Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Twenty-four Large White weaners-twelve males and twelve females, were randomly divided into three groups of eight (four males and four females per two separate pens) and were assigned to three groups of two pens each for the males and the females weaners. One group of two pens was without wallow facility (control), one other group was provided with wallows (wet) and the third group was in air-conditioned room (cold). Twice a day, the respiratory rate and the rectal temperatures were measured early in the mornings at 8.00–9.00 hrs (A.M.) and late in the early evenings at 16.00–18.00 hrs. The mean respiratory frequency (A.M) ranged from 7 to 9; 6–12 and 8–13 breaths per minute for the cold, wet and control respectively while the mean respiratory frequency (P.M.) ranged from 6 to 9, 10 to 17 and 13 to 19 breaths per minute for the cold, wet and control respectively. The mean rectal temperatures (A.M.) ranged very slightly from 38.54° to 39.12°C; 38.50° to 39.05°C and 38.61°C to 39°C for the cold, wet as control respectively while the mean rectal temperatures (P.M.) ranged from 39.00° to 39.22°C; 38.97° to 39.29°C and 39.28° to 39.55°C for the cold, wet and control respectively. The animals were maintained for another seven to ten weeks and were slaughtered. The slaughter characteristics did not indicate an appreciable thermal stress except for the reproductive organs which showed weight increase indicating reduced efficiency of the thermally stressed animals as is the case in the tropical environment.
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