Key words: alternative pathway, anaphylatoxins, classical pathway, complement system, neonate
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
ABSTRACT Activation of the complement system occurs in several diseases. For reliable identification of complement activation in neonates, we establish reference ranges of several components in cord blood of healthy term newborns. For this study, cord blood samples were taken from 125 healthy term newborns. Concentrations of C1r, C2, C5, C7, Properdin, and factors D, H, and I were determined by single radial immunodiffusion. C3a and C5a were measured by specific EIA and complement function was measured by hemolytic assays. The results were expressed as 5th percentile, median, and 95th percentile. The following respective concentrations were found: C1r: 27, 47, 65 mg/l; C2: 12.0, 18.0, 24.0 mg/l; C5: 64, 92, 127 mg/l; C7: 32, 60, 89 mg/l; Properdin: 5.6, 9.7, 14.2 mg/l; factor D: 3.6, 5.2, 7.3 mg/l; factor H: 178, 234, 296 mg/l; and factor I: 15, 24, 32 mg/l. The functional activity of the whole complement system was 24%, 43%, 97% and for the alternative pathway 39%, 58%, 76%. The concentration of the activated split products C3a was 4, 65, 255 μg/l and of C5a, 0.11, 0.26, 1.19 μg/l. These reference values may be important for the detection of deficiencies of native complement proteins or perinatal processes leading to an activation of the complement system.
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