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  • 1
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; liver ; CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; pleura ; SPINAL-CORD ; MR APPEARANCE ; MENINGES
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are benign tumors of the soft tissue occurring anywhere in the human body but arise predominantly in the visceral pleura. SFTs of the central nervous system are rare, especially when they occur within the spinal cord. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of an 83-year-old female patient presenting with acute spastic paralysis of the lower extremities after a history of progressive weakness and incontinence. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were typical for meningioma, but an intradural, mainly intramedullary tumor was found at the first operation. A second operation was performed under neurophysiological monitoring, and complete removal of the tumor was achieved. Neurological conditions improved after the procedure, but the patient remained paraparetic. Histological and immunohistochemical findings revealed an SFT. CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that SFTs and hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are not different entities but should be considered as different graduations of a common spectrum. The extent of resection is a prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival in SFT; therefore we recommend surgery with complete resection whenever possible depending on the results of mandatory intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in these cases.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25753237
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  • 2
    Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Well-defined risk factors for the identification of patients with meningioma who might benefit from preoperative or early postoperative seizure prophylaxis are unknown. We investigated and quantified risk factors to determine individual risks of seizure occurrence in patients with meningioma. METHODS: A total of 634 adult patients with meningioma were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patient gender and age, tumor location, grade and volume, usage of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and extent of resection were determined. RESULTS: Preoperative and early postoperative seizures occurred in 15% (n = 97) and 5% (n = 21) of the patients, respectively. Overall, 502 and 418 patients were eligible for multivariate logistic regression analyses of preoperative and early postoperative seizures, respectively. Male gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.06; P = 0.009), a non-skull base location (OR, 4.43; P 〈 0.001), and a tumor volume of 〉8 cm3 (OR, 3.05; P = 0.002) were associated with a higher risk of preoperative seizures and were used to stratify the patients into 3 prognostic groups. The high-risk subgroup of patients with meningioma showed a seizure rate of 〉40% (OR, 9.8; P 〈 0.001). Only a non-skull base tumor location (OR, 2.61; P = 0.046) was identified as a significant risk factor for early postoperative seizures. AEDs did not reduce early postoperative seizure occurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Seizure prophylaxis might be considered for patients at high risk of developing seizures who are for other reasons being considered for watchful waiting instead of resection. In contrast, our data do not provide any evidence of the efficacy of perioperative AEDs in patients with meningioma.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27777150
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