Prostaglandin E collagenase
Mononuclear cell factor(s)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Using organ and cell culture techniques for tissues and cells derived from human sources, we have investigated cellular interactions involving synovial tissue. Normal synovium in culture produced less prostaglandin E (PGE) and collagenase than cultures of rheumatoid synovial fragments. When synovial tissue was dissociated by enzymatic digestion, monolayers of adherent cells were established in primary culture. The adherent cells rapidly lost the ability to synthesize large amounts of PGE and collagenase and rheumatoid synovial cells became indistinguishable from normal synovial cells. Supernatants from cultured human mononuclear blood cells contained activities (Mononuclear cell factor(s)=MCF) which stimulated PGE and collagenase production by either normal or rheumatoid synovial cells. Conditioned medium from cultures of either normal or rheumatoid synovial fragments (Synovial factor(s)=SF) also stimulated production of PGE and collagenase by these human cells. Both MCF and SF also stimulated the production of PGE by cells isolated from human trabecular bone. Since both normal and rheumatoid synovial cells respond similarly to these factors, there appears to be little specificity with regard to whether the target cells are derived from normal or pathological sources. Furthermore, since both normal and rheumatoid synovium are able to produce similar amounts of stimulatory activity, inflammatory cells are not solely responsible for these phenomena. Normal synovium must therefore contain cells which can be recruited to participate in these potential cellular interactions. Destruction of joint structures may be mediated by factors of the type studied here, which may be produced when there is failure of the mechanisms that prevent them from being synthesised or released.
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