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    Keywords: CANCER ; COHORT ; cohort studies ; EPIDEMIOLOGY ; RISK ; ASSOCIATION ; WOMEN ; OBESITY ; cholesterol ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; ADULTS ; METAANALYSIS ; blood pressure ; BODY-MASS INDEX ; OVERWEIGHT ; colorectal neoplasms ; INDIVIDUAL DATA ; blood glucose ; INSULIN-RESISTANCE SYNDROME ; metabolic syndrome X ; REGRESSION DILUTION ; triglycerides ; VASCULAR MORTALITY
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been related to an increased risk of colorectal cancer, but the modest size of previous studies precluded detailed characterization of the role of individual MetS factors and their interaction on risk. METHODS: In the Metabolic Syndrome and Cancer Project (Me-Can), data on body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and blood levels of glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides were available for 578,700 men and women. The mean age of participants at baseline was 44 years, and the mean follow-up was 12 years. Relative risks (RR) of colorectal cancer per 1 standard deviation increment in Z score of factors and for a combined MetS score, were calculated from Cox regression models, including adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: During follow-up, 2834 men and 1861 women were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The RR of colorectal cancer for the MetS score was 1.25 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-1.32) in men, and 1.14 (95% CI, 1.06-1.22) in women. Significant associations also were observed in men for BMI (RR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.13), blood pressure (RR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02-1.18), and triglycerides (RR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.06-1.28) and, in women, for BMI (RR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.15). There was no significant positive interaction between the metabolic factors on risk. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of metabolic factors and some separate factors was related to an increased risk of colorectal cancer, but there was no interaction between metabolic factors.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21171019
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