteristics of [A.] muris with the emendation that acid formation from ( - )-d-mannitol and hydrolysis of aesculin are variable, while the alpha-glucosidase test is positive. There is no requirement for exogenously supplied NAD (V factor) for the majority of strains investigated; however, one strain was found to require NAD. The major fatty acids of the type strain of Muribacter muris were C14 : 0, C14 : 0 3-OH/iso-C16 : 1 I, C16 : 1omega7c and C16 : 0, which is in line with most genera of the Pasteurellaceae. The type strain of Muribacter muris is CCUG 16938T ( = NCTC 12432T = ATCC 49577T).
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26296776
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  • 4
    Abstract: A pleomorphic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, indole-, oxidase- and catalase- negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium was 1979 originally isolated from the heart of an Australian spinifex hopping mouse with septicaemia and stored as Streptobacillus moniliformis in the strain collections of Animal Health Laboratory, South Perth, Western Australia (AHL 370-1) as well as under CCUG 12425. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses the strain was assigned to the genus Streptobacillus with 99.4% sequence similarity to Streptobacillus moniliformis, 95.6% sequence similarity to Streptobacillus hongkongensis and 99.0% sequence similarity to Streptobacillus felis. The clear differentiation of strain AHL 370-1T from Streptobacillus moniliformis, Streptobacillus hongkongensis and Streptobacillus felis was also supported by rpoB, groEL, and recA nucleotide and amino acid sequence analysis. Average nucleotide identity revealed 87.16% (reciprocal 87.16%) DNA-DNA relatedness between strain AHL 370-1T and Streptobacillus moniliformis DSM 12112T.Physiological data confirmed the allocation of strain AHL 370-1T to the family Leptotrichiaceae considering very similar profiles of enzyme activities and fatty acids compared to closely related species. Within the genus Streptobacillus, isolate AHL 370-1T could also unambiguously be separated from Streptobacillus moniliformis, Streptobacillus hongkongensis and Streptobacillus felis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Two further strains (KWG2, KWG24) isolated from asymptomatic black rats in Japan were highly similar to AHL 370-1T. On the basis of these data we propose the novel species Streptobacillus notomytis sp. nov. with the type strain AHL 370-1T (= CCUG 12425T = DSM 100026T = CCM 8593T = EF 12425).
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26438009
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  • 5
    Abstract: An indole-, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-motile bacterium, strain OGS16T, was isolated from an oral swab of a feral black rat (Rattus rattus) in 2007 in Japan. It stained Gram-negative and had pleomorphic, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming cells. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses, strain OGS16T was assigned to the genus Streptobacillus, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 99.3, 99.0, 98.6 and 95.5 % to the type strains of Streptobacillus moniliformis, Streptobacillus notomytis, Streptobacillus felis and Streptobacillus hongkongensis, respectively. Strain OGS16T could also be differentiated clearly from other species of the genus Streptobacillus by rpoB, groEL and recA nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence analysis. DNA-DNA relatedness as obtained by average nucleotide identity was 89.10 % between strain OGS16T and Streptobacillus moniliformis DSM 12112T. Chemotaxonomic and physiological data for strain OGS16T were congruent with results for other closely related members of the family Leptotrichiaceae, represented by highly similar enzyme profiles and fatty acid patterns. MALDI-TOF MS analysis also proved suitable in discriminating strain OGS16T unequivocally from all currently described taxa of the genus Streptobacillus. On the basis of these data, we propose the novel species Streptobacillus ratti sp. nov., with the type strain OGS16T ( = JCM 31098T = DSM 101843T). The G+C content of the DNA of the type strain is 25.9 mol% and the genome size is 1.50 Mbp.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26705259
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  • 6
    Abstract: Rodentibacter gen. nov. is proposed based on isolation and phenotypic characterization of strains, predominantly from rodents. The strains showed 86 % or higher rpoB gene sequence similarity and indicated a genus-level relationship within Pasteurellaceae. The strains compared at 16S rRNA gene sequence level showed 93.8 % or higher similarity, and their genus-level relationship within Pasteurellaceae was confirmed by phenotypic analysis. The type species Rodentibacter pneumotropicus comb. nov. is reclassified from [Pasteurella] pneumotropica with type strain NCTC 8141T (=CCUG 12398T). Whole genomic comparison allowed the estimation of DNA-DNA renaturation. Rodentibacter heylii sp. nov. was proposed for a group that included the biovar Heyl of [Pasteurella] pneumotropica with the type strain ATCC 12555T (=CCUG 998T). A group was proposed as Rodentibacter ratti sp. nov., which included the taxon 22 of Bisgaard; the type strain is F75T (=CCUG 69665T=DSM 103977T). Taxon 41 of Bisgaard was proposed as Rodentibacter myodis sp. nov. with type strain Ac151T (=CCUG 69666T=DSM 103994T). Rodentibacter heidelbergensis sp. nov. included the type strain 1996025094T (=Ac69T) (=CCUG 69667T=DSM 103978T). A group strains of was proposed as Rodentibacter trehalosifermentans sp. nov. with type strain H1987082031T (=CCUG 69668T=DSM 104075T). Two strains including the reference strain of taxon 17 of Bisgaard that showed 16S rRNA gene similarity of 97.3 % were proposed as Rodentibacter rarus sp. nov. 2325/79T (=CCUG 17206T=DSM 103980T). Rodentibacter mrazii sp. nov. was proposed with type strain Ppn418T (Bisgaard taxon 21) (=CCUG 69669T=DSM 103979T). The eight species could be separated based on phenotypic characteristics such as NAD requirement, ornithine decarboxylase and indole formation, alpha-glucosidase, beta-galactosidase and in acid formation from (+)-l-arabinose, (-)-d-ribose, (+)-d-xylose, myo-inositol, (-)-d-mannitol, lactose, melibiose and trehalose. Forty-six strains including taxon 48 of Bisgaard formed a monophyletic group by rpoB and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, but could not be separated phenotypically from R. pneumotropicus and R. heylii, and it was left as an unnamed genomospecies 1 of Rodentibacter with reference strain Ppn416. Another taxon that included 13 strains, mainly isolated from Apodemus sylvaticus, could not be separated phenotypically from R. pneumotropicus or R. heylii and was designated as genomospecies 2. Strain Ppn85 with 95 % or less rpoB gene sequence similarity and with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97 % or less to the other members of Rodentibacter was left as an unnamed singleton.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28629498
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  • 7
    Abstract: A total of 29 strains mainly from guinea pigs were investigated by a polyphasic approach that included previously published data. The strains were classified as Bisgaard taxa 5 and 7 by comparison of phenotypic characteristics and the strains showed typical cultural characteristics for members of family Pasteurellaceae and the strains formed two monophyletic groups based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison. Partial rpoB sequence analysis as well as published data on DNA-DNA hybridization showed high genotypic relationships within both groups. A new genus with one species, Caviibacterium pharyngocola gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate members of taxon 5 of Bisgaard, whereas members of taxon 7 are proposed as Conservatibacter flavescens gen. nov., sp. nov. The two genera are clearly separated by phenotype from each other and from existing genera of the family Pasteurellaceae. The type strain of Caviibacterium pharyngocola is 7.3(T) (=CCUG 16493(T)=DSM 105478(T)) and the type strain of Conservatibacter flavescens is 7.4(T) (=CCUG 24852(T)=DSM 105479(T)=HIM 794-7(T)), both were isolated from the pharynx of guinea pigs.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 29303698
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