Argyrophilic nuclear proteins
Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Argyrophilic nuclear proteins, known to be functionally associated with ribosomal genes, were localized, in four-, eight-, and 16-cell bovine embryo blastomere nuclei using two different silver-staining procedures. Within the eight-cell cleavage stage by the process of embryonal nucleologenesis in the cow embryo the full-capacity ribosome-producing machinery is established. In the four-cell embryo, many patches and islands of argyrophilic (Ag+) material were detected in the nucleoplasm. The nucleolus-precursor bodies (NPBs), composed uniformly of a homogeneous compact mass, were completely devoid of any silver staining. On the other hand, clear-cut localization of argyrophilic proteins was detected during the eight-cell stage either inside the transforming NPBs or in the close vicinity, or in the already differentiated nucleolus. In compact, nonvacuolated NPB, an intensive Ag+ area was detected, in the form of a lenticle, at the periphery of the NPB. During and following vacuolation of the NPB, no Ag+ was detected inside these vacuoles. It was seen, however, in the dense fibrillar nucleolar component surrounding the smaller vacuoles formed at the time of the establishment of nucleolar structure. Ag+ areas were seen repeatedly in the vicinity of NPBs, probably a part of the nucleolus-associated chromatin or, alternatively, representing the extranucleolar bodies. In blastomere nuclei of 16-cell embryos, already possessing reticulated nucleoli known from intensively synthesizing somatic cells, the silver-staining pattern corresponded to the usual situation in differentiated cells: slight staining of fibrillar centers, heavy labelling in the dense fibrillar component, and absence of silver deposits in the granular component. These observations confirm and expand existing evidence of the localization of the onset of rDNA transcription to the eight-cell stage in the early cow embryo.
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