Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A study is reported of the accuracy with which the geometries of pyranose and methyl pyranoside molecules are predicted by molecular mechanics. Calculations of the conformational energies of the model compounds dihydroxymethane, methoxymethanol, and dimethoxymethane, made with the program MMI, produced results that compare well with previous ab initio molecular orbital calculations. This indicates that MMI gives a satisfactory account of the energetic and conformational aspects of the anomeric effect, a conclusion further supported by calculations on 2-methoxytetrahydropyran. The prediction of the observed preferred conformations of the primary alcohol group in aldohexopyranoses appears to be less satisfactory. MMI-CARB, a version of MMI with changes in some of the equilibrium C—O bond lengths of the program, has been used to calculate the geometries of 13 pyranose and methyl pyranoside molecules, the crystal structures of which have been studied by neutron diffraction. When the C—C—O—H torsion angles are constrained to approximately the values observed in the crystal structures, good agreement is obtained between the theoretical and experimental molecular geometries. The rms deviation for C—C and C—O bonds, excluding those significantly affected by thermal motion in the crystal structure determinations, is 0.005 Å. Corresponding figures for the valence angles that do not involve hydrogen atoms and for the ring torsion angles are 1.2° and 2.0°, respectively. The Cremer and Pople puckering parameters for the pyranose rings are reproduced within 0.026 Å in Q and 5.4° in θ.
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