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  • 1
    Abstract: GOALS: The aim of this study was to assess the histopathologic characteristics of colorectal carcinomas (CRC) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). BACKGROUND: A higher frequency of microsatellite instability (MSI) is seen in mucinous compared with nonmucinous CRC which suggests that its pathogenesis involves distinct molecular pathways. Several publications reported a higher percentage of mucinous adenocarcinoma in CD patients with CRC. So far, there has been no investigation of MSI in CD patients with mucinous CRC. STUDY: The medical records of patients who underwent surgery for CRC were reviewed and those with a history of CD identified. The data of histologic classification and MSI status of the tumor were investigated. RESULTS: Fourteen patients with CD-associated CRC were identified (5 female, 9 male) resulting in 20 CRC in total. Histologic investigation revealed 7 adenocarcinomas without a mucinous or signet ring cell component. All other CRCs harbored a mucinous (n=11) and/or signet ring cell (n=6) component. All tumors assessed for MSI were found to be microsatellite stable. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that CRCs with signet ring cell and mucinous components were much more common in patients with CD than in patients with sporadic CRC. This observation suggests that CRC in CD represent an own entity with distinct histopathologic and molecular features. This may implicate potential consequences for diagnosis and therapy of CRC in CD in the future as well as new factors to identify patients with an increased risk for developing CRC in CD.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28654553
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  • 2
    Abstract: GOALS:: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients and to test the clinical value of various outcome models, such as the Mayo Risk Score (MRS), in a large single-center cohort in Germany. BACKGROUND:: PBC is a chronic autoimmune liver disease with a female sex predominance and a peak incidence in the fifth decade of life. PBC is characterized by portal inflammation and immune-mediated destruction of intrahepatic bile ducts in liver histology and the presence of antimitochondrial antibodies in the serum of nearly 95% of patients. In 5% to 20% of patients an overlap syndrome with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is diagnosed. Ursodeoxycholic acid is widely accepted as the standard medical treatment. STUDY:: A total of 204 patients with PBC or PBC/AIH were retrospectively analyzed with regard to their clinical, biochemical, serological, and histologic features. PBC was diagnosed on the basis of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases criteria. Specific PBC scores, such as the MRS, the European and the Yale model, as well as nonspecific scores such as the Child-Pugh, the Model for End-stage Liver Disease, and Aspartate Aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index score were analyzed for their utility to predict the clinical outcome of patients. RESULTS:: One hundred eighty-four patients with PBC alone and 20 with primary biliary cirrhosis/autoimmune hepatitis overlap were followed up for an average of 7.0 (range, 0.5 to 33.2) years. Importantly, baseline values of serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG, as well as antimitochondrial antibodies titers did not allow in properly predicting patient's outcome. The MRS proved clinical applicability. Patients with an R-value 〈6 did not develop liver-related complications. The Aspartate Aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index score had a significant correlation with the histologic degree of liver fibrosis, with limited value of scores between 1.0 and 1.5. Patients with a Model for End-stage Liver Disease score 〉/=8 (n=17) had a significantly higher risk to undergo liver transplantation or liver-related death. Outcome was less favorable than predicted by the European model. All scores showed low positive predictive values, limiting their applicability in clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS:: Herein, we demonstrate that clinical risk scores in PBC should be interpreted with care. The MRS proved to be helpful to predict a favorable outcome. Novel approaches to predict outcome are needed to identify patients who may benefit from alternative, intensified treatment regimens.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25014239
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  • 3
    Abstract: GOALS: The aim of this study was to analyze clinical presentation, course of disease, and management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a German referral center between 1998 and 2009. BACKGROUND: HCC is a rare tumor in Germany, but its incidence has increased over the last 30 years. New therapies such as chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads, selective internal radiotherapy, and sorafenib were introduced recently; however, the impact on clinical management and overall survival (OS) is unclear. STUDY: In this retrospective analysis, 1066 patients with HCC, separated into two 6-year periods (n=385; 1998 to 2003 and n=681; 2004 to 2009) were evaluated. RESULTS: The number of patients presenting each year (64 vs. 114 per year), with an age over 80 years or with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis increased significantly between periods. The main risk factors were alcoholic liver disease in 51.7%, chronic hepatitis C virus in 28.2%, and chronic hepatitis B virus in 13.4% of patients with liver cirrhosis and HCC. Patients presented with more advanced tumor stages and with worse liver function in period 2. The majority (61.6%) of patients received local treatment over a spectrum of Barcelona Clinic Liver-Cancer (BCLC) stages, whereas systemic therapy was offered to a minority (8.8%) and limited to BCLC stage C patients only. OS decreased in BCLC stage A and D and improved in BCLC stage B and C and decreased for all patients from 16.5 to 15.3 months between periods. CONCLUSIONS: No improvement of OS was observed when comparing time periods, partly because of the more advanced stage of HCC and because of the increasing age in the second time period. Improved and new therapeutic options and the intensification of surveillance programs are likely to increase survival of HCC patients in the future.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24045276
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