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    Publication Date: 2011-08-13
    Description: Antibody VRC01 is a human immunoglobulin that neutralizes about 90% of HIV-1 isolates. To understand how such broadly neutralizing antibodies develop, we used x-ray crystallography and 454 pyrosequencing to characterize additional VRC01-like antibodies from HIV-1-infected individuals. Crystal structures revealed a convergent mode of binding for diverse antibodies to the same CD4-binding-site epitope. A functional genomics analysis of expressed heavy and light chains revealed common pathways of antibody-heavy chain maturation, confined to the IGHV1-2*02 lineage, involving dozens of somatic changes, and capable of pairing with different light chains. Broadly neutralizing HIV-1 immunity associated with VRC01-like antibodies thus involves the evolution of antibodies to a highly affinity-matured state required to recognize an invariant viral structure, with lineages defined from thousands of sequences providing a genetic roadmap of their development.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3516815/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3516815/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wu, Xueling -- Zhou, Tongqing -- Zhu, Jiang -- Zhang, Baoshan -- Georgiev, Ivelin -- Wang, Charlene -- Chen, Xuejun -- Longo, Nancy S -- Louder, Mark -- McKee, Krisha -- O'Dell, Sijy -- Perfetto, Stephen -- Schmidt, Stephen D -- Shi, Wei -- Wu, Lan -- Yang, Yongping -- Yang, Zhi-Yong -- Yang, Zhongjia -- Zhang, Zhenhai -- Bonsignori, Mattia -- Crump, John A -- Kapiga, Saidi H -- Sam, Noel E -- Haynes, Barton F -- Simek, Melissa -- Burton, Dennis R -- Koff, Wayne C -- Doria-Rose, Nicole A -- Connors, Mark -- NISC Comparative Sequencing Program -- Mullikin, James C -- Nabel, Gary J -- Roederer, Mario -- Shapiro, Lawrence -- Kwong, Peter D -- Mascola, John R -- 5U19 AI 067854-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI033292/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI067854/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Sep 16;333(6049):1593-602. doi: 10.1126/science.1207532. Epub 2011 Aug 11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Vaccine Research Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21835983" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: AIDS Vaccines ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Antibodies, Neutralizing/*chemistry/genetics/*immunology/isolation & purification ; Antibody Affinity ; Antibody Specificity ; Antigens, CD4/metabolism ; Base Sequence ; Binding Sites ; Binding Sites, Antibody ; Complementarity Determining Regions/genetics ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Epitopes ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Genes, Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain ; HIV Antibodies/*chemistry/genetics/*immunology/isolation & purification ; HIV Envelope Protein gp120/chemistry/*immunology/metabolism ; HIV Infections/immunology ; HIV-1/chemistry/*immunology ; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments/chemistry/immunology ; Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/chemistry/immunology ; Immunoglobulin J-Chains/genetics ; Immunoglobulin Light Chains/chemistry/immunology ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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