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    Publication Date: 2018-10-23
    Description: Genome-wide association studies have recently illuminated that WDFY4 is genetically associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility in various ethnic groups. Despite strong genetic evidence suggesting a role of WDFY4 in SLE pathogenesis, its functional relevance is largely unknown. In this study, we generated Wdfy4 B lymphocyte conditional knockout ( Wdfy4 -CKO) mice and found that loss of Wdfy4 led to a decrease in number of total B cells and several subpopulations of B cells in the periphery and a defect in the transition from the pro– to pre–B cell stage in bone marrow. Also, Wdfy4 -CKO mice showed impaired Ab responses as compared with controls when challenged with Ag. SLE phenotypes were effectively alleviated in Wdfy4 -CKO mice, with significantly diminished pristane-elicited production of autoantibodies and glomerulonephritis. Genetic silencing of WDFY4 in B cells increased lipidation of LC3 independent of p62 and Beclin1, which are essential proteins of canonical autophagy. Our in vivo and in vitro data suggest that WDFY4 facilitates noncanonical autophagic activity. Our findings provide a novel functional link underlying the mechanism of SLE in which WDFY4 influences B cell fate via noncanonical autophagy.
    Print ISSN: 0022-1767
    Electronic ISSN: 1550-6606
    Topics: Medicine
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